Split Leaf Philodendron Care: A Complete Guide At Hand

giant-Philodendron-bipinnatifidum-
Philodendron selloum or bipinnatifidum is to take care of and grows up to pretty wild size of six feets.

Are you tired of waiting for your Philodendron to grow and bloom?

If your waiting has extended more than a year, you must review your care checklist for the plant. 

Generally, Split Leaf Philodendron requires 5-6 hours of bright indirect sunlight, 65-80°F of temperature, 50-80% humidity, and well-draining soil with 5.0-6.0 pH. Also, they need weekly water, monthly fertilization, repotting every year, and seasonal pruning.

philodendron selloum
With proper care, Split Leaf Philodendron leaf can exceed 3 feet in size.

Its moderately fast growth at minimal and reasonable care needs make Philodendron selloum ideal houseplant.

However, you should not mistake these Philodendrons for their beast look.

Philodendrons are sensitive to different care factors, so if you want to grow Split Leaf Philodendron successfully, read this article!

Overview of Split Leaf Philodendron

Split Leaf Philodendron (Philodendron bipinnatifidum) is an evergreen tropical plant of the Araceae family.

Did you know Austrian botanist Heinrich Wilhelm Schott had named Philodendron bipinnatifidum in 1837? 

Split Leaf Philodendron hails from South American countries like Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina.

It is commonly available and is often mistaken for Monstera Deliciosa due to the same Araceae plant family. 

So, without further ado, let us learn more about Philodendron selloum from the table.

IndicatorIdentity
Scientific NamePhilodendron selloum
Presently known as Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum
Common NameSplit leaf philodendron, lacy leaf philodendron,
Native AreaBrazil, Bolivia, Argentina and Paraguay
FamilyAraceae
Growth ZoneZones 8-11
Plant TypePerennial
Growth SizeApprox. 6 feet
Growth SpeedSlow growth rate
Grown ForExotic split leaf that look like fenestrated leaves
Growth TypeUpright evergreen
ContainerPlastic or terracotta pots
FloweringThe flower has white or yellowish spadix under spathe.
Flowering seasonMay to July
AvailabilityPretty common
ToxicityToxic to pets and humans
Common PestsAphids, mealybugs, scales and spider mites

Split Leaf Philodendron for Sale

Unlike Pink Princess Philodendron, Philodendron selloum is commonly available. Here are some online stores where you can buy one or more for yourself. 

SiteShipping Details
AmazonShips within 2 days
EtsyTakes 3-7 days to ship
Magic Valley GardensWithin 1-3 days
Gabriella PlantsWithin a week
Virginia Beach FloristShips within 2-7 Days

Split Leaf Philodendron Care in Detail

Split Leaf Philodendron thrives best in a tropical habitat which can be different from the care requirements of other Philodendrons. 

care guide for Split Leaf Philodendron
The chart seems enough to start, but you should not skip the detailed care instructions.

If you do not go astray with this, look down for a complete guide!

1. Bright Indirect Sunlight and Warm Location

Split Leaf Philodendron is most likely to stay under enough sunlight. 

Generally, Split Leaf Philodendron prefers at least six hours of bright indirect sunlight. So, placing them at the south-facing window will be a cherry on top. 

Sunlight for mini watermelon peperomia
Avoid harsh direct sunlight as it might sunburn your Split Leaf Philodendron leaves.

Meanwhile, this Philodendron also grows well in the shade.

But in low light, your Split Leaf Philodendron suffers greatly and causes slow growth with sparse foliage density.

To keep your Philodendron healthy, learn how much light Philodendron needs first. 

Usually, south or east-facing windows will be an ideal place to keep Split Leaf Philodendron for such light intensity.

Moreover, your plant will be delighted to receive morning sunlight, so ensure to keep them in such a way.

Do you know your Philodendron plant can live up to between 4 to 20 days in utter darkness with no light? But after that, they die off due to chlorosis.

Here are detailed effects of your Split Leaf Philodendron due to low light and light saturations.

Low Light ProblemsLight Saturation Problems
It causes stunted, leggy, and dull growth.It causes a high transpiration rate, and leaves start to curl.
Causes leaf fenestration to fade away.Burning of leaf and leaf scorch.
Leaves appear yellow, disclosed, and smaller in size.Extreme heat breakdowns the chlorophyll, so the leaves appear pale or bleached.
Internodal distance increases causing plant to thin out and look sparse.Leaves feel crispy or easily crumbles on hands.
Discourages newer big foliage growth and remaining leaves turns darker green.Induces negative phototropism on plant causing to lean away.

Tips to Maintain Proper Light for Split Leaf Philodendron

  • When keeping your plant at a south-facing window, make at least 3-5 feet of space to protect the plant from sunburn.
Philodendron-bipinnatifidum-dried-leaf
South-facing window with sheer curtains provides sufficient dappling sunlight for the growth of Philodendron selloum.
  • To facilitate uniform growth of the plant, rotate your plant once in a while.
  • Also, clean off the plant leaves to let them facilitate optimal photosynthesis.
  • Invest in a light meter to determine the light intensity and plan the plant position accordingly.
  • Relocate your plants to a brighter place if they start to exhibit the light-deficient symptoms mentioned above.
  • Besides, you can buy artificial grow lights as a substitute for the absence of sunlight and use them for at least 10-12 hours.

Pro Tip: Full-spectrum lamp with all colors mimicking natural sunlight is ideal for plants’ efficient growth and foliage.

  • If you own light-saturated plants, consider leaf misting and proper watering until the plant revives.

For your ease, I have listed some of the best-suited grow lights for your Philodendron selloum.

ProductsFeatures
SPIDER FARMER SF2000 LEDIncludes high efficiency, full Spectrum and new diode layout
Phlizon Pro 2000WOffers extremely large grow area and immable full spectrum
Lavish Home (72-G0820)5 feet tall light with adjustable neck floor lamp
Abonnylv 60W Led Tri LightContains that warm white light(3000k) leds + day light(5000k) leds + red light(660nm) leds + Ir light(730nm) led
Led Grow LightProvides full spectrum with good cooling performance

2. Weekly Watering

You need not water Split Leaf Philodendron no more than one-third of the gross soil volume.

Generally, watering once a week will be enough to keep Split Leaf Philodendron during its active growth in spring and summer.

Meanwhile, you need to reduce the watering frequency to 15-20 days during the wintery dormant months.

watering needs of Philodendron
Keep the potting soil moist at all times but not soggy.

Many Philodendron owners water their plants after the topsoil layer feels dry.

However, Split Leaf Philodendron does not prefer this technique due to its profound love for moisture.

But you need to avoid soggy soil.

Here are a few tell-tale signs that your plant will exhibit upon inappropriate watering.

Overwatered SignsUnderwatered Signs
Roots susceptible to rots and various fungal diseases.Soil shrinks in volume and looks too dry.
Browning or darkening leaves with lower stem decayYellowed, wilted, or curled leaves with a crispy texture
Smelly potting mediumHard to touch stems
Dark-colored soil with formation of algae and molds on top of it.Light greyish, dry soil
Stunted plant growthBrown leaf edges

Solutions for Overwatered and Underwatered Plant

  • Stop watering the overwatered Split Leaf Philodendron.
  • Inspect the plants’ roots for any signs of rotting or other potential fungal infections.
  • Prune off the diseased dark, rotted roots and other decaying parts of the plant immediately and apply fungicides to cut ends.
  • Consider repotting your plant if the soil looks drenched and a weird smell comes from it.
  • Relocate your plant to a slightly less humid place to facilitate a higher transpiration rate to let go of excess water build-ups on a leaf.
  • For your underwatered Philodendron selloum, deeply soak it by letting the plant pot submerge in a half-filled water container or tray.
  • Water your plant till the water comes out from the drainage holes, and let your plant rest if the plant is thirsty.

Tips to Water Split Leaf Philodendron 

  • Do not restrict watering schedules overtly. Instead, try to accommodate the schedule based on the environment considering the season change.
  • Ensure to mist the plant leaves regularly in the morning if the plant leaves feel dry.
Water Quality
Too much chlorine and fluoride in the water can damage the plant to the core.
  • If you are a newbie, buy a soil moisture meter and water your plant according to the meter reading.
  • Follow the bottom watering approach to encourage strong root growth.
  • If possible, water your Philodendron plant in the morning, and when watering, ensure to pour water directly on the soil to let the water reach roots.
  • Manage distilled or filtered rainwater for your Philodendron and avoid using tap water without letting it rest for 24 hours.
  • Use a proper plant container that facilitates excess water drainage through drainage holes.

3. Warm Temperature

This particular Philodendron enjoys in the 8 to 11 USDA zones. 

Try to keep your Split Leaf Philodendron anywhere between 64 to 77°F temperature during the daytime and not less than 55°F at night.

However, younger outdoor plants tend to have severe effects when the temperature drops below 55°F (13°C) from temperature stress.

Philodendron-bipinnatifidum-near-window
You need to keep Philodendron bipinnatifidum in a warm position.

Some common symptoms of temperature stress are stunted growth, leaves curling inwards, and suppression of newer foliage growth.

But in contrast, older Philodendron selloum with well-established roots can survive the cold winter months easily.

Meanwhile, extreme hot temperature ranges are intolerable to Philodendrons.

High temperature induces rapid transpiration causing the leaf to dry out too quickly, resulting in dehydration in a plant.

Thus, you can notice wilting, drooping, and crispy textured leaves in your plant as long-term dehydration effects.

Tips to Maintain Ideal Temperature

  • Keep the plants away from freezing windowsills and find a spot near south-facing window corners where indirect sunlight shines the most.
  • Remember to take the younger Philodendron plants indoors to protect them from frost bites.
  • Use frost blankets to cover the plant and maintain plant temperature within the toleratable range.
  • Invest in heating pads and place them under the plant pots to keep the soil temperature warmer.
  • Do not place your plant in the vicinity of air conditioners, heaters, or radiators, as they tend to induce temperature stress in the plant.
  • Ensure to place your plant under artificial incandescent lamps as they emit lights by heating a suitable material.
  • Place the pine straws or dried grass layers on top of the soil layer to trap the heat.
  • Adjust the watering and misting routine to adapt to the scorching heat during summer.

4. Higher Humidity

As a tropical plant, Philodendrons love high humidity.

Split Leaf Philodendron requires a relatively high humidity level of 70 to 80% to flaunt its split leaves.

humidity for split leaf philodendron
Ensure the humidity is relatively high and doesn’t drop below 55%.

Generally, our average indoor humidity level falls under 50%, so it might be tough to maintain a humid room.

So, you can use a room humidifier to provide the plants with their desirable humidity level. 

But be careful! High humidity levels mean a higher risk of fungal infections and pest infestations.

Also, low humidity is not an exception to negatively impacting your Philodendron.

Here are some of the common symptoms of inappropriate humidity levels.

Too Low HumidityToo High Humidity
Wilting, drooping and shriveled LeafStems and leaves rot
Yellowing of leaves edges (chlorosis)Patches of grey mold on the leaves
Brown leaf tips and leaf marginsFungal growth and give rise to chances of fungal infections
Curled leaves may fall in severe conditionsMay result in development of Xanthomonas bacteria infection

Tips to Maintain Ideal Humidity Level

  • You can gather all indoor plants altogether to facilitate natural humidity booster.
  • Find a corner inside a kitchen or bathroom where humidity is typically high with ample bright light.
  • Ensure to mist the leaves regularly during hot summer to compensate for the rapid loss of humidity.
misting plant
Mist your plants during the early morning hours to keep them humid all day long in summer.
  • You can invest in a hygrometer to calculate the humidity level around your plant and adjust the humidity level accordingly.
  • Place your plant pot above the pebble tray and fill the pebble tray partially with water to boost humidity.
  • Buy the electric humidifier to maintain the relative humidity level based on the needs.
  • Avoid keeping your plant near heating appliances as they quickly dry out the air humidity.

5. Loose, Well-Draining Soil Mix

The Philodendron selloum does not have delicate needs regarding soil, but a well-drainage is a must.

Generally, Split Leaf Philodendron thrives well in an airy, light sandy soil mix rich in organic materials facilitating proper drainage.

Moreover, they prefer slightly acidic to neutral soil with a pH ranging from 5.5 to 7.5.

soil for philodendron selloum
Provide your Split Leaf Philodendron with porous loose soil enriched in all nutrients.

To encourage efficient soil aeration and drainage, you can add compost and other organic substrates to the soil mix.

However, be aware of salt and chemical build-ups on the soil as Philodendron selloum is very sensitive to it.

Pro Tip! Avoid using garden soil for Split Leaf Philodendron as it becomes compact over time and does not promote soil aeration.

You can either prepare the potting mix for your Philodendron at home or buy a ready-made aroid potting mix.

If you are planning to prepare a potting mix, here is a suitable recipe that you may like.

Recipe #1

  • Take one part of sterilized compost for necessary nutrients
  • Mix one part of perlite or gravel for better soil aeration
  • Add one part of orchid bark or coco coir 
  • Finally, top it with worm castings 

Voila! The ideal potting mix for your Split Leaf Philodendron is ready.

Additionally, you can buy from these options if you prefer a professionally prepared potting mix.

6. Monthly Fertilization

Although the Philodendrons are not heavy eaters, they prefer regular fertilization to sustain their beautiful foliage.

Fertilize your Split Leaf Philodendron every month during its active growing season, i.e., spring and summer, with nitrogen-rich fertilizers.

Philodendron-selloum-repotting
Fertilizing your Philodendron changes between the seasons.

As the Philodendron bipinnatifidum is popular for its foliage, you shall provide Nitrous fertilizer for best foliage development.

Meanwhile, liquid fertilizers can be applied monthly but use slow-release types every three months.

However, if you are concerned about soil toxicity due to excess nitrogen, you can opt for a balanced fertilizer.

Cut back on fertilization during winter to avoid overfertilization as the plant goes through dormancy.

Pro Tip: When applying liquid fertilizers, always ensure to halve the strength by diluting them before applying to Split Leaf Philodendron.

If fertilization is irregular and inappropriate, your plant will exhibit the following tell-tale signs.

Under-fertilizationOver-fertilization
Faint and pale foliageLeaves start turning brown
Frail stemWithering of lower leaves
Yellowing of leavesStem starts turning yellow and the leaves start wilting
Falling off of leavesFertilizer crusts and salt buildup on the soil surface and roots
Slow plant growth or stunted growthLeaf tips and margins start to turn brown

Besides, your Philodendron is much more likely to suffer over-fertilization problems than under-fertilization.

How to Treat Overfertilized Plant?

  • Run water over the plant pot until excess salt build-ups are removed, and repeat the process after letting the soil dry.
  • Do not fertilize your plant until you feel it has regained its healthy state.
  • Inspect plant roots for any potential chemical burn and wash off the roots with lukewarm water before planting them.
  • If the soil has become too toxic for your plant, you can discard the potting soil and prepare a fresh one.
  • Opt for homemade organic fertilizers for your plant to avoid any chemical burns.

Here are some of the recommended commercial fertilizers suitable for your Split Leaf Philodendron.

If you are not confident about starting fertilizing Philodendron, watch the video below.

7. Yearly Repotting

Split Leaf Philodendron strictly does not like to stay root-bound and demands free space for optimal root growth.

Generally, a once-a-year repot during early spring will be best for Split Leaf Philodendron in a 2″ bigger pot than the previous one.

Also, you can consider repotting when the plant outgrows pot size or roots from drain holes.

root-bound-Philodendron
Root bound is the primary reason for Philodendron to need repotting.

Other than that, here are other signs that ask for repotting.

  • Stunted growth even during the active growing seasons
  • Compact soil does not encourage proper drainage or air circulation, and the soil looks light-colored.
  • Yellowing and drooping leaves

Steps to Repot Split Leaf Philodendron

Here is a detailed stepwise repotting guide.

Step 1: Choose an Ideal Container

As well-drainage is a must requirement for your Split Leaf Philodendron, you can opt for clay or terracotta pots.

Moreover, those pot types facilitate airflow and avoid excessive water retention.

But you can also use plastic pots but ensure they have multiple drainage holes.

Here are a few pot suggestions that you might like.

ContainerSpecification
Elly Décor Terracotta Planter4+5+6 inch, Set of 3, Planters with holes in the bottom
Greenaholics Ceramic Flower PotFeatures 5" and 6" sizes with beautiful design
Plastic Planter HomeNoteComes in five different sizes 7/6/5.5/4.8/4.5 Inch

Note: Ensure to find a pot that is bigger in size than the previous size. But not too big! Just 2-4 inches bigger will do the work.

Step 2: Choose Soil Mix and Transplant
  • Prepare or buy ready-made sterilized aroid potting mix with proper drainage and soil aeration.
  • Thoroughly water your plant for a couple of hours before repotting.
  • Gently hold the plant stems and pull them out without harming the plant.
  • Check for potential root rots or fungal infections and properly prune off the sick roots using sterilized scissors.
  • To prevent and drop the risks of potential infections, apply fungicides to the cut ends of roots.
  • Fill in two third of the container with potting mix and place the plant properly with all roots covered.
  • Add the rest of the potting soil to the container. While doing so, ensure to leave an inch of space for fertilization in the future.
  • Thoroughly water your plant and leave it in its original thriving place.

If you need a further guide, get some help from this!

8. Yearly Pruning 

Adult Split Leaf Philodendron plant can get pretty huge with its monster-fenestrated leaves.

Although Philodendrons are considered low-maintenance plants, needing low or no prunings, they still require pruning once in a while to keep their exotic foliage in check.

Prune off old, decaying dead parts of Split Leaf Philodendron once a year during summer or spring to keep its monstrous look in check.

Also, remove aerial roots if they make the plant look weird or unusual.

pruning philodendron plowmanii
Occasionally trim off old, decaying parts of Philodendron selloum to contain its size while keeping it healthy.

You shall remove yellowing leaves at the lower half of the stem as Philodendron bipinnatifidum sheds its bottom leaves while growing.

Philodendron bipinnatifidum actually sheds its bottom leaves, leaving prominent eye-shaped scars on the stem, adding an aesthetic look to its trunk.

Tips to Prune Split Leaf Philodendron

  • Look out for the plant’s yellowing, decaying, or dead parts and remove them accordingly.
  • Ensure to sterilize the pruners beforehand of the pruning process and try to make a clean cut at a 45° angle.
  • Do not prune more than 30% of the plant simultaneously.
  • Wear gloves, masks, and goggles when trimming off plants to avoid any unpleasant accidents.
  • Thoroughly water your plant after pruning to reduce the stress on the plant.
  • Wipe clean the leaves after pruning to keep them shiny.

Pruning helps control and tame the size of this beastly Philodendron selloum. If you need visual help, check the video below!

Split Leaf Philodendron: All About the Growth Rate

All thanks to its fast-growing nature and monstrous size with glossy fenestrated evergreen leaves, Split Leaf Philodendron has rising fame.

An adult indoor Philodendron bipinnatifidum achieves almost 6 feet in height and gets 8 feet wider with a fast growth rate. 

Split Leaf Philodendron
Adult Split Leaf Philodendron reaches a height of 10 to 15 feet in its natural habitat.

Furthermore, the leaves alone can get more than 3 feet in length, and that’s a big, really big leaf.

But in its natural habitat, Split Leaf Philodendron can achieve a staggering height of 10 to 15 feet.

Therefore, you shall try your best to mimic tropical climates to encourage them to reach max potential.

Generally, Split Leaf Philodendron takes almost 15 to 20 years to mature, and it is very rare for them to bloom.

When Philodendron bipinnatifidum blossoms, flowers are typically made up of spathe and spadix.

flower-Philodendron-bipinnatifidum
After 15-20 years of maturing, Split Leaf Philodendron produces flowers.

The Philodendron flowers can get almost one foot in length with purple, red, or white colored spathe and greenish-yellow spadix.

Interestingly, Philodendrons go through floral thermogenesis for pollination, i.e., producing heat to attract pollinators.

By any chance, if your Philodendron selloum blooms indoors, well! First,  you are the best plant parent.

Second, you can help the plant with hand pollination if you seek to get acquainted with its fruits.

After the successful pollination, Split Leaf Philodendron produces orange berry-like fruit.

Toxicity of Split Leaf Philodendron

Although Philodendron bipinnatifidum is now under the Thaumatophyllum genus, it still shares the same toxic profile with other Philodendrons.

Based on ASPCA’s toxic houseplant list, Philodendron plants have toxicity.

The Split Leaf Philodendron is toxic to humans and pets due to calcium oxalate crystals.

Hence, you need to be very careful about the place to keep this plant indoors. 

Split Leaf Philodendron toxic to cats
Keep your pets away from Split Leaf Philodendron, as they are toxic.

Upon accidental ingestion of plant parts, pets may exhibit the symptoms within a few minutes or hours.

Signs of Split Leaf Philodendron Poisoning in Pets

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Burning sensations in the mouth with oral discomfort
  • Swelling and blisters in the throat
  • Frequent pawing on the mouth
  • Loss of appetite

Meanwhile, the common symptoms of Philodendron poisoning in humans are nausea, vomiting, and burning around the mouth.

These specified symptoms may vary depending upon the amount of Philodendron part ingestion.

In severe situations, you may notice continuous drooling, dilated pupils, and cardiac issues.

Nevertheless, you can contact the ASPCA Poison center as soon as possible for further assistance at  (800) 426-4435 for pets and at (800) 222-1222 for poisoning in humans.

Propagation Methods for Split Leaf Philodendron

Split Leaf Philodendron has been becoming eye candy for many due to its big-lobed leaves that facilitate air detoxification as a bonus.

So, it is unsurprising if you are thinking of adding more air cleansers and tropical vibes to your space.

Generally, the best and most efficient way of populating Philodendron selloum is via stem cuttings. But propagation can be done via root cuttings as well.

philodendron selloum
Repot your Philodendron selloum in a slightly bigger pot.

Stem cutting is much easier with simple steps and provides the best results compared to other methods.

Meanwhile, Split Leaf Philodendron can also be propagated via seeds but requires intensive care and patience.

So, before we take off, ensure to get these materials required for propagation.

ItemPurpose
Pruning shear/ Propagation knifeTo cut through stems, leaves, and roots
Clean, room temperature waterFor water propagation
Ethanol or 98% AlcoholTo sterilize the equipment before and after use
500 ml transparent glass vaseFor water propagation
Terracotta Pot with a Drainage HoleTo keep the fresh propagated cuttings
Rooting HormoneTo encourage healthy growth
Gardening GlovesFor safety

Let us start with stem propagation, shall we?

1. Propagation via Stem Cutting

Each stem cutting will provide you with a new healthy plant, so follow these steps carefully.

Step 1: Get the Cutting

  • Inspect the plant for potential pests or fungal infections before starting the process.
  • Search for the best-looking stem with multiple leaf nodules and a few leaves attached.
  • Cut the stem 3 to 6 inches long at a 45° angle just above another leaf on the branch.
  • Remove the leaves on the cutting leaving behind 2 or 3 leaves at the top.
  • Wait for a day, so the callus is formed, which later minimizes bacterial infection.

Step 2: Root the Cutting

In this propagation, you will have two different ways of rooting, i.e., in potting mix or water.

1. Propagating in Water
  • Get a small jar or glass and fill it with clean and clear spring water.
  • Add the rooting hormones to boost the rooting process faster and better.
propagation by water
Adding rooting hormones can boost the rooting process.
  • Submerge the cutting while ensuring the cut end is dipped into the water, leaving the leaves outside.
  • Position the cuttings in a brightly lit-up place with a subtle warmth.
  • Ensure to replace the water every three days to provide fresh water to the cutting.
  • Regularly inspect the progress and wait for a week or so for new root growth.
  • Transplant the cuttings once new roots exceed one inch in length.
  • Use airy, well-draining loose soil for your freshly propagated plant.
2. Propagating in Potting Mix
  • Apply the rooting hormones to the cut ends to encourage healthier root growth.
  • Fill in the small-sized container made up of clay or terracotta with a porous aroid mix or a ready-made potting mix.
  • Cover the cut ends with the mix while keeping the top leaves outside.
  • Try to maintain the conducive temperature for stem cutting, i.e., at around 70°F.
  • Ensure you keep the plant soil moist by watering every few days and letting the cutting rest in bright, indirect sunlight.
  • Wait for one or two weeks, and you shall notice new root growths.
  • Transplant the cutting to a large pot filled with potting mix that promotes well drainage.
  • Thoroughly water the freshly planted cutting to keep the soil moist.

2. Propagation via Root Cuttings

Another popular propagation method for Split Leaf Philodendron is via root cuttings.

But this method includes taking out roots from the plant, which you can’t do without harming the plant.

root cutting for propagation of Split Leaf Philodendron
Propagation of Split Leaf Philodendron via roots takes longer when done in winter.

Therefore, I advise you to cut the root in winter as the plant is inactive and is going through dormancy.

Otherwise, this method could be best for plants suffering from root rot.

Nonetheless, let’s start with root-cutting propagation.

Step 1: Inspect and Cut Healthy Roots

  • Look out for healthy, pencil-thick roots suitable for propagation.
  • Cut the root close to the crown and discard other thin or fibrous lateral roots.
  • Carefully remove damaged or decayed sections from the roots to avoid potential risks.
  • Apply fungicides to the roots beforehand of the propagation process.
  • Leave root cuttings in a cool place for a couple of hours.

Step 2: Plant the Root in Potting Mix

  • Ensure to cut horizontally at the root’s upper end and an angled cut, i.e., 45° at the lower back.
  • Use a small pot of 5 or 6 inches, fill it with an aroid pot mix, and add a top layer of organic compost.
  • Subtly put the root cuttings into the soil while ensuring the horizontal cut needs to be just right below the compost mulch.
  • Ensure to lightly water the planted root cuttings and let them rest in indirect sunlight.

In contrast to stem cuttings, which take almost a week or two for new growth on cuttings, root cuttings require about four months for fresh sprouts.

Moreover, the time taken by root cuttings varies depending on the time you propagate.

So, you may even need to wait till the rise of spring just to see new growths on the root cuttings if you use root cuttings in winter.

If you wish to propagate Philodendron via seeds, you need to learn how to germinate Philodendron seeds.

Common Problems of Split Leaf Philodendron 

Philodendrons are legit sturdy plants with strong immunity to many common pests and diseases.

But there is nothing perfect, isn’t it? So, no doubt Split Leaf Philodendron has loopholes in its defense.

Therefore, don’t worry if Split Leaf Philodendron suffers from different plant pests and diseases, as they can be treatable quickly.

Here are some common problems that may arise while growing Philodendron selloum.

1. Common Plant Pests

Split Leaf Philodendron usually attracts insects, especially when the humidity is high with damp, soggy soil.

Moreover, pest infestation is most likely to increase in yellowing and decaying of the plant parts.

GIF Image represents the use of pesticides for removing insects in your Philodendron
Apply pesticides to kill any pests to keep your Philodendron problem free.

Keep your eyes on these common pests like aphids, spider mites, scales, and mealybugs.

Here is a list of pests and their identification.

Common PestsProblems
AphidsAphids are cricket-like creatures with back legs that suck up saps from the plant leaves and stems.

When the infestation grows, your plant wilt and starts dying.
Spider miteThe insect causes Silverly dots in the leaves.

It is accompanied by yellowing, bleaching, and drooping leaves.
MealybugThey mostly infect root and foliage.

They suck the sap from the leaves, leaving them wilted and discolored.

ScalesScaly insects are tiny, waxy pests that infest on leaves.

Yellow or rust-colored spots will start developing on the leaves, and the sap will begin drying up.

Treatment Measures

  • First off, immediately prune off the affected parts of the plant and ensure to apply a neem oil.
  • Isolate pest-infested plants away from other plants to prevent further spread.
  • Thoroughly apply 98% ethyl alcohol or horticultural oil and wipe clean the infected parts.
  • Scrape the remaining pests on the plant parts using a knife or stick.
  • Hand pick the visible pests and their larvae and discard them in a soapy water solution. Ensure to wear gloves to avoid any potential allergies.
  • Place yellow sticky traps around the plant to trap plant pests.
  • Lastly, apply malathion solution or pyrethrin spray to eliminate pests as per the product description.

You can also learn more about the best way to apply Neem oil to an indoor plant.

Preventive Measures

  • Always inspect the plant’s health before adding new plants to your collection.
  • Using a soapy solution, regularly clean the leaves and prune yellowing or decaying leaves.
  • As soon as you notice any signs of pests attack on a plant, quarantine your plant right away to stop further infestation.
  • Gather round the natural pest repellent plants like neem, basil, and thyme to keep the pest at bay.
  • Always ensure to use sterilized scissors or pruning tools to prune the plant.
  • Either follow the bottom watering technique or avoid putting water directly over the plant.
  • Place the plant in a place with optimal air circulation and maintain humidity as per needs.

2. Horticultural Diseases

Split Leaf Philodendron undergoes fungal diseases, especially due to overwatering issues followed by improper humidity.

Damp or waterlogged soils in a humid environment are home to the growth of fungus and bacteria.

Split Leaf Philodendron
Drooping and rapidly yellowing leaves could be the primitive symptoms of your plant suffering from a horticultural disease.

Here is a general insight into the common diseases that often infect the Philodendron.

DiseaseProblems
Root rotDrooping and rapidly yellowing leaves, stunted growth, and a rotten brown base is the primary sign of possible root rot.

Brown and mushy texture on the root is another sign.
Bacterial BlightIt is caused by the pathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. Dieffenbachiae.

It forms transparent spots on leaf edges that develop brown with tan or yellow halos.
Bacterial Leaf SpotIt is a foliar disease common with the plant suffering from high humid conditions.

It is caused by parasitic algae called Cephaleuros Virscens.
Fungal InfectionA fungus that invites a range of plant diseases; mildew, fusarium wilt, Rhizoctonia rot, etc.

It may cause plant stress, stunted growth, and drooping leaves.

Treatment Measures

  • Immediately separate the infected plant from other healthy plants and thoroughly examine the severity of the problem.
  • Take out the plant and properly inspect the roots’ condition.
  • Using sterilized pruning tools like scissors, trim off the rotting roots leaving back healthy roots.
  • If there is no sight of healthy roots, discard the whole plant.
  • After removing sick roots, apply fungicides to the fresh cut ends to discourage infections.
  • If the potting soil smells, consider repotting your plant with fresh potting mix.
  • Use Agrimycin to treat bacterial infections and control bacterial leaf spots.
  • Apply medallion or Prostar to control various types of fungal infections.
  • Find a chemical fungicide like Bonide copper that contains copper to control bacterial blight more efficiently.

Preventive Measures

  • Ensure your plants are staying at the recommended humidity levels and temperatures.
  • Regularly inspect the plant’s health and immediately take action if you notice anything abnormal.
  • Try to get fungicides containing copper and sulfur to prevent horticultural diseases.
  • If possible, try finding an optimal, indirectly sunlit place with enough warmth to keep plants healthy and thriving.
  • Avoid overwatering your plant, and find a suitable pot with multiple drainage holes.
  • Sterilize your pruning tools as soon as you finish trimming off infected parts of the plant.
  • Ensure the space of your plants has proper air circulation.
  • Keep the plants clean and properly groomed.
  • Avoid overhead watering and ensure you water during morning hours only.

Split Leaf Philodendron Vs. Monstera Care

Many people hop on the trend of adding tropical vibes to their space. That is where the name Monstera pops in along Philodendron.

But due to the very close resemblance between Philodendron selloum and Monstera, they are considered the same by online vendors.

Often this misconception leads sellers to keep these plants under a single name.

split leaf philodendron vs monstera deliciosa
Split Leaf Philodendron is often misnamed Monstera deliciosa by sellers due to its close resemblance.

So, without further ado, let us get acquainted with the similarities and differences between Monstera and Philodendron selloum.

 Split Leaf PhilodendronMonstera Deliciosa
Similarities 1. Belongs to the Araceae plant family.

2. Spadix and spathe make up the flower.

3. Epiphyte growth habit

4. Toxic to pets due to calcium oxalate crystals.
1. Belongs to the Araceae plant family.

2. Spear-like spadix with hoody-like spathe as a flower.

3. Epiphyte growth habit

4. Toxic to pets due to insoluble calcium oxalate crystals.
Differences 1. The leaves are large but are smaller compared to Monstera deliciosa.

2. The leaves split apart instead of fenestration and it won't increase with age.

3. The leaves are leathery and have disheveled look.

4. Has upright growing habit.


5. Grows moderately faster than Monstera deliciosa.
1. Monstrous large leaves that grow more than 3 feet in length.

2. Fenestrated leaves keep increasing with age, making them holier.

3. Smooth leaves with a flat shiny greenish finish.

4. Has a climbing growth habit.

5. Do not grow as fast as Philodendrons.

Moreover, the fruit of Monstera deliciosa is edible and popular for its taste, whereas Philodendron selloum fruit is not.

Besides the dissimilar foliage and growth habits, they also have distinct care needs.

Monstera prefers dry soil in between weekly watering, humidity level of 60%, and fertilization once every few weeks during active growth.

Conclusion

Split Leaf Philodendron is an exotic tropical plant with minimal care needs despite its beast look.

But remember, the Split Leaf Philodendron differs from other Philodendrons and has distinct care requirements.

Therefore, thoroughly follow this guide to keep your Philodendron selloum happy and healthy.

You might want to learn about Philodendron benefits, Philodendron plowmanii, Monstera deliciosa, and Pink Princess Philodendron.

Happy Parenting!!!

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