Do you know that some Calathea varieties look like there are eyes on the leaves, mimicking the peacock feathers?
Calathea species are also called prayer plants as their leaves fold together at night, like a pair of praying hands.
I adore this plant for its unique large number of orange flowers and variegated patterns in foliage or painted leaves.
Generally, there are around 70 Calathea varieties native to tropical Americas. Some popular varieties of Calathea include Ornata, Lancifolia, Lietzei, Orbifolia, Makoyana, Roseopicta, Zebrina, Crocata, etc.
Calathea leaves have multiple uses, such as a roof covering, weaving baskets, and medicine extracts, letting the decor advantages alone.
If you have planned to grow Calathea plants, continue reading the article to select one of the best species for your home!
Table of Contents
- How Many Calathea Varieties are There?
- 20 Calathea Varieties with Names & Pictures
- 1. Freddie Calathea
- 2. Calathea Lancifolia
- 3. Corona Calathea
- 4. Calathea Zebrina
- 5. Calathea Makoyana
- 6. Calathea Ornata
- 7. Calathea Orbifolia
- 8. Calathea Crocata
- 9. Calathea Triostar
- 10. Calathea Warscewiczii
- 11. Calathea Majestica
- 12. Calathea Rufibarba
- 13. Calathea Elliptica
- 14. Calathea Gymnocarpa
- 15. Calathea Lietzei
- 16. Calathea Dottie
- 17. Calathea Fasciata
- 18. Calathea Ecuadoriana
- 19. Calathea Crotalifera
- 20. Calathea Macrosepala
- Some More Varieties of Calathea
- Tips To Care for Calathea Plants
How Many Calathea Varieties are There?
Calathea had more than 250 species, but many of them were added to the new genus Goeppertia, leaving the plant with 60 species and 70 calathea varieties.
White Fusion owns a variegated pattern with white splashes in dark green leaves, which is considered the rarest Calathea.
Though it is entirely subjective to determine the most beautiful Calathea, I prefer Calathea orbifolia, Calathea makoyana, and Calathea concinna.
Also, many gardeners mistake maranta for calathea because of their resembling foliage features.
Maranta plants contain primarily oval leaves, while calathea feature a wide range of leaf forms, including rounded, oval, and even lance-shaped.
If you need any help differentiating between the two, extend a few moments for Maranta vs Calathea.
20 Calathea Varieties with Names & Pictures
Calathea plants are known for their foliage, and one of the most common features is their luscious, dark green leaves that contain scalloped edges and silver brushmarks on the top leaves.
And under the leaves is a lovely burgundy-purple shade, which can make the Calathea smaller specimens excellent picks for tabletops.
As the plants grow, they can eventually reach up to about 3 feet or higher, but remember they are slow growers making the fantastic floor plants or on low plant stands.
Now before we extend more, let’s know the list and let you decide which one best suits your space!
1. Freddie Calathea
Also known as Calathea concinna or Calathea louisae, Freddie Calathea is native to Rio De Janeiro, Brazil.
This Calathea can get about 2-3 feet tall if it grows indoors with its elongated pointed leaves in alternate patterns around its stem.
Also, Calathea louisae has oval, dark green leaves with a pale and greenish-white feathery pattern running along with the mid veining of each leaf.
The plant also boasts leaves a shiny, elongated, and light green color with zebra stripes and borders in darker shades of green.
Also known as the Zebra plant, the Calathea Freddie has mature leaves around 4-7 inches in length.
This plant blooms with white flowers, with each flower blooming on the long stalk-like inflorescence developing from the center of the plant’s base.
If you own pets around the house, you need not worry about the harm from Freddie Calathea.
2. Calathea Lancifolia
Another calathea species is Calathea lancifolia, which commonly represents the Rattlesnake plant that is native to the Brazilian rainforest.
If you searching for the easiest calathea in the family, it ends with Calathea lancifolia. Calathea lancifolia can grow between 24 inches and 30 inches (60 – 75 cm) tall when it gets proper care.
Like all Calathea, Calathea lancifolia boasts a pattern on the leaves that resembles the markings found on some rattlesnakes.
Besides, Calathea lancifolia contains slender green-bladed leaves in the shape of a lance or spearhead. These leaves contain dark green leaf-like patterns rotating along each side of the leaf’s center.
If measured, Calathea lancifolia leaves can reach up to 18” (45 cm) long.
Also, this plant is a flowering perennial that blooms with 2-4 inches long conical spikes during late spring to early summer.
If you wish to know more about blooming features, extend your reach to Calathea Flowers.
3. Corona Calathea
Don’t be scared of reading this, as Corona calathea won’t harm you. Being native to Brazil, Corona Calathea thrives in USDA zone 10, about 12 inches tall and wide.
Corona Calathea has large glossy foliage with bright green to creamy patterns, and the underside is a reddish-purple texture.
Also, the foliage features broad, silvery-green leaves that taper to a point and are edged with a wide band of dark green.
Each leaf has a unique midrib, which is even reddish in hue.
This tropical also produces small white and purple flowers emerging from green bracts, which look like conical spikes with petals.
4. Calathea Zebrina
Calathea zebrina is called a Zebra Plant because its leaves have the same pattern as the Zebra. It is native to Southeastern Brazil and thrives in USDA zone 11 and 12.
It is a moderately fast-growing plant, so you can expect heights of around 80cm to 1 meter with long stalks.
The leaves of Calathea zebrina are velvety dark green with striking, wide, parallel yellowish-green stripes in a zebra-like pattern from the mid-vein to the leaf margins.
The other side of the leaves is a reddish-purple color; each leaf can be 12 inches or longer. The plant also blooms with large, low-growing inflorescences with white and purple flowers.
5. Calathea Makoyana
Another name for Calathea makoyana is a peacock plant because of its foliage that looks like a peacock’s tail. Native to eastern Brazil, this small Calathea grows to be 1-2 feet tall.
The plant has deep green leaves with a feathered appearance and owns the foliage that has purplish-pink lines underneath.
Besides, Calathea makoyana has large stemmed leaves with pale cream backgrounds, oval dark green motifs, and striping on a reddish-stemmed stem.
These light green leaves, which can grow to be 10 to 12 inches long, have a feathery appearance from the center to the dark green margin.
You can witness purple and white flowers which bloom in tiny flower clusters on the ends of stems between the large leafy leaves.
6. Calathea Ornata
Native to South America, Calathea ornata is commonly known as Pinstripe Plant due to the pin-like stripes in its leaves.
Calathea ornata contains long, dark green leaves with pink stripes, with its maroon underside.
The foliage also shows up with dark green and glossy leaves with green with pink stripes and reddish-purple color beneath the side of the leaves, and each leaf can reach 23 inches long.
This calathea plant can grow up to 6 ft in height and 3 feet wide, 3-9 feet in size in the wild, and 3 feet wide by 3 feet tall when grown indoors.
If you want a flower, Calathea ornata can never let you down with blooms in orange color with oval-shaped and grows on spiral bracts.
7. Calathea Orbifolia
Calathea orbifolia is another among calathea varieties native to Bolivia and thrives in USDA Zones 10-11.
It is a moderately fast grower, so you can expect the plant to reach 1 meter in height.
This Calathea has beautiful foliage with large subtle silvery striped foliage, and each leaf measures 30cm in width.
Boasting its foliage, Calathea orbifolia offers rounded oval leaves that have crisp, silvery gray and green bands along with thick individual stems.
In the springtime, they bloom and produce clusters of small white star-shaped flowers in their natural habitat. These rare flowers can measure white flowers 2 inches long.
8. Calathea Crocata
Calathea crocata is also known as another name, “the Eternal Flame Plant” due to its spiky yellow blooms resembling little flames.
It is native to Brazil and, as a result, grows healthiest in a humid environment.
Calathea crocata has leaves that offer metallic green on the outside with purple hues and brown undersides.
This plant produces yellow and orange flowers that develop on the top of the stems, a bit higher than the leaves, and blossoms can last for 3 months.
Calathea crocata can grow anywhere between 1 to 2 feet if taken care of properly.
9. Calathea Triostar
Calathea triostar is popularly known as the Calathea sanguinea plant and is called Triostar because of its three-colored foliage.
Native to the tropical regions of Costa Rica in South America, this plant can grow 2 to 3 feet in height and 1 to 2 feet in width.
Calathea triostar can make a great statement piece in your home with its stunning variegated leaves in shades of pink, green and white, and red undersides.
Each leaf has unique work of art with pink, cream, and shades of green lasciviously splashed along spear-like leaves.
Calathea triostar removes dead foliage once in a while to offer more pink splashes on the leaves.
Triostars also produce flowers in the months of March and April, and blossoms appear above the foliage in loose clusters. These flowers open as orange-red buds and end with a cherry pink in maturity.
10. Calathea Warscewiczii
Native to Central America, Calathe warscewiczii, is also known as Jungle Velvet Plant. This Calathea can grow to 3-4 feet high and wide if offered good care.
Calathea warscewiczii has velvety leaves with two-toned green markings and burgundy undersides.
These soft leaves feature light-and-dark green fishtail patterns and reddish-purple undersides.
In addition, this variety of Calathea blooms in white flowers in late winter and early spring.
The flower bracts appear on tall spikes, with white petals emerging from the cone’s interior, and can last only up to a month.
11. Calathea Majestica
Calathea majestica is a herbaceous evergreen perennial that grows to more than 3 feet with an erect and spreading form.
It is popularly known as the White Star Calathea and has ornate foliage.
Leaves of Calathea majestica are big and oblong, with white stripes running from the center to the borders.
You can notice patches of soft pink on top of their white stripe leaves, with vivid red on the undersides of mature plants.
Besides, it thrives in USDA zone 11 through 12 and can grow in between 4 to 5 feet which is great for placing in the corner of your room.
It rarely blooms, and flowers remain small and inconspicuous to all but the astute observer.
If you wish to know more Calathea Orbifolia requirements for health growth, bookmark the Ulitmate guide.
12. Calathea Rufibarba
Calathea rufibarba is usually known for its other name, Velvet Calathea or Furry Feather, because of its fur-like texture on the undersides of the leaves.
Native to Brazil, this plant can grow 2 to 3 feet tall with a similar width.
Interestingly, Calathea rufibarba is a tall variety and owns red stems and semi-glossy spear-like foliage that is very long green on top, and the underside is burgundy.
This Calathea produces a yellow flower that can last for about 1-3 months when it is mature, but it rarely blooms when you grow them indoors.
If you want to need proper guidance to make Calathea rufibarba the best version, you need to read the complete care guide!
13. Calathea Elliptica
Calathea elliptica is also known as Calathea ‘Vittata’ and considered an ornate plant.
It also earns the nickname ‘living plant’ as it closes or rises its leaves at night and uncurls or lowers them again in the morning.
Native to Colombia and French Guiana and s USDA zone 10 to 12, Calathea elliptical can have heights up to 2 feet.
Calathea elliptica has narrow white and dark green stripes on oval-shaped leaves to create a marbled appearance or striking contrast.
These glossy leaves reach up to 18″ in length.
Calathea ellliptica also has a small oval and densely vibrant green bracted spike that emerges from a stalk within the leaves, and the flowers are pale cream.
14. Calathea Gymnocarpa
Native to Nicaragua and Colombia, Calathea gymnocarpa is also called Goeppertia Gymnocarpa.
Calathea gymnocarpa has long and dark green leaves with a striped texture and contains somewhat curved leaf edges.
Consecutively, this plant grows anywhere from 3 to 5 feet when it matures in the calathea varieties.
It is hard for gymnocarpa to bloom indoors, but it offers orange and white flowers in the wild.
15. Calathea Lietzei
Also known as White Fusion, Calathea lietzei is considered the rarest Calathea. It is native to Central Mexico to tropical South America and thrives in USDA zone 11b through 12b.
This Calathea reaches around 60cm, so you can easily position it anywhere indoors.
Calathea lietzei has a variegated pattern on the bright green leaves with white splashes to offer often patchy and marbled look.
It offers clumps of long, narrow, lance-shaped, and variegated leaves with purple undersides, and each leaf measures up to 45cm in length.
This plant does bloom indoors, even under suitable lighting conditions, but you can witness bract with white flowers coming from the stalk if grown in the wild.
16. Calathea Dottie
Calathea Roseopicta ‘Dottie is a commercially cultivated houseplant and easy to grow because of a mutation of the Calathea Roseo Picta.
Though the plant is native to Brazil, you cannot find it in the wild, which can make it unique in the calathea varieties.
Calathea dottie features deep greenish-black eaves accented with hot pink variegation and pinkish-green undersides.
With a thriving habit of USDA zone 10b to 12, Calathea dottie can reach a height of around 40cm to 60cm.
It is also notable for the plant to witness little white blooms during the summer months, but flowers will appear only on rare occasions when kept as an indoor plant.
17. Calathea Fasciata
Calathea fasciata grows with an upright body and spreads like a shrub. Native to the northeast of Brazil and the USDA zone (11 to 12), the plant extends anywhere between 20 cm and 65cm.
Like other calathea, Calathea fasciata boasts foliage that features thick and luscious leaves with dark and light veins on the leaves’ top and gorgeous purple undersides.
And each leaf is measured around 5 to 6cm in length and 5 cm in width when the foliage matures.
Though Regel and Koern introduced the plant in 1858, it received the name from Edward August and Friedrich August duo.
Calathea fasciata thrives by noninvasive creeping rhizome, so you need not worry about your pets roaming around it.
18. Calathea Ecuadoriana
Finn Borchsenius and Stella Suárez described Calathea ecuatoriana for the first time in 2012.
As the name suggests Calathea ecuadoriana is native to Ecuador of South America and prospers in USDA zone 9-12.
It is an evergreen, clump-forming perennial herb that can grow up to 40-50 cm in height with creeping rhizome.
The foliage of Calathea ecuadoriana features the top part of the leaf as olive green with lighter veins, whereas the underside is purple to dark crimson.
These leaves offer a velvety look, folding together during the night and unfolding again in the morning.
If you want to see flowers of Goeppertia ecuadoriana, you need to be lucky enough as they bloom in summer (rarely in cultivation).
The plant produces the racemes of tubular flowers with light green bracts, but these yellow flowers are fairly insignificant and lack fragrance.
19. Calathea Crotalifera
Calathea crotalifera is also known as the Rattle Snake plant because of its inflorescences that resemble a baby’s rattle.
Native to Central America, Mexico, and South America, it prospers in USDA zone 10-12 and can grow up to 10 feet tall.
This calathea grows from an underground rhizome and offers very large green leaves.
Calathea crotalifera has large, oval-shaped leaves with long petioles that keep it erect. The topsides of the leaves are dark green, while a mix of gray and green covered the undersides.
Moreover, the plant is famous for its bloom, with peculiar yellow upright inflorescences mimicking rattlesnakes extending up to 10 inches long.
When the flowers mature, they bear about 1.3 cm long, egg-shaped seed capsules that feature dark blue seeds shelled with white flesh.
20. Calathea Macrosepala
If you heard the names such as Risomas, Chufles, Flor Blanca, Macuses, or Macusas, do not be confused to get Calathea macrosepala.
Native to southern Mexico, western Colombia, and Trinidad, the plant can grow anywhere between 0.6 and1.8 m in height.
With its striking beauty, Calathea macrosepala features large basal leaves with pointed apex, green feather-like patterns along the central vein, and pale green on the underside.
Likewise, the blooms of this calathea are oval to spherical, 1.5-4 inches long and 1-2 inches broad, with persistent, upright petals.
The flower of Calathea macrosepala is edible and can be used in various recipes like soups and salads worldwide.
Some More Varieties of Calathea
The long list of Calathea does not end here. There are other beautiful varieties you must not miss.
I have created a list of other varieties which you will surely fall in love with.
|Calathea Varieites||Growth Sizes||Features|
|Calathea lutea||Length:13 feet tall|
Wide: 8-12 inches
|Leathery leaves with creamy and light-green stripes.|
|Calathea musaica||Length: 2 feet tall|
Wide: 2 to 3 feet
|Oval light green foliage with mosaic-like markings.|
|Calathea marantifolia||Length: 1-2 feet tall|
|Leaves resemble banana leaves with broad and thin-stemmed leaves.|
|Calathea lasiostachya||Length: 2-3 feet|
Width: 1.5 feet
|Leaves are long, slender, and tough.|
|Calathea albertii||Length: 0.8-1.3 feet |
Width: 1 feet
|Leaves are shiny, dark green with pale green stripes and red on the undersides.|
|Calathea variegata||Length: 2-3 feet|
Width: 2 feet
|Long light green leaves with dark green stripes.|
|Calathea picturata||Length: 1.3- 2 feet|
Width: 3 feet
|The leaves have a green band around the perimeter of the leaf with a pale green interior.|
|Calathea wiotii||Length: 6 inches|
Width: 1-2 feet
|Light green leaves with dark green stripes.|
|Calathea ‘Helen Kennedy’||Length: 2-3 feet|
Width: 1.5 feet
|The foliage looks like a peacock with a pale green and dark green contrast.|
|Calathea 'Pink Aurora'||Length: 2 feet|
Width: 1.5 feet
|Pale green leaves with a thin dark green band on the perimeter|
Tips To Care for Calathea Plants
Calathea plants are tender perennials that grow in clumps from tuberous and underground roots.
They best thrive in the hardiness zone above 8, depending on the calathea varieties, so you need to provide these plants with a tropical environment.
Keep the following requirements to grow your calathea to the best version!
- Calathea needs 8 to 10 hours of medium and indirect sunlight to grow, but if it is not possible, you can also insert grow light and give them at least 12 hours of artificial light.
If you want to grow calathea outsides, keep 18 to 24 inches (45-60 cm) gap between the plants.
- The tap, filtered, or distilled water can be best for the calathea plants, and watering every 1-2 weeks will be enough.
- For your Calathea, mix 40 percent coco coir, 40 percent perlite, and 20 percent potting soil.
- You can set the temperature between 65 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit and the humidity level to 50% or more.
- Also, calathea can best thrive in a loamy soil mix that drains well but remains damp and has a slightly acidic pH level of 6.5.
- You can cater to calathea varieties with a balanced or all-purpose fertilizer, such as a 10-10-10 Soil Fertilizer, once a month during spring and summer.
- Calathea may need repotting once every 1-2 years with the pot 1-2 inches bigger than the previous one.
- You need not bother calathea to prune, but if it grows fully, you can do it occasionally.
- If you find the pests such as Spider Mites, Whiteflies, scales, Mealybugs, or Thrips, you can apply to your calathea with neem oil, horticultural oil, insecticidal soap, and sticky traps to drive them away.
- Bacterial Leaf Spots and Root Rot also trouble these plants, so you need to treat them in time.
You need to continue reading the Problems and Solutions if you want to ensure your calathea is healthy!
Calathea is mainly reputed for luscious, dark green leaves that feature scalloped edges and silver brushmarks on the top of the leaves.
Displaying these Calatheas will make a statement in your house and brighten your space. Besides, these plants can purify the air and boost humidity levels to leverage the plantsmen lifestyle.
If you wish to know more, continue Calathea Plant Benefits.
After reading the 20 best calathea varieties, I am sure you are full of knowledge now to pick one best for you from the list.