Did you know that from 1931 until 1957, Indiana’s official state flower was the Zinnia?
Zinnia is a plant with elegant blooms of vibrant colors. This top-notch flowering plant grows violently within a short time from seeds.
Globally, the Zinnia plant is grown each year from seeds hoping for new colored blooms.
Generally, to harvest the Zinnia seeds, let the flowers turn brown and dry up completely. Carefully extract seeds from the flower head by gently robbing them between fingers. And to store seeds, use a paper bag and keep it in a cool, dry place.
Harvesting Zinnia seeds is an intriguing adventure that rewards you with colorful blossoms.
But improper harvesting of Zinnia seeds often leads to no germination at all.
Therefore, continue reading this ultimate guide to ensure no such rookie mistakes and learn how to store Zinnia seeds efficiently.
Table of Contents Show
What do Zinnia Seeds Look Like?
You must have come across Zinnia plants with exquisite blooms in various vibrant colors.
But do you know Zinnia seeds are also one of a kind in look due to their arrowhead resemblance?
In addition, the Zinnia plant has more than 20 varieties in the wild with their distinct seed features.
That makes sense, given that Zinnia seeds can range in size and shape.
Here is brief information on Zinnia seeds to get you acquainted.
|Color||Grayish but earlier harvested seeds are of green colors|
|Shape||Arrowhead shape with varying length, size depending upon Zinnia variety|
|Size||About 1.5 cm|
|Harvest Time||At the end of active growing and flowering period, i.e., usually in late summer or fall|
|Weight||About 0.0086 to 0.0095gm|
|Sowing Method||Just one fourth of an inch deep|
|Germination Initiator||Light (positively photoblastic)|
|Seed Sowing Time||During Spring or 1 to 2 weeks after average last frost|
|Germination Time||5 to 24 days after sowing|
|Conducive Temperature||Around 70°F to 80°F (21 - 26°C) soil temperature|
|Number of Seeds Per Gram||Nearly around 120 seeds|
|Toxicity||Non-toxic to humans and pets|
Meanwhile, you can find two types of Zinnia seeds depending on where the Zinnia seeds form on the flower.
Generally, the seeds can form on Zinnia flowers in pollen floret or at the end of their petals.
The amusing thing about these seeds is that floret seeds often replicate their parents’ attributes.
But petal seeds are more likely to grow into a different one due to potential hybridization from pollination.
Therefore expect a pleasant surprise if you begin your Zinnia journey from petal seeds.
Nonetheless, seeds from self-pollination of original Zinnia stay true to parental color, while hybrid Zinnia seeds won’t.
Do you know the Zinnia flower is extensively used in many cuisines to decorate dishes? But Zinnia seeds are better off left uneaten.
When to Harvest Zinnia Seeds?
You can expect a colorful explosion of Zinnia flowers from late spring until fall.
Generally, Zinnia flowering lasts for two months but can get up to four months with care and deadheading flowers.
No wonder butterflies and hummingbirds get enchanted during this blossoming period. Often these creatures help Zinnia with pollination.
Now comes the harvesting part, where you must wait until the flower is completely spent.
In general, a completely dry, dark brown Zinnia flower with a crispy texture is a sign of harvest time.
Meanwhile, the harvest time of Zinnia seeds is very crucial for their viability. If you harvest a flower earlier than the ideal time, the seed will not germinate.
Therefore, you shall give the flower enough time it needs to mature the seeds raising their viability.
Additionally, you can not save Zinnia seeds from cut flowers as those flowers are snipped before any seed development.
Here I have mentioned some empirical signs of mature seeds that you may lean on.
- The flowering and growing season of the Zinnia plant is nearing its end.
- The flowers are completely dry and brown.
- Birds start to roam around the flower and feast on the seeds.
However, you may follow an alternate method that prevents birds from eating Zinnia seeds.
You can harvest the well-developed green seeds of Zinnia before letting the flower dry out.
After about three weeks of successful pollination, you can harvest Zinnia seeds without risking their viability.
Here, you will need keen observant eyes to notice changes in flower Stigma. After fertilization, Stigma tends to wither and die, but it will stay yellowish for about two weeks if there is no fertilization.
To find out whether the green seeds are viable, you can gently pinch the green Zinnia seeds with your fingers to check if it has an embryo.
You may discard the seeds that do not have an embryo in them.
How to Harvest Zinnia Seeds?
Harvesting Zinnia seed is an easy task that won’t take more than an hour at max.
But before getting your hands dirty, ensure these materials are ready for use.
|Paper Bag||To collect snipped dry flowers|
|Pruning Shears||To snip off the flower|
|Safety Goggles||For extra protection|
|Gardening Mask||Very useful if you are allergic to pollen|
|Isopropyl Alcohol||To sterilize the gardening equipment|
|Gardening Gloves||To protect the hands|
|Glass Jar||To keep the seeds|
Furthermore, do not water your Zinnias before harvesting, ensuring no recent rainfalls.
Now, you are all set to harvest Zinnia seeds. Follow these steps to harvest Zinnia seeds properly.
- Look for old, spent flowers that have turned brown and carefully remove them using a sterilized pruner.
- Keep the flower heads on a paper towel and let them dry completely.
- If you want, you may keep the individual petals attached to the seeds or discard them by subtly pulling them out.
- Carefully rub or pull the dried flower apart on a paper plate to take out seeds from the flower head.
- Ensure to extract all of the seeds from the flower florets as well.
- Let the extracted seeds air dry for a few days to avoid any potential rotting or molding.
Generally, extracting seeds from the flower should be easy as seeds come out easily from a mature flower.
Meanwhile, you will be left with a mix of seeds and chaff that again require separation.
But you can separate the chaff from seeds manually using tweezers, as seeds are pretty much large enough for you to recognize.
How to Store Zinnia Seeds?
Plastic bags are not an ideal container to store Zinnia seeds, so use brown paper bags or envelopes instead.
Before storing the seeds in a container, you must ensure they are completely dry.
Generally, you can store Zinnia seeds without risking viability for almost four to five years.
If you have different varieties of Zinnia, you shall use individual envelopes to store them separately.
Meanwhile, you shall label the package’s name and date of harvest to keep track of the Zinnia variety.
To protect the seed bag from any external wreckage, try to use a glass jar with a lid. And place the seed container out of direct sunlight in a cool, dry place.
Zinnia Seeds For Sale
Due to Zinnia’s popularity, you can find Zinnia seeds in almost every nursery or plant retailer.
Here I have mentioned some online stores where you can find Zinnia seeds for sale.
|Sites/ Shops||Delivery Period|
|Johnny's Selected Seeds||Within 1 to 2 days after placing an order|
|Eden Brothers||Within 7 to 14 days after placing an order|
|Park Seed||Within 5 to 7 days after placing an order|
|Etsy||Within 3 to 7 days after placing an order|
|GrowJoy||Within 2 to 5 days after placing an order|
Unlike other household plants, the Zinnia plant is profusely grown and propagated from seeds only.
Therefore, seeds are crucial in populating gardens with colorful blossoms of Zinnia every year.
But ensure to follow the harvesting steps properly so you will be able to dodge the bullet of no germination.
Happy Plant Parenting!!!
Many Zinnia plant owners often get confused in between deciding whether Zinnia is annual or perennial.