Native to the tropical rainforest of the Caribbean, Philodendron Subhastatum is a plant that can boost the aesthetic charms of your house.
Want to know more? Read on to find out the best tips to grow and care for Philodendron Subhastatum and where to buy one.
Table of Contents Show
- Overview of Philodendron Subhastatum
- Where to Buy Philodendron Subhastaum?
- Philodendron Subhastaum—Ultimate Grow & Care Guide
- Growth Habit and Foliage
- Toxicity of Philodendron Subhastatum
- Propagation Methods for Philodendron Subhastatum
- Common Problems in Philodendron Subhastatum
- FAQs About Philodendron Subhastatum
- Wrapping Up…
Overview of Philodendron Subhastatum
Known for its bi-color foliage in green and red color, Subhastatum requires a conducive tropical setting to thrive.
Here is a table describing the brief information about the plant.
|Botanical Name||Philodendron Subhastatum|
|Origin||Colombia to Equator|
|Plant Type||Tropical Climber|
|USDA Zone||Zone 9b-11|
|Growth Size||6-feet tall and 2-feet wide|
|Grown For||Bicolor Leaves|
|Foliage||Glossy, green leaves with red underside|
|Bloom||Typical Aroid bloom consisting of spadix and spathe|
|Toxicity||Toxic to both humans and pets|
Where to Buy Philodendron Subhastaum?
Philodendron Subhastatum is unlike other philodendrons that are easily found in local nurseries.
Here is a list of a few sellers that specialize in Philodendron Subhastatum.
|Place to Buy||Delivery Time|
|Hirt's Garden||3-5 business days|
|Aroid Market||4-7 days|
|Plant Hawaii||4-6 days|
Philodendron Subhastaum—Ultimate Grow & Care Guide
Philodendron Subhastatum has no limits and can be grown at room temperature or outdoors in USDA zone 9b-11.
Provide appropriate yet straightforward care to witness the bushier, healthy foliage bloom around the year.
Here is a complete guide to caring for Philodendron Subhastatum.
1. Sunlight & Temperature
Philodendron Subhastatum prefers to stay in a lit location that receives at least 4-6 hours of indirect sunlight daily and a temperature of 59-86°F.
In low-light and low-temperature conditions, the plant will lose its signature colors and wilt. Conversely, in extreme light and heat, the leaf tips and margins will scorch off.
Bring your plants indoors in cold weather and keep them away from the direct path of vents and radiators.
If you cannot move your plant indoors, ensure you shade them using proper drapes, or they will end up scorching.
2. Water & Humidity
An underwatered Subhastatum shows symptoms like crispy wilted leaves and slow growth. Similarly, overwatering will invite root rot.
You must provide your plant with water every 9 days during summer and every 15-20 days in winter.
Humidity stress will render yellow and dry leaves. So, we advise you to use a humidifier or wet pebble tray to maintain humidity.
For watering, check the top two inches of the soil and water only if it is dry.
You can also use a mister to mist the plant when the humidity is low, and the plant needs water.
3. Soil & Fertilizer
Philodendron Subhastatum prefers a well-drained, organically rich soil mix that provides enough hydration and nutrient absorption quality.
In the case of excess fertilizer, the plant’s root will be burned down, and you will witness salt residue on top of the soil.
As a non-heavy feeder, Subhastatum does not need much fertilizing, but sometimes it may show signs like lanky growth, smaller leaves, etc, due to lack of fertilizer.
If you ever face situations where you have overfertilized your plant, wash off the excess salt accumulation and leech the soil.
To prepare a potting mix at home, mix the ingredients in the ratio below.
- Two parts of peat moss
- Three parts loamy garden soil
- Half part of the perlite
- Add some lime, dolomite lime, or baking soda to raise the pH level slightly
4. Potting & Repotting
Philodendron Subhastatum requires repotting once in 2-3 years when their roots have reached their full size in a given container.
Spring is the best season because it is just before the plant’s growth spike. You should repot your plant before the first leaves appear in the spring.
You should also consider repotting the plant if they are attacked with fungal diseases like root rot, fusarium wilt, Rhizoctonia rot, etc.
Make sure you trim off the infected roots and clean off the excess soil from the roots before repotting the plant.
Use a glazed ceramic pot, plastic pot or hanging basket at least one inch bigger than the previous pot for repotting.
5. Minimal Pruning
Philodendron Subhastatum does not require much pruning because it naturally sheds old and decayed leaves.
If you need to groom the plant, use a sterilized pruning shear to trim yellowed, decayed, and brown leaves throughout the growing season.
Sometimes pests like mealy bugs, scales, aphids and scales attack the plant. In such scenarios, it is beneficial to prune off the affected parts.
Do not go wild with the pruning and avoid pruning more than 30% of the plant, or your Philodendron might get stressed.
Growth Habit and Foliage
One of a few climbing Philodendron species, providing a climbing pole or trellis will help keep them growing strong.
Subhastatum is a vine Philodendron that grows 6 feet in length and 2 feet in width. However, the length of the plant would depend on the container size and whether support is provided.
Use rough and preferably damp support instead of stakes to help the plant branches attach themselves.
Talking about its signature leaves, the plant initially gives out green, glossy foliage, which changes as it grows old.
A young plant has primarily red leaves from underneath, becoming more prominent as it matures. The bi-foliage leaf with dual colors of red and green can grow up to 2 feet in length.
Although this plant rarely flowers, the blooms are inflorescence with a spadix and a spathe surrounding the spadix.
Toxicity of Philodendron Subhastatum
Philodendron Subhastatum is toxic to humans and pets; hence you should keep it away from their reach.
Consuming Subhastatum can cause burning and swelling lips, tongue, or throat in humans, and burning sensation, diarrhea, and vomiting in dogs and cats.
Similarly, contact your veterinarian or the ASPCA at US (888) 426-4435 for pets.
Propagation Methods for Philodendron Subhastatum
Philodendron Subhastatum is less challenging to propagate than other houseplants.
The most common and successful propagation techniques involve stem and tip-cutting methods.
1. Stem Cutting Method
Here is how you can obtain stem cuttings from the plant.
- Identify a healthy-looking stem with multiple leaves and choose one at least 2-3 inches in length.
- Use a sharp pruning shear or knife to cut just below a node.
- Remove leaves from the stem, except for a pair, and set it aside for a while.
2. Tip Cutting Method
The tip-cutting method is another way to obtain healthy cuttings from the plant for propagation.
It involves taking the apex (plant tip) and a small portion of the main stem.
- Choose a similar stem section with a plant tip and cut just below the node.
- Ensure that it has multiple leaves on it.
Choose a Propagating Medium
You can propagate stem and tip cuttings in either water or soil.
a. Water Propagation
Follow the steps below for water-propagating Philodendron Subhastatum.
- Get a small jar or transparent glass and fill it with clean, distilled water.
- Place the stem or tip cutting with one or two bare nodes submerged in the water (ensure the leaves do not touch the medium).
- Place the cutting in a warm location with indirect sunlight.
- Replace the water every 5-6 days until 2-3 weeks.
- Once the 1-2 inches long feeder roots appear after a month or two, transplant them to a potting mix in an appropriately sized container.
b. Soil Propagation
Propagating the cutting directly in the potting mix will avoid rooting it in water.
- Prepare a suitable soil mixture into a small pot (2-3″ extensive).
- Apply some rooting hormone to the fresh cutting’s end to quicken the rooting process.
- Insert the cutting into the potting mix and cover the pot with a clear plastic bag for added moisture (Air the bag once in a while to prevent microbial growth).
- Place it in a warm location with indirect sunlight.
- Water it every even day to keep the soil moist and hydrated.
- After a month or two, check for new feeder roots by gently tugging the plant where it should resist.
- Grow it in the same pot or transplant it to a large pot with the same potting mix.
Common Problems in Philodendron Subhastatum
1. Algal Leaf Spot
Algal leaf spot is a foliar disease common in Philodendron Subhastatum grown in highly humid conditions.
Without immediate intervention, the parasitic alga will transfer to other leaves, causing tissue damage and drooping.
As a solution, always use the good cultured technique for healthy plant growth to ward off the disease.
Maintain the humidity level by installing an electric humidifier and improving air circulation.
Some slight infestations can also be treated by chemical fungicides containing copper.
2. Magnesium Deficiency
Philodendron Subhastatum often runs the risk of magnesium deficiency, causing the plant’s dwindling chlorophyll production.
Without it, the plant will suffer from yellowing foliage and stunted growth.
As it cannot naturally obtain magnesium from the soil, you should use the correct fertilizer.
When choosing a fertilizer, pick one with enough macro and micronutrients, including magnesium.
Otherwise, provide rich organic compost such as fish or bone meals annually in the growing season.
FAQs About Philodendron Subhastatum
Is Philodendron Subhastatum rare?
Yes, Philodendron Subhastatum is a rare plant you cannot commonly find in gardens near you.
A few online sites sell this plant, but you may need to search for it hard enough.
Or, take a look at the above section to learn about the sites that sell this plant.
How do you care for a Philodendron Subhastatum?
Caring for the Philodendron Subhastatum is not a daunting task if you are up for it.
Ensure you take care of its watering, sunlight, humidity, and temperature needs.
Philodendron Subhastatum is a perennial plant that will live for many years.
Keep your rare and beautiful Philo thriving around the year by strictly following the care guide given above.
It is a low-maintenance plant that does well with minimal upkeep. However, keep an eye out for plants suffering from pests and diseases to administer immediate treatment.