Daffodil Flower: Meaning & Growing Guide

Are you looking for a 10th wedding anniversary gift for your partner? Buy a Daffodil flower. Why? Because the Daffodil flower is the official 10th wedding anniversary flower.

Daffodil (da·fuh·dl) is a classic yellow trumpet-like flower native to northern Europe.

Generally, the Daffodil flowers in late winter or early spring, earning the name March Birth flower. They are easy to grow and last up to eight weeks adding aesthetic beauty to your space.

White colored Daffodil blooming in the garden
Daffodil blooms during the spring season.

Daffodil flowers have been enchanting humanity since ancient times with their beauty and easy grow nature.

These flowers add to nature’s touch with vivid colors and floral aroma.

Therefore, without further ado, let us discover more facts about the Daffodil flower, so keep reading.

How Often does the Daffodil Flower?

The Daffodil flower plant is hugely popular as an indoor plant for its easy maintenance and quick growth.

As its name “March Birth flower” suggests, the Daffodil flower blooms yearly at the beginning of March in increasing numbers.

The Daffodil blooms easily in the flowering season with little extra care and attention.

These splendid flower blooms typically stay with us for about six to eight weeks. Meanwhile, the flowering season lasts six weeks to six months.

Daffodil blooming in the garden
The Daffodil blooms once every year during the spring season.

The Daffodil flower is a perennial plant meaning they come back every year to bloom in spring.

Although most people keep Daffodils in the garden, it also makes an excellent indoor plant.

To keep Daffodils indoors, all you need to know is how to take care of them, so follow this article thoroughly.

Daffodil Flower Overview

Did you know the Daffodil flower is the national flower of Wales?

There are more than 30,000 varieties of the Daffodil flower, and it is still increasing with time. 

Beautiful Daffodil blooming in the garden
Daffodil flower consists of six petals like tepals and one corona.

Here is a brief overview of the Daffodil Flowers.

FactorSpecifications
Scientific NameNarcissus
FamiliaAmaryllidaceae
USDA Zone3-8
Native AreaEurope, North Africa
Flowering TimeEarly spring or late winter
Flower MeaningFriendship, symbol of Chivalry, rebirth and new beginning, good fortune
Blossom ColorYellow, white, pink, orange, cream, red
Blossom PatternSix petals and a trumpet-like shaped central corona
TextureWaxier
FragranceSweet floral scent with green nuances
Color Changing FlowersReverse bicolor Daffodils, Narcissus tazetta, and Butterfly Daffodils
Flower Life Span6-8 weeks
SizeVaries from 4-6 inches
PollinationBoth self and cross-pollination via wind, insects and hand pollination
ToxicityToxic to both humans and pets

Although the Daffodil flower is flourishing in many households and gardens, few species of Daffodil are considered rarest.

Among those ‘Maximus’ or ‘Trumpet Major’, Narcissus pink charm and Narcissus viridiflorus are the rare ones.

In contrast, the yellow trumpet Daffodil is the most popular and common Daffodil flower.

The Daffodil seeds are black and tiny, located inside the pods of the Daffodil flower, making them angiosperms.

Daffodil seed pods
Daffodil pods contain tiny black seeds.

How do you Pollinate the Daffodil Flowers?

The Daffodil flower is self-fertile as it contains both sexual reproductive organs. Its male organs are at the stamens, and its female is at the center of the flower.

Generally, the Daffodils flowers go through different pollinations depending upon their environment. Let us go through them in detail.

1. Natural Pollination

The Daffodils flower generally gets pollinated under natural circumstances via wind strokes and insects.

The pollens are above the Stigma, and when a strong wind blows, they fall on the female part.

Bees sucking the flower
Bees help in natural pollination.

Whereas insects transfer the pollens to Stigma by themselves, causing pollination.

Moreover, the insects may also introduce cross-pollination if different species are near the vicinity.

2. Hand Pollination

Cross-pollination is pollination between flowers of different species causing the production of new species.

Hand pollination is one way of doing cross-pollination for the Daffodil flower.

Some growers hand pollinate the Daffodil flowers they intend to cross to get a few seeds from each cross.

A person is hand pollinating the flower
Hand pollination is the manual transfer of pollen from the stamen to the pistil.

Here is a detailed procedure for performing hand pollination.

  • Carefully shake the Daffodil flowers to make sure pollen is released.
  • Use a brush or cotton swab to brush off the pollens into the pistil.
  • For pollination, pollen does not necessarily need to be from the same Daffodil flower.
  • Repeat these steps every few days to maximize the chance of successful pollination.

Note: It is better to hand pollinate the flower when the blooms are open in the morning.

Nowadays, cross-pollination of Daffodils is very popular for creating new exotic color combinations in flowers.

How to Get a Daffodil to Bloom?

The Daffodil flower is famous for its attractive look and its easy-to-grow nature.

However, there are a few requirements that you need to maintain for higher quality production of Daffodil flowers.

1. Adequate Bright Sunlight

Daffodils require continuous exposure to direct, bright sunlight to grow and produce blooms. They must receive full sun for at least six hours every day.

So, look for a sunny spot where your Daffodil will get at least 6 hours of sunlight daily.

Even the indirect sunlight may not be enough for the Daffodil to satisfy. Try placing them on the windowsill where the sun shines all day long.

Daffodil enjoying the sunlight
Daffodil needs 5 to 6 hours of bright sunlight daily.

Remember keeping your Daffodil indoors in a dark place or shade will cause no flowering at all.

However, constant exposure to full sun will dry the soils and causes flowers to drop, so avoid very long sun exposure.

2. Phosphorous Rich Fertilizer

First and foremost, if you want to see an excellent debut by your Daffodil, you need to ensure enough fed fatty bulbs.

Provide fertilizers with higher phosphorus and potassium to promote flowering and root health.

Also, do not forget to keep the nitrogen levels lower as they suppress the flowering while increasing lush foliage.

For sustained health of Daffodil bulbs, fertilize the soil bed with bone meal or granular slow-release (5-10-12 or 10-10-20) fertilizer during fall.

Applying Granular fertilizer to the plant
Granular fertilizers gradually release nutrients to the plant. (Source: Amazon)

And as a final boost in early spring, provide the plant with water-soluble 5-10-10 fertilizer.

However, please do not overdo it, as excessive fertilizer will burn the plant.

3. Adequate Watering

Daffodils have a profound love for water and require a lot of water during their active growth and flowering season.

Generally, an inch of water per week is sufficient for Daffodil to sustain its growth and blooms.

Watering the Daffodil flower with a can
Water your Daffodil an inch per week during its growing season.

Water your Daffodil for about three weeks after blooming, then stop. 

But Daffodils do not like soggy soil, and overwatering may develop a fungal infection leading to bulb rot.

As the Daffodil bulb is the powerhouse for blossoms, you can not let them get damaged.

You should maintain uniform watering till the Daffodil’s last blossom fades away.

4. Proper Drainage Soil

The Daffodil flower must have a proper soil mix to bloom at its best.

For the ideal soil, ensure the nitrogen level is low, phosphorus high, and drains efficiently with moisture retention.

Moreover, the Daffodil plants thrive in neutral to slightly acidic soil (pH of 6 to 7) with proper drainage.

Ensure routine watering to avoid dry soil because your Daffodil loves moisture and is beneficial during the growing season.

Handful of Soil
Well draining soil is a must for plants.

If the soil is too wet, it causes the Daffodil bulbs to rot and flowers to wilt.

As dry soil causes no blooms, you shall consider mulching around the bulbs during the early spring.

5. Provide OptimumTemperature and Humidity

The Daffodil plant grows fine within the hardiness zone of 3 to 8 and does not necessarily require custom humidity.

However, some species of Daffodil may thrive better in a warmer environment.

In that case, keep Daffodil at a relative humidity of 60% while the temperature at 60­ºF. 

The temperature of the soil and the amount of light the plant receives are the two main factors that affect Daffodil growth.

Generally, the Daffodil plant thrives when the soil temperature is between 50 and 60 degrees Fahrenheit.

Effect of temperature in plants
Temperature influences plants’ photosynthesis, transpiration, germination, and flowering process.

Moreover, the Daffodil flower bulb needs to be given proper chilling time for about 11 to 13 weeks before they are ready to blossom.

Although grouping plants promotes better humidity, overcrowded Daffodils may cause no or poor bloom.

Pro Tip: Lift off the Daffodils and replant the bulbs at 2-3 inches apart after fertilizing soil with organic matter.

Common Reasons Why Your Daffodil is not Flowering

The garden looks lovely with Daffodil blooms. The best indication of spring is the Daffodils’ colorful blossoms.

So it’s disappointing when they don’t bloom. Let us dive deeper into the reasons why they are not blooming.

  • Daffodils may not bloom if the foliage is removed too soon after flowering. Because nutrients must be stored for Daffodil blooms, these nutrients develop in the foliage after the flowers bloom.
  • Daffodils may not bloom if they are planted too late in the autumn or they have small bulbs.
Daffodil-flowering-in-the-garden
Daffodil may not flower due to various reasons.
  • Daffodils with less blooming after years of prolific blooming are signs of crowded Daffodil bulbs that may need division.
  • If Daffodil bulbs are planted in too shady an area, they may not bloom.

How do you Make Daffodils Bloom in Vase?

The Daffodil flower lasts for a couple of weeks when they are left untouched on the plant.

But these vibrant flower lasts longer in a vase flaunting their beauty when provided with proper care.

Here is a complete stepwise procedure to make Daffolids bloom in a vase.

  • Find a Daffodil with the flower bud that has just started to show its color.
  • In the morning hours, using sterilized scissors cut the Daffodil stem at a 45° angle. Remember to cut the stem at the ground level, i.e., near the plant base.
Daffodil in the vase
Daffodil in the vase
  • Place your Daffodil cutting in warm water along with a floral preservative. Using cold water slows down the flowering process so avoid it.
  • Please keep them in a cool dark location at 70°F for almost 12 hours or overnight, and replace the water daily.
  • Cut the bottom of the stem, maintaining a 45° angle a couple of times while it is in the vase.
  • Usually, after a couple of days, you will be blessed with a bloom, and you need to replace the warm water with ice-cold water.
  • Ice cold water slows the growth rate, letting your Daffodil flower live longer.

Pro Tip: Do not place your Daffodil cuttings with other flowers in the same vase as Daffodil exude gooey sap that may harm other flower cuttings.

You can put your Daffodil along with other flowers in a vase only after letting the Daffodil sit for 24 hours separately.

What to do with Daffodil After They Bloom?

The Daffodil flower symbolizes rebirth and a new beginning while spreading the news of spring.

Daffodil blossom is undoubtedly something everyone’s eyes love to behold, which blooms easily when they are young and have fresh bulbs.

But the problem arises when you mess up with after-bloom cares.

The main concern you should be aware of is Daffodil blindness which generally occurs in aging bulbs.

Daffodil blindness is when a Daffodil plant has healthy foliage but does not produce flowers.

Daffodil blooming in the garden
Caring for Daffodil after blooming is crucial.

To avoid Daffodil blindness, all you have to do is proper follow the aftercare guide for Daffodils.

Here are a few things you can do with Daffodil after they bloom.

  • Timely deadhead the flowers as soon as they start to fade.
  • Do not prune off leaves until they turn completely brown or dead.
  • Provide a bone meal to your plant to ensure enough phosphate nutrition for next year’s bloom.
  • If your Daffodil is kept outdoor, apply a few bags of bone meal around the plant after they are done flowering.
  • Remember to avoid fertilizing the Daffodil’s foliage and only the soil around it.
  • Deadhead Daffodil blooms after they wilt or die. Old blooms that have died should be removed to help the flowers bloom the following year.
Daffodil wilting in the garden
You can deadhead the Daffodil flower after they die.
  • Deadheading flower ensures that the plant won’t further spend energy on seed production.

A research article published at the University of Nebraska stated that deadheading Daffodil blooms extended the flowering period up to two weeks.

  • You can leave the pruned-off flowers on the soil as compost or add them to your compost bin.
  • You can reduce watering after the flowers are dead.
  • Add 2-3 inches of mulch and cover the bulbs to protect them in the off-season.
  • Daffodils’ foliage will start to turn brown and fade as they end their blooming cycle. However, take your time trimming the foliage because it feeds the bulb below.
  • You can cut the leaves after they have dried up or lift the bulbs and store them.
  • Remove the leaves and leave the bulbs in the ground until they are ready to sprout new leaves.
Daffodil bulb
You can lift the Daffodil bulb and store it in a cold place.

After the flowers have faded, wait for 6 weeks after flowering to lift the bulbs until the leaves have turned yellow and wilted.

Dig a circle around the bulbs, taking care not to damage them, as an infected area can expose your bulb to disease and rot.

After you have lifted the bulbs, gently shake off the extra soil, then clean them with a soft brush. 

Store the bulbs in an onion sack or an old nylon stocking in a cool, dry place until planting in the fall.

Uses of Daffodil Plant Flowers

Did you know some brides choose to carry a bouquet of white Daffodils as it symbolizes a new beginning with purity and innocence?

Daffodils have been everyone’s favorite for their interesting symbolism and gorgeous blooms.

An interesting fact about the Daffodil flower is that when the bouquet of Daffodil is given to someone, it signifies good luck to the receiver.

Although giving a single Daffodil flower means bad luck in the coming year.

As the Daffodil flower cultivation dates way back to ancient Rome, there are some traditional usages of the Daffodil flower.

  • As a medicine to treat Alzheimer’s disease and Cancer
  • Its flower is used to induce vomiting.
  • To cure baldness
Beautiful Daffodil flower
The beautiful Daffodil flower has various medicinal and aesthetic uses.

Along with its traditional benefits, the recent research paper published in the IOSR Journal of Pharmacy showed various properties of the Narcissus tazetta.

  • It suppressed the growth of bacterial infections and was very effective against fungus.
  • The Daffodil flower inhibited positive influences in fighting off viruses and preventing malaria.
  • The use of Daffodil in the treatment of cancer showed significant positive results.
  • It boosts the immune system to protect the body from any damage caused by free radicals.
  • It helped to cure skin disorders and complications problems.
  • It showed hypertensive responses contributing to cardiovascular effects.

The study suggested the Narcissus tazetta, a Daffodil species, as a promising medical plant.

Health Considerations to Keep in Mind

The Daffodil flower looks astoundingly beautiful, and everyone wants to get one. But this deceptive beauty is hiding its darker face.

Every part of Daffodil is also toxic to you, your children, and your furry pets.

According to ASPCA, the Daffodil is toxic to cats, dogs, and even horses. Its ingestion causes vomiting, salvation, and diarrhea.

The Flowers bulb is considered the most poisonous as it contains a high amount of Lycorine and other alkaloids.

Some critical symptoms under heavy ingestion of Daffodil are convulsions, low blood pressure, tremors, and cardiac arrhythmias.

Acat is sitting near a Daffodil flower
Daffodil flowers are toxic to cats.

If you are skeptical about your pet or children ingesting any part of Daffodil regardless of the amount of consumption, seek medical help immediately.

Call these numbers for medical help in case of Daffodil ingestion.

To avoid any accidental ingestions, place them somewhere out of reach from your curious pets and children. 

Always wear gloves and wash your hands after working with the Daffodil plant.

Conclusion

The wide popularity of the Daffodil flower is winning several hearts thanks to its beautiful blossoms and easy maintenance nature.

With slight care and hard work, you will witness the greatest way of nature welcoming spring. 

Also, do not forget to keep them somewhere out of reach from your children and pets.

Happy Plant Parenting!!

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