Peperomia verticillata provides vibes of succulents and tropical plants with its vibrant mix of red and green leaves that even newbies can care for.
Read along to find detailed information, including care tips, problems, and ways to resolve issues in Peperomia verticillata.
Table of Contents Show
- Overview of Peperomia Verticillata
- Peperomia Verticillata: Complete Grow & Care Guide
- Peperomia Verticillata: All About Growth Habits
- Toxicity of Peperomia Verticillata
- Propagation Methods for Peperomia Verticillata
- Where to Buy Peperomia Verticillata
- FAQs About Peperomia Verticillita
- Final Thought
Overview of Peperomia Verticillata
The name ‘verticillata’ for Peperomia comes from the fuzzy and spiral appearance with an equal-level arrangement of leaves, as the word connotes a ‘whorl.’
|Botanical Name||Peperomia verticillata|
|Common Name||Belly-button and Red log|
|Origin||Tropical and subtropical regions including Cuba, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and Bolivia.|
|Plant Type||Evergreen trailing with characteristics of succulents|
|Growth Size||20-40 inches in height
18 inches in width
|Grown For||Mainly foliage|
|Foliage||Oval shaped slightly thick foliage with green surface and red underisdes|
|Blooming period||Late summer|
|Blooms||Green, White tiny panicle-like spiked flower|
|Toxicity||Non-toxic to both human and pets|
Peperomia Verticillata: Complete Grow & Care Guide
Peperomia verticillata resemble the mixed characteristics of two different plant varieties name of variety). Hence, you need to be cautious regarding its care requirements.
1. Sunlight & Temperature
Like other varieties of Peperomia, verticillata enjoys indirect sunlight and prefers slightly warmer temperatures.
When the sun’s rays hit its surface, the plant shines elegantly, exposing its beautiful reddish shades but better avoid direct light to prevent scorching and burning of leaves.
In contrast, Peperomia verticillata shows leggy growth, drooping, and yellow leaves without sufficient light aided by temperature <50ºF.
To promote healthy growth, place Peperomia verticillata within 1-3 feet from the eastern-facing window. Use a curtain to protect the plant from intense sun rays.
Introduce the plant to grow lights during winter as the light intensity is low, and use a frost blanket and heating pads to maintain warmth.
Grow them under shades of trees or on a patio reflecting only morning sunlight if you grow them outdoors.
Pro Tips: Rotate the plant once in 15 days to obtain balanced growth.
2. Watering & Humidity
Although Peperomia verticillata is a tropical plant, it shares characteristics similar to succulents preferring dry soil over soggy and moderate humidity of 40-60%.
The leaves and stems of Verticillata store water, so be wary of overwatering them, as it can result in rotting stalks, waterlogged soil, and scabs.
Besides, they prefer low to moderate humidity as higher humidity leads to mushy leaves, but too low also makes the plant wilt.
Balance the humidity level by installing a humidifier if the air is too dry. And for high air moisture, install a dehumidifier.
On the other hand, underwatering results in dry and crispy leaves, leaf edges browning, and falling leaves due to no nutrient transportation.
Alternatively, insert your finger or stick about 2-3 inches deep in the soil to check the moisture and bottom water the plant only if it is dry.
3. Soil & Fertilizer
Peperomia is extremely fussy about the soil quality but is happy with the fertilizer present in the mix.
The Verticillata prefers well-draining, porous, slightly acidic soil (5-7.5 pH) other than ordinary garden potting mix and monthly feeding during active growth.
The DIY should be enriched with balanced fertilizer monthly but do not overfertilize as that burns the leaves. So better dilute to 1/4 of its strength.
So, start fertilizing in the face of March and stop during October or November.
Similarly, never overwater Peperomia verticillata as it invites bacterial and fungal infections.
Besides, it also takes up the tiny air pockets in the ground, thus depriving plants of oxygen.
4. Potting & Repotting
A smaller pot lacks space for proper root development, thus hindering plant growth. In contrast, a larger pot holds moisture for longer and is prone to rot.
After potting in an ideal pot, you can rest it for 2-3 years as they prefer to be slightly root bound before repotting.
The Verticillata indicates repotting requirements from signs like roots poking out from drainage holes, yellowing, and limp leaves.
Start the repotting during the Spring or Summer by watering the Peperomia thoroughly the day before repotting.
Remove the top 25% of the soil and gently pat around the perimeter of the pot, hold a tight grip at the base of the stem, and take the plant out.
Clean all the soils and inspect for signs of root rot. You can prune the infected, dead, and damaged parts.
Afterward, take a clean pot. Layer it with a few pebbles, half-fill it with the soil, and place the plant in the same depth as the earlier pot. Fill up the remaining space with soil.
Water the plant thoroughly and leave it in a bright space to prevent repotting stress.
5. Regular Pruning
Peperomia verticillata is rarely infested by pests, but common pests like Fungus Gnats, Mealybugs, and Spider Mites host on them, demanding to prune.
Similarly, the plant bears succulent characteristics, so it is prone to root rot caused by overwatering, causing a foul rotting odor from the mushy roots.
You can control this by trimming off the damaged part with sterilized pruners and spraying neem oil or insecticidal soap for pests and copper fungicide for rotting.
Also, pruning once a year during the later month of the fall enhances sideway growth, thus making the plant bushier.
Besides, it encourages new plant development as you trim the damaged, yellow, and infected leaves.
Note: If the plant undergoes severe root rot, you can propagate the plant by taking a healthy stem cutting.
Peperomia Verticillata: All About Growth Habits
Peperomia generally grows laterally, reaches a height of 20-40 inches, and spreads to 18 inches when grown in an enclosed space.
Its stems bear tiny, slightly oval-shaped glossy leaves that form a rosette pattern along the stem and embellish with two different colors.
Its stems are upright during the earlier stage but start trailing down after the stem grows significantly long, cascading from a hanging basket.
Meanwhile, Peperomia verticillata bears panicle-like tiny greenish-white spiked flowers that generally bloom during spring and summer.
Toxicity of Peperomia Verticillata
Peperomia, with more than 1000 varieties under its roof, hold no threat as they are non-toxic to pets and children, claimed by ASPCA.
So bringing any variety of Peperomia of your choice, including Verticillata, will be fruitful in providing aesthetic value.
So better to play safe, and if the symptoms persist in your pet, immediately reach out to the given hotline number.
Propagation Methods for Peperomia Verticillata
It is easy and simple to propagate Peperomia verticillata from offset division and stem cuttings but relatively complex from seeds.
Generally, pro growers adopt propagating Peperomia from the germination of seeds, and you can still try it out.
1. Via Offset Division
Water the plant a day earlier for propagation to strengthen the root system, making the plant ready for propagation.
- Take the plant out of the container gripping its base. Now clean the roots and remove all of the soil.
- Untangle the roots and inspect for healthy stems.
- Peel off the offset like you separate oranges, or use a sterilized sharp knife to cut the roots.
- The offset thus obtained is ready to be propagated.
The plant already possesses leaves and roots, making it the easiest propagation method.
You can plant it either in the soil or water.
- Take a clean pot. Layer it with a few pebbles and half-fill it with the potting mix.
- Then, place the plant in the pot. Ensure that it is at the same depth as in the earlier pot.
- Afterward, fill the remaining space with the rest of the soil.
- Water the plant thoroughly and leave it in a bright space.
- Take a clean jar filled with water.
- Place the offset in the water and watch it grow.
- Keep changing the water within 3-4 days.
2. Via Cuttings
By cuttings, I mean both leaf and stem cutting, as it is a simple method that does not require you to uproot the whole plant.
Here are the steps to follow for stem propagation.
- Inspect for a healthy stem or leaf. Ensure that the branch is free from pests or disease infestation.
- Look for the nodes in the plant and make an incision at 45 degrees below the node in the stem.
- You can take as many cuttings as you like till it has at least nodes and 2-3 leaves.
- And for the leaf cuttings, trim the leaves half across from the width and cut them off from the petiole.
- Leave the cuttings for a couple of hours for callous formation. Afterward, apply the rooting hormone onto the cut surface.
- Similarly, you can dust some cinnamon powder to prevent rot. However, you can escape the process.
Now, the stems and leaves are ready to be propagated. You can propagate them in soil or water.
Follow the exact instructions as in the offset division for propagation in a different medium.
And ensure that you place the nodes underneath the soil and water.
Generally, the cuttings will start to root within 2-6 weeks in both the medium but slightly earlier in water.
Take reference from the video!
Where to Buy Peperomia Verticillata
After filling with the entire care tips for Peperomia verticillata, you are ready to nurture a new baby plant.
Look at the sites below to bring one Peperomia or two, as you wish, home.
|Pistils Nursery||1- 2 weeks depending on location|
|Etsy||1-4 business days|
|Solabee Flowers||Same day|
|The Garden Corner||1-3 business days|
FAQs About Peperomia Verticillita
Is Peperomia Verticillata a Succulent?
Although Peperomia verticillata bears similar characteristics to succulents having thick and glossy leaves and storing water, it is not succulent.
Is Peperomia Verticillata rare?
Peperomia verticillata is a rare beauty many plant collectors want to add to their collections for its two-shaded foliage.
Besides, the plant also bears tiny attractive flowers, which makes it a stunning plant.
Care for the small, compact Peperomia verticillata with moderate humidity, half a day of filtered bright light, and warm temperature with protection from external enemies.
However, be careful not to overdo the requirement as it may lead to yellowing and wilting of the leaves.