Bird of Paradise is a lovely plant resembling a long-necked bird with shiny black seeds.
I have not met a single person who did not like its vibrant, colorful bird-looking flower.
Like its unique flower, it also produces exotic seeds with a special woolly orange tuft and has interesting germination requirements.
Generally, you can extract Bird of Paradise seeds after it blossoms and dries out. Perform the pre-germination process before planting the seeds and sow them in well-draining soil with a temperature of 75°F and high humidity above 60% for successful germination.
The seed of Bird of paradise has a thick bract. Therefore, they require a pre-germination process for successful germination and ideal requirements.
Continue reading for a successful germination journey that begins with extraction and ends with a new small Bird of Paradise plant seedling.
Table of Contents
- Bird of Paradise Seeds Overview
- How to Harvest Bird of Paradise Seeds?
- Bird of Paradise Seeds for Sale
- How to Grow Bird of Paradise from Seeds?
- Tips to Take Care of Bird of Paradise Seedlings
Bird of Paradise Seeds Overview
Were you worried about your Bird of Paradise not blooming? Do not worry! It takes 4 to 7 years for the plant to blossom and almost four months to form seedpods.
When given the best conditions, Bird of Paradise takes at least eight weeks to germinate from its seeds.
Even though the Bird of Paradise has five different species, they share the same characteristics regarding seeds.
Therefore, let us take a look at its seed characteristics.
|Color||Shiny black or brown with woolly orange tuft|
|Size||Large seeds of size 1.5cm|
|Shape||Globular or Ellipsoidal|
|Blossoming Season||Autumn through spring|
|Blossom||Different colored flowers with shape of birds neck and head|
|Pattern||Trunkless, clump forming pattern of growth|
|Harvest Time||When the seedpods are mature, i.e., turns dark brown and is usually during spring time|
|Growing Time||For indoors: Any preferred time
For outdoors: 12-16 weeks before planting out
|Conducive Temperature||55°F (12.8°C) - 65°F (18.4°C)|
|Germination Time||At least 8 weeks|
For effective germination from seeds, you must plant seeds as soon as you harvest them as their life span isn’t long.
Meanwhile, you need to store seeds at a cold temperature for a couple of weeks, so it is not the right away process. You can also store seeds in cold temperatures for future use.
How to Harvest Bird of Paradise Seeds?
Bird of Paradise will produce seeds in its seed pod and exposes them as soon as its bloom wilts and turn brown.
Generally, Bird of Paradise produces seeds after successful pollination. Therefore, to increase the chances of effective pollination, you shall place your plants outdoors when they bloom.
So, if your plant is blossoming with an alluring flower, then big congratulations; new seedlings are on the way.
Generally, for the indoor Bird of Paradise plant, you might need to hand pollinate as they rely on external agents such as birds or insects for natural pollination.
Pro Tip: You may use paint brushes or cotton swabs to hand pollinate the flower.
Buckle up and wait approximately five months after the flower blossoms to get your hands on them.
After the flower wilts down and turns brown, the seedpods expose its seed contents. That’s the time you need to extract seeds.
Here’s a list of tools and equipment necessary for seed extraction.
|Gardening Gloves||Protection for hands|
|Mask||Safety measure for any potential allergies|
|Paper Envelope||To place the seeds|
Steps to Extract the Seeds from the Bird of Paradise Plant
Once the seedpods open up, you need to collect seeds on time. Here is a complete stepwise process for the extraction of seeds.
- Separate the seedpod from the flower and place it over a paper plate.
- Split open the seedpods with your thumbs, and drop all seeds onto the paper.
- Ensure the seedpods do not have any seeds left.
- Keep the paper plate in an adequately ventilated, cool, and dry place for one or two weeks to let them dry.
- Place the seeds in a paper envelope once they have dried.
- Store them in a dry, cool place until you’re ready to plant.
If you do not intend to dry the flower, you can begin harvesting the seed by removing the layers of the flower.
Bird of Paradise Seeds for Sale
It is alright if your Bird of Paradise flower did not produce seeds. It wasn’t that easy process. You can always buy the seeds online, so cheer up.
I have listed some of the online sites providing Bird of Paradise seeds.
|Etsy||Shipping within 1-2 business day|
|ABC Stores||Takes 10-15 days to deliver|
|Outside Pride||Ships within a day|
|Sheffield's Seed Company||Shipping in 3-4 business days|
|Plant World Seeds||Ships within 7 working days|
How to Grow Bird of Paradise from Seeds?
Although the propagation of Bird of Paradise is much easier via root division, it is still viable for them to grow from seeds as well.
Generally, growing Bird of Paradise from seed is comparatively tricky and complicated. However, it may test your patience as it takes time to get a full-grown plant from seeds.
To grow Bird of Paradise seeds, you need to pre-germinate them or soak them in normal room temperature water for one or two days.
As I mentioned earlier, these seeds’ life span is less, so it is better to plant them as soon as they are ready after extraction.
Furthermore, the best time to plant Bird of Paradise seeds is in the early fall. It increases the likelihood of seed germination and makes transplanting seedlings easier later.
Meanwhile, you can store them in a cool, dry place for future use as well remember with passing time, chances of successful germination may drop.
It will require patience, care, and dedication for successful propagation.
Materials Required for Germinating Seeds
Before getting started, make sure you have these materials.
|Seed Starter Potting Mix||For growing the seeds|
|Seed Starter Tray||Potting Medium|
|2-3" Pot||Ceramic, Clay, or Plastic pot with drainage holes for transplantation|
|Plastic bag or sheet||To maintain humidity and temperature for the seeds|
So, let us dive into the process in detail without further ado.
Step 1: Getting the Seeds Ready
- Soak the seeds in a bowl of lukewarm water for almost two days.
- Drain out the water and wrap the seeds with a wet paper towel.
- Place the seeds in a Ziploc bag and store them in the refrigerator for two weeks.
- Take out the seeds from the refrigerator and, using a sterilized blade, nick each of the seeds.
Step 2: Planting the Seeds on Germination Tray
- Sterilize your germination tray properly before planting seeds.
- Use equally proportionated peat moss and perlite potting mix or seed starting mix.
- Fill in the tray with prepared potting mix.
- Sow seeds on the tray (3/4 to 1 inch deep) and cover them with compost mix and water.
- Maintain the several inches separation distance between the seeds.
- Cover the germination tray with a clear plastic bag and place it in a warm room with enough indirect sunlight.
Step 3: Care for the Seeds During Germination
You must maintain ideal care conditions during germination to influence the time they take.
Therefore, you may potentially decrease the slow germination time taken by seeds. Here are steps to ensure proper germination.
- Water the seeds every day with a mister to keep the soil moist. However, to not keep the soil soggy as it may develop fungal infections.
- Ensure proper tray covering with a transparent plastic cover to maintain the humidity inside.
- Use a heating pad under the germination tray to keep them warm.
- Maintain the temperature of at least 75°F and high humidity above 60%.
- The initial potting mix will be enough for the seed, so do not fertilize during its germination period.
- Do not transplant the seedlings too soon. Wait for them to grow old a bit more to move them to a new pot.
After two or three months, you shall consider transplanting them to a larger pot.
Gently lift off the plant using your fingers and place them in six-inch pots.
As Bird of Paradise has shallow cold tolerance capacity, ensure you transplant the plant after the cold weather fades out.
The efficient season for transplanting your seedling would be during the spring or early summer.
Moreover, Bird of Paradise seedlings can be planted outside in frost-free climates, but the young plant must first be established and grown in partial shade.
Tips to Take Care of Bird of Paradise Seedlings
Your new Bird of Paradise seedling has not gotten strong enough, so they still need your extra care and love. Do not worry! I got you covered about it as well.
Here are some essential growth requirements for your new seedlings.
- High humidity benefits Bird of Paradise, so ensure routine misting to maintain a higher humidity level.
- Fertilize plants every 2 to 3 months to boost their growth and health. You shall use all-purpose liquid fertilizer after diluting it to its half-strength.
- Water the plant once a day in correspondence to how much light and heat they receive.
- To protect your plant from pests and fungal diseases, use organic pesticides such as Neem oil, hand-pick bugs, and wash off leaves from time to time.
- Keep the plant in a warm south-facing window with indirect sunlight, as the south-facing window receives more light.
- Apply 2 to 3 inches of mulch around the plant, keeping it at least 2 inches away from the stem.
Bird of Paradise is an excellent indoor plant with exotic bird-shaped blossom.
Furthermore, they can be grown from seeds, which is a bit complicated but undeniably worthwhile. So keep in mind the requirements for successful propagation.
The pre-germination process is vital for Bird of Paradise, and I hope you will get it right and get rewarded with a brand new seedling.