Did you get attracted to the uniqueness of the Monstera Adansonii variegated while purchasing it?
Many fall in love with this classy plant, especially its perforated leaves.
The tropical plant is difficult to resist looking at its beautiful patterns. Most importantly, take well care once you get them.
Monstera Adansonii Variegated prefers indirect bright sunlight with temperatures ranging from 19°C to 26°C and humidity levels above 50%. They will thrive with watering once a week, fertilizing every two weeks during the growing season, and repotting once every two years.
Monstera Adansonii Variegated is a monster plant with big leaves and flowers; that is where it got its name from – Monstera.
It is an indoor plant, but some do place them outside too. While they are inside your home space, it is right under your eye to pamper them with love.
So, keep these beauties healthy and fresh!
Keep reading to have complete guidance on maintaining your Monstera Adansonii Variegated plant below.
Table of Contents
- Overview of Monstera Adansonii Variegated
- Monstera Adansonii Variegated: Ultimate Care & Growing Guide
- Toxicity of Variegated Monstera Adansonii
- Propagating Variegated Monstera Adansonii by Stem Cuttings
- Common Problems in Variegated Monstera Adansonii
- FAQs About Monstera Adansonii Variegated
- Is Monstera Adansonii Variegated a Fast-Growing Plant?
- Why are the Leaves of Variegated Monstera Adansonii Drooping?
- Why are the Leaves of Variegated Monstera Adansonii Turning Brown?
- Why are the Leaves of Variegated Monstera Adansonii Turning Yellow?
- Why are the Leaves of Variegated Monstera Adansonii Turning Black?
Overview of Monstera Adansonii Variegated
Here is the summary overview of Variegated Monstera Adansonii:
|Common Name||Swiss Cheese Plant, Window Leaf Plant, Mexican Plant, Hurricane Plant|
|Scientific Name||Monstera adansonii|
|Origin||West Indies, Southern Mexico, Central and South America|
|USDA Zones||11 -12|
|Plant Type||Perennial, Epiphyte|
|Growth Size||3 - 5 feet height as a houseplant and 13 feet as a vine|
|Growth Rate||Slow to Moderate grower|
|Foliage||Plain dark green with white holes|
|Foliage Size||3 to 4 feet length|
|Blooming Period||July - September|
|Stem Size||2 to 3 feet thick|
|Toxicity||Moderately toxic to pets and humans|
|Common Pests||Mealybugs, Spider mites and Brown scales|
|Common Diseases||Dasheen Mosaic Virus (DMV), Bacterial Leaf Spot, Powdery mildew, Southern Blight|
Monstera Adansonii Variegated: Ultimate Care & Growing Guide
It does not take a lot to give extra attention to your Variegated Monstera Adansonii.
Here is a list of some points that can help you get through the struggles of degrading the Swiss Cheese plants.
8-12 hours of bright indirect light
Once a week in the growing season, and once in 2 weeks in winter
Sphagnum or Peat moss based well -draining soil
Liquid fertilizer once every two weeks during growing season
19°C (65°F) - 26 C (80°F)
About 70- 80% humidity
Repot only when the roots push out of drainage holes
Propagate via Stem cuttings in soil or water medium
Let us see the right things you have been carrying on and what needs to be improved on.
1. Adequate Sunlight and Proper Location
Monstera Andansonii variegated needs lots of indirect lighting through natural or artificial sources.
As it is albino, naturally, they have less content of chlorophyll. The photosynthesis supplied from sufficient lighting helps them boost their growth.
Therefore, these variegated plants demand more sunlight than others. At least 8 to 10 hours of proper lighting exposure is essential.
Lack of light will not make the plant lose its variegated patches but will degrade the overall health condition of the plant.
Direct lighting exposure is not best for the plant because of its harshness. It is applied to both natural as well as artificial lighting.
Tips to Provide Adequate Lighting and Proper Location
- Adjust your plant to the east or north-facing window without the direct gaze of the sunlight.
- Keep rotating your plant every week so that the plant receives sunlight to its every part.
- Keep it under LED grow lights for at least 8-12 hours, especially throughout the winter, to provide adequate lighting.
- Whereas for the artificial lighting, place your plant at least a few inches away from the lights.
2. Correct Watering
Monstera Adansonii Variegated is a tropical native that prefers damp soil. But that doesn’t mean the substrate has to be soggy all of the time.
Water your Monstera Adansonii Variegated once a week in summer and once in two weeks during winter.
However, be wary of overwatering, leading to root rot, welcoming various diseases.
Overwatering blocks the flow of oxygen, leading to the rotting of the roots.
On the other hand, underwatering creates your soil to dry out and become hard.
It will prevent the transportation of nutrients to the roots through the soil.
The blockage will make the roots unhealthy and dead over an extended period.
Underwatering the plant may lead to several problems such as wilting, curling, leaves drooping, etc.
Do not keep long intervals while watering your plants. It is better not to wait for your plant soil to dry before watering.
Tips to Properly Water Variegated Monstera Adansonii
- Water your plant when the top 2 inches of soil is dry.
- You can quickly look at the soil and see if it is moist (dark-colored soil) or dry (light greyish color).
- Test the soil dryness by inserting finger 2 inches deep from the top of the soil. If the soil is dry, it’s time to water.
- If the soil feels wet, recheck it after 2-3 days.
- To determine the watering schedule, use a soil moisture meter to check the soil moisture.
- Water thoroughly to ensure that the plant’s roots receive adequate moisture.
- Immerse the root ball until it begins to drip, then stop. After that, allow any extra moisture to drain.
3. Moderate Temperature
Variegated Monstera Adansonii can grow outside as a perennial in moderate regions (climate zones 9b to 11 in the United States).
However, it can survive solely as an indoor plant in other zones.
The ideal temperature for Variegated Monstera Adansonii is 19°C (65°F) – 26 C (80°F).
Since the Swiss cheese plant has originated from a tropical environment, it is difficult to survive in very cold areas.
Outside the boundary of the mentioned range, it leads to slow growth speed.
Their Stems and roots are more robust; however, even these plant parts deteriorate at temperatures below 28 °F.
According to the University of Florida, extreme temperatures below 0°C or snowfalls (below -3°C) can leave them frail and damaged. In some cases, completely dead too.
Tips to Maintain Ideal Temperature
- Avoid using an air conditioner or heater to compensate for low temperatures since this may cause the plant to dry out.
- Check the soil for dryness regularly, increase the watering frequency, or spritz the leaves once in a while.
- To protect the plant from cold stress, use a heating pad or insulation, especially in winter.
- Cover the potting mix with dry mulch and use a frost blanket to keep cold drafts at bay.
4. Well-Draining Soil Mix
The Variegated Monstera Adansonii grows in well-draining, nutrient-rich soil with a neutral or slightly acidic response, ideally in the pH range of 5.5 to 6.6.
Well-draining soil allows the plant not to be over-watered and permits surplus water to seep through to the soil’s bottom.
Adding peat moss or bark to the mixture can enhance the extra drainage capacity of the soil.
I use the following mixture for my plant for the best outcome:
- Either Vermiculite or Perlite or both
- Orchid bark
- Sphagnum peat moss
You can use them at a ratio of 5:1:1:1 of bark fines, peat moss, vermiculite, and charcoal.
If you struggle to find all these components, you can only use sphagnum peat-moss also.
The peat moss helps to drain out the additional water and create aeration. However, it balances the soil condition by holding the needed moisture.
Additionally, you can find the commercial potting mix on Amazon as well. Here are a few recommendations;
Miracle Gro Potting Mix
Epsoma Organic Potting Mix
Burpee Potting Mix
Miracle Gro Indoor Potting Mix
5. High Humidity
Monstera Adansonii Variegated is not a very stubborn and demanding plant for humidity. They are easygoing with moderate humidity levels.
Nevertheless, pampering Variegated Monstera Adansonii with high humidity between 70% – 80% helps boost their growth and freshness.
After all, they are native to the tropical parts demanding high moisture content.
It is essential to maintain the level of humidity. However, many might neglect, which can lead your plants to dry out faster and ultimately lack air circulation, root rots, and fungus development.
There are several ways to increase the humidity in your Adansonii Variegated plant.
Tips to Maintain High Humidity
- Use a humidifier around the space where most of your plants are.
- Alternatively, place the container on a pebble tray filled with water.
- Spritz the leaves of the plants now and then. You might need to do it quite often more during summers.
- You can use a hygrometer to measure the level of humidity.
- Group your plants to boost the humidity for your Monstera.
6. Proper Fertilization
Fertilizing your Variegated Monstera Adansonii is essential due to its lacking component – “Chlorophyll.” It is similar to how much the plant demands sunlight.
Feed your Variegated Monstera Adansonii twice a month during its growing season with a liquid, balanced fertilizer with NPK ratio 20:20:20, but diluted to half the specified concentration.
However, do not feed the plant during the winter season as it enters its dormant phase.
An alternative to the above fertilizer is using pellet or granulated slow-release fertilizers every season.
You don’t need to worry about keeping track of when to add it next.
Natural fertilizers can also be used by adding worm casting or composts to the planting mix. Check if it works or else shift to the above liquid fertilizer.
However, be wary about overfertilizing the plant as it causes a lot of salt to build up in the soil, which prevents the roots from absorbing water and nutrients.
Yellowing leaves, burnt foliage, and stunted development are signs of overfertilizing the plant.
7. Growth Rate
Variegated Monstera Adansonii can grow up to 1 to 2 feet in height within a single season.
With a favorable condition, the growth is very smooth, and even the leaves start to create beautiful patches slowly.
Their growth can be manipulated since they are also hangers and climbers who can crawl up to the walls and ceilings up to 13 feet long.
However, improper care might lead the plant’s stem to become very long, leading the whole plant leggy.
The holes in the leaves get visible only when they start getting older.
Likewise, the leaves can grow up to 3 – 4 feet in length, and the stem moves up to 2 -3 inches thick in size.
The Variegated Monstera Adansonii are well satisfied with their pretty-looking leaves that they do not create blooms in their plants.
8. Potting and Repotting
Repotting is one of the ways to maintain and keep your plants healthy.
Repot your Variegated Monstera Adansonii once every two years during their growing season.
It is best to repot these plants during their growing season because these plants spend a lot of energy generating new leaves, stalks, and roots during their growing season.
The plant may grow up to two feet taller or longer during these months.
Always remember to get the right size of the pot while repotting. Shifting the plant into a 2 inches bigger pot than the current one is an ideal size. Neither too big nor small.
Do not go for a small, less space area with a crampy pot. It will negatively affect rootballs to grow.
Huge pots can create many hollow spaces, leading the plant to stress out.
They will need to stretch out their roots to fill in the space. It is not healthy and leads to welcoming more pests and disease problems.
Signs to Repot Variegated Monstera Adansonii
The following points give you a hint that your plant needs a repotting:
- When the roots overgrow and push out from the container’s drainage holes.
- Infected by pests or any diseases leading to yellowing or browning of leaves.
- Leaves curling, drooping plant, Leggy plant
- Spiraling roots
- Rootbound Plant
Steps to Repot Variegated Monstera Adansonii
- Give your Monstera a good drink of water a couple of days before you repot it.
- Grab a pair of sterilized pruning scissors and a pair of gardening gloves.
- To loosen the soil, try tapping on the bottom or sides of the container. Slide the plant out of the soil and set it aside.
- Trim away any roots that are slimy, mushy, or dark brown/black with pruning shears.
- Remove any yellowing leaves as well as any leaves that have been damaged.
- Begin by covering the bottom with stones, then half-filling it with potting mix.
- After that, place the plant in the center of the new pot, roots down.
- Fill the sides with the same potting mix, but don’t fill it to the top.
- Run the new container under water until it is completely saturated and falls into the saucer.
- Remove the accumulated water and place your plant in a warm, indirect light location.
The plant may droop due to repotting shock, which is entirely normal.
You won’t be able to do anything about transplant shock other than continue with usual care and wait a few days.
Read more to find out, Why your Monstera is Drooping after Repotting?
9. Regular Pruning
Variegated Monstera Adansonii can reach a height of one to two feet.
Each stem generates several hollow leaves with a lovely green-white pattern when conditions are suitable.
If the conditions aren’t right, the plant will become leggy, with an elongated stem and only a few leaves.
Pruning helps to keep your plants remain healthy. Many people use pruning for propagating purposes too.
Prune your Variegated Monstera Adansonii every spring since these houseplants remain dormant during winter.
Tips to Prune Variegated Monstera Adansonii
- Look out for diseased, damaged, or withered leaves and remove them.
- Trim the weaker stems; It helps for new growth.
- Prune off the leggy and long stems.
- Cut the sides to shape the plant according to your choice.
While pruning, be cautious about using a sterile knife or a pair of scissors. However, do not over-prune the plant too much. It might lead you to shock it.
Also, trimming during the winter season (stagnant growth) is not a good option.
Toxicity of Variegated Monstera Adansonii
Variegated Monstera Adansonii is moderately toxic to both humans and animals. Be careful to put these away from your pets and children.
A high amount of calcium oxalate crystals on the leaves/plant tissues lead to toxicity.
It might lead to skin irritation such as itchiness and rashes for some. Moreover, ingestion is a big NO!
It can create difficulty breathing, swelling, burning, vomiting, and irritation around the mouth or food pipe.
Propagating Variegated Monstera Adansonii by Stem Cuttings
You can propagate Variegated Monstera Adansonii through stem cuttings.
Although it flowers and produces seeds, plants developed from seeds have monochromatic leaves rather than variegated foliage.
If you have an adult Variegated Monstera adansonii plant, take full advantage! Stem cuttings can be rooted in both soil and water medium.
Generally, water propagation is much more popular than in soil because:
- The roots grow faster in water.
- You can see the roots growing from the glass!
- You do not need to transplant your plant into another pot.
- It avoids stressing out the plant by changing one medium to another.
Step 1: Get Stem Cuttings
- Make sure pruning shears are sterilized. You can use isopropyl alcohol by applying 70% of it on the shears to disinfect.
- Try to get the stem cut below the nodes of a leaf.
- Cut a stem 3 – 4 inches long with at least two foliages attached.
- Leave the stem cut in a warm area for about one week.
- It gives it time to recover and is callous at the end, which helps the roots grow better.
Step 2: Rooting the Cutting
You can root your fresh cutting for propagation by choosing the potting medium; water or soil.
A. Propagation in Soil Medium
The following steps will help perform the method of stem cutting propagation in soil.
- Get your container ready with a drainage hole at the bottom.
- Fill it with proper soil mix as needed. Remember not to fertilize it anytime soon.
- After a week of cutting and forming callous on the stem, dig the soil around 2 inches deep and stick the stem inside.
- Tuck it well and make it firm by adding the soil back again.
- Try making the stem stand enormously tall. Use a stick pole or a thin branch if some support is needed.
- Don’t go deep while you are planting the stem in the soil. About 2 inches down from the surface is good enough.
- Be careful while doing it since the roots are very delicate.
- Tuck it well and make it firm by adding the soil back again.
B. Propagation in Water
The following steps will help perform the method of stem cutting propagation in water.
- Take a transparent water glass or jar. Fill in with clean room temperature water.
- If you are using tap water, then leave it in the jar for one whole day; this will evaporate the chemicals (such as chlorine) in the water.
- Place the trimmed stem in the jar with water. Be mindful not to drown it with the leaves. Stick them out.
- Keep changing the water every week or when it turns yellowish to maintain clean water.
- While the roots are developing in the water, get your container ready with a drainage hole at the bottom.
- Fill it with proper soil mix as needed.
- After 2 – 3 weeks, you will see roots developing underneath the stem.
- If you see the roots growing 3 – 5 inches long, it is a green signal to transfer the stem in the soil-filled pot.
Also, watch the video,
Common Problems in Variegated Monstera Adansonii
1. Common Pests
Detecting pests at an early stage keeps your plant a lot safer. So always remain aware and alert to inspect them.
Following are some of the common pests that you will find in Monstera Adansonii:
They resemble the spiders but in a miniature form. The spider mites can multiply with their infestation in the plant.
Spider mites prefer hot, dry conditions. Fine webbing is a sign of a huge population of Spider mites.
To maintain a plant looking its best and healthiest, it is critical to treat it with a spider mite treatment as soon as possible.
Brown scales are very teeny tiny insects that need more focus of our eyes to find them.
They are soft and flat in shape. Similar to the mites, they suck the sap out of the plant.
They’re so oddly shaped and immobile that they resemble lumps of the shell rather than insects.
The undersides of the leaves and the areas around the leaf joint are where scales love to live.
They are cottony fluffs, commonly found in Swiss cheese plants.
Mealybugs will suffocate your houseplant, leaving behind an unsightly white residue and blemishes on the leaves.
When they grow large in numbers or feed on the plant’s sap for a long time, it can lead your plant to be dead. So, detect it early!
Aphids are tiny, soft-bodied insects that feed on nutrient-rich liquids from plants.
Aphids can be identified by yellowing and distorted leaves, stunted growth, and an unsightly black and sticky substance on the plant.
As they consume, they produce a sticky liquid called honeydew, which is quickly infected with black sooty mold.
- Use a spraying bottle add neem oil, and mix some water. Shake it well and spray it in all the nooks and corners of the plants.
- Using a cotton ball coated in isopropyl alcohol, wipe the insects off the plant.
- Handpicking is another effective method for eliminating the pest’s tiny population.
- To get rid of the pests, spray them with a strong jet of water. Cover the soil with plastic to keep the plants from becoming too wet.
- Yellow sticky traps can also be used to control pests.
- Pyrethrin spray can help control bugs in the case of a severe infestation.
- Apply organic insecticides like horticultural oil.
Preventing your plant against pests is more important than looking out for solutions first.
- Maintain the ideal humidity level for your plant.
- Keep your plants clean as much as possible to avoid these pests and diseases. Clean out the dirt and dust often.
- Inspect your plants on alternative days for pests.
- Keep your plant away from other infected plants.
- Inspect and quarantine new plants before adding them to your collection.
- Pests are attracted to plants with high nitrogen levels and slow growth, so don’t overwater or fertilize.
- Allow plenty of room around the plant for air to circulate freely.
- Give your plant a good wash once a month with clean water to get rid of bugs.
2. Common Diseases
Many get misled by the appearance of variegated plants due to the uneven patches. Similar patterns are created from diseases, too but in an unhealthy look.
Fungal and bacterial diseases are pretty common in plants. It creates spots of black patches.
The most common disease is Dasheen Mosaic Virus (DMV). These viruses are contagious and can easily be transferred from one plant to another.
Watch the video to find out more about Mosaic Virus in Monstera,
Here are some other diseases that can seen in Variegated Monstera Adansonii;
|Dasheen Mosaic Virus||Caused by Aphids||Distorted leaves, Curling leaves|
|Bacterial Blight||Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. dieffenbachiae||Yellowed (chlorotic), water-soaked lesions in the leaf edges.|
|Bacterial Wilt||Ralstonia solancearum||Leaves veins and stems turn brown and bronze color.|
|Rhizoctonia Root Rot||Rhizoctonia solani||Young stems are girdled, water soaked lesions.|
|Phytophthora and Pythium Root Rot||Phytophthora nicotianae var. parasitica and Pythium splendens||Wilting plants, root sloghing, foliage may exhibit black to brown leaf lesions.|
|Anacthrose||Colletotrichum||Infected plants develop dark, water soaked lesions on stems.|
The carriers could be through proximity with other infected plants or pot, soil, insects (spider mites or aphids), or unsanitized tools and hands.
Lack of nutrients, sunlight, humidity, temperature imbalance, or overwatering can also trigger diseases in your plants.
- Spray a mixture of Neem oil and water to the plant.
- Control bacterial blight with fungicides containing Copper, Mancozeb, and Bacillus subtilis.
- Although phosphorous acid-based fertilizers or fungicides can help prevent and cure the infection, they aren’t effective on systemically affected plants.
- Fungicides comprising thiophanate methyl, Medallion (fludioxonil), and Prostar (flutolanil) are effective in treating Rhizoctonia root rot.
- Fungicides such as mefenoxam, aluminum tris/Fosetyl-al, dimethomorph, and phosphorous acid can be used to control Phytophthora and Pythium.
Note: If your Monstera Adansonii is affected by mosaic virus then that could be an end of your plant’s lifecycle since there is no treatment for it.
- Keep disease or infested plants away from your healthy ones.
- Use clean and well-sanitized pots for potting your Monstera Adansonii Variegated.
- Sterilize your tools properly before pruning or propagating your plants.
- Use clean hands before working with your plants.
- Only use potting mixtures that have been steam sterilized.
- When watering, try to keep the leaves dry and avoid drenching them.
Using Neem oil on a regular basis may help to keep diseases at bay. Read more to find out; How to Apply Neem Oil on Indoor Plants?
FAQs About Monstera Adansonii Variegated
Is Monstera Adansonii Variegated a Fast-Growing Plant?
Monstera Adansonii Variegated grows slightly slower than other plants of the same family.
It is so because of the lack of chlorophyll which gives an albino appearance/ variegation. Nevertheless, compared to other indoor plants, they are quick growers.
These Swiss cheese plants can get tall up to 1 – 2 feet within a year.
Why are the Leaves of Variegated Monstera Adansonii Drooping?
Most commonly, it means your plants are underwatered!
Other possible reasons could be too stressful temperature, root damages, repotting, or pest infestations.
Keep well moisturizing the plant with enough water supply once every week.
Check out the article Why are My Monstera Leaves drooping? to know more about the causes and solutions.
Why are the Leaves of Variegated Monstera Adansonii Turning Brown?
The most upfront cause of brown leaves is lack of light. Since Monstera Adansonii is already a shortage of chlorophyll, it needs a lot of light.
It is better to switch to natural indirect sunlight if you provide artificial lights here.
Other possible causes could be underwatering, overwatering, or low humidity.
Why are the Leaves of Variegated Monstera Adansonii Turning Yellow?
Overwatering is the culprit of your plants’ yellow leaves. Apart from taking necessary actions, sometimes you might be having problems with your soil getting soggy and unhealthy.
In this case, the solution is to change the soil, or else it will always be remaining wet and destroy your plant though everything looks good from the outside.
For further possible causes and solutions, view How to Fix a Monstera Adansonii With Yellow Leaves?
Why are the Leaves of Variegated Monstera Adansonii Turning Black?
Various problems can trigger your plant to turn black.
The reasons could be such as sunburn (direct scorching sunlight), root rot (overwatering), diseases (fungal or bacterial problems), or fertilization problems.
Check out Monstera Leaves Turning Black (Causes and How to Fix) to find more information about it.
Watch the full video for more information,
Variegated Monstera Adansonii is a very pretty-looking plant that adds freshness to your overall space outlook.
It gives oneself immense satisfaction to see them growing with beautiful leaves and flowers flaunting around.
You will have lovely leaves growing in your home if you nail down the basics and maintain the plant in optimum conditions.
We hope your Variegated Adansonii growing trip will be easier and more convenient with this article.