Do you wonder if you can eat potato leaves after tasting the delicious dishes of Pumpkin leaves?
Honestly, I also thought it during the lockdown, and trust me! It was surprising to find something that I did not expect.
Even if Potatoes have become everyone’s favorite for their versatile use, Potato leaves do not get along in the kitchen.
Therefore, keep reading to learn which Potato plants have edible leaves carrying beneficial properties.
Table of Contents Show
Can You Eat Potato Leaves?
I daresay, “Potato is the king of all vegetables” as it can naturally fit in any cuisine without a problem.
However, Potato leaves are not friendly, even though their tuber gained royal fame for their outstanding delicacy.
Meanwhile, the concentration of solanine is high in Potato plants’ leaves, stems, and new buds to protect plants from UV light stress.
You might wonder why the tubers are not toxic while every other part is toxic.
The answer is tubers can also get toxic if they turn green from prolonged exposure to sunlight.
Furthermore, Potatoes that you use daily also contain solanine but are in low concentration.
Therefore, you should avoid eating Potato leaves and Potatoes that have turned green to stay on the safe side.
Similarly, cooking or boiling does not change the toxicity of Potato leaves, so do not eat raw or cooked leaves.
Symptoms of Potato Leaves Poisoning in Human
Generally, common poisoning symptoms develop after 7 to 19 hours of solanine intake via Potato leaves.
Here are a few symptoms of solanine poisoning from consuming Potato leaves.
- Burning and bitter sensation in the mouth and throat
- Stomach ache
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Headaches and drowsiness
- Involuntary urination
- Difficulty in breathing
Depending upon the severity of the poisoning, it can take approximately 1 to 2 weeks to recover completely.
Furthermore, solanine poisoning can cause coma or even death under critical conditions.
What Type of Potato Leaves are Edible?
In contrast to Potatoes with inedible leaves, some Potatoes are edible, bearing high nutritional values.
There is no solanine content in Sweet Potatoes, so you can relish them whether raw or cooked.
Furthermore, Potatoes with vining leaves are edible, while upright Potato leaves are not.
In general, you can steer clear of eating all Irish Potato plant leaves while you can eat Sweet Potato leaves.
Along with white Potatoes, you should avoid eating leaves of other plants belonging to the nightshade family, such as Peppers, Tomatoes, Eggplant, Goji berries, etc.
Here is a brief difference between the Sweet Potato with edible leaves and the Irish or White Potato with inedible leaves.
|Specifications||Irish Potatoes||Sweet Potatoes|
|Scientific Name||Solanum tuberosum||Ipomoea batatas|
|Plant Family||Solanaceae or Nightshades||Convolvulaceae or Morning Glory|
|Growing Nature||Upright, Erect||Creeping, Vining|
|Leave Toxicity||Toxic to humans, pets||Non Toxic|
Almost all the vining Sweet Potato plants have edible leaves, like Ornamental Sweet Potatoe and Purple Potato.
Disclaimer: Do not eat the leaves of the plants sprayed with chemical pesticides, fungicides, or herbicides.
How to Eat Sweet Potato Leaves?
The edible leaves of Sweet Potato have a bit strong flavor and taste slightly bitter.
So, several methods exist to use those flavors to complement the cuisine and make it more delicious.
But before you use it in your delicacy, here are a few steps to prepare them, ensuring no nutrition loss.
- Thoroughly clean them and chop the leaves in any fashion you prefer with the help of a sharp knife.
- Add some water to the boiling pan and heat it a bit, adding chopped leaves.
- Cover the pan and let it be for two or three minutes.
- Drain all extra water and enjoy mixing it with other cuisines to suit your taste.
Some of the delicious and highly nutritious food recipes of Sweet Potato Leaves are as follows.
Recipe #1 Sweet Potato Salad
- Add some freshly snipped leaves of Sweet Potatoes into the boiling water.
- Take out the leaves and dip them in cold water.
- Mix rice vinegar, sugar, salt, and pepper to your liking.
- Arrange green leaves on the platter with tomatoes, onions, or other veggies you like.
- Sprinkle some vinegar and sugar on top of it, and your Sweet Potato salad is ready.
Recipe #2 Stir Fried Sweet Potato Leaves
- Thoroughly rinse the freshly pinched Sweet Potato leaves along the stem.
- Add some olive oil to a pan and give it medium heat.
- Throw some garlic and ginger into a pan and let it be for a minute.
- Add the rinsed off Sweet Potato leaves and increase the heat slightly.
- Add some sesame oil, ground white pepper, water, and salt.
- Stir it properly and cook for a few minutes until all leaves are wilted.
- Your stir-fried Sweet Potato leaves are all ready.
Other simple yet tasty recipes for Sweet Potato leaves are Sauteed, Coconut cream, stew, and so on.
What are the Benefits of Sweet Potato Leaves?
According to the National Library of Medicine, Sweet Potato leaves contain various micronutrients that benefit the human body.
Refer to the table below to learn more about the nutritional value of sweet potato leaves.
|Nutritional Value||Amount (per 1 cup chopped leaves 35gms)|
|Total dietary Fiber||1.9 g|
|Vitamin B1||0.055 mg|
|Vitamin B2||0.121 mg|
|Vitamin B3||0.395 mg|
|Vitamin C||3.8 mg|
|Vitamin A||1322 IU|
|Vitamin K||105.8 µg|
|Oleic acid||0.007 g|
|Beta Carotene||776 µg|
The U.S Department of Agriculture recommends above mentioned values.
Here are some significant health benefits that Sweet Potato leaves provide.
- Anti-Diabetic: It has anti-diabetic compounds that help to reduce blood glucose content.
- Better Heart Health: It is jam-packed with Vitamin K, which helps to eliminate the root cause of heart attacks and reduce cell inflammation.
- Antioxidant: It helps to reduce the rate of mutation of Cancer cells.
- Anti-inflammatory: It helps lower inflammation and helps reduces the chances of other diseases such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s.
- Anti-bacterial: Its extract showed effective anti-bacterial properties. It also promotes healthy bowel movements.
- Better Skin and Hair: The sweet Potato leaves are rich in Vitamin A, which promotes healthy hair growth and fights skin rashes and diseases.
- Keeps Bone Healthy: Due to the high value of Vitamin K in leaves, it helps to maintain the calcium in bones.
Take reference from the video for detailed benefits!
From Editorial Team
Except for the Sweet Potatoes variety, other Potatoes, like Irish or white Potatoes, have inedible leaves.
Therefore, avoid eating them and keep plants away from your kids and pets to avoid accidental intake.
Moreover, discard green Potatoes and those with a bitter taste as they are filled with toxic solanine.