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Expert Recommended Spring Gardening Tasks & Tips

Spring makes the perfect time to refurbish your garden and make it picture-perfect with incredible blossoms after a long, boring dormancy.

Generally, the best time to start gardening is after sprout planning in the winter. So, spring gardening tasks include preparing seeds, pruning, mulching, cleaning beds, dividing perennials, smart planting, etc.
Approaching the spring warms up the soil temperature, and you can directly plant seedlings when the soil temperature reaches 55°F. 

Use this spring checklist to prepare the garden and insert flowerbeds, trees, and shrubs for the summer harvest.

Essential Spring Gardening Tasks & Tips

Spring gardening (March-May) is perfect for welcoming varieties of flowers and vegetables into your garden. 

Stay hydrated and Safeguard yourself with the kits, including gloves, sunscreens, etc., to avoid mishappens.

1. Early Spring Preparations

Early spring begins in March when the end of the frost makes compact soil loosen up.

Sterilize the gardening tools and test your garden soil to protect plants from pathogens and weeds.

  • Create a seating area in your spring oasis with a few garden chairs, ottomans, and a table.
  • Start clearing the winter litter of plant annuals and divide the overcrowded perennials.
  • Prepare garden beds by digging about 12-14 inches.
  • Remove the last year’s mulch around perennials and add fresh mulch to avoid weeds.
  • Ensure you have pruned your trees and bushes before new growth to encourage stress-free plants.
Pruned Rose plant
Prune your plants before the growth of flower buds to enhance blooming in the spring.
  • You must only plant the cold-season vegetables, like lettuce, cauliflower, potatoes, peas, etc., that you germinate in the winter.
  • Once you plant them in early spring, they will be ready to harvest in early summer.
Tip: Sow tulip bulbs in the fall before the ground freezes or in early spring once the soil thaws.

2. Mid Spring Preparations

Mid-spring occurs in April, the blooming season of incredible April flowers.

You can enhance the growth of your vegetables, houseplants, and lawn plants by applying balanced fertilizers

  • Look for empty spots and fill them with seasonal plants. 
  • Add feeders and water sources to attract various pollinators like birds and butterflies.
  • Plant summer-blooming flowers like Calla lilies, Canna lilies, etc. Quick flowering plants like pansies and snapdragons will brighten up your garden.
  • Start immediately adding trees, shrubs, and vegetables like corn, broccoli, sweet peas, etc., when the ground warms.
  • Apply fresh mulch around your newly planted plants before the weeds’ invasion to avoid them for years.
  • Organic fertilizers will work best if you want the safest option for feeding your plants.

3. Late Spring Preparations

Late spring, which occurs in May, is also considered the beginning of summer.

You can place your plants outdoors in a warm environment with no risk of nighttime frost.

  • Deadhead all the dried and yellowed spring flowers so that they can store energy to bloom for next year.
  • Remove the weeds and prepare the next garden bed for summer annuals.
  • Start planting summer annuals and vegetables like Poppies, Zinnia, Impatiens, Petunias, Tomatoes, Peppers, Brinjals, etc.
  • Late spring is the right time to plant the bulbs of Dahlia and Gladiolus when the ground has no more frost threats.
  • Go for the next round of fertilization and mulching according to your plant’s requirements.
  • Provide your plants with extra hydration as the soil constantly dries up at the beginning of summer. 

This table will make you clear about what to plant during three intervals of Spring.

Early SpringMid SpringLate Spring
AsparagusCorn Eggplant
PeasSweet peasSummer Squash
BeetsSwiss ChardCucumber
RhubarbCabbageWinter squash

You can start spring gardening with the first episode of “Spring Gardening with Carol Klein.”

From Editorial Team

Protect your plant from late spring frost!

We can’t be sure about the weather forecast as late-spring frost can occur anytime during spring.

So, be prepared and manage a piece of cloth to protect your plant from chilling frost.

If the temperature is below freezing, place the plastic over the covered plant for extra protection.