Peach trees mature in 2-4 years before they can bear edible fruits. But don’t worry if you missed the season to enjoy these delicacies, as you can always grow a new tree by planting Peach seeds.
Peaches love the harsh cold winter and hate germinating in warm soil. So, if you want to learn the basics of planting Peach seeds, don’t skip this article!
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What do Peach Seeds Look Like?
Do you know the Peach seeds from the fruits you see are not their actual seeds?
The seed remains hidden inside a stony shell or pit, an endocarp, encased by the edible outer fleshy part.
Due to this durable pit, Peaches are classified as ‘stone fruits.’
The seed, also called a kernel, contains poisonous hydrocyanic acid.
Although the kernel or seed is edible, it can be fatal if consumed in large amounts.
The inner part of the Peach pit, called the kernel, contains hydrocyanic acid, which is poisonous when taken in a high amount.
Here are some general features of a Peach seed.
|Weight (with Pit)||10 g|
|Harvest time||May to Late September|
|Seed sowing time||Fall|
|Sowing method||Top of the Soil|
|Germination initiator||Cold Temperature|
|Germination time||1-3 months|
Peach Seeds for Sale
If you can not make your Peach tree produce seeds, buy them from these commercial websites.
|Best Seeds Online||Within 10 days|
|Sheffield's Seed Company||Shipping within 3-4 days|
|ebay||Within 2 business days|
Steps for Planting Peach Seeds
After harvesting Peach seeds, store them until December to January, which is the right time to plant them.
Extract the pit from the fruit, clean it using running water, and spray fungicide to prevent pathogens in the seed.
Alternatively, dip the pit in one-tenth concentrate of the bleach solution. Leave the pit to dry for 3-4 days.
Collect the Peach seeds in a plastic bag and place them between 35°F and 50°F in the refrigerator for 4 months.
Planting Peach Seeds Indoors
To grow a Peach tree from seed, you should provide cold treatment to the seeds to induce germination.
So, you can begin germination about 4 months before the last frost date in the summer.
After finishing the cold stratification, the following will be your next steps!
- Pour the seeds into the water for a few hours.
- Close the bag tightly, and soak the seed in water for 2-3 hours.
- Open the bag, and add all-purpose potting soil and the water title until the soil is damp.
- If the mixture is too moist, add more soil, and seal the bag tightly.
The viable seeds will germinate in 4-6 weeks.
After germination, wait for the roots to grow to 2.5 cm long and plant the seedlings outdoors.
Transplanting Peach Seedlings Outdoors
After planting Peach seed, the seedling grows some leaves. Thus, you can place the seedling outdoors for 2 hours.
Then, keep increasing the duration until the plant adapts to external conditions.
- After your plant adapts well to the outdoors, select an appropriate site with good sun and well-drained soil.
- Digging a 3-4 inches deep hole will place the root of the Peach seed inside the soil without damaging it.
- After placing the seedlings in the soil, cover the hole with about an inch of mulch.
You can see the video below to learn more!
Tips to Care for Peach After Planting
Peach seedlings need a warm, sunny environment with well-draining soil and regular watering.
Ensure the area is free from strong winds, as Peaches are prone to wind damage.
- Provide Peach plants with full sun for 6-8 hours daily if grown indoors.
- Water the young Peach trees thrice a week. If there is already mature Peach, offer 1-1.5 inches of water per week.
- Cold winter temperatures provide the best condition for embryos to mature. So, maintaining 45°F can be the best condition to offer.
- Try providing 25-60% humidity to let the Peach thrive best.
- Also, maintain a loamy,well-draining soil with a pH of 6-6.5. Adding organic compost to the soil helps boost the growth and health of the plant.
- Provide balanced fertilizer to your newly grown Peach tree in spring. Moreover, use an additional 0.5 kg fertilizer yearly until your plant reaches 3 meters.
- Prune the thick branches off your Peach tree every year during late winter or spring. This helps your plant to receive enough airflow and sunlight.
- The most common pest is the Peach tree borer, so you need to spray insecticides on the lower trunk of the plant.
FAQs about Planting Peach Seeds
What are the best regions to grow Peach seeds?
USDA Zones 4-10 can be best for Peach, but these plants do well in Zones 6-8.
Do you have to let Peach seeds dry before planting?
Drying the Peach pits or seeds before letting them go through the cold stratification is necessary to keep mold from growing.
From Editorial Team
Harvest Peach in Summer
Gently grasp the Peach fruits and pull them away from the tree from mid-May to late August.
Ensure to hold the fruits not too tightly while plucking. Then, transport them in a basket or tray to a safer place.
Moreover, you can try Peach Juice combined with Strawberry to get a mouth-watering taste with high nutritional benefits.