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What are the Red Spots On Fiddle Leaf Fig?

Are you experiencing some random Red Spots on your Fiddle Leaf Fig? Then you are not the only one facing this issue.

Fiddle Leaf Fig is quite popular among plant enthusiasts as it adds ambiance through its large, violin-shaped leaves.

It prefers moist and well-draining soil throughout the growing season. Roots deprived of enough moisture can lead to a condition affecting the plants’ growth.

Generally, the red spots on Fiddle Leaf Fig result from Edema. Spider mites damage, bacterial and fungal infection along underwatering the plant are a few of the other reasons related to red spots on the plant.

A potted Fiddle Leaf
A potted Fiddle Leaf Fig. (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

If you face such red spots in Fiddle Leaf Fig, then pests, diseases, or unfavorable conditions are to be blamed.

No need to worry; all of these can be managed easily with a few tips and tricks to protect your precious plant.

Maintain a proper watering schedule and a well-draining soil mixture that removes excess soil moisture to solve the majority of these issues.

We will go through every step you need to take to provide the best care for your plant, from identifying the pest problems to determining the best remedies.

Are Red Spots on Fiddle Leaf Fig: A Plant Dying Sign?

Just because your plant has red spots on its leaves, it does not mean that the plant is dying.

Red spots on the Fiddle Leaf Fig usually mean that it might be suffering from a few pests, bacterial or fungal infections.

The most common reason behind red spots on the leaves is Edema, which arises due to improper watering of the plant.

A few other reasons for the red spots on the plant can also be due to natural conditions like minimal sunlight drought-like conditions.

According to the University of Florida, the red spots arise due to excessive moisture in the plant, followed by high levels of sunlight.

Is your Fiddle Leaf Fig leaning as well? Fix it with the necessary steps as mentioned on: How to Fix a Leaning Fiddle Leaf Fig?

What are the Red Spots on my Fiddle Leaf Fig?

Spider Mites, Bacterial and fungal infections are a few of the common insects which harm the plant and cause red spots.

If any plant becomes afflicted with spider mites, you should take immediate treatment.

Environmental-related stress such as overwatering and underwatering along with sunburn can also induce red spots on Fiddle Leaf Fig.

Below is a list of all the pests, diseases, and environmental conditions that might be the red spot on your Fiddle Leaf Fig and solutions to these issues.

Problems leading to Red SpotsSymptoms
Edema Blisters formed near the red spots.
Spider MitesWhite silk like substances on the underside of leaves.
False Spider MitesSmall red spots which move upon touching.
Bacterial InfectionYellowing of leaves
Affected leaves all over the plant.
Fungal Infection Root rot
Spots which arise in dark and damp conditions.
UnderwateringRed spots around the edges.
Red spots all across the plant.
OverwateringRed spots appear at the leafs' centre
Yellowing leaves
Stunted growth
SunburnBleachy red, brown spots on the leaves.

Let’s look at the problems in detail.

1. Edema in Fiddle Leaf Fig

One of the most shared causes of red spots on Fiddle Leaf Fig is Edema.

Although it can happen to any plant with broad leaves, your Fiddle Leaf Fig, as per the Missouri Botanical garden, is more sensitive to circumstances leading to the development of Edema/Oedema.

Edema is a direct result of improper watering of the plant, causing excessive moisture in the leaves.

Wisconsin Horticulture states, “Edema, also spelled as Oedema, is a physiological disorder. It develops when the roots take up water at a faster rate than that of plants’ Transpiration rate.”

This causes excessive moisture in the leaves, leading to pressure buildup, causing the leaves to burst. The red spots appear as a result of blisters near the surrounding tissues.

Dealing with Edema is tricky because Fiddle Leaf Fig requires a high amount of water during its growing stage.

Maintaining the proper amount can be pretty tricky for plant owners. As the plant matures, the water requirement increases, balancing Edema and moisture-related issues.

Ultimately, the ideal solution to removing red spots caused by Edema is to increase the frequency of watering schedule when the plant begins new growth, sprouts.

Excessive water should also be provided in the growth stage of fiddle leaf fig. The water intake should be reduced and balanced according to the growth cycle during normal growth.

Water-related issues are the only known cause for Edema in Fiddle Leaf Figs.

With the changes in the watering regimen, those spots can indeed disappear. In the mean time, the new growth of your Fig will award you with bright green, smooth, and spotless Leaf.

Other conditions such as rust of fungus, sunburn, and insect infestations can also cause red spots, which are not related to Edema.

How to Check for Edema?

If you are confused whether the reason is Edema or some other conditions, you can check for:

  • Edema does not affect older areas of the plants; it only affects new sprouts.
  • The red spots are 1-3mm in size.
  • The size of the red spots remains constant.
  • The occurrence of Edema does not leave holes in the leaves and stem.

Maintaining the water requirements properly helps reduce the red spots caused by Edema.

Good NEWS!! Since Edema is not a bacterial, viral or fungal infection, you don’t need to Isolate your Fiddle Leaf Fig, since the problem is not at all communicable.

Watering Tips to Tackle Edema

  • Identify the growing stage of the plant.
  • Implement a proper watering schedule for the plant. Make sure to water the plant properly when it is growing sprouts.
  • Place the plant in a well-draining soil mix to ensure proper soil moisture.
  • For the precise decision, take the help of a moisture meter.
  • Make sure to include proper drainage holes at the bottom of the container.
  • Water sparingly during the winter, as the plant has less transpiration during cold weather.
  • Let the soil to dry out before resuming water again.
  • When the humidity levels are high, cut down on the watering schedule.
  • Maintaining Proper lighting also helps reduce the water-related issues in Fiddle Leaf Figs, reducing the Edema.

Learn more about Edema, What it is, and what to do if you see it! in this video

2. Spider Mites and False Spider Mites Infestations

Spider Mites is another reason for the red spots in your Fiddle Leaf Figs. These are tiny insects that are technically parasites.

They live on the leaves’ underside and produce white silk-like webs that damage the plant. The webs are produced to block essential nutrients’ transport and trap moisture.

Spider mites also feed on the plant’s cells, leading to its death and causing the leaves to turn red.

Spider mites infestation in plants.
Spider mites infestation in plants. (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

Visually identifying these spider mites can be difficult. But we can identify whether a plant is infested with spider mites by checking the underside of leaves.

They have a remarkably high reproduction rate; they can kill or weaken your Fiddle Leaf Fig in just a matter of a few weeks.

Hot, dry conditions often favor the rapid growth of spider mites in the plants.

By simply maintaining moisture around the plant,  spider mites infestations can be managed up to some extent.

Spiders’ mites are not the only parasite that attacks your Fiddle leaf Fig.

False spider mites also infest your plant, which is more difficult to identify than spider mites.

These pests form silky web-like structures.

It makes it very difficult to identify a plant infested with false spider mites. You can check for false spider mites infestations by using a magnifying glass.

Check for the small red spots on the plant and whether they move or not. If there are any signs of movement, then understand that your plant is probably infested with false spider mites.

Red mite on foliage
Red Mite (Source: Pexels)

Plants infected with false spider mites show stunted growth or stop growing permanently.

Since spider mites and false spider mites are similar, implementing the same solutions and preventive measures for these pests works quite well.

How to Deal with Mites on Fiddle Leaf Fig?

The mites can reproduce very quickly and spread to other plant areas.

Separate the infected plant immediately from other healthy plants to mitigate the spread. Or prune the affected leaves and stems to prevent further spread.

If you observe any signs of mites infestation on Fiddle Leaf Fig, then use neem oil mixture, insecticide spray and spray on the infected area.

Shower the plant with strong water jets to remove spider mites clinging onto leaves.

The unique, organic solvent in the neem oil creates a layer on the plant, preventing spider mites eggs’ growth.

Also, using essential oils such as spearmint and rosemary helps keep the pest away from the fiddle leaf fig.

Simply coating the fiddle leaf fig leaves with rubbing alcohol prevents the spider mites from laying eggs, ultimately disrupting their life cycle.

Preventive Measures

  • Maintain high relative humidity.
  • Make sure to check the new household plants every time for any signs of pests.
  • Wipe the plant regularly with a wet cloth with rubbing alcohol and water mixture to remove spider mites before they can cause damage.
A lady Wiping the leaves after using pest controlling insecticides
Wipe the plant with a rubbing alcohol and water mixture to remove mites. (Source: Pexel)
  • Check the plant for any signs of a pest infestation before introducing it to other plants to reduce the risk of infestations.
  • Introducing nature predators of spider mites such as ladybugs, lacewings, and pirate bugs is a natural preventive measure.
  • Try to keep dust away from the plant by regularly cleaning the leaves.

Do not worry; these issues go away once we remove the mites infestation. The plant will begin to thrive and grow beautifully once again.

3. Bacterial Infections

Like any other plant, Fiddle Leaf Fig also suffers from a few bacterial and fungal infections primarily caused by moisture-related issues.

These infections can also cause red or brown spots to develop on the Figs’ leaves from time to time.

A bacterial infection is rare in Fiddle Leaf Fig, but not uncommon. Usually, it is the case when you are following a proper watering schedule, detect no pests, but the plant is still suffering.

There are a few factors from which we can determine if your plant is suffering from bacterial infections:

  • Yellowing Leaves: The leaves tend to change to almost yellowish towards the edges, spots.
  • Multiple Spots in a single Leaf: Multiple spots will arise in a single leaf around the edges and spread towards the stem.
  • Leaves affected all over the plant: Leaves all over the plant become affected with black spots if infected with a bacterial infection.

Solutions Measures

  • Remove the infected parts to prevent further spread.
  • Repot the plant in fresh soil and clean the pot.
  • Place the plant near a location that receives plenty of sunlight.
  • Do not mist or shower the plant if you identify any signs of bacterial infections.
  • Make use of bacteriocides containing copper compounds to control bacterial infections.
  • Using Houseplant Resource Center Plant Leaf Armor spray can also help mitigate bacterial infection.

Preventive Measures

  • Check your plants properly before buying them.
  • Keep the plants clean using household bleach and water mixture and spray on the plant.
  • Only use sterilized equipment when handling the plants for pruning cutting.
  • Do not overwater the plant, as it creates an excessively moist environment for the plant, which acts as a breeding ground for bacteria.
  • Do not overcrowd the plants; provide proper air circulation.
  • Avoid touching the leaves frequently; it increases the chances of spreading microorganisms.
  • Always keep the soil clean. Avoid putting any debris, dust, or unwanted objects in the soil.

4. Fungal Infection

Fungal infections are directly related to excessive moisture in the plants.

Accumulation of soil moisture leads to fungal infections in the roots as it does not receive proper air circulation. It eventually leads to root rot, leading to red spots on the leaves.

Fungus thrives in dark and damp conditions. Simply removing these conditions can help us manage fungal infections in plants up to some extent.

Providing proper drainage holes for excess water to flow having well-draining soil can be beneficial too.

Treatment Measures
  • Remove fungus using a spoon or hand (wearing protective gloves).
  • Provide bright lighting for the plants to dry out the soil for a few days.
  • Use antifungal treatment spray or use cinnamon, a natural fungicide.
  • Repot your plant in fresh soil to remove fungal infections affecting the root.
Preventive Measures
  • Avoid overwatering the plant.
  • Check your plants carefully for signs of fungal infections.
  • Separate the plant in case of infestation.

5. Watering Issues in Fiddle Leaf Fig

Overwatering causes moisture-related stress for the plant, which leads to fungal infections and root rot leading to red and brown spots on the leaves.

But underwatering can also cause severe issues such as stunted growth or permanently stopping growing.

When the plant faces drought or underwatering issues, the soil root becomes affected, and hard to absorb minerals from the soil.

Yellowing of leaves, stunted growth, root rot, and nutrient deficiency are also a result of overwatering the plant.

The lack of essential nutrients eventually leads to the death of the leaves’ stem. It leads to red-brown spots being formed on the leaves.

Water droplets on the leaves of Fiddle Leaf Fig
Water droplets on the leaves of Fiddle Leaf Fig. (Source: Unsplash)

Symptoms of an Overwatered Fiddle Leaf Fig

  • The red spots appear only around the Figs’ leaves center.
  • The leaves near the soil get the red and brown spots before the higher leaves.
  • Leaves near the soil tend to turn yellow and limp before the other leaves, which are higher.
  • Visible signs of root rot can be identified from brown and mushy roots.
  • Stunted growth and curled leaves are also signs of overwatered Fiddle Leaf Fig.

Treatment for Overwatered Fiddle Leaf Fig

  • Make large drainage holes at the bottom of the container to remove any excess water from the soil.
  • Invest in a soil moisture meter and check the water and moisture content accordingly.
  • Only water the plants when the soil becomes visibly dry.
  • Repot your plant by properly removing the root ball and pruning any damaged roots.
  • Repot into another potting medium in a suitable-sized container (3-4 inches larger in diameter than the plant).
  • Maintain a proper lighting schedule (bright indirect sunlight) and adequate temperature (65-75°F) to ensure the soil does not remain wet for a long time.
  • Prune the infected roots and stem before they spread to other plant parts.

Symptoms of an Underwatered Fiddle Leaf Fig

  • The red spots appear around the edges of the Figs’ leaves.
  • Red and brown spots appear randomly across the plant from top to bottom.
  • Underwatered Fiddle leaf shows signs of the plant being droopy and turning yellow.

Treatment for Underwatered Fiddle Leaf Fig

  • Thoroughly water the plant as soon as possible to soak the soil, roots such that water moves out from the drainage holes.
  • If the soil is arid, water might not be able to penetrate. Poke holes on the soil then water to allow proper absorption.
  • Water the plant once a week to avoid soil drying out.
  • Increasing humidity around the plant also helps when the plant is underwatered.
  • Avoid transplanting the plant until new buds growth can be observed.

Brown leaves and bare branches are signs of underwater plants; it is not necessary to prune the plants during this stage.

Few Factors affecting Water Requirements in Fiddle Leaf Fig:

  • Weather and Temperature: The plants require more water during the hot weather and higher temperature as the soil dries up quickly.
  • Sunlight requirements: Moving the plant from low light to intense sunlight can quickly dry soil.
  • Soil aeration: If the soil is not appropriately aerated, the roots cannot absorb water properly and flow outside the pot.

Preventive Measures

  • Avoid under/overwatering the plant.
  • Watering the plant weekly is enough for its proper growth and development. This also prevents underwatering and overwatering of the plant.
  • You can check the soil’s moisture level using a soil moisture meter and water according to its requirements.
  • Use similar water quality while watering the plant (preferably rainwater or distilled water).
  • Avoid watering the leaves of Fiddle Leaf Fig; water directly on the soil instead.
  • Place the plant in a location that receives proper lighting (indirect lighting).
  • Implement a proper watering schedule (once a week).
  • Water the plant during the morning or late evening when the temperature is cooler.

6. Sunburnt Foliage

Sunburn leading to red spots in Fiddle Leaf Fig is very rare compared to the other causes.

These plants thrive in bright, sunny conditions, so they prefer sunlight. But be aware not do not to place Fiddle Leaf Fig in direct sunlight; it might lead to scorching of leaves and sunburns.

Placing the plant in direct sunlight can lead to bleachy spots (red, brown, or even white) on the leaves.

Leaves of Fiddle Leaf Fig being sunburnt.
Leaves of Fiddle Leaf Fig being sunburnt. (Source: Twitter)

Treatment Measures

  • Move the plant away from direct sunlight to prevent further sunburn damage.
  • Prune the scorched area of the plant as the chances of recovery is minor.
  • An ideal way to aid with sunburn recovery is by increasing the Fiddle Leaf Fig’s humidity level and water requirement.
  • The dry environment is also a factor known for causing sunburn. Make use of a humidifier to increase the humidity around the plant.

Preventive Measures

  • Avoid placing the sun in direct sunlight; instead, place the plant in locations like the porch or patio.
  • Avoid placing the plant near electrical equipment; excessive heat can also lead to red spots in the plant.
  • Make use of window blind covers to protect the plant from direct sunlight.
  • Using a 40% shade cloth would be great to protect it from direct harsh sunlight.
  • Place the plant outside only during the early morning or later in the afternoon to avoid harsh midday sunlight.
  • Place the plant in a northern facing window to receive indirect sunlight.

Dropping leaves of Fiddle Leaf Fig can be solved if you timely know the cause. Here is an article that might help you: Why Is My Fiddle Leaf Fig Dropping Leaves?

Tips to Prevent Red Spots on Fiddle Leaf Fig

Fiddle Leaf Figs are not tricky plants and require minimal care and effort.

But they do become infested with pests, diseases, and environmental stress, which can cause red-brown spots to form on the leaves.

We can easily manage this from the tips and tricks mentioned above.

Here are a few other tips and tricks to prevent red spots in Fiddle Leaf Fig and make it healthy and lustrous.

  • The water quantity received by the plant should be regulated according to the temperature.
  • Place the Fiddle Leaf Fig in a location where it receives indirect sunlight.
  • Make changes in the watering and lighting patterns according to the seasonal changes.
  • Make sure to clean the plant’s leaves to avoid bacterial, fungal infections and prevent spider mites infestations.
  • Prune the leaves annually to maintain the proper height of the plant.

Also, watch the video below and how to take care of your Fiddle Leaf Fig properly.

Conclusion

Fiddle Leaf Figs are lovely indoor plants and add color and ambiance through their unique leaves.

The red spots on the leaves are common and can be easily handled using proper care tips and tricks.

Maintaining proper relative humidity and soil moisture is vital as it is the primary reason for the red spots, leading to Edema bacterial and fungal infections.

Parasitic pests infections such as Spider mites or false spider mites can be handled using a water spray jet.

All in all, having a look at the plant for these signs can protect it and help it grow to its full potential.

So, are you now able to find out what the RED SPOT is on your FIDDLE LEAF FIG actually are!!

Are you here for Council Tree instead? Don’t worry, here are: 13 Best Tips to Care for Ficus Altissima (Council Tree).

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