Are Fiddle Leaf Figs Toxic To Dogs?

Do you own a dog as I do and are worried about whether or not your fiddle leaf figs are toxic to your dog? Then you have come to the right place.

I’ve learned over the years that having houseplants and pets in the same house without your pet being curious is rare.

So, where I chose to keep my beautiful fiddle leaf figs in my living room, my dog decided to nibble on my plant. Luckily nothing serious happened.

Fiddle leaf figs are potentially, but only mildly toxic to your dog. It includes sharp-edged calcium oxalate crystals that can cause slight dermatitis or irritation to your dog.

Dog Sniffing Plant
Dog Sniffing Plant (Source: Flickr)

Also, if you are a plant and pet lover and have decided to decor your living area with fiddle leaf figs, I suggest you do your research right.

You must be well aware and informed of the necessary measures that should be taken for your dog’s safety.

So, let’s go through this in-depth, so you know how toxic fiddle leaf figs can be to your dog.

By the end of the article, you’ll also learn what to do if your dog gets in touch with your fiddle leaf fig and its treatment.

Which Pets Are Vulnerable to Fiddle Leaf Fig Poisoning?

Almost all pets are vulnerable to fiddle leaf fig poisoning. It covers your dogs, cats, and small animals like rabbits, guinea pigs, and birds.

If you are both plant and pets lovers, you need to accept that various lovely plants aren’t pet friendly.

However, we also know that pets enjoy wandering around and are prone to touching, sniffing, and tasting everything in their way.

It is also impossible to maintain a constant check on your pets.

For example, in this course, if your pet happens to ingest fiddle leaf figs, the plant’s sap will stick to your pet’s mouth and cause your pet irritation, vomiting, drooling, diarrhea, and even depression in the case of birds.

So, it would be best if you adopted prevention is better than cure approach.

Though fiddle fig leaves are not highly harmful to pets, the symptoms might get rather serious at times.

As a result, it is preferable to keep your plants out of reach of your pets.

Causes of Fiddle Leaf Figs Poisoning in Dogs

Fiddle leaf feed poisoning occurs when your dog eats a portion or all of the fiddle leaf plant. Also, the plant goes into a natural defensive response the minute a leaf is chewed into.

When your dog chews on the plant’s leaves or stem, the idioblast’s tip will break, allowing plant sap to enter the cell.

The calcium oxalate crystals subsequently permeate the mouth, tongue, throat, and stomach tissues, embedding themselves.

As a result, your dog may suffer from instant discomfort and aggravation and further gastrointestinal distress.

Hence, the particular causes of poisoning are as follows.

  • The dog’s soft tissue is injected with calcium oxalate crystals.
  • Ficin, a proteolytic enzyme, is found in the sap, which causes inflammation and dermatitis in your dog. Moreover, when swallowed, the proteolytic enzyme will also lead to gastrointestinal distress.
  • Both enzymes cause dermatitis, skin blisters, and gastrointestinal problems.

Which Part and What Amount of Fiddle Leaf Fig is Toxic to Dogs?

Fiddle leaf figs, with their deep green extended leaves, are poisonous to dogs.

All leaves sections of the fiddle leaf fig are toxic to dogs which produce a milky white sap. The sap includes calcium oxalate, which is insoluble.

Moreover, it has sharp crystals, and when chewed, the calcium oxalates will quickly enter the dog’s oral tissue.

According to the University of California, fiddle leaf figs come in fourth class in the level of toxicity. This indicates the least hazardous level of toxicity.

The toxicity impact is determined by whether your dog has just taken a bite or has already swallowed it.

While the final consequence may not be harmful, the level of pain they experience is determined by the severity of their dyspepsia.

Fiddle leaf figs (Ficus lyrata)
Fiddle leaf figs (Ficus lyrata)
(Source: Wikimedia Commons)

If your dog has only taken a bite regardless of the amount, it can suffer from skin irritation.

Also, the symptoms will become a bit severe if your dog has taken a big bite and has already swallowed it and will cause lip and mouth irritation.

If your dog swallows the plant, then it will enter its gastrointestinal tract. As a result, this might give your dog a variety of irritations and other issues.

Symptoms of Fiddle Leaf Fig Poisoning in Dogs

If your dog has eaten any portion of a fiddle leaf fig, they will paw at their mouth or shake their head as a sign of discomfort.

However, after only one bite or chew, the shard-like crystals will elicit, and then, due to the pain or irritation, your dog may decide to stop.

But, if your dog continues to eat, it may develop the following symptoms.

  • Oral Irritation
  • Skin irritation
  • Mild gastrointestinal irritation
  •  Vomiting
  • Drooling
  • Diarrhea
  • Swelling of face
  • Swelling of tongue and lips

You might also want to know about: How Toxic Are Snake Plants To Dogs?

Diagnosis of Fiddle Leaf Fig Plant Poisoning

Early diagnosis of poisoning in your dog is critical since it aids and improves treatment efficiency. It will also assist in avoiding long-term issues for your dog.

It will further assist you in preventing or reversing the more severe effects of ingesting the poisonous plant. Keep reading to find out how.

Diagnosis by Yourself

Dogs, as we all know, are fascinating creatures. They have a habit of putting practically everything in their mouths.

It means that they are considerably more likely to swallow all types of plants stored in your living room or yard.

If your dog is behaving oddly or exhibiting any of the signs listed just above in this article,  you need to be concerned immediately. It is because you may have a variety of plants in your living room or yard.

Though fiddle leaf figs are not particularly poisonous, there may be other plants that are pretty hazardous to your pets.

So, to be specific, you may look around to see what plant your dog has consumed. This might help you find hints.

Note: If your dog has thrown up, you must gather a little sample of it in a plastic bag. This will be extremely helpful for your veterinarian to make a diagnosis of your dog.

But, please remember that you should never force your dog to vomit without consulting your veterinarian first.  As a result, this might exacerbate the difficulties by generating another chemical reaction.

Also, avoid using over-the-counter medications without first visiting your veterinarian.

Diagnosis by Professional Veterinarian

As previously mentioned, acute severe lead poisoning in your dog is unusual.

It is, however, still necessary to take your dog to the veterinarian. In this way, you will be able to know the level of toxicity your dog has.

Then, the veterinarian will ask you questions about the plant your dog has consumed. But, this might also be the case where you are not sure which plant your dog has consumed because you have so many different plants in your living room.

However, if you’re confident your dog ate a fiddle leaf fig, the veterinarian will find this extremely helpful in establishing a diagnosis.

Dog At Veterinarian
Dog At Veterinarian
(Source: Zooplus)

Now, the veterinarian will evaluate your dog based on the clinical indications and your belief that he has eaten fiddle leaf fig.

Even if you’re not sure what plant your dog ate, you shouldn’t be concerned. The veterinarian will gather sufficient data to make a diagnosis and prescribe medication.

The professional will perform a urinalysis, blood count, and biochemistry profile on your dog. This is done to examine the organ function and state of the dog system in greater detail.

Thus, the veterinarian will amass sufficient data to make a diagnosis and prescribe therapy.

In addition, the contents will be examined for dangerous enzymes produced from plants.

First Aid and Treatment of Fiddle Leaf Fig Poisoning in Dogs

Fiddle leaf fig is not dangerously poisonous to dogs. But, of course, if your dog ingests the plant, it may show symptoms of swelling, vomiting, and irritation.

Similarly, the therapy methods will be dictated by your dog’s symptoms and the amount of plant ingested.

First Aid Treatment

If your dog has not shown severe symptoms and discomfort, you can manage treatment at home by following ways.

  • If you discover that your pet has consumed fiddle fig leaf leaves, thoroughly rinse their mouth using water. It will aid in the removal of any plant fragments that may still be in the dog’s mouth.
  • Allow your pet to drink some water, but do not force it.
  • After that, feed your dog either cheese or yogurt (which is the source of calcium). It will assist in alleviating the discomfort that your dog is experiencing.
  • Thus, with this remedy, your dog shall recover entirely within 12 to 24 hours following consumption.

However, if your dog has more serious gastrointestinal problems, vomiting, and diarrhea, take him to the vet as soon as possible.

Treatment Methods For Fiddle Leaf Fig Poisoning

1. Emesis

If you take your dog to the vet, the first thing they will do is make him puke if your dog hasn’t vomited yet.

They may then provide activated charcoal to your dog. The charcoal will help the enzymes in the sap to be absorbed more quickly.

Therefore, the activated charcoal will help enzymes from spreading beyond the stomach area.

2. Skin Treatment

If the fiddle leaf fig’s sap comes in touch with the skin of your dog, he will need a special wash or ointment to help with dermatitis.

Furthermore, if your dog is afflicted by blisters caused by the plant’s sap, he could also need lip treatment.

3. IV Fluids

Toxic enzymes of the fiddle fig leaf can also induce diarrhea and vomiting in your dog.

In this instance, IV fluids will keep your dog hydrated. Also, IV fluids will help to rehydrate the dog and urge him to urinate.

Recovery of Fiddle Leaf Figs Poisoning in Dogs

Dogs who have been poisoned by the ficus plant usually recover well. However, before deciding to send your dog home, your veterinarian will want to watch him make sure he’s doing well.

After you’ve brought your dog home, keep an eye out for any new symptoms or behavioral changes.

Then, of course, your veterinarian will provide you with instructions and more information on how to care for your dog.

Also, your dog’s veterinarian may contact you for additional tests to ensure that he is recuperating correctly.

Therefore, if you are both plant and pet lovers, it is critical to know the plant’s level of toxicity before you decide to bring it to your house.

How to Keep the Fiddle Leaf Figs Away from Dogs?

It is imperative to ensure that your fiddle leaf figs are out of your dog’s reach.

Below are a few strategies to do so.

  • Spray pepper over fiddle leaf figs. This will annoy the dog’s nose and deter them from eating the plant.
  • You can keep your plant at the height where your dog cannot reach.
  • You can also keep plants like marigold, bergamot, and rue alongside a fiddle fig leaf to keep the way your dog from this plant. These are among the plants that dogs hate.
  • To keep your dog away from the fiddle leaf figs, spray lemon juice or keep the peels of citrus fruits around it. Dogs don’t like the fragrance.
  • In case you have your plant outside, i.e., in the garden, you can place fences to keep your dog away from fiddle leaf figs.


Fiddle leaf figs are moderately poisonous to your dog. The toxicity of the fiddle leaf fig will not kill your dog, but it might be harmful if consumed.

They are not poisonous, but fiddle leaf philodendron can be very toxic to your pets.

But, it also doesn’t rule out the possibility of keeping your favorite fiddle leaf figs at home. All you need to do is conduct the essential research and be well-versed in the degree of its toxicity.

Finally, remember to use the tactics listed above in our article to keep your dog away from your plant.

Thus, I would suggest you go by scientific name whenever you try to search for information about the toxicity of the plants. This will help you to get more precise information.

Your house plants might be toxic to your pets. Read these articles to find out if: Chinese Evergreen ,  Bird of Paradise , Zebra Plant , Lucky Bamboo ,and Snake Plants  are toxic to them or not.

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