Peperomia Flower: Everything you Need to Know

Peperomia Flower
Peperomia Flower (Source: Pixabay)

Peperomia (peh·pr·ow·mee·uh) is a tropical plant belonging to the family Piperaceae. It has more than 1000 varieties under its name.

While the foliage will grab your attention, the flowers are far from charming.

Generally, Peperomia produces flower spikes with green and brown long internodes/scapes. They rarely flower indoors, and when they do, it is usually in the summer. The oddly shaped flower has no specific scent.

Peperomia Flower
Peperomia Flower (Source: Wikimedia)

Peperomia flowers are a bad stain on the plant’s beautiful look. Most people usually cut them after they show up.

But if you want to make your Peperomia flower, follow this article for greater detail.

How Often does the Peperomia Flower?

All the varieties of Peperomia are grown for the foliage, not the blooms. The blooms are not a treat to the eyes and have no special features.

Peperomia flowers do not, in any way, resemble a flower. It would be better to call them inflorescences or stalks.

If you have your Peperomia indoors, your plant may rarely flower. However, things may be different if your plant stands outside.

Peperomia Flower Stalks
Peperomia Flower Stalks (Source: Flickr)

To bloom, succulents like Peperomia need to be at least 4 to 6 years mature.

Most of the Peperomia varieties are perennial and bloom during summer. They usually last for two weeks.

Peperomia usually blooms only when they are happy with the care and conditions you provide them. So, you may leave them as they are.

If you are trying to make Peperomia bloom indoors, you may have a hard time. And once they bloom, you may not have to care too much for them.

Peperomia Flower Overview

Peperomias are called radiator plants because of their love for warm drafts. Unlike most houseplants, Peperomia loves staying near radiators and vents.

Let’s look at the basic overview of the Peperomia flower.

StructureLong stalks that have two little stamens and pistils in them
SizeNearly 3 inches long
ColorWhite, green, or brown
FragranceNo specific fragrance
ToxicityNon-toxic to pets, kids, and adults
LifespanNearly two weeks
FruitsProduces thin, coated berry
Blooming SeasonSummer

They produce tiny seeds, but the seeds are hard to extract. You will save much time if you buy the seeds instead.

Peperomia Flower Pollination

When it comes to pollination, the species of Peperomia is divided into two sections. One of the sections is self-compatible, and the other is self-incompatible.

Self-compatible plants can fertilize with their pollens, whereas self-incompatible ones cannot.

According to a research paper published in the National Library of Medicine, some varieties of Peperomia are self-incompatible while most are self-compatible.

Some varieties of Peperomia produce seeds asexually by the process of agamospermy. In this process, the inner layer of the ovule produces viable seeds.

Peperomia Illustration
Peperomia Flower Illustration (Source: Delta Intkey)

Wind, birds, and insects assist the pollination process in some varieties, whereas others perform self-pollination.

As pollen production is rare in this plant’s varieties, hand-pollination is usually deemed impossible.

How to Make a Peperomia Plant Flower?

Making the Peperomia plant flower can be a tedious task to perform. But this plant provides an excellent offer you would like to hear.

The primary condition Peperomia needs to flower is good care. So, if you provide it with that, you may make the plant flower. 

Even if Peperomia doesn’t flower, you would still be providing your plant with good care, so it is a win-win.

It would be best to consider the following things to make your Peperomia flower.

  • First of all, be aware of the fact that making the Peperomia bloom indoors can be nearly impossible.
  • Avoid overwatering the plant and water it every seven days or only when the top two inches of the soil are dry completely.
  • Like most indoor plants, your Peperomia needs bright but indirect sunlight.
Plants placed in bright and indirect lighting conditions near window
Plants placed in Bright and Indirect Lighting Conditions near Window (Source: Unsplash)
  • To avoid overwatering, use well-draining soil. Use the mixture of perlite or coarse sand with peat moss.
  • To ensure proper growth, you can use a balanced houseplant fertilizer with a ratio of 10-10-10.
  • Use a pot that provides a good drainage facility. Add orchid bark to the soil to provide better air circulation on the soil.
  • The ideal temperature for the plant to flourish is between 55 to 80°F.

If you witness a problem like your flower stalks dropping off, do not worry, as they usually drop off after they finish blooming.

What Should you do with Peperomia Plant Flowers?

Peperomia flowers do not add to the decorative value of the plant. Their foliage covers up for the lack of beauty in their flowers.

This plant’s flowers are not something the plant enthusiasts usually choose to bloom. They ‘happen’ while caring for the plant.

You can choose not to cut the flowering stalks as they do not usually release pollen; thus, they have less chance of being allergic to you.

Peperomia Flowers have no Special Traits
Peperomia Flowers have no Special Traits (Source: Flickr)

But, there are reasons why you should cut the flower stalks. Look below for the reasons.

  • The flowers do not represent flowers in any way. They look like long strands that don’t have any significance.
  • They suck the nutrients directed towards the foliage, and the plant may shrink in size.

The decision is yours to take as “The man who passes sentence should swing the sword.”

How to Cut the Peperomia Flower?

If you want to cut the flower stalks, follow the steps below to ensure that you do not mess that up.

  • Get scissors, gardening gloves, and goggles ready for the cutting process. Disinfect the tools using rubbing alcohol.
  • The best time of the day to cut the flowers is early morning, as the plant is fresh and full of moisture.
  • Hold the flower stalk a few inches above the base, and snip them off using scissors. Many usually prefer cutting them as short as you can.
Deadheading a Flower
Deadheading a Flower (Source: Flickr)
  • Deadheading them is also an option. We recommend deadheading the flower stalks if you don’t want to see the ugly stalks again in the current season.
  • You can also separate the flowers using your hands, but you can damage the connected stems.
  • Cut the flower off the plant properly, or you may end up damaging the plant.

Peperomia plants have various uses, but the flowers have no particular ornamental, medical or culinary uses.

Health Considerations to Keep in Mind

Peperomia is a popular houseplant among many plant enthusiasts. One of the reasons why it is popular is because of its non-toxicity.

You can let your pets and kids play around with this plant without being paranoid.

According to ASPCA, Varieties that fall in the Peperomia genus are non-toxic to cats, dogs, and other pets.

cat is sitting near flower pot with Monstera plant (Source: Freepik)
cat is sitting near a flower pot (Source: Freepik)

But, certain risks are associated with this plant despite its non-toxicity. Some of those risks are listed below.

  • The pets may choke on the leaves of the plant.
  • If the pets eat the plant after you fertilize them, they may incur serious risks.
  • Your pets may tumble the pot of the plant and suffer heavy damage.

If any of the above incidents happen to your pet, contact the Animal Humane Society to give immediate treatment to your pet.

Call them on the number 952-435-7738 to get immediate help in case of emergency.

Conclusion

Peperomia may add decorative charm to your house, but their flowers are nothing to be proud of. To call it a flower is a disgrace to all the flowers.

It has a hideous appearance, no smell, and no particular uses that anyone can boast about.

Nevertheless, the blooms signify that you provide good care to the plant.

So, good luck with your Peperomia!

Want to read more about Peperomia? Read articles on Soil for Watermelon PeperomiaPeperomia Ginny, and Peperomia Varieties.

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