Is Gardenia Toxic to Cats?

Gardenia jasminoides plant
Gardenia jasminoides (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

Clarity, hope, trust, and regeneration are all the symbols associated with the beautiful Gardenia flower, making it a perfect gift for your loved ones.

However, just like how everything has a dark side, this white-looking flower happens to be a threat to your furry pets, especially cats.

According to ASPCA, Gardenia jasminodies known as Cape Jasmine contain geniposide and gardenoside components. These two substances can cause mild to severe gastrointestinal upset if a cat consumes any part of Gardenia. 

Gardenia Plant in a Pot
Gardenia Plant in a Pot (Source: Seed of Life)

So, if you are a cat lover and a fan of Gardenia, you must exercise extreme caution. Continue reading to know how you can treat and prevent it successfully.

What Makes Gardenia Toxic to Cats?

According to ASPCA, there are 417 varieties of plants found toxic to cats, whereas 569 are recognized as non-toxic.

Lily, Cyclamen, and Sago Palm are some of the top names that aggressively harm cats.

Though Gardenia is safe for humans to touch and consume, some pets such as dogs, cats, and horses find it toxic.

Gardenia contains primary substances including geniposdies and gardenosides that release the poisonous effect on cats.

Cat in a plant's pot
Cat Sitting in Pot (Source: Pixabay)

Besides, Crocetin, iridoids, glycosides mainly found in this plant, also share the poisonous principles.

The substances such saponins, gardenoside, and geniposide also perform for the same result. These toxic components spread in all parts of plants such as flowers, stems, berries, and leaves.

However, the plant reserves a large amount of toxins in ripe and unripe berries.

Once the toxins start processing in the body, your cat experiences mild to severe stomach distress. However, the first poisoning effect will be a bitter taste after a cat consumes any part of the plant.

Let’s know how toxic these substances are for your cat.

Toxin SubstancesFeaturesToxicity Levels
GardenosidesContains hepatoprotective properties.Mild toxic to cats
CrocetinReleases carbon dicarboxylic acid which is a diterpenoid and natural carotenoid. Highly toxic to cats
IridoidsIncludes neuroprotective, hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, hypoglycemic, and hypolipidemic activities.Nephrotoxic to cats
GlycosidesShows up colorless, solid, amorphous, nonvolatile form.Depends on the amount of consumption.

Symptoms of Gardenia Poisoning in Cats

Cats are frisky with things at the house and finding indoor plants, they jump into touching and smelling. But it does not violate Gardenia to poison them.

The poisoning symptoms start developing after they nibble any part of the Gardenia.

The intensity of poison symptoms depends on the size and kind of your cat. 

Your cat starts experiencing a feeling to vomit after it consumes a part of a plant. If it has already long time since eating, a cat may have stomach reactions.

Similarly, hives, commonly known as urticaria, can appear on your cats. It can cause pink, red, or flesh-colored itchy welts on the skin.

Sick Cat
Diagnosis of poisoned Cat (Source: Unsplash)

Besides, gastrointestinal discomfort is a common effect of Gardenia poisoning in cats.

Your cat may also suffer from nutrient insufficiency if they continuously nibble on leaves, flowers, or stems.

Here are two tables of Gardenia poisoning symptoms ranging from common to severe. Take a quick look and identify how is your cat going.

1. Common Symptoms of Gardenia Poisoning in Cat

Stiff walk and sweating are only a few common symptoms when a cat consumes Gardenia. Check more in the table.

Common SymptomsHow to Check?
Abdominal discomfortIf the pet is unable to sit in one position, produces audible gut sounds, licks at flank.
VomitingFrequent lip licking, producing more saliva, resenting to eating food.
DiarrheaThe affected pet has frequent loose stool.
HivesRed or pink rashes on the body.
Appetite disordersPet shows no desire to eat food anymore and includes loss of appetite and lethargy.
WeaknessIf your pet is moving in weird way, is lethargic or hiding in a corner of the room, your pet might be weak.

2. Severe Symptoms of Gardenia Poisoning in Cat

It is not good if a cat has already developed severe symptoms. The following table will tell you more.

Cat Sitting on a Mat
Cat Sitting on a Mat (Source: Pixabay)
Severe Symptoms How to Check?
HypotensionCat will produce pale or white gums, excessive urination and feels increased thirst.
Rapid heart rateAdult cats feel around 120 -140 heart beats per minute.
BlindnessVision loss that causes cat to be unable identify things.
ComaCat goes unconscious and unresponsive to sounds or touch.
TremorsCat shakes its head, legs, or entire body uncontrollably.
Dilated pupils It often indicates that a cat is excited.
SeizuresCat can have a twitching of eyelids or side of the face.

Diagnosis of Gardenia Poisoning

Gardenia can take cats to unconscious if the toxins spread in high amounts in the body. So, this can cause severe incidents to cats if not considered.

You can confirm the poisoning symptoms as soon as possible and the following process will guide you in this.

1. DIY Diagnosis

  • Examine the inside and around your cat’s mouth for plant debris and green leaves.
  • Check if your cat is gasping in pain.
Tabby_cat_lying_on_the_grass
Cat Lying on the Grass (Source: Wikimedia Commons)
  • It would be helpful to notice the vomit.
  • You can also check if a cat is expelling stool frequently.
  • Pink and red itchy bruise on a body also helps to confirm the symptoms.

2. Veterinarian Diagnosis

Take out your cat with the Gardenia plant to your nearest veterinarian. Also bring some samples of plant parts such as leaves, flowers, or stems that a cat has chewed and expelled.

Your veterinarian will perform a complete physical check-up such as overall appearance, health statistics, reflexes, stature, and belly palpation.

Similarly, you need to bring your cat’s medical history as your veterinarian might require further information about their previous records, such as past diseases, vaccines, and appetite level.

Likewise, the professional may also question if you’ve noticed any symptoms, when they are ingested, and how much they have ingested.

Veterinarian Examining the Cat
Veterinarian Examining the Cat (Source: Free SVG)

Since your cat’s organs are exposed to the poison, the veterinarian will conduct various tests such as a blood urea nitrogen(BUN), a urinalysis, creatinine (CREA), blood chemistry analysis, etc.

They may also go for the cat’s glucose and blood gas levels to determine the amount of poison spread in the body.

It is also essential to do an x-ray of the abdomen to figure out the impact of poison on the cat’s body. If needed further, an ultrasound or CT scan will be on-demand.

Treatment for Gardenia Poisoning in Cat

Cats may get themselves into tricky situations due to their inquisitive nature. Due to the ingestion of the poison, your cat’s kidney and liver may be vulnerable.

So, whenever you feel your pet has been poisoned or feel an urgency for your cat, watch out for treatments.

1. First Aid Treatment

  • If you find your cat poisoned, make it calm down first.
  • If your cat is unconscious or lying down, transfer your cat to a well-lit and ventilated location.
  • Decontaminate the mouth by rinsing it with clean water if you find chewed parts of the plant.
pet first aid tool box
Pet First Aid Kit (Source: Amazon)
  • Do not feed your cat any foods such as milk, salt, and oil, until properly diagnosed.
  • Use activated charcoal to decrease the effect of the poison on the intestine if found a vomit. Give your cat 1 gram of dry powder per 1 pound of body weight.
  • In addition, ensure your cat drinks water freely and fully to reduce the chance of organ damage.
  • Provide your cat with first aid before the health worsens.

Here are some recommended first aid kits for your poisoned cat!

First Aid BrandsIncluded Components
Adventure Medical KitsSterile bandage materials, common medications, waterproof DryFlex bags, and essential tools.
RC Pet ProductsGauze rolls, pads, bandage, patch adhesives, exam gloves, scissor, emergency blanket saline solution, etc.
American Pet Suppliessterile gauze pads, scissors, adhesive bandages, medical tape, hand cleansing wipes, disposable gloves, etc.

Caution: The following steps are only general procedure for a poisoned cat. So, feel free to consult your vet before you conduct any experiment with your cat’s health. 

2. Veterinarian Treatment

  • If the vets figure out that your cat’s symptoms are not severe, they will focus on treating his pain and allowing the poisons to exit his system.
  • Similarly, doctors will provide sucralfate and kapectolin to protect the stomach’s lining and prevent the issues such as diarrhea and vomiting.
  • However, if the case is severe, it may initiate your cat to vomit to flush out the remaining poison in its system. The vet may give your cat a 3% hydrogen peroxide solution.
Cat Undergoing through Treatment
Cat Undergoing through Treatment (Source: Hippopx)
  • Similarly, the vet may also provide your cat with activated charcoal, which will work to absorb toxins that have not reached the bloodstream.
  • If your cat’s symptom is constant vomiting, the doctor may administer fluids through Intravenous therapy (IV) to hydrate your pet and keep his electrolytes in check.
  • A doctor can provide antioxidants, homeopathic medicine, and other supplements for your pet’s health.
  • In addition, if there are no signs of improvement after the treatment, your cat will end up spending the night at the hospital.

While treating the poisoned cat, the following medication can also help your cat to catch a recovery faster.

Medicine Dosage Purpose
Kapectolin 0.5 ml to 1.0 ml per pound (1 to 2 ml/kg) Protects the stomach's lining.
Hydrogen peroxide solution1 teaspoon per 10 pounds of weightInduces vomiting.
Activated charcoal1-5 g per kg of weightLessens the effects of poisoning.
Sucralfate1/4 to 1 gram per petTreats ulcers in the GI tract.

Disclaimer: The mentioned supplements are only for educational purposes. Do not feed your cat until a professional vet finishes checking up on cat health and allows the prescriptions.

If you are unable to call your nearby or local veterinarian, you can contact the following helplines.

Recovery of a Poisoned Cat

The prognosis for plant poisoning in pets including cats depends on time and the amount of toxins involved.

The sooner your cat gets a medication or the sooner treatment begins, the lesser time the toxins find a way to spread through the body.

In most cases, 25% of poisoned pets successfully get recovered within two hours.

cat sitting on a mat
Cat Sitting on a Mat (Source: PxHere)

The effect of poison usually lasts up to 12 to 24 hours after the consumption of Gardenia.

Thus, your veterinarian might ask you to continue treatment for your cat to ensure its vital signs are stable and healthy.

Within 2 weeks, your cat will only exhibit slight symptoms with higher chances of recovery.

Ensure to consult your vet about the diet the cat should intake to better their health.

In addition, while your cat heals, your veterinarian may prescribe a softer diet with lots of water.

How to Prevent Your Cat from Eating Gardenia?

Due to their inquisitive nature, your cat is prone to go near or nibble anything that catches their eyes.

However, such action can be harmful to the cats and give rise to various issues.

Here are some ways you can create a safe environment for your cat and their betterment:

  • Place a tin foil or plastic carpet to protect your cat’s invasion into the plant area. The texture of the foil makes your cat uncomfortable, causing them to stay away from the plant.
  • Place your poisonous plants inside the terrarium to protect your plant and cat.
Cat-Sitting-Under-Cattery
Cat Sitting Under a Cattery (Source: Flickr)
  • Cats are not a big fan of citrus smell. So, you can spritz a diluted lemon juice or orange oil directly onto the foliage.
  • You can also make a handmade or homemade repellent spray. Create a solution of one part of vinegar to three parts of water and spray it on the leaves.
  • If you have repellant, sprinkle it around the perimeter of your plants.
  • Cultivate Cat Grass: Plant cat grass to keep cats away from other green plants.
  • You can also place your toxic plants in a hanging basket to keep such plants away from your cat’s paws.

Conclusion

Gardenia is not as all friendly to your pet as it looks with its snow-white flower and smooth green leaves.

With its leaves, flowers, and stems, the plant injures your cat if it consumes. So it is better to create some distance between your feline friend and Gardenia.

Whenever you feel an urgency for your poisoned cat, instantly take action rationally without performing hypertension.

After reading this all, I am sure that you can easily deal with poisonous Gardenia to your cat.

Keep your cat safe and grow a healthy plant!

You may also need to save your cat from Rubber PlantPeace LiliesZZ PlantPolka Dot Plant, and Aloe Vera.

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