Many people grow Pink Syngonium at home for their lush pink arrowhead leaves, but not everyone can get that right color.
A plant native to the Mexican rainforests requires an ideal growing condition to get lush, full foliage with the desired color.
Pink Syngonium requires indirect sunlight to help produce more chlorophyll that gives the leaves their signature pink color. Ensure to keep the humidity to 40-60% and temperature of 60-85°F. Fertilize twice a month.
A super versatile flowering plant, you can choose to grow them as a bushy houseplant, a vine, or a terrarium pet.
However, a slight mistake can push back its growth and damage the stunning appearance of the leaves.
Therefore, we have brought a complete guide about taking care of Pink Syngonium at home. Read on to know more.
Table of Contents
- Pink Syngonium Overview
- A Complete Care Guide For Pink Syngonium
- Common Problems with Pink Syngonium
- Benefits of Pink Syngonium
Pink Syngonium Overview
Pink Syngonium is an evergreen houseplant that can grow up to 3-6 ft and spread up to 2 ft indoors.
Also known as Arrowhead plant, Arrowhead Vine, and Goosefoot, these plants are known for their multitude of colors and patterning.
Here is a table describing the essential details about Pink Syngonium.
|Scientific Name||Syngonium podophyllum|
|Native||Southern Mexico, Bolivia, Brazil, and Ecuador|
|Pruning||Trim overgrown vines and old leaves every spring|
|Propagation||Propagate by root stem cutting in spring|
|Toxicity||Toxic to humans or animals|
|Watering||Young plants need less water, while mature plants need frequent watering|
|Lighting||Low to medium lighting|
|Season||Growing season Feb to May, July to Sept|
|Soil type||Rich, well-drained, and light substrate|
|Pest/Diseases||Spider mites, Mealybugs, Aphids, Bacterial Blight, and Stem Rot|
The Arrowhead plant needs special requirements for successful proliferation, but most of these requirements are not complicated.
Along with Pink Syngonium, you can find other delectable Syngonium varieties for the houseplants such as Pink Allusion, White Butterfly, Mini Pixie, Exotic Allusion, Green Hold, and Bold Allusion.
Let us delve deep into learning about your beloved plant and how to best take care of them.
A Complete Care Guide For Pink Syngonium
Like any tropical plant, Pink Syngonium requires a warm and humid environment with indirect sunlight and well-drained soil for healthy growth.
Growing them in unusual conditions will invite many problems, including pushed-back growth, pests, and bacterial blight.
Therefore, in some ways, they do require moderately intense care, conditioning, and environment.
Here is how you can best care for your Pink Syngonium.
1. Adequate Watering
Pink Syngonium is slightly resistant to drought, but it may not survive overwatering.
Excess watering can leave the soil saturated, preventing oxygen from reaching the roots. As a result, along with yellowing or browning foliage, the plant may start witnessing bacterial diseases.
You should water them moderately throughout the growing season but cut back in the winter months.
Tips to Water Pink Synogium
- Water them once a week during the growing season but cut back on watering during winter to once every two weeks.
- Let the top 1-2 inches of soil dry out between watering. Then, stick your finger into the soil to check for dryness.
- Leaving the plant dry can turn the bottom foliage brownish.
- Use the bottom-watering method. Place water in a saucer or container and keep the pot inside to let the plant naturally soak the water.
- Use filtered water or rainwater to prevent the increase in saline levels in the soil.
- Keep the water overnight to let it warm to room temperature.
2. Ideal Temperature
Like any tropical plant, it needs a moderately warm temperature at all times to keep the soil warm.
|Below 60°F (<15°C)||It is too cold for the plant. The low temperature will stunt the growth.|
|65-85°F (16°C to 29°C)||An ideal temperature will induce root and foliage growth.|
|Above 85°F (>29°F)||The plant can briefly survive the rising temperature, but the continuous exposure will burn the leaves.|
Pink Syngonium thrives in most household temperatures ranging from 60°F to 85°F (16°C to 22°C).
An ideal room temperature provides tremendous growth to help produce vibrant pink and green foliage.
Tips to Maintain an Adequate Temperature
- Place them close to the east or north-facing windowsill or patio with enough indirect sunlight.
- Avoid placing them in direct light facing window as it can discolor the leaves.
- Ensure the temperature does not drop below 60°F since the low temperature can stunt the growth.
- Move them inside when the temperature starts dropping but avoid keeping them close to the heater or air conditioner.
- Avoid keeping them outside when the temperature rises above 80°F as it sucks the sap dry, leaving them limp.
3. Sunlight and Location
The tropical houseplant thrives in indirect sunlight and prefers medium to low light conditions.
According to a study, low lighting is more critical to produce rich pink color on Syngonium because the plant will produce more chlorophyll to produce natural color.
However, avoid placing them close to direct sunlight as it can easily scorch their leaves and leave them limp.
Tips for Maintaining Proper Lighting and Location
- Choose a location that receives bright lighting but keep away from close to the window.
- Seasoned gardeners recommend keeping the plant on an east-facing or north-facing windowsill.
- You can also use overhanging Terrarium to grow the plant indoors but ensure the room receives low light.
- Move your plant indoors during winter but ensure to provide enough indirect lighting. Alternatively, you can keep the plant under the LED grow lights for 5-6 hours.
- Remember to rotate the plant once a week during the growing season to get full foliage.
Pro Tip: The darker leaves will naturally retain a rich dark tint in dark conditions.
4. Moderate Humidity
Arrowhead manages well in moderate humidity level of around 40-50%.
Ensure to provide 50-60% of humidity to maintain the right foliage color and healthy proliferation.
Tips for Maintaining a Right Humidity Level
- Misting the plant leaves during the growing season will provide additional humidity, but ensure to mist the leaves early morning to evaporate slowly.
- Wipe the leaves 1-2 times a week with a damp cloth during the growing season to provide moisture.
- If your room lacks enough humidity, consider installing a room humidifier or adding houseplants to increase the humidity level.
- Naturally, boost the humidity level by filling a tray with water and covering it with some stones. Place the plant over the rocks but ensure it does not touch the water.
5. Soil Mix
The potting soil is a significant concern for Pink Syngonium because soggy soil will affect the plant’s growth.
Syngonium ideally prefers soil with a blend of perlite and moss that naturally mimics the well-draining environment.
It does well in medium acidic soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5. Ensure to add sphagnum peat into the soil mix to boost the acidic contents.
Moreover, using peat moss provides essential nutrients and microorganisms to the roots.
How to Prepare an Ideal Potting Mix for Syngonium?
- Instead of using regular soil, choose a commercial potting mix with porous and well-drained elements such as peat moss, coco coir, vermiculite, and perlite.
- Add 30% of regular garden soil, 25% cocopeat, 25% Vermicompost, and 20% perlite into the mix.
- Alternatively, you can use commercial potting soil for the organic plant.
- For adding microorganisms, use cow dung or regular compost.
- The porous nature of the soil will allow the plant roots to get enough oxygen while holding the moisture inside.
6. Yearly Fertilization
Arrowhead enjoys regular fertilization during the growing season.
Feeding the plant twice a month will provide the required nutrient boost for rich green and pink foliage.
However, too strong plant food may leave the soil toxic.
Tips for Fertilizing the Synognium
- Use a slow-release fertilizer with 1/2 strength.
- Fertilize the plant twice a month during the growing season but cut back in winter.
- Water-based fertilizer is the best choice, where it needs fertilizing every two weeks that should happen after watering.
- Choose an all-purpose indoor plant food for your Syngonium.
- Alternatively, you can top dress the soil with worm castings or compost in early spring.
7. Bushy Foliage
Most growers plant arrowheads in their homes its bushy foliage and exciting pattern of leaves.
A young plant will produce leaves in the shape of a cordate (heart) then develop into an arrow shape when it matures.
With age, the leaves will start turning into palmates, a shape similar to a hand.
Most Arrowhead houseplants are vine in nature that requires regular pruning to keep them short.
You can choose to grow them like a vine plant by providing external support or trellis or consider trimming the stems to keep them short.
Depending on the growing condition, the foliage will turn light to rich green.
Consider placing the Pink Syngonium in a medium to low light to encourage the growth of pink leaves.
Learn more about in-handy tips to make your tropical houseplant bushier.
8. Say No to Flower
The Arrowhead plant is known for its arrow-shaped or goose feet shaped leaves and bushy foliage but flowers!
The plant may give out flowers in its natural habitat but not so much when grown indoors.
When you start seeing a mature plant blossoming, consider pruning the buds to give more way for bushier foliage.
Regular pruning during spring will help to keep the plant small and avoid getting bushy flowers.
Quick Tip: Avoid using the blossoms or flower buds from Syngonium for decorations as they are equally toxic in nature. Flowers used for decorations are more likely to be accidentally consumed.
The plant is susceptible to root-bound conditions; thus, consider repotting the once every year or once in two years in early spring to help it flourish.
For growers living in a climate with temperate winters, consider repotting the plant in early fall.
The plant will need repotting when the root is suffering bacterial infestation.
Tips for Repotting the Plant
- Determine rootbound conditions by checking the tell-tale signs; stunted or slower growth and roots emerging out of the drainage holes.
- Start with choosing a right-sized container. Next, choose a container at least 2″ larger than the current one.
- Gently slide out the plant using your hand and untangle the root ball.
- Prepare the right potting mix in the new container.
- Clear the root with some water and check for signs of decay, browning, and mushy problems.
- Trim the infected parts using a sterilized pruning shear,
- Now gently place the plant inside, root first.
- Add a fine layer (1/4″) of worm compost on the top and fill the remaining space with distilled water.
- Move it to a place with medium light and give thorough watering to keep the soil moist.
Here is a comprehensive video guide about repotting the Synognium plant.
Pro Tip: Unless you are trying to grow vine-type Synogonium, you would not need climbing support. Otherwise, you can use a moss stick or trellis to support the vertical growth of Viney arrowheads.
10. Plant Propagation
Propagating Arrowhead plant is a great idea to produce a new sapling or salvage a dying plant.
Consider propagating your plant in spring or early summer while repotting to allow the new feeder root to grow efficiently.
You can use any of the two propagation methods for the arrowhead plant.
1. Stem Cutting
Stem cutting involves cutting the healthy stem with foliage and growing it in new potting soil or water.
You will likely see more success with this method.
- Start with cutting a healthy stem from the plant.
- Cut a section close to the root and ensure it has about 3-4 leaves on it.
- Place the plant inside a jar full of water and wait a few days to see new roots.
- Get a small clay or terracotta pot and fill it in half with the potting mix.
- Place the newly rooted plant into the pot with roots first. Then, add another layer of potting mix and top it with compost.
- Once done, immediately moisten the plant by thoroughly watering it so the roots can quickly take up the nutrients.
- Place the pot in a room with medium indirect sunlight.
- Water frequently to keep the soil moist at all times until you witness a healthy set of foliage.
- Resume regular watering once a week until the end of the growing season.
2. Leaf Node Cutting
Propagating leaf node cutting is another popular method but rarely undertaken.
Here is how you can propagate lead node cutting.
- Start with identifying the location where you will snip the leaf.
- Cut off the leaf with about 2.5 cm of the petiole.
- Next, place the leaf in the potting mix at a slightly tilted angle to clear the base of the surface.
- Label and water with a diluted fungicide solution to prevent the onset of diseases.
- Place the container in a warm place and keep the potting mix moist by regularly watering it.
- You will notice the petiole will start producing feeder roots after a week.
- Move them to a new pot with fresh potting mix and compost, or add compost to the existing pot as a top layer.
Find out how you can easily propagate a popular ornamental plant ‘Anthurium’ at home.
11. Yearly Pruning
Do not be shy about pruning back these tropical plants to keep them tamed, short, and fuller.
Regular pruning will help to limit the overgrown vine and make the plant appear bushier.
Here are a few Pruning Dos and Dont’s:
- Prune the plant only during springtime when the foliage starts growing.
- Trim the old and wilted leaves at the bottom, remove dead leaves to avoid pest and fungus infestation.
- Snip off the new stem growth around the nodes to produce new growth from the cut region.
- To prevent the stems from climbing, pinch or cut them at the tip of each branch that is becoming leggy.
- Cut back on pruning during fall and winter when the plant goes into dormancy.
- Avoid pruning in late summer or fall when the new growth stops.
- Do not forget to sterilize the pruning shear or scissors before and after use.
12. Appropriate Container
Tropical plant-like Syngonium requires a well-draining container that lets out excess water and moisture.
Consider using pots made from porous materials like terracotta, clay, or ceramic with enough drainage.
Use the right-sized container to maintain the moisture while encouraging airflow around the soil to prevent waterlogging.
Here are a few recommendations for Pink Syngonium.
|Clay Pots,Brajttt 6.28 inch||Earthen ware, Ceramic||It allows good drainage and air permeability.|
|8” Clay Pot for Plant with Saucer||Terracotta, Clay||The 8" in height and outer diameter provide ample space for root growth.|
|Large 10” Terracotta Plant Pot||Terracotta, Ceramic||The 40-B-L-1 earthenware pot is best for growing houseplants for proper drainage.|
13. Plant Toxicity
Unfortunately, Pink Syngonium is known to be toxic to both humans or pets.
The distant relative of Philodendron, Syngonium, produces toxic leaves, stems, and blossom that can easily poison you when ingested.
According to North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension, the plant contains calcium oxalate crystals classified as “medium toxic.”
Look out for signs of pain and swelling in the mouth, lips, tongue, or difficulty swallowing and excessive drooling in children and pets.
Keep your plant away from your kid and pet’s reach to prevent accidental poisonings, such as over the table, wall-shelf, or any raised stool.
Common Problems with Pink Syngonium
Pink Syngonium as a houseplant can attract numerous problems that are pretty uncommon to find in their natural habitat.
From pests and diseases to frequent yellowing or drooping of leaves, be prepared to find one of these problems with your plant at any point in time.
Here is the list of common problems found in Pink Syngonium.
1. Common Pests
While pest problems in an indoor-grown Syngonium are rare, it is not unlikely to see pest-infested plants often left outside or closer to other plants.
Common pests that attack Pink Syngonium are spider mites, mealybugs, leaf scales, and aphids.
Here is a list of problems posed by these pests to the plant and their solutions.
|Mealybug||A tiny insect mainly infects the foliage and roots.|
They suck the sap from the leaves, leaving them wilted and discolored.
|1. Rinse the plant leaves with a soapy water solution.
2. Spray the plant with insecticidal soap.
3. Apply Neem Oil on the plant.
|Spider Mite||They are rounded-shaped black or red-colored mites that infest the underside of the leaves and feed on the sap.|
Check for silky web under the leaves, leaf drooping and curling to determine infestation.
|1. Blast the spider mites from the leaves with a water hose.
2. Dip cotton balls in alcohol and dab the bugs.
3. Alternatively, rinse your plant with a Neem oil or insecticidal soap
|Leaf Scales||They are tiny, waxy pests that infest on leaves.|
Yellow or rust-colored spots will start developing on the leaves, and the sap will begin drying up.
|1. Apply insecticidal oil or soap on the infected part to immediately kill the crawling pests.
2. Apply systemic insecticides as a foliar spray to control adult scale insects.
|Aphids||Aphids suck up saps from the plant leaves and stems.|
When the infestation grows, your plant will wilt and starts dying.
|1. Handpick and throw away each bug.
2. Planting Catnip will organically repel aphids from the plant.
3. Dip cotton in 70% isopropyl alcohol or ethanol and rub the infected parts.
2. Common Diseases
The arrowhead plant is sensitive to overwatering and moist conditions that may invite root rot problems, including stem rot and bacterial leaf spot.
Here is the list of common horticultural diseases found in Pink Syngonium and their solutions.
|Root rot||It appears on overwatered Calatheas.|
Primary signs include drooping and rapidly yellowing leaves, stunted growth and a smelling soil.
|1. Hold back on watering until the plant revives.
2. Prune the infected root, and repot the plant after bleach washing the pot.
|Bacterial Leaf spot||Leaf spot is caused by bacteria called Pseudomonas cichorii.|
It causes the appearance of yellow spots around the leaf.
|1. Use a mild solution of bicarbonate (soda) mixed with water to wipe the plant leaves.
2. Use all-purpose fungicide and avoid overhead watering your plant that may help bacteria to spread.
|Tan/Brown leaf Spots||Tan to dark brown leaf spots is caused by a pathogen called Myrothecium roridum.|
It produces concentric rings and fungal fruiting structures on the plant.
|1. Use fungicide that includes Chlorothalonil and Daconil 2787 to combat myrothecium roridum infection effectively.
2. Avoid overhead watering and apply copper fungicide on the leaves in spring to prevent infections.
3. Drooping and Browning Leaves
Drooping leaves are not uncommon in Pink Syngonium.
The leaves will start drooping and turning brown whenever you forget to water your plant or let it dry out in the sunlight.
The primary culprit for drooping leaves is inadequate watering and lack of humidity.
In some cases, root-bound conditions may also encourage droopy leaves.
- Make a watering schedule—Water the plant as per the schedule to keep it hydrated.
- Provide 1 inch of water every week during the growing season (spring and summer) and cut back on watering in fall and winter to once every two weeks to prevent waterlogging.
- Do not place the pot close to bright sunlight as it can suck the sap dry and leave the plant drooping.
- Immediately move the plant to a medium or low-light location and water it thoroughly to treat heat stress.
- Mist the plant leaves regularly during the growing season or add a room humidifier.
- Move the plant to a larger container if it is severely root-bound.
Find out more about why your Monstera plant leaves are drooping after repotting.
4. Yellowing Leaves
The most probable cause for yellowing arrowhead leaves is improper soil moisture or moisture stress caused by overwatering.
A waterlogged plant will struggle to get enough oxygen and nutrients to produce Chlorophyll.
With a lack of chlorophyll, your plant will fail to produce pigments that color the leaves.
In fact, yellowing of leaves is quite common with most houseplants, including Aglaonema plant.
Follow the watering schedule guide above to avoid over or underwatering problems with your houseplant.
5. Abundant Green Leaves
Although rich green leaves indicate a healthy-looking plant, it may not be a good sign for a Pink Syngonium.
The plant is known for pink foliage with only a few green leaves. The significant amount of green leaves indicate too much feeding or fertilizing.
- Fertilize your plant in moderation by reducing the strength to half.
- Too much nitrogen leaves the foliage dark green; thus, consider using a balanced fertilizer.
- Mix 5 grams of NPK 19-19-19 plant food in 2 liters of water and spray it once in 25 days to minimize dark green leaves.
6. Curling and Dying Leaves
Multiple problems can cause curling and dying leaves in a Syngonium plant.
One of the significant causes is inadequate watering which leaves the soil compact. As a result, the plant root will struggle to get oxygen; hence, leaving the leaves curled.
Too much saline level in the soil may also cause leaf curling which is caused by unfiltered water.
- Switch to filtered water or rainwater for Syngonium plants to prevent saline toxicity.
- Water the plant as per the watering schedule to keep the soil moist and well-aerated.
- If the old soil is too compact due to a lack of microorganisms, consider repotting the plant in a fresh mix with compost.
7. Dead Spots on Lower Leaves
Phosphorus deficiency is the primary cause of dead spots found on lower leaves.
Dead spots on leaves indicate that your plant fails to transfer energy through photosynthesis (transforming sugar and starches into plant food).
Not getting sufficient phosphorus or lacking fertilization are the main culprits for phosphorus deficiency in Syngonium.
- Apply a balanced fertilizer diluted to half-strength twice a month during the growing season
- Alternatively, you can fertilize the plant once a month with a slow-releasing granule.
- Use fertilizer rich in phosphate contents for plants with Phosphorus deficiency. Otherwise, consider applying raw phosphate to a severely infected plant.
Benefits of Pink Syngonium
Pink Syngonium is a beautiful tropical plant that adds to the decoration and helps cleanse indoor air.
- Here are a few benefits of adding this beautiful plant to your home.
- Pink Syngonium effectively removes hazardous gases from indoor air like Benzene, Formaldehyde, and carbon dioxide.
- It is considered a Feng Shui plant and recommended for homes to create a YIN and YANG balance of energy and positivity.
- It also manages well with low-maintenance and less upkeep.
- You can grow a versatile plant as a tabletop or ornamental plant, dish garden, water, or closed terrariums.
- It also helps boost indoor humidity and reduce dry air for other houseplants.
- It is an excellent plant for growing in a jar of water. Just change the water in the jar twice a week to provide freshness.
When growing in ideal conditions, Pink Syngonium will produce full, lush pink foliage.
Once you establish a proper caring routine, your beloved tropical plant will become an integral part of your interior décor.
Follow the guide given above to minimize the onset of common plant hazards.
Moreover, keep your plant away from the reach of kids and pets to avoid accidental poisoning.
Related Article: How to best care for Philodenron Plant