Do you know African people use the leaves of former Sansevieria varieties for fiber production?
Known by several names like ‘snake plant,’ ‘mother-in-law’s tongue,’ ‘viper’s bowstring,’ ‘African spear plant,’ and others, Sansevierias are also stylish to decor tools among the houseplants.
Some varieties, for example, Dracaena hanningtonii’s sap has antiseptic qualities, and the leaves are prepared for bandages in traditional first aid.
Generally, there are about 70 different Sansevieria varieties in the world. Some of the varieties include Sansevieria Trifasciiata Bantel’s Sensation, Sansevieria Mettalica, Sansevieria Ballyi, Sansevieria Moonshine and Sansevieria Black Gold.
Sansevieria varieties range from succulent desert plants to thinner leafed tropical plants and often develop dense clumps from a spreading rhizome or stolons.
I have curated a list of popular Sansevieria varieties for indoor and outdoor growth. Let’s know them all in detail.
Table of Contents
- 18+ Stunning Sansevieria Varieties You Will Love
- 1. Sansevieria Trifasciiata “Bantel’s Sensation”
- 2. Sansevieria Mettalica
- 3. Sansevieria Ballyi
- 4. Sansevieria Moonshine
- 5. Sansevieria Black Gold
- 6. Sansevieria Canaliculata
- 7. Sansevieria Cleopatra
- 8. Sansevieria Gracilis
- 9. Sansevieria Cylindrica
- 10. Sansevieria Fischeri
- 11. Sansevieria “Golden Hahnii”
- 12. Sansevieria Kirkii “Star Sansevieria”
- 13. Sansevieria Laurentii
- 14. Sansevieria Masoniana “Mason’s Congo”
- 15. Sansevieria Parva “Kenya Hyacinth”
- 16. Sansevieria Patens
- 17. Sansevieria Pinguicula
- 18. Sansevieria Samurai
- 19. Sansevieria Silver Queen
- 20. Sansevieria Trifasciata “Mother-in-law’s Tongue”
- 21. Sansevieria Trifasciata “Twisted Sister”
- 22. Sansevieria Whitney
- 23. Sansevieria Zeylanica “Ceylon Bowstring Hemp”
- 24. Sansevieria Cylindrica “Boncel”
- 25. Sansevieria Hyacinthoides
- Tips to Care for Sansevieria Plants
- FAQs About Sansevieria Varieties
18+ Stunning Sansevieria Varieties You Will Love
Native to Africa, Sansevierias promote feng shui purposes as the leaves of sansevierias grow upwards and along with other plants such as golden pothos, they purify the air.
In China, the Sansevieria is usually kept potted in a planter often ornamented with dragons and phoenixes.
Alongside their evergreen nature, Sansevierias stands with the tagline, ‘the hard to kill a plant so you can grow these varieties easily.
1. Sansevieria Trifasciiata “Bantel’s Sensation”
Sansevieria Trifasciiata “Bantel’s Sensation” is native to West Africa, and grows up anywhere between 2 to 3 feet in height and can spread from 1 to 2 feet.
‘Bantel’s Sensation’ is a variegated Sansevieria variety that has dark grey-green leaves with vertical and white stripes. These upright leaves can grow up to 3 inches tall and 1.25 inches wide.
They also produce creamy white, tubular, slightly fragrant flowers in spring reaching the size of a 1-2 inches tall, upright featuring spike-like inflorescence.
However, if you grow ‘Bantel’s Sensation’ indoors, they will rarely have blooms.
2. Sansevieria Mettalica
One of the rarest varieties in the Sansevieria family, Sansevieria Metallica has a silvery presence with horizontally marbled accents.
They also often go by the name “Siam Silver,” and by their appearance, they have pale green leaves with several greyish lines ranging from 3 to 6 cm wide.
Besides it, they have a swordlike presence and usually bend as they grow.
Standing at 2-3 feet tall, they occasionally bear flowers that are ovoid-shaped with greenish-white in color.
3. Sansevieria Ballyi
Sansevieria Ballyi is stemless, unlike others, and grows above the ground as it sets new roots and creates itself as a plant.
Ballyi appears in a symmetrical rosette and grows 6-10 inches tall and 6-10 inches wide, known as Dwarf Sansevieria.
In its appearance, Ballyi stands with deep dark green leaves and light green cross-banding or evergreen thin cylindrical leaves ranging from 6 to 12 cm.
In addition, as they blossom, they bear 2.5 cm long flowers, which are usually greenish-white in color.
4. Sansevieria Moonshine
Sansevieria Moonshine is one of the rarest of its kind, which grows slow-grower and reaches an ultimate height of 30cm to 1.2 meters.
Their uniqueness is defined through their pale silver-gray green foliage with faint bands and deep dark margins 3 to 4 inches wide by 2 feet long.
This Sansevieria variety occasionally blooms with slightly fragrant, creamy-white flowers that develop in clusters.
If grown with good care, Sansevieria Moonshine can live for about 10 years.
5. Sansevieria Black Gold
Black Gold gets itself as one of the top-ranking varieties among the Sansevieria family and grows up anywhere between 2 inches and 3 inches feet tall and spread in 18 inches.
It has gained the name “Black Gold” due to its slick and sharp appearance.
Besides, they have a lance-shaped deep green body with a yellowish gold color at the edges in size of around 3 feet long and 3 inches in width.
“Black Gold” also bears a dainty spray of delicate, whitish-green flowers, which can attract the bugs and pests around it.
6. Sansevieria Canaliculata
Sansevieria Canaliculata represents a stemless succulent that grows up to 3 feet tall in patches from a creeping rhizome.
Its leaves are 20-70 cm tall erect, straight, and black with 5-6 longitudinal furrows bearing the round and rib-like space between leaves.
They also produce pale greenish-pink bud and white-tinged green flowers featuring tubes the size of 2.5 cm long.
Canaliculata develops inflorescences from the rhizome ranging from 5-16 cm long to 3-4 mm thick at the base.
7. Sansevieria Cleopatra
Coming from an unknown parentage, Savsevieria Cleopatra is a slow-growing succulent. It adds to your perfect ornamental plant with its rosette resemblance and intricate foliage pattern.
This hybrid plant portrays a pale and deep green color combination on the leaves outlined with yellowish edges.
If provided with good care, Sansevieria Cleopatra can grow up in the dimensions of 0.30 meters X 0.60meter.
To add some luxury, Cleopatra will give you a light, small, and white flower with an aroma similar to that of cinnamon or mint.
Also, they can live as long as 30 years, thus, can be a sustainable plant for people who are obsessed with the particular varieties.
8. Sansevieria Gracilis
Native to tropical East Africa, Sansevieria Gracilis is the smallest growing variety of the Sansevieria family. They can reach up 6 feet tall.
They have light green leaves arranged in a spiral with dark narrow bands and longitudinal lines in the size of 22-80 cm long and 0.6 – 1 cm thick.
Their leaves grow to form a mat of leaves of 6-12 groups forming a rosette with a surface that has darker narrow transverse bands and longitudinal lines.
In the meantime, they also bloom scented flowers in a pair which later form into a fruit (globose berry) with the 2-3.7 cm long tube and the 1-1.2 cm long lobes.
You can keep these varieties for 5 to 10 years and even longer if given the right growing conditions.
9. Sansevieria Cylindrica
Often known as ‘African Spear’ or ‘Brazil Saint Barbara Sword,’ Sansevieria Cylindrica has received the name due to its striped cylindrical appearance as a spear.
Sansevieria Cylindrica is a slow-growing plant that reaches up to 4–6 feet tall and 1–2 feet wide. Some of its subspecies include Sansevieria cylindrica Straight and Sansevieria Cylindrica Verticularis.
As Sansevieria Cylindrica matures, they blossom in long spikes with pink accents. These blooms are often found in clusters in an erect position which later turn into orange-red berries.
If considered inflorescences, they can reach up to 3 inches tall with 1-inch long, tubular, white blooms.
You can keep these plants for 15 to 25 years if you can maintain favorable conditions.
10. Sansevieria Fischeri
As a younger plant, Sansevieria Fischeri consists of tight rosettes of thick, mottled leaves.
Until their maturity phase doesn’t kick in, they continue growing as such, and at one point, their rosette form leaves them to be a single leaf.
Sansevieria Fischeri has caudex that grows to ten centimeters, and the leaves to 24 centimeters.
Those single leaves grow straight out of the ground in a cylindrical manner and can have a deep green color with a smoky gray banded pattern.
Commonly grown as the “Office Plant,” Sansevieria Fischeri also blossoms as a white delicate, and scented flower during summer. Besides, it can be propagated by dividing the rhizomes and seeds.
11. Sansevieria “Golden Hahnii”
Growing up to 8 inches tall, Sansevieria “Golden Hahnii” is best known for its buttery yellow leaves accented with green stripes.
One of the dwarf varieties in the Sansevieria Family, this particular plant can be the best choice for groundcover or smaller apartment decoration.
Their trademark foliage is arranged in an attractive rosette; the leaves are darker green with a mix of marginal and internal creamy-yellow stripes.
In this, lighting plays a crucial role to develop the colors of their foliage. Overall, their rosette-like appearance resembles a cross between a rose and a bird’s nest.
Hence, it is often mistaken for a bromeliad. Usually, they bloom when they are overcrowded or stressed during summer or autumn.
These flowers are small, sterile, sweetly fragrant, and greenish-white in appearance, and later, these blossoms produce seedless orange berries.
12. Sansevieria Kirkii “Star Sansevieria”
One of the unusual species in the Sansevieria Family, Star Sansevieria has underground stems and leaves with undulating brown and yellow margins.
Silver Blue is one of the Sansevieria varieties that is denoted with its unique super chunky silver blue foliage having a darker longitudinal lines and mottling.
Furthermore, these succulent leaves are deep green in color with pointy tips that are flattened and thick, with wavy edges.
Sansevieria Kirkii “Star Sansevieria” also bloom greenish-white, scented flowers that are carried on a conical inflorescence.
These flowers blossom in clusters on the tapering edge of the foliage. Overall, Star Sansevieria has a bushy appearance.
13. Sansevieria Laurentii
Sansevieria Laurentii portrays fleshy erect leaves with shaped points. They are deep green in color, decorated with light green-gray horizontal strips with broad creamy-yellow edges.
Sansevieria is one of the few plants that are able to convert carbon dioxide (CO2) into oxygen during the night.
Additionally, they have thick rhizomes from where the leaves grow up as a rosette.
Also, the plants produce pale green flowers after reaching maturity that often turns into orange berries during spring.
Altogether, they grow as big as 2-4 feet tall, and 1-2 feet wide outdoors, while the indoor plant gets about 24-30 inches big.
14. Sansevieria Masoniana “Mason’s Congo”
Often Sansevieria Masoniana ‘Mason’s Congo’ is known for its unusual appearance with a pale center and outward growing leaves.
Furthermore, they depict leathery, broadly lance-shaped, ten inches wide leaves. Also, these green leaves feature smudged, light green spots and a unique purple-banded sheath.
Sansevieria (well-known as Snake Plant) portrays a marbled pattern similar to snakeskin by flexing an array of variegations and growth patterns.
These plants can grow up to 3 meters tall and will slowly form small, 2-meter wide colonies by spreading underground rhizomes.
Mainly during summer to winter, they bloom white flowers in a cluster that arises from the center.
Not to mention, they are often named ‘Shark Fin’ as they grow up to four feet tall. Also, the plants have an inflorescence of an upright stalk featuring 1″ long and, greenish-white flowers.
15. Sansevieria Parva “Kenya Hyacinth”
Native to Africa, Madagascar, and southern Asia, Sansevieria Parva “Kenya Hyacinth” grows up to 18 inches (45 cm) tall.
One of the slow-growing succulents, Kenya Hyacinth, has narrow, spike-shaped leaves that grow up to 40 cm long and 1 inch wide.
They grow in a cluster of 6 to 12 medium green leaves with dark green cross-bands, forming a rosette.
Furthermore, they also bloom flowers that are small and white or pale pink with a lovely fragrance. These flowers arise from the short spikes emerging from the foliage.
16. Sansevieria Patens
One of the longest species of the Sansevieria Family, Sansevieria Patens are gorgeous with a rosette-based structure, growing up to 3 feet.
Their rosette is composed of short, arching, cylindrical, longitudinally grooved leaves that spread in various orientations.
Besides, Sansevieria Patens have dark green and paler green transverse bands, which turn bluish-green as they age and develop longitudinal blackish-green lines.
They also bloom tubular flowers in the cluster that are grey-white. Overall, their leaves are up to 90 cm long and up to 45 cm thick.
17. Sansevieria Pinguicula
Sansevieria Pinguicula, popularised as the ‘Walking Sansevieria,’ is a short-stemmed succulent with a unique stilt-like root.
This particularly tough plant has thick leaves and pointy ends to store moisture and nutrients. Also, it represents a dwarf version of an Agave plant.
Sansevieria Pinguiculas can grows to about 30cm (1ft) 30cm (1ft).
Their leaves are moon-shaped, arranged in a rosette with reddish-brown horny margins edged with tough, papery white cuticles.
Sansevieria Pinguiculas have perianth tube cylindrical-shaped flowers in a cluster that later fertilizes to produce globular berries.
18. Sansevieria Samurai
Being one of the rarest in the Sansevieria varieties, Sansevieria Samurai has an intricately gorgeous color combination.
Named after German naturalist, Christian Ehrenberg Sansevieria Ehrenbergii has a blade-like leaves that are stacked and fan out in a zig-zag pattern in two opposite rows.
Additionally, this succulent has a short stature with a pronounced V-shape.
Its deep green leaves have also been decorated with a slight red tint on the leaf edges and the leaf tips. Besides, the stem grows in an alternating pattern while getting 4-6” tall.
19. Sansevieria Silver Queen
Sticking with its name, Sansevieria Silver Queen has greenish-gray leaves, almost frosty silver with green horizontal lines.
Those leaves are fleshy and thick, having a swordlike appearance that grows in a cluster from the rhizomes.
The plant grows around 36 inches (90cm) tall and 2.5 inches (7cm) wide. This Silver Queen rarely blooms any flower, but it can grow on an inflorescence that is greenish-white in color.
When it blooms, the plant has pale green flowers in late Summer or Autumn.
Sansevieria Silver Queen thus, represents a hardy, semi-tropical succulent with a silver-gray, green, chevron-shaped cross-bands.
20. Sansevieria Trifasciata “Mother-in-law’s Tongue”
Mother-in-law Tongue is the most popular species in the Sansevieria Family with its slick swordlike long leaves featuring 80-100 cm in length and 5-7cm wide.
They are intricately designed with three distinctive dark and light green patterns.
The plant’s leaves are long and slender leaves growing upward and skyward. With these yellow striped leaves, the plant also bears tiny pale green scented flowers.
These African natives can grow from six inches to eight feet tall.
21. Sansevieria Trifasciata “Twisted Sister”
This Sansevieria species is one of the rarest and most elegant succulents that grow about 15 inches (37.5 cm) tall.
It is a small succulent featuring the bright gold and green variegated leaves that wrenches as they appear from the base giving an almost bird’s nest effect.
If you are looking for non-flowering plants, sansevieria, ficus, dracaena pothos,and bonsai are the best among others.
Also, they come in several varieties of golden yellow and lime green colors with silvery green markings on the center.
22. Sansevieria Whitney
Sansevieria Whitney is one of the most rare varieties of the Snake Plant because of the snake pattern on its leaves with a growth rate of 45-50 cm and an average of 4 leaves per plant.
They have typical compact leaves that form into a rosette of 4 to 6 dark-green, sculpted leaves with white veins.
The shape of Whitney is like an inverted pyramid and includes an arrangement of the leaves in the form of a rosette.
Besides, Sansevieria Whitney has soft green swords dipped in silvery speckled margins that are complete with sharp tips. Overall, they grow up to 20 inches in height.
23. Sansevieria Zeylanica “Ceylon Bowstring Hemp”
This particular plant on the Sansevieria varieties also grows tall and slender, reaching about 30 inches tall at maturity and can spread up to 12 inches.
They have swordlike patterned leaves varying in shades of green with large white spots on them which can grow up to 2.5 feet long and up to 1 inch wide.
While growing from the rhizomatous rootstock, Ceylon Bowstring Hemp has creamy-white wave-like horizontal stripes across its surface.
Its flowers are pale green and develop up to 2 feet tall if you want to keep them.
24. Sansevieria Cylindrica “Boncel”
Sansevieria Cylindrica ‘Boncel’ is one of the hybrid varieties of the Sansevieria family that spreads out like a fan over time.
Snake Plants can repel mosquitos because of their chemical called Saponin.
It is as small as eight inches (20 cm) and can also grow as tall as 20 inches.
Besides, naturally tubular leaves of the plant form deep green concentric circles from top to bottom, which are usually about 8–12 inches long.
The plant rarely produces flowers. But when bloomed, it has a spiky raceme in spring and these greenish-white flowers from pink buds can form the fragrance at night.
25. Sansevieria Hyacinthoides
Sansevieria Hyacinthoides, well-known in the ornamental plant babies, stands tall and sturdy with robust and evergreen nature.
It is an evergreen Perennial that grows up to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.1 m (0ft 4in) at a fast rate.
Their leaves are of medium green color with dark green diagonals. Furthermore, they have erect leaves growing up to 5–12 in loose clusters.
In the fun fact, these are usually planted for their medicinal and spiritual benefits in some parts of the world.
Likewise, they also bloom flowers that are stalkless, white, cream-colored or greenish-white to pale mauve.
Tips to Care for Sansevieria Plants
One of the best characteristics of the Sansevieria or Snake Plant is that they survive even ill situations, which makes them easier to handle.
Though Sansevieria originates from Tropical regions, you need not perform frequent watering schedules to grow them as they already have pockets of water in their leaves.
The following tables will best guide to care requirements for your Sansevieria varieties if you have owned or planned to keep ones for yourself!
|Light||8-10 hours of bright indirect light|
|Water||Once every 10 days (at most) during the growing season
Once a month in winter
|Temperature||70- 90°F (21-32°C)|
|Soil||Loamy soil with pH scale of 5.5 to 7.0|
|Fertilizer||All Purpose Plant Food 10-10-10
Twice each year
|Repotting||Once every 2-5 years in terra cotta pots|
|Pruning||Once every 2-3 years|
|Propagation||Via plant division, leaf cutting and root cutting|
Also, you need to monitor the pest such as Aphids, Mealybugs, Scale Insects, Spider Mites, Thrips, and Whiteflies in the Sansevieria.
The plant may also develop root rot, red leaf spot, botrytis, and southern blight if it is caught in horticultural diseases. So you need to be careful!
If you need help with the video, check out the following!
FAQs About Sansevieria Varieties
Are Sansevieria Plants toxic?
Known as Snake Plants, Sansevieria can be mildly toxic to humans and animals if consumed.
According to ASPCA, Snake Plants contain Saponins which can be toxic to cats and dogs who may develop symptoms including nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea when consumed.
How do I identify my Sansevieria?
Sansevieria plants have columnar, upright leaves that can reach up to a meter long and 2 to 3 centimeters thick.
When young, they often have dark green transverse bands and their leaves become a little furrowed with age.
What is the rarest Sansevieria?
Sansevieria trifasciata ‘Moonshine’ with succulent leaves, light silvery-green, sharp edge leaves ranks as the rarest plant in Sansevieria.
It is due to its vigorous growth rate and unavailability everywhere.
Sansevieria (best known as Snake Plant) is a classy choice of touch to your house and garden. So, I have listed several varieties in which some may be common in some places while some are rare.
Apart from the exotic decoration, they can be beneficial for removing toxic pollutants, boosting productivity, and showing up good luck.
Not to mention, these plants are easy to care for and handle and hence, do not give you more hassle with the caring requirements.
So, shower some love on your Sansevieria plant and claim the above benefits!