How to Propagate Monstera Adansonii?

Monstera Adansonii
Monstera Adansonii (Source: Pixabay)

When I first brought a branch of a Monstera adansonii from my friend’s house, I was worried if it propagated properly.

But in six months, it’s as big as four moss poles and sits beside my work desk, perfectly.

Swiss Cheese Vine, also known as Monstera adansonii, can be propagated from seeds and vegetative methods such as cuttings, division, layering, grafting, and budding.

Generally, a healthy Monstera adansonii is propagated with the cutting method. You can either cover the node with soil, cut it out after developing new roots, or de-attach a branch with a node and put it into soil or water to generate roots.

Monstera Adansonii
Monstera adansonii (Source: Wikimedia)

Even though it’s a simple plant to propagate, if you don’t know how to do it correctly, you’ll waste your time and may harm the mother plant.

This article will definitely help in getting a green thumb on propagation.

Reasons to Propagate Monstera Adansonii

Well, it’s just a beautiful and efficiently propagating plant.

So, you can propagate them to expand your Monstera adansonii’s number or share your experience with your friends.

Further, propagation is also a cost-effective way to get more plants for your garden and a method to create new cultivars and varieties of your existing Monstera.

Monstera Adansonii in its natural habitat
Monstera Adansonii in its natural habitat (Source: Wikimedia)

As a plant lover, you might also have the below-mentioned reasons to propagate your Swiss Cheese Plant:

  • Monstera adansonii propagates quickly and in the most cost-effective manner.
  • Monstera adansonii has reached the decline stage.
  • Your old plant is overgrowing and is more difficult to manage now.
  • You have overfertilized your plant, and it’s incurring damage.
  • Your plant is infested with pests and fungal diseases
  • If your Monstera adansonii’s roots are infected and rotting.

Throughout the process, it is essential to remember that propagation is the way plants reproduce and continue surviving, so you should not harm the plant in the process.

Want to know if your plant has incurred root rot? Read our article “Monstera Root Rot: Signs, Causes and Treatment” or maybe it is sunburnt? Read “How to Treat Monstera Sunburn?

When to Propagate Monstera Adansonii?

The best time to propagate Monstera adansonii is during spring and summer.

These times are best because the plant grows in full fledge and can avoid going into stress. But with proper moisture, it can be propagated indoors in all seasons, except for the freezing winter.

Monstera adansonii cannot tolerate freezing winter and may succumb to such conditions. So propagating this plant in freezing conditions is out of the question.

And heed my disclaimer, the growth is painfully slow in winter.

During “not-so-freezing” conditions, you can continue the propagation process, but you may require extra resources to make it grow.

Also, the best time to take cutting for propagation is early in the morning when the natural rooting hormones of the plant are gathered at the tip of the plant.

Plant Temperature
Plant Temperature (Source: Giphy)

Materials Required to Cut and Propagate Monstera Adansonii

You got to be on the safer side. Gather the suitable materials to continue the propagation process.

Here are the required tools and materials that can be easily found on Amazon.

ItemsPurpose
Pruning ShearsTo cut leaves, stems and roots
Isopropyl AlcoholTo sterilize the equipment before and after the cutting
Monstera Potting MixA potting mix suitable for Monstera Plant
Clean, tepid waterFor propagation via water
Transparent VaseFor propagation via water

How to Propagate Monstera Adansonii?

You can propagate it either from seeds or vegetative means such as cuttings, division, layering, grafting, and budding.

1. Taking a Monstera Adansonii Cutting

This is a crucial step during propagation. The success and failure of the propagation depend on how you take your cutting.

Propagation
Propagation by cutting (Source: Pixabay)

Take care of these things while making the cutting.

  • Get the equipment as mentioned above ready and sterilize them.
  • Pick a healthy-looking stem from the mother plant.
  • Cut 1/4 inch below the node but make sure to keep the node. That’s where the root will sprout from.
  • Cut the stem precisely at an angle of 45 degrees to ensure the maximum rooting area.
  • Leave at least 3-4 leaves at the stem.
  • Remove the leaves at the bottom part of the cutting.

2. Propagating Monstera Adansonii in Water

The easiest and most effective way to propagate a Monstera cutting is by placing it in water. Plus, you can witness the root’s growth as well!

Water Propagation
Water Propagation (Source: Tenor)

Water propagation is decorative and comes with the added advantage of seeing the growth of the roots.

  • Fill the glass case with water and place the cutting there.
  • Place it in a location that has a room temperature and gets bright but indirect light. Direct sun can damage the delicate cutting!
  • You’ve got to be patient now and wait, but do not forget to change the water once every 1-2 weeks when it appears murky.
  • You’ll start seeing the roots in a couple of weeks. Wait for a few weeks before transferring the cutting to the soil.
  • Once you see that the root gets 2-3 inches long, transfer the cutting to the soil.

The rooting usually depends on the conditions the plant is kept on. You can see the root development of most of the cuttings after a couple of weeks.

If you like how your plant looks in water, you can let it be there. Or, you can put your plant in a suitable pot after you see the roots reach the suggested length.

Use a soil type that holds moisture and allows excess water to drain, like a mixture of potting soil with some perlite.

3. Propagate Monstera Adansonii in Soil

Monstera propagation in the soil means you skip the additional step of moving your cutting from water to soil.

But remember, this process is a bit slower. But the yield is more remarkable: A brand new Monstera plant!

  • Choose a pot with suitable drainage holes and fill it with soil (a plastic nursery pot will work well).
  • The soil should drain excess water quickly and stay lightly moist.
  • Place the pot in a location with ample light and suitable heat and wait for results.
  • As cuttings develop their roots before producing leaf growth, and the root is inside the mud, you’ll see no progress in this method.
  • Hence, you can celebrate your success once you see the growth of the first leaf.

Remember that the leaves on your cutting can appear limp. But, it’s nothing to worry about. These cuttings cannot absorb water until their roots develop.

Finally, do you see a new leaf? Congratulations, you did it.

Also watch,

Choosing the Best Method for You

The above methods are all convenient and easy to follow.

However, if your plant is already flowering and has seeds, you should remember that these seeds die out quickly. Likewise, the seedlings take a long time to grow.

In addition, it can take up to a year for flowers to produce mature fruit.

Hand drawn monstera adansonii
Hand drew monstera adansonii (Source: Rawpixel)

Aside from short shelf life, the tiny pale green seeds cannot dry well or withstand cool temperatures. So, it’s not an efficient approach.

Cutting and propagating from either soil or water is the best way to propagate your Swiss Cheese plant.

You can propagate it in normal water, as it’s very hydroponic, or you can also propagate it on wet soil.

The key is to cut the stem, which has a node, and new roots start appearing within a week from the node.

Hopefully, this read helps you propagate Monstera adansonii; keep up with Plantscraze for more plant care and nurturing topics.

Comparatively,

  • Roots sprouted in water propagation are thicker compared to that in soil propagation.
  • If you propagate in water, the roots have whitish color, whereas roots in soil propagation have yellowish-brown color.
  • Roots in water propagation can survive waterlogging for a bit longer than roots in soil propagation.
  • Water propagated roots require less energy than soil propagated roots.

Can you Propagate Montera Adansonii without a Node?

Did you make the ultimate blunder by breaking off/cutting a stem with no node?

Well, don’t worry, your cutting will survive, but you’ll have to pay the price for the blunder, won’t you? If you want to use it as a decoration, place it in water or something.

But, do not expect new growths from it. For new developments, plants require specific cells. And all of them are present in the node.

First of all, let’s understand what the nodes do. Nodes are an integral part of the plant where the petioles connect. They contain cells required for new growth.

Stem node diagram
Stem node diagram (Source: Wikimedia)

Nodes are the part that is responsible for creating roots and petioles. It’s a node that helps you replicate a mother plant.

If you get a Monstera with only node but no leaf, you can grow a new plant out of it but trust me; the growth will be painfully slow.

Tips to Care for Monstera Adansonii after Propagation

After you successfully propagate your plant, you must take good care of it to let it grow into a full-fledged plant.

Monstera Adansonii
Monstera adansonii (Source: Wikimedia)

Follow the following tips to care for it properly.

  • Place your newly propagated plant in a place with medium to bright indirect light. Somewhere near the east or west-facing window is good.
  • Though the plant can tolerate a humidity level of 40%, avoid placing the plant in a place with humidity less than 50%.
  • Monstera does best on temperature ranges between 60-80°F. If the temperature falls below 55°F, your plant will show signs of stress.
  • Water every 8-9 days in summer and every two weeks in winter.
  • Newly propagated adansonii may not require fertilizers to grow, but you can do a little feeding of balanced fertilizer once a month.
  • Use grow lights when the light conditions cannot be met.

Conclusion

If you are careful with the propagation process, you may succeed in propagating the plant properly.

Read the complete guide before embarking on the process so that you don’t mess up.

Also, focus on providing optimum conditions after propagating the plant to ensure the plant doesn’t die off.

Good luck with the propagation!

Want to read about the benefits of the Monstera plant? Read “8 Incredible Monstera Plant Benefits You Didn’t Hear Of

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