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Pearls and Jade Pothos: Ultimate Care Guide, Tips and FAQs

Growing the trailing Pearls and Jade plant is easy to maintain like any other Pothos species. It is relatively easy and pays off with signature-variegated foliage.

However, they do not fare well in low lighting and insufficient temperature and may lose variegated texture on leaves.

Therefore, you should maintain the balance between lighting and temperature at all times.

Grow Pearls & Jade Pothos in slightly moist soil and keep them at the brightly lit location with an optimum temperature of 60-85°F and humidity not less than 70%. Fertilize only during the growing season to boost bushy foliage.

Pear and Jade Pothos
Pear and Jade Pothos (Source: Etsy)

Keep an eye out for extreme temperature, lighting, and moisture that may damage their signature leaves.

Here is a complete guide about caring for your beloved Pothos plant.

Pearl and Jade Pothos Overview

Pearl and Jade Pothos is a mutated species of Marble Queen Pothos that hail from the islands of French Polynesia.

Also known as the Devil’s Ivy, the plant gives out unique patchy green and white leaves that last throughout the year.

You can harvest the flowers to make beautiful hanging baskets for decoration.

Here is a table with the essential details about Pearl and Jade Pothos.

Scientific NameEpipremnum aureum ‘Marble Queen’
NativeFrench Polynesia
USDAZone 9-12
NatureTropical
PruningTrim overgrown vines and old leaves every spring
PropagationPropagate by stem cutting in spring
ToxicityToxic to humans or animals
WateringKeep the plant slightly moist by regularly watering when the top few inches dry out
LightingMedium to bright lighting
HumidityAt least 70%
SeasonGrowing season Feb to May, July to Sept
Temperature60-85°F (15-30°C)
Soil typeRich, well-drained, and light substrate
Pest/DiseasesSpider mites, Scales, Mealybugs, Aphids, Rhizoctonia Blight, and Stem Rot

A Complete Care Guide For Pearls and Jade Pothos

Pearls and Jade Pothos are very low-maintenance tropical plants that require a warm and humid environment with enough indirect lighting.

However, the plant may face stunted or slowed growth when the lighting is poor or the humidity is seemingly low.

Here is a complete guide on caring for Pearls and Jade Pothos.

1. Adequate Watering

Inappropriate watering can prove to be a disaster for Pothos.

The plant prefers a slightly moist mixture at all times, but it does not mean it should be too wet or too dry.

Excess watering is one of the significant causes of root rot in Pothos, while underwatering makes the plant lose water through transpiration.

Fact: Stalled growth with yellow, browning leaves is the sign of an overwatered plant, while yellowing foliage with a couple of crispy spots is the sign of a severely underwatered plant.

The watering schedule needed for Pothos may depend upon many different aspects, including the location, humidity, season, and plant size.

Although experts advise watering the plant once a week, you should wait for the soil to dry out between watering.

Tips for Watering Pothos

  • Expect to water more often in brighter light (Summer) and less frequently in low light (Winter).
  • Provide 1-1.5 inches of water every 8-10 days during spring and summer.
  • Cut back on watering in winter. Instead, water only when the top few inches of soil dries out completely, such as 14-18 days.
  • As per the rule of thumb, allow the top few inches of potting mix to dry out between watering.
  • Water as long as the soil is damp; don’t wait to be completely soaked and immediately throw away the drained water.
  • Use a spray bottle or a pipet bottle to control the plant to avoid the chances of overwatering the plant.
  • Alternatively, place the pot on a saucer filled with water for 15-20 minutes to allow the bottom soaking method.

2. Ideal Temperature

Pothos is a temperature-sensitive plant and may hate when it starts fluctuating.

Ensure to maintain the temperature between 60 and 85°F (15 to 29°C) at all times.

Too cold temperature, below 60-degrees, sends the plant to winter stress, resulting in damage of the pathways for nutrients and water from reaching the leaves.

Discolored and withered leaves are the first signs of winter-stressed plants.

Harsh temperature, above 90-degrees, can dry up the plant sap causing their leaves to turn brown.

Tips for Maintaining Proper Temperature

  • Place the plant in a bright-lit location with enough indirect sunlight.
  • Choose an east or south-facing window to provide them with long hours of sunlight but avoid keeping them under direct sunlight.
  • Bring your plant inside in winter and avoid keeping them close to cold and chilly windows.
  • Place young Pothos under LED growing lights in winter to compensate for lack of sunlight.
Pothos variegated leaves
Pothos variegated leaves (Source: Unsplash)

3. Sunlight and Location

Pearl and Jade Pothos prefer low to medium light as a climber, but you should keep them in bright sunlight for variegation.

They are much similar to Philodendron that needs enough indirect sunlight and a well-lit location. An east-facing or south-facing window is ideal for Pothos.

However, avoid placing them close to direct sunlight as it can easily scorch their leaves and turn them brown.

What about winter care? –Pothos is a warm-temperature-loving plant that does not tolerate cold conditions, especially winter frost.

The frost forms on the ground when the temperature starts dropping below 50-degrees.

As the cold air hits the leaves, the water inside will start freezing, causing severe plant cells damage.

Pothos kept in indirect sunlight
Pothos kept in indirect sunlight (Source: Unsplash)

Tips for Maintaining Proper Lighting and Location

  • They grow best in bright indirect sunlight or artificial LED during winter.
  • Choose a location that receives bright lighting but keep away from close to the window. Alternatively, use curtain sheer to limit direct sunlight.
  • Move your plant indoors during winter to prevent frost and keep them under artificial growing light.
  • Avoid low-light conditions, as it can cause leaves to retain dark green color, which may not be suitable for a decorative plant.

4. High Humidity

Pearls and Jade is tropical plant, so it naturally thrives in high humid conditions. However, it needs a slightly higher humidity level, unlike other Pothos.

If the plant leaves’ tips start turning brown, it means the air is too dry. You would need to raise the moisture level immediately to maintain healthy foliage.

Tips for Maintaining Adequate Humidity

  • Ensure to keep the humidity level between 60-70%.
  • Place them close to the bathroom and kitchen that naturally provides a moist condition but ensure the location receives enough indirect sunlight.
  • Occasionally mist the plant leaves in the growing season (Make sure the leaves are not dripping. Wet leaves may lead to bacterial and fungal infections).
  • Place the pot on a pebble tray humidifier. Fill a tray with water and overlay it with small stones. The water will evaporate to create a humid environment.
  • Consider adding a room humidifier or placing multiple houseplants in the room.
Room Humidifier (Source: Pexels.com)

5. Well-drained Soil Mix

The great thing about Pothos is that they can grow in both soil and water, but the growth habits may differ.

Growing in soil is more rewarding than in water because the plant gets bushier in the soil.

When growing them in water, ensure to use non-chlorinated water. While for a solid potting medium, ensure the soil mix is not bland or too dense.

A Healthy Potting Mix
A Healthy Potting Mix (Source: Pixabay)

Avoid compact soil mix that blocks the air pockets to keep the roots well-aerated and prevent waterlogging problems.

Pothos grow best in well-drained and nutrient-rich soil.

Prepare a Pothos Soil Mix

  • Prepare a balanced mixture at home by mixing Vermiculite, peat moss, perlite, sand, shredded bark, compost, and coco coir.
  • Mix four parts peat moss or coco coir with two parts perlite, 1 part vermiculite, and 1 part shredded bark.
  • Pothos love mildly acidic soil (6.1-6.5). You can make the soil acidic by adding sphagnum peat moss.
  • Alternatively, you can buy a high-quality potting mix or balanced Miraclo-Gro potting mix from the store.

6. Slow Growing Habit

Pearls and Jade Pothos is an avid climber that reaches up to 6-10 feet that requires some support like a moss pole.

While growing it up to 30 feet is possible, it often grows slow compared to other Pothos and may take more effort.

However, the Pearl and Jade is grown explicitly for its bushy, hanging vines with variegated leaves.

Here is a table describing the growth habit of Pearl and Jade Pothos.

Types of PothosTotal LengthMonthly Growth Rate
Pearls and jade pothos2-7 feet indoors

2-5 feet indoors
0.75 -1 inch
N-Joy pothos 2-6 feet indoors1-2 inches
Glacier pothos4-6 feet indoors2-4 inches
Hawaiian pothos 3-15 feet indoors
30-50 feet native habitat
1 inch
Neon pothos 2-6 feet indoors4-6 inches
Golden Pothos 5-12 feet indoors1 inch

The amount of light it receives may determine the vines’ length.

Important Tip: The low light condition encourages lengthier vines and green leaves. In contrast, bright light limits the vine but provides the signature leaves.

7. Occasional Fertilization

The plant naturally takes up nutrients from the organic matter and mulch found in the potting mix, especially after repotting.

Pearl and Jade is a light feeder. In that sense, it may only need mild plant food once every month in the growing season.

However, Pothos loses vigor and become more sensitive to pests and disease when they lack enough nutrients.

Light feeding the plant should be enough to get the bushier foliage and keep the problems at bay. Find out everything about fertilizing your Pothos.

Stunted growth from fertilizer build-up in the soil is one of the main culprits of frequent plant feeding.

Check for the following signs:

  • Leaves begin to wilt
  • Brown marks with a yellow ring or black dots on leaves
  • The plant or soil is unable to retain water
  • The leaves turn yellow
  • Growth is sluggish or has no growth
  • Leaves dropping

Tips for Fertilizing Pearl and Jade Pothos

  • As a rule of thumb, fertilize them once a month during the growing season with a balanced fertilizer.
  • Before application, dilute the solution to half-strength by mixing with water.
  • Apply it directly over the soil just above the roots.
  • Use slow-release fertilizer such as granule fertilizers to let the plant slowly take up the nutrients.
  • Alternatively, you can use coffee grounds and rice washing as fertilizer, but using coffee grounds may prove too acidic for the plant.
  • Cut back on fertilizing at the end of the growing season and winter.
Pothos Fertilizer Liquid Plant Food
Pothos Fertilizer Liquid Plant Food (Source: Amazon)

Water your Pothos with this combination once a month (usually March through September).

Use the fertilizer combination once every six weeks rather than once a month throughout the winter (in colder areas).

8. Say No to Flower

Pothos like Pearls and Jade are not grown for flowers but their variegated foliage.

Since this plant is only grown in its juvenile phase, it does not see any flowers.

You could wait for the plant to mature before seeing flower stalks with a cream spathe marked with purple texture.

9. Common Pests

Pearls and Jade Pothos generally remain pest-free but be aware of keeping them close to other plants.

Keeping them close to outdoor plants or fresh cutting from the garden may invite plant-related pests.

Here is the list of pests usually found in Pothos.

a. Mealybug

  • A tiny insect mainly infects the foliage and roots.
  • They suck the sap from the leaves, leaving them wilted and discolored.
Solutions
Mealybugs infesting the plant
Mealybugs infesting the plant(Source: Pexels)

b. Spider Mite

  • Rounded-shaped black or red-colored mites infest the underside of the leaves and feed on the sap.
  • Check for silky web under the leaves, leaf drooping and curling to determine infestation.
Solutions
  • Blast the spider mites from the leaves with a water hose.
  • Dip cotton balls in alcohol and dab the bugs.
  • Alternatively, rinse your plant with Neem oil or insecticidal soap.

c. Leaf Scales

  • They are tiny, waxy pests that infest on leaves.
  • Yellow or rust-colored spots will start developing on the leaves, and the sap will begin drying up.
Solutions
  • Apply insecticidal oil or soap on the infected part to immediately kill the crawling pests.
  • Apply systemic insecticides as a foliar spray to control adult scale insects.
Leaf scales on leaves
Leaf scales on leaves (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

d. Aphids

  • Aphids are cricket-like creatures with back legs that suck up saps from the plant leaves and stems.
  • When the infestation grows, your plant wilt and starts dying.
Solutions
  • Handpick and throw away each bug.
  • Planting Catnip will organically repel aphids from the plant.
  • Dip cotton in 70% isopropyl alcohol or ethanol and rub the infected parts.

Quick Tip: consider pruning the damaged part and spraying pesticide on a severely infected plant.

10. Common Diseases

The moist soil condition mainly caused by waterlogging may invite plant-related diseases like fungal and bacterial infections and blights.

One of the early signs of plant disease is the browning leaves, followed by brown spots with a yellow halo or yellow-ring-like structure.

Here is the list of common diseases found in Pearls and Jade Pothos.

a. Root Rot

  • Drooping and rapidly yellowing leaves, stunted growth and a rotten brown base is the primary sign of possible root rot.
  • Brown and mushy texture on the root is another sign.
Solutions
  • Hold back on watering until the plant revives.
  • Prune the infected root with sterilized scissors, and repot it after bleach washing the pot.
  • Choose an appropriately sized container to prevent waterlogging.

b. Rhizoctonia

  • Rhizoctonia is an anamorphic fungus caused by Rhizoctonia solani fungus.
  • You will notice rusty-brown, dry lesions on stems close to the base.
Solutions
  • Apply fungicides like fludioxinil (Medallion 50W), strobilurins, and benzimidazoles.
  • Prevent Rhizoctonia infestation by using a healthy potting mix and sterilizing pots while repotting.
  • Avoid keeping them on the ground.

c. Bacterial Leaf Spot

  • Leaf spot is caused by bacteria called Pseudomonas cichorii.
  • It causes the appearance of yellow spots around the leaf.
Solutions
  • Use a mild solution of bicarbonate mixed with water to wipe the plant leaves.
  • Or, use all-purpose fungicide and avoid overhead watering your plant that may help bacteria to spread.
Bacterial leaf spots on leaves
Bacterial leaf spots on leaves (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

11. Appropriate Container

Choose plant containers that allow airflow and let out excess water and moisture.

The pots made from terracotta, clay, or ceramic are considered best for Pothos.

However, avoid using compact pots such as plastic or catch-pots.

Here are a few recommendations.

ContainerPot MaterialSpecification
Clay Pots,Brajttt 6.28 inchEarthen ware, CeramicIt allows good drainage and air permeability.
8” Clay Pot for Plant with SaucerTerracotta, ClayThe 8" in height and outer diameter provide ample space for root growth.
Large 10” Terracotta Plant PotTerracotta, CeramicThe 40-B-L-1 earthenware pot is best for growing houseplants for proper drainage.

12. Plant Propagation

Although there are multiple propagation methods, propagating through stem cutting works best with Pearls and Jade Pothos.

It is a great idea to reproduce new saplings from your existing plant or salvage a dying plant from winter stress or bacterial infection.

Consider propagating your plant in spring or early summer while repotting to allow the new feeder root to grow efficiently.

You can use any of the two propagation mediums.

1. Propagation in Water

Start with cutting the healthy stem with a few leaves just about a quarter-inch below the node (where the leaves, roots, and aerial roots grow).

Step 1: Place the plant inside a jar full of room-temperature water and ensure at least one node is underwater. Place it in bright, indirect light.

Step 2: Refill the water in the jar when the level gets lower and replace it once a week to keep the medium clean. It may take a couple of days before you get to see roots.

Step 3: Once the seeds are 2-3 inches long, consider potting them in potting soil (Potting in soil protects new roots from cold and fluctuating temperature).

Step 4: Get a small clay or terracotta pot and fill it in half with the potting mix. Place the newly rooted plant into the pot with roots first. Then, add another layer of potting mix and top it with compost.

Step 5: Once done, immediately moisten the plant by thoroughly watering it so the roots can quickly take up the nutrients.

Step 6: Place the pot in a room with medium indirect sunlight.

Step 7: Water frequently to keep the soil moist at all times until you witness a healthy set of foliage.

A Collection Of Water Rooted Baby Pothos
A Collection Of Water Rooted Baby Pothos (Source: Unsplash)

2. Propagation in Soil

Propagating in a potting mix is another popular medium that eliminates the need for rooting the stems in water.

Step 1: Follow the same process as before and prepare the fresh stem cutting for potting.

Step 2: Take a small container (3-4”) and fill it with moistened potting mix

Step 3: Dip the cut end in rooting hormone before setting it into the pot. The rooting hormone will provide an additional boost for root proliferation.

Step 4: Ensure at least one node is under the soil when burying the stem but avoid burying any leaves.

Step 5: Place the container in a sunny location with indirect light and keep the soil moistened at all times.

Step 6: It may take a few weeks before it starts developing a set of new feeder roots.

Step 7: Give your plant a gentle tug to assess if roots have grown long enough. Pothosorth, you can start treating it like a matured plant.

Newly Propagated Indoor Plants
Newly Propagated Indoor Plants (Source: Unsplash)

Additionally, you can grow Pearls and Jade from seedlings, but it may take longer than usual to see good results. Here is how you can successfully grow Pothos from seeds.

13. Repotting the Plant

The first rule of repotting Pothos is to avoid repotting if it looks happy.

The Pearls and Jade are slow growers, so they can go without repotting for years.

However, do not leave your beloved plant to become overly root bound or affixed in nutrient-less soil.

It usually requires repotting once every 2-3 years.

A healthy Root Bound Pothos
A healthy Root Bound Pothos (Source: Unsplash)

If you start witnessing stunted growth and wiPothosleaves, then it is time to repot it to fresh soil in a larger pot.

Signs your Pothos Needs Repotting

  • Stunted growth is one of the early signs of root-bound Pothos.
  • Check for roots growing out of the drainage holes.
  • A rootbound soil dries out faster than usual. Check for this sign in the spring when the plant is actively growing.
  • A soft dark-brown or black spots on bottom leaves often indicate a rootbound plant.
  • In a severe case, the excess root bound condition may push the plant out of the planter.

Tips for Repotting Pearls and Jade Pothos

  • Check for the root condition before repotting. For example, if the root system is coiling around outside the soil, then it is time to repot it.
  • Choose a clay, ceramic, or terracotta pot 2″ larger in diameter.
  • Prepare the fresh potting mix or buy an all-purpose potting mix from the market.
  • Transplant the plant into the fresh soil mix and then thoroughly water it to moisten the soil.
  • Keep the pot in a warm, bright-lit location.
  • Add a moss popruninghe container if the vines seem to pruninghanging the new pot.

Now your plant is ready to take up roots in the new potting soil and grow further.

If you are worried about the stunted growth, find out more on why your Pothos are not growing.

14. Plant Pruning

Pearls and Jade requires regular pruning to keep them from growing too big.

Although you can use moss poles to support overhanging vines, keeping them short and bushy is better.

You can prune as much as up to 2 inches (5 cm) from the soil line but prune less if you prefer to keep long vines intact.

When pruning the plant, ensure to cut each vine about 1/4 inch above each leaf or just above the node.

However, do not leave any vines leafless as they are less likely to grow efficiently.

When pruning the vines, ensure to cut browning and dead foliage to keep the plant looking healthy.

Tips for Pruning Pothos

As a rule of thumb, prune your Pothos plant at least once a month to make it full and avoid leggy stems.

  • Start with sterilizing the pruning shear or scissors.
  • Optional: Wear gloves to avoid any skin irritation or allergies.
  • Examine the plant for damaged, discolored, and dead foliage and leggy stems.
  • Start by cutting from the bottom. Take out the leggy stems first, then move on to the leaves.
  • Cut the leggy vine 1/4 inch above each leaf node to help accelerate the growth of new vines at each leaf node.
  • Get rid of the leaf-less vine.
  • Pothosize the equipment before storing them away.

15. Plant’s Toxicity

Pothos like Peals and Jade are known to be poisonous to both humans and pets.

All species of Pothos contain ‘Calcium oxalate,’ a toxic crystal-like substance.

When consumed, the crystals are released into the bloodstream and cause burning sensations, mouth irritation, drooling, vomiting, decreased appetite, etc.

Therefore, you should keep the plant away from the reach of kids and pets.

If you find your pet has accidentally consumed or chewed on the plant, consider calling up Pet Poison Helpline or calling at (855) 764-7661 immediately.

Cat sitting near indoor plant
Cat sitting near the indoor plant (Source: Pixabay)

FAQs About Pearls and Jade Pothos

Here is a list of a few common questions and questions about Pearls and Jade Pothos.

1. Why are the Plant Stems, Leaves, and Tips Browning?

You may witness the plant stems, leaves or tips start browning.

Here are the probable causes of untimely browning.

  • Browning stem -Browning stem indicates a dying plant, exclusively from excess watering. It is irreversible.
  • Browning leavesBrowning spots on pothos leaves are signs of too much light, winter stress, or fungal and bacterial infection.
  • Browning tips -The primary causes for browning tip is over-fertilization and sunburn.
Brown pothos leaves tip
Brown tips in pothos leaves (Source: Unsplash)

Water the soil thoroughly to wash out excess fertilizer and keep your plant away from direct light or mist the leaves to avoid sunburn.

Browning stems and leaves from overwatering is a more serious problem that indicates a dying plant. Learn more about browning Pothos and how to stop it.

2. Why is my Pothos Failing to Get Variegated Leaves?

Pearls and Jade Pothos is known for variegated leaves, but it can only exist under certain conditions.

When growing them for their signature leaves, you should be extra careful about lighting, location, and temperature.

  • Provide bright lighting conditions in opposed to low light to prevent excess chlorophyll production.
  • Keep the temperature warm and consistent at all times. It does not adapt well to sudden fluctuations and may offset its leaf color.
  • Choose a location that receives enough indirect sunlight throughout the day.

3. Can Pearls and Jade Pothos Revert?

All variegated plants, including Pearls and Jade, can revert to their non-variegated forms.

If you witness your plant reverting, do not worry and Prune out the reverted shoot.

You can use the pruned shoot for growing in another pot as a separate plant.

4. Why are my Pearls and Jade Leaves Drooping?

Drooping foliage while the soil is moist, is primarily a sign of the rootbound condition.

The plant fares well even with more than 75 percent of the volume of the pot filled with roots.

However, it may push back the growth and start making the leaves droop.

The only solution is to repot it in a larger pot.

Tips to Keep Pearls and Jade Pothos Problem-Free

To ensure your plant remains problem-free, consider strictly following the care guide about watering, lighting, humidity, fertilizing, and location.

Here are a few tips to keep your plant problem-free.

  • Always choose a brightly lit location to grow the Pearls and Jade but ensure it is well-shaded.
  • Although it can tolerate low light, it fares well in bright indirect sunlight.
  • Ensure that the potting mix is never too soggy and the surrounding is not too damp to avoid bacterial infection.
  • Wait until the potting mix dries out between watering and water only when the top few inches of soil seems dry.
  • The plant is not a heavy feeder, so avoid using solid fertilizers. Alternatively, use organic plant food like compost.
  • The plant hates winter and frost, so keep thPothoside the temperature starts dropping below 60-degrees.
A Healthy Pearl and Jade Pothos
A Healthy Pearl and Jade Pothos (Source: Amazon)

Conclusion

Did you know Pearls and Jade Pothos are believed to bring good fortune and happiness?

Yes, these Pothos are excellent choices as the houseplant that adds a wow factor to your home.

Moreover, they are easy to maintain and look after. All you need to do is maintain the lighting, humidity, location, and temperature levels at all times.

The plant will give out dark green leaves variegated with white and silver-gray tints when the conditions are right.

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