Philodendron Lupinum [Complete Guide for Plant Buff]

Lots of Philodendron Lupinum
Philodendron lupinum (Source: Etsy)

Philodendron lupinum is dynamic and genuinely primordial vegetation that exhibits intriguing characteristics.

They have evolved to thrive in low light and high humidity environments with time.

Go ahead and tap the leaf blades of this gorgeous plant if you have one.

Now, what do you feel? A velvety surface renders a beautiful sensation with microscopic bristles that refract the light giving it a glossy look.

Philodendron lupinum is a relatively low-maintenance plant that thrives in medium indirect light. It likes airy soil. Ensure to pick a pot with sufficient drainage, maintain a humidity level of 60% and a temperature range of 55-85°F.

Philodendron Lupinum
Philodendron Lupinum (Source: Grow Tropicals)

If this plant is something that sounds interesting to you, you have come to the right place.

Let us move ahead and find out the do’s and don’ts when it comes to our very popular Philodendron lupinum. 

Philodendron Lupinum Overview

The Araceae family encompasses Philodendron lupinum, which is indigenous to Brazil, particularly the state of Acre.

The generic term comes from the Latin term “lupinum,” which means “wolf,” and refers to the pinnate leaf blade that resembles a wolf’s head.

This species is a hemiepiphyte in nature because it spends the first few years of its existence developing a canopy before focusing on getting its roots into the earth.

Common nameLupinum Corrugated Leaf
OriginBrazil
FamilyAraceae Juss.
GenusPhilodendron Schott
SpeciesPhilodendron Lupinum
USDA zonesZone 9 to 11
Native regionColumbia
Plant TypeClimbing hemiepiphyte
Growth HabitCan reach up to 10–20 ft (3–6 m)
Foliage Glossy Foliage
Can become a massive foliage up to 10 to 12 inches on maturity.
FlowerDeep red, aromatic spathes up to 15 cm (6 in) long
Blooming Season: Summer and autumn
ToxicityToxic to both humans and animals

Did you Know? The name “Philodendro” originates from the Greek words “philo,” which means “loving,” and “dendro,” which means “tree.”

Philodendron Lupinum: Expert Guide

Here’s a quick overlook at what Philodendron lupinum loves and loathes!

RequirementsOptimum Conditions
Light requirementMedium to bright indirect sunlight
Temperature55 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit
(12 to 27 degrees Celsius)
Humidity60% and above
Water requirementMedium;
Water if the top half of soil is dry
Growing mediumStandard potting mix with added perlite.
FertilizerFeed a high-in-nitrogen
Feed once a month in spring and summer.
Re-pot frequencyOnce a year, depending upon the plant and pot size
Propagation methodsSeeds, stem cuttings, air-layering
PestScales, Aphids, Mealybugs
DiseaseBacterial Leaf Spot
Bacterial Blight
Curled leaves tips

Even with minimal maintenance, this tropical plant thrives in your apartment. You can grow them as an outdoor plant or a houseplant in warm areas. 

We propose mounting the plant on a sphagnum moss pole for the most outstanding results. You may also use them as a ground cover.

Although this tropical gem is a low-maintenance house plant, it is beneficial to have detailed knowledge to care for it accurately.

1. Sunlight and Location

Lupinum thrives in low-light environments and enjoys low-to-medium natural lighting.

Because the velvet foliage is susceptible to sunburn, in case you are subjecting your Philodendron lupinum to bright solid light, maintain it in a shady spot.

It would be ideal in a bathroom, given how humid it is, but you could also put it in a room, at a considerable distance from a window than most houseplants can endure. 

Plant In A Windowsill (Source: Unsplash)

To ensure that your Philodendron lupinum enjoys filtered light, place it a few steps away from an east-facing window.

It can also live in deep shade but try to avoid that as far as possible; you can use grow light instead if the natural one is not enough.

Issues with Improper Lighting

  • If you witness that your plant is leggy or long and sparse, it could signify that the plant is not getting enough light.
  • Is your Philodendron leaning? If so, this could also indicate that it needs more light.
  • When a plant does not get enough daylight, it can become vulnerable, manifesting in the leaves growing much smaller than usual.

Protip- Examine the intensity of light your Philodendron is getting by using a light meter. It will help you find out if the light in your living space is appropriate for your plant.

2. Medium Watering

Adequate water is essential in maintaining Philodendron lupinum spreading properly with huge, symmetrical leaves.

Keep the soil mix hydrated but not damp at all times. Make sure all extra water drains.

Standing in water or overwatering can trigger root harm, causing foliage to turn yellow and fall.

Lupinum requires medium waterings: Water if the top half of soil is dry since this plant will likely tolerate a drought.

When it comes to watering, there is no definite rule.

Use a normal temperature rain/distilled water. If you are going for the Tap water, make sure to let it sit still for a day.

Many plant lovers swear by the bottom-up watering method for houseplants. If you are unsure what that is, below are the quick and easy steps involved:

  • Fill a big tub with clean water.
  • Dip your plant along with the pot in the tub.
  • Let your Philodendron lupinum sit in the water bath for about 5-8 minutes.
  • Remove it from the water and let it drain excess water before placing it in its original location.

2. Normal Room Temperature

Philodendron lupinum is not frost-resistant because they are a tropical species.

In general, we prescribe temperatures ranging from 55 to 80°F (12 to 27°C) for your Philodendron lupinum.

A graph showing the temperature range needed for tropical plants
A graph showing the temperature range needed for tropical plants (Source: Researchgate)

The best is that these temperature ranges are easily attainable inside the home.

If cultivated as an outdoor vine in a planter, we suggest positioning it indoors when the temperature decreases. 

Also, if the temperature rises above 85°F, your plant will collapse. While drafts aren’t a significant issue, rapid temperature swings can be dangerous.

Protip- Make sure to keep your plant away from room heaters.

4. High Humidity

The plant does well in high-humidity conditions. In fact, it does grow well in humid conditions, which are common in many homes.

The velvety texture of Philodendron lupinum leaflets is essential for collecting and keeping moisture, among other things.

Bristles on the small plants act as acclimation to excessively humid environments. Heavy droplets of water will glide over the bristles on the leaves to prevent direct contact with the plant cells.

This modification eliminates issues such as mold development on leaf tissue due to water buildup.

The ability of Philodendron lupinum to blend to a wide variety of humidity levels does not imply that its transition between habitats with drastically different humidity levels is safe.

Keep your lupinum in an environment with a humidity level above 60%, and it will indeed thrive.

Humidifier surrounded by houseplants
Humidifier (Source: Amazon)

Because these plants prefer high humidity, you may need to increase the humidity surrounding your Philodendron if you reside in a dry region.

You can raise the humidity temporarily by misting your plant with water from a spray bottle every so often. 

Little shopping for your companion can prove to be a good investment in the long run. Just evaluate each pros and cons with 8 Best Plant Spray Bottles for Plants

You can also carefully position the planter on a platter of stones filled with water, ensuring that the container’s bottom does not come into contact with the water.

Alternatively, get a humidifier!

5. Porous Soil Mix

The substrate you choose will determine whether your Philodendron thrives or wilts. So, before choosing any potting mix, you need to know what it demands in terms of soil.

Philodendron lupinum thrives on porous, well-drained soil abundant in organic compounds.

Sphagnum peat moss is required for their growth. Peat-vermiculite or peat-perlite mixes, for example, are also suitable.

Fine and moderate fir wood, perlite, charcoal fragments, and coco peat are preferred in a well-draining, easy-to-breathe growing medium. 

DIY: Prepare your own Soil Mix at home

You will need:

  • one-part indoor potting mix,
  • one part orchid husk, and
  • one-part perlite.

In any case, your lupinum will demand an airy substrate that will hold water while allowing it to breathe.

Preparing a potting Mix
Preparing a potting mix (Source: Flickr)

Here are a few of the most appropriate soil mixes available for your Philodendron lupinum:

6. Heavy Feeder

Philodendron lupinum is known for being a heavy feeder.

A consistent (monthly in growing: spring/summer season) nitrogen fertilizer delivery regimen will boost leaf size and result in a larger, more vigorous lupinum.

Nourish at half strength more periodically rather than applying a single heavy dosage.

Calcium and magnesium are both necessary components for your Philodendron lupinum, and a deficiency in either will result in pale leaves.

Decrease, or you can as well stop the feed for the winter. Plants that thrive in low-light environments require less fertilizing than plants growing rapidly.

Here are some absolutely fantastic plant food available on the market:

Pro Tip- Water your plant before adding the fertilizer. To avoid burns and root damage, nutrients should be administered to damp soil.

7. Growth Rates and Habits

The growth rate and foliage color of Lupinum corrugatum leaf can vary greatly depending on soil type, sunlight, and temperature.

Generally, lupinum is a robust evergreen climber growing to 10–20 ft (3–6 m).

Philodendron lupinum’s capacity to crawl is a purposeful modification for extending out for light. This is why the bush constantly expands in the direction of the light. 

If you give the plant a jute-wrapped pole or a moss stake, it can show off its beautiful climbing skills.

Philodendron lupinum can be grown in suspended baskets or pots. 

Foliage and Flower

The leaves’ underparts are a dark maroon color, which is assumed to be another light-catching adaptation, reflecting light toward the top cells involved in photosynthesis.

Lupinum Corrugated Leaf – Lupinum is a very rare and ever-changing Philodendron.

When young, the leaves are small, 1 to 2 inches across, and grow with the help of a totem, eventually changing into massive foliage up to 10 to 12 inches.

With a glossy wavy pattern, the underside remains vermilion. Young trees usually do not look the same as mature trees.

Pholidentron lupinum in a white pot
Preparing a potting mix (Source: Flickr)

It is a very healthy, easy-to-climb tropical plant with a strong root system.

The blossoms are deep red, aromatic spathes up to 15 cm (6 in) long in summer and autumn.

8. Potting and Repotting

Grow a Philodendron lupinum in a slightly bigger pot than its root ball, and make sure that your pot has plenty of drainage holes.

Late spring or early summer is the ideal moment to re-pot.

Philodendron lupinum (Source: Etsy)

It is time to re-pot the Philodendron lupinum when the roots start sticking out from the dirt or out of the drainage holes in the container.

Here’s how you can quickly re-pot your Philodendron lupinum:

  • Get a planter that is one size larger than the existing one.
  • Gently remove your plant from its existing pot.
  • If you soak your plant for a few hours before removing it from the current pot, the process will be much easier. Also, it will help you avoid minor root damage!
  • Place it in the new pot. Make sure you use fresh and sterilized potting mix every time you re-pot.
  • Water the plant thoroughly and place it in a shady spot for a few days.

Keep checking your plant until the roots have firmly established in the new medium.

9. Prune: Just above a Leaf Node

Consider trimming your Philodendron lupinum tendrils with disinfected pruning shears or clippers if they become too overgrown or lanky.

Late spring or early summer is the appropriate time to do it- the process helps eliminate fading leaves and stiff development. 

Plant Pruning Tools
Plant Pruning Tools (Source: Pixabay)

In fact, you can easily give your Philodendron lupinum a mild haircut at any time of the year.

Just above a leaf node: the most proper place to cut. What’s more interesting is that you can employ your stem cuttings to propagate a whole new plant.

10. Toxic for SURE

Philodendron lupinum is toxic to pets and humans. 

While it might not be life-threatening in humans, pets might suffer if they consume the plant in large amounts.

All parts of Philodendron lupinum contain calcium oxalate crystals, an irritant to the mouth and esophagus.

Hence, place it away from children and pets.

In case your pets have nibbled on Philodendron lupinum, contact the below-mentioned helpline:

Propagation of Philodendron Lupinum

Do you wish to multiply these beauties for every corner of your living space? Or do you simply wish to share it with your loved ones?

Well, whatever be the reason, the plant is straightforward to propagate and has a reasonable success rate!

Cutting Stem for propagation
Cutting Stem for propagation (Source: Pexels)

1. Stem Propagation

Stem clippings are the most convenient technique to multiply your plants.

One of the explanations for this is that Philodendron lupinum stem cuttings are easily adaptable to the soil, i.e., relative to other houseplants, they take a shorter time to show new growth.

Steps Involved

  • Before you make your cutting, make sure it is clear of pests and diseases.
  • It would help if you aimed to cut less than 30% of the entire plant for your trimming.
  • A minimum of one leaf and one node should be present.
  • Remove the foliage at the bottom to uncover the nodes for longer cuttings.
  • Cover the nodes in sphagnum moss, if you are not soaking your clipping in water.
  • Keep the clippings alone until it produces a few-inch-long root system.
  • You can now transplant your plant to some other container you have readied.

2. Seeds Germination

Plants can be grown from seeds, although this is a time-consuming procedure. However, if you are impatient, this procedure is not for you.

Steps Involved

  • Purchase your seeds and plant them in well-draining soil about a third of an inch deep.
  • It is not necessary to wet them before sowing.
  • Allow 2 to 8 weeks for the seeds to sprout.
  • Sprinkle the soil with water periodically to ensure the seeds are hydrated.
  • The soil temperature should preferably be between 68 and 73 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Allow your plants to grow until they are strong once they have sprouted.
  • Transfer the saplings to new pots you have prepped so they can grow thicker roots without becoming congested.
  • Nourish the seedlings once a month with a reasonable dose of fertilizer to speed up their growth.

3. Air-Layering Method

Understand that stem cutting cannot be used to propagate if your parent plant is aged.

If that is all you have got, you still have a choice. You can air-layer your Philodendron lupinum to increase the number of offspring.

Steps Involved

  • At a 45-degree angle, cut midway through a healthy stem of your Philodendron lupinum.
  • Use a small piece of plastic, such as a bottle, and place it over the puncture.
  • Applying plastic wrap and rope, tie some moss around the sliced part of the plant before connecting the moss to the stalk.
  • In around two weeks, roots will emerge on the moss.
  • You can detach the baby plant from the incision location after observing a sound root system forming on the moss.
  • Place the plant in a new container with its moss.
  • Make sure the planter is big enough for healthy root development with proper drainage.

Also Watch,

Common Problems in Philodendron Lupinum

1. Yellowing Leaves

Various factors, causing yellowing foliage are:

  • giving the plant extremely chilled water,
  • not providing adequate sunlight, or
  • subjecting the plant to too much harsh light.

You could be underwatering the plant if the older leaves are browning.

You might well be overwatering the plant if the youthful bottom pairs of foliage turn yellow. Modify these elements in most instances to see your plant recover.

If you are feeding your Philodendron lupinum, make sure to wet the soil initially, then apply a water-diluted nutrient solution before watering the plant afterward.

These extra precautions ensure that the fertilizer’s ingredients do not burn the roots, causing yellowing.

2. Yellow Splotches or Patterning on Leaves

Minor yellow blemishes or stripes can identify the mosaic virus on your plant’s leaves.

You might be able to eliminate the virus by assisting the plant in its defense.

Move the plant outside for some diffused, natural daylight. Try social distancing among the plants: Separate the affected plant by at least 2 feet.

Discard any leaves that are severely damaged.

Using a sprayer, clean the rest of the foliage, eliminating any debris on the surface. To assist in the reviving process, administer diluted nitrogen-rich manure to the soil.

3. Pests Infestation

Philodendrons are attractive houseplants to look at, but if they are ravaged by pests and diseases, among other issues, the tale can be very opposite.

Their vitality and attractiveness will be snatched away in such dire situations. 

Hence, go through the following symptoms and treatments. After all, knowledge is power!

Aphids

Always lookout for the aphids on your plant babies by regularly monitoring the delicate portions, such as the leaflets and potential growth areas. 

Black aphids on a plant stem.
Black Aphids On A Plant Stem (Source: Pixabay)

Because these pests rely on drawing the juice from your plants to survive, they can have severe consequences if not eradicated.

We propose you rinse your plants regularly with a hosepipe as a prophylactic step.

Asphyxiating aphids with neem oil is a typical way to get rid of them.

Scales

Scales appear on the surface of your Phil0dendrons as microscopic scales.

These parasites are unsightly because underneath that scale lies a pest constantly munching on your plant while simultaneously destroying it. 

They are most commonly found on stems and intersections, resembling adventitious roots, making identification problematic.

The quickest and possibly only way to deal with a scale attack on your plant is to remove it physically. Sprays are frequently ineffective against these pests.

Mealybugs

Similar to aphids, mealybugs forage on the sap of your plants.

Mealybugs have invaded your plant if you see anything which looks like “cotton swabs.”

Insecticidal treatment options, such as Neem oil, can be more effective if nothing else seems to be working.

Preventive Measures

  • Follow the plant care direction throughout the year to prevent pest infestations.
  • Always examine new and garden plants before carrying them inside the house.
  • Avoid bringing fresh cuttings, twigs, and grasses into the house.
  • Always buy an approved Aphid-free and moisture-controlled potting mix.
  • Wash the plant with clean water once a month to prevent pest infestation.
  • Avoid over-fertilizing the plant with nitrogen-rich fertilizer that may weaken its health.

4. Diseases Infestation

Although diseases are sporadic in Philodendron lupinum, they are likely to get infected if the growing conditions are not good.

DiseasesSymptomsCausesTreatment
Bacterial Leaf SpotTranslucent dots on the leaf margins turn reddish-brown.

Yellow haloes and large tan dots with random shapes.
Xanthomonas campestris pv. dieffenbachiaePlants that haven't been infected with the illness should be purchased.

Watering from above should be avoided.

Remove any leaves that have been diseased.
Bacterial BlightTiny dark green blotches on the leaves spread quickly and reach the petioles.

Infected leaves fall in a foul-smelling wet decay.
Erwinia caratovora pv. Carotovora E. chrysanthemWatering from above should be avoided.

Remove the diseased leaves.

Water in a way that ensure the dryness of the leaves and petiole.
Curled leaves tipsThe tips of the leaves curl downward.

The leaf edges turn brown.

Roots wither and perish.
Over-fertilizationIf slow-release fertilizer is not present, reduce the fertilizer rate and drain the soil.

Repot your plant if the case is severe.

Preventive Measures

  • Avoid damaging factors such as seating the plant in a moist, damp, or low-light place.
  • Use a commercial potting mix signified for aroids.
  • Dodge misting the plant leaves in the evening and winter.
  • Maintain sufficient humidity levels around the plant using an electric humidifier.

Conclusion

That is our comprehensive resource on caring for Philendron lupinum.

Philodendron lupinum is an excellent first-time houseplant for anyone who wishes to appreciate the unique plant features without having to worry about upkeep.

So go ahead and order your first batch of this tropical delight!

0 Shares:
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

You May Also Like