Orange Jasmine is a lovely plant to have around the house for its exotic white flowers, intoxicating fragrance, and minimal upkeep.
However, many new growers struggle to provide an optimum growing condition, leading to yellowing leaves, stunted growth, and fewer blossoms.
These are not new problems, but you can easily avoid them by adhering to the primary care guide.
Orange Jasmine prefers a well-draining, organic potting mix to grow well with watering once a week, 65-90°F of temperature, 4-6 hours of indirect light, 40-50% humidity, and regular pruning every growing season.
Treat them like any other houseplant, fertilize every 3-4 weeks, and avoid hard pruning to find a thriving plant within a year.
Consider reading further If you are up for making your orange jasmine the emperor of houseplants.
Table of Contents
- Overview of Orange Jasmine
- A Complete Guide to Orange Jasmine Care
- 1. Adequate Watering
- 2. Optimum Lighting
- 3. Ideal Location
- 4. Ideal Temperature
- 5. Well-draining Organic Soil
- 6. Moderate Humidity
- 7. Regular Fertilization
- 8. Growth Habits
- 9. Well-draining Container
- 10. Flower and Fruiting
- 11. Orange Jasmine Repotting
- 12. Orange Jasmine Propagation
- 13. Annual Pruning
- 14. Toxicity of Orange Jasmine
- Common Problems with Orange Jasmine
- Tips to Keep Orange Jasmine Problem Free
Overview of Orange Jasmine
A lovable Orange Jasmine is a tropical shrub known for its aromatic orange blossoms.
Also known as Orange Jessamine, Mock Orange, Chalcas, and Satinwood, they grow scintillating white flowers that attract pollinating bugs.
They will grow up to 8-12 feet tall within 3-4 years when provided with optimum care.
|Scientific Name||Murraya paniculata|
|Common Name||Orange Jasmine, Orange Jessamine, Mock Orange|
|Native||South Asia, Southeast Asia, and Australia|
|Plant Type||Broadleaf Evergreen|
|Plants Mature Size||8 to 12 feet tall and wide|
|Leaf Size||1 to 4 inches long and 0.5 to 2 inches wide|
|Fruit||Green to orange or bright red in color as they mature|
|Uses||Medicinal uses including treatment of stomach, abdominal pain, headaches and diarrhea.|
|Toxicity||Non-Toxic to humans and animals|
You would know you have done a great job when they grow out oval, shiny, green leaves measuring up to 2 3/4 inches long.
However, keep a close eye on reddish-orange berries in summer that attracts all kinds of pests and small animals.
Over 200 species of Jasmine are cultivated worldwide, including Star Jasmine, Arabic Jasmine Prime Rose, Coral Jasmine, ad Orange Jasmine.
Let us delve deep into learning about your beloved plant and how to best take care of them.
A Complete Guide to Orange Jasmine Care
Orange Jasmine seeks an ideal growing condition similar to other tropical houseplants.
Even with moderate conditioning, a low-maintenance plant manages well, but the growing condition must be specific to a tropical plant.
Start with mimicking an ideal growing condition at home to better care for your beloved Orange Jasmine.
The basic requirements, but not limited to, include:
|Temperature||Maintain an ideal temperature between 65-90°F (18-32°C).
Anything below 60°F can severely damage the plant.
|Sunlight||Ensure to provide at least 4-6 hours of filtered light or indirect sunlight.|
|Soil Condition||Well-draining, organically rich soil with pH 6.5 to 7.5
Overtly soggy soil will create waterlogging problems.
|Humidity||Provide at least 40-50% of relative humidity.
They may survive drier air but may not look well.
|Watering||1-1.5 iches of water every week in the growing season.
Cut back to 1 liter of water once in 2 weeks in fall and winter.
Water when the top 1-2 inches of soil dries out.
|Fertilizing||Fertilize every 3-4 weeks in the growing season (spring and summer) and cut back in winter.|
|Pruning||Trim overgrown stems and old, dead leaves during every growing season|
|Repotting||Once every two years|
|Pot Size||6-8 inches (Mature Plant)|
|Propagation||Propagate by stem cutting and seed|
|Pest/Diseases||Nematodes, Sooty mold, Whiteflies, and Scales/Blight, Rust, Fusarium Wilt|
Here is the care guide in detail.
1. Adequate Watering
A citrus plant, Orange Jasmine, is a drought-resistant plant that fares well in dry conditions.
However, they require adequate watering in the growing season to achieve ideal blooming.
The severely underwatered plant often exhibits flat leaves with pale-brown spots.
Therefore, keep a slightly moist soil by watering once a week in the growing season.
Tips for Watering Orange Jasmine
- Water them every week in the growing season and once in two weeks in winter.
- Let the top 1-2” of topsoil dry out between watering.
- Assess whether the soil is dry or moist by inserting your finger into the soil. If it feels slightly dry, water them immediately.
- Only water below the foliage level to avoid wetting the leaves, inviting fungus infestations.
- Use a thorough watering method and let the pot drain for over 10 minutes so that the potting mix can retain enough moisture.
- Introducing a self-watering device is a great idea to slowly release water into the soil by constantly checking the soil’s moisture level.
How to Treat an Overwatered Plant?
They do not enjoy moist soil conditions; sitting on too much water will cause yellowing and dropping foliage.
They are susceptible to root rot fungal infection, often when the roots stay too wet.
Problems Due to Overwatering
- If the ground feels wet for days after watering, it means you have overwatered the plant.
- Yellowing foliage, dropping leaves, and stunted growth may indicate an overwatered plant.
- The blossoms may prematurely die off.
- Cut back on watering and place the pot in bright, indirect light to dry naturally.
- If the symptoms do not subside, inspect for root rot. Slide the plant out and prune the infected roots (black, brown, and mushy).
- Treat the roots in a diluted hydrogen peroxide solution to remove any remaining bacteria.
- Change the soil and sterilize the pot before using it again.
- Only start watering after the leaves come back in their natural state and color.
How to Treat an Underwatered Plant?
Depriving the plant of water may equally harm it, causing wilting leaves.
Although Jasmine handles drought well, it will need enough water to hydrate shoots and leaves and help with photosynthesis.
The water from the soil will quickly evaporate when the temperature is unusually high, over 90-degrees, requiring frequent irrigation.
Problems Due to Underwatering
- Yellowing wilted leaves and patchy brown spots.
- Wilted leaves with crisp edges.
- Brown spots on stems and branches.
- Dried and wilted blossoms.
- Water the plant immediately to replenish the soil and wait for the leaves to come back to their natural state after a few days.
- When the condition is arid, consider watering the plant every 3-4 days.
- To avoid underwatering, deep water your plant every week with 1-1.5 liters of water and keep them away from bright light sources.
2. Optimum Lighting
Orange Jasmine is a shade plant that thrives under the shades of large trees in the tropics. Therefore, they enjoy indirect, filtered sunlight.
It is a medium-light plant that ideally needs at least 4-6 hours of indirect sunlight every day.
However, strictly avoid exposing the plant to sunlight that will burn the leaves, changing its color from dark glossy green to light green.
Prolonged exposure to direct sunlight may also waste young blossoms as soon as they bloom.
When the sunlight becomes scarce in winter, consider moving them inside and under artificial grow lights (LED Grow light) for at least 8-hours a day.
3. Ideal Location
An ideal location plays a vital role in maintaining the humidity level and progression of foliage and blossoms.
They are best grown under canopies and tall plants to protect them from the harsh sunlight.
Better plant them in front of an east-facing wall where they will get the morning sun.
Otherwise, move them to an east-facing window with a nice shady spot throughout the day.
Pro Tip: Strictly avoid placing them in dark locations with damp conditions or anywhere nears the air conditioner and heating units.
4. Ideal Temperature
Orange Jasmine hails from the tropics, where the temperature is ideally on the warmer side but not too high.
Mimic the tropical weather at home with an optimum temperature ranging from 65°F to 90ºF (18°C – 32ºC).
Anything between 65 to 90-degrees will provide a perfect growing condition for the plant.
However, anything below 60-degrees may stunt the plant’s growth.
On the other hand, anything over 90-degrees will dehydrate the plant, causing excess transpiration of leaves.
Ensure to provide an ideal temperature between 65 to 80-degrees and maintain the same to encourage blossoms and fruiting.
Move them inside in fall and winter when the temperature sharply drops to prevent winter-stressed plants.
Use heat mats or place them under HID and incandescent bulbs to boost warmth.
Read our article on best light color spectrum appropriate for plants
5. Well-draining Organic Soil
The potting soil in the case of Orange Jasmine is quite an essential factor because it is prone to nematodes (roundworms) found in most regular soil.
Choose a well-draining, organic potting mix with rich compost, chopped bark, and leaf mulch to help improve drainage.
They grow well in a regular houseplant potting mix but keep the soil contents to a minimum to keep it light.
Being a tropical plant, it prefers a slightly acidic soil pH (6.6 to 7.5).
Because the normal soil pH is on the alkaline side, make it more acidic by using gypsum, ammonium sulfate, or other sulfur-containing compounds.
Instead of using regular soil, choose a commercial potting mix with well-drained elements.
Here is how to prepare a potting mix at home.
- One part peat moss or mature compost
- Similar part loamy soil, garden topsoil
- Add one part clean builder’s sand, perlite, or pumice.
- Apply some ground limestone (Calcium Carbonate) to raise the pH level naturally.
Alternatively, you can use a commercial potting mix for Azaleas and hydrangeas.
6. Moderate Humidity
Unlike most tropical plants, Orange Jasmine does well in moderate humidity levels.
They require a 40-50% humidity level to retain healthy-looking leaves and avoid excessive moist conditions.
Especially, high humidity levels coupled with poor ventilation may lead to risks of Fusarium wilts.
Tips for Maintaining Ideal Humidity Levels
- Avoid misting plant leaves to prevent excessively wet leaves.
- Add a room humidifier to boost humidity level indoors
- Alternatively, add a humidity tray to humidify the surroundings naturally.
- Place the container on top of the gravel-filled tray with water.
- Add more houseplants in the room to naturally create a humid environment.
7. Regular Fertilization
We strongly recommend fertilizing your Orange Jasmine plant every 3-4 weeks during the growing season to encourage thick, green foliage.
Feeding plant food will induce dark green and glossy leaves with more vibrant blooms and chances of fruiting.
Use an organic fertilizer for evergreen plants containing a balanced NPK ratio with magnesium, sulfur, and calcium.
Ensure that micronutrients like iron, zinc, and manganese are included in the fertilization regimen.
- Choose Miracle-Gro water-soluble fertilizer for acid-loving, flowering plants like an Orange Jasmine.
- Alternatively, you can apply a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer formulated for evergreen shrubs.
Consider diluting the formula with 1/4 strength (1 part formula, 3 part water) and directly pour the solution over the soil to avoid burning the foliage.
The organic soil may soon deplete nutrients, especially during the active growing season.
Therefore, feeding regularly will provide the nutrients required for sustained healthy growth.
However, strictly cut back on winter fertilization as the plant goes dormant.
8. Growth Habits
Orange Jasmine will become as tall as 7 meters with lush, green foliage and aromatic white flowers when grown in ideal condition.
A leaf comprises seven leaflets with clusters of five-leafed white flowers in the growing season.
The blossoms may proliferate when still young; therefore, regular fertilization will help attain whole blossoms.
Once blossomed, Orange Jasmine flowers will attract different kinds of pollinators and pests.
Do not forget to cut almost 1/8th of the plant in the growing season to manage slender branches, dead or damaged leaves, and overgrowing sections.
Pro Tip: Alternatively, grow them in a small pot as a Bonsai tree, which will grow to a length of 2-3 feet.
9. Well-draining Container
Orange Jasmine requires a well-draining pot, especially made with clay or Terracotta, to help retain moisture and allow air circulation.
Ensure there are enough holes to drain excess water and a tray to catch it.
Avoid using glazed ceramic and plastic pot that retains excess moisture and small pots that evaporate moisture too quickly.
Instead, choose pots in sizes of 5-6″ when starting, and replace it with a pot at least 2″ larger in diameter when repotting.
Here are a few recommendations for you.
|Clay Pots,Brajttt 6.28 inch||Earthen ware, Ceramic||It allows good drainage and air permeability.|
|8” Clay Pot for Plant with Saucer||Terracotta, Clay||The 8" in height and outer diameter provide ample space for root growth.|
|Large 10” Terracotta Plant Pot||Terracotta, Ceramic||The 40-B-L-1 earthenware pot is best for growing houseplants for proper drainage.|
10. Flower and Fruiting
Say Yes to flowers because Orange Jasmine is known for its signature white flowers that emit aromatic smells reaching as far as 10-feet.
If everything goes as planned, you will witness a cluster of up to eight blossoms at terminals of the branches or higher leaf forks.
Flowering infrequently occurs throughout the year, frequently reacting to rain, but is most prevalent from late winter to late spring.
When exposed to the lighting, Jasmine produces a flower-inducing hormone called florigen, which transfers and accumulates to the flowering shoots in the daytime, inducing flowering at night.
The cluster of flowers will give a distinct look to your Jasmine bush, where the blossom will soon give out bright, reddish-orange berries in late summer.
You can also grow them for small-sized flowers and fruits, even when grown as Bonsai.
You can also harvest orange jasmine blossoms to prepare a variety of homemade medicines and edibles.
The fruit of Orange Jasmine is an egg-shaped (i.e., elliptical) to oval (i.e., ellipsoid) berry measuring 12 mm in length and 5 – 14 mm in diameter.
Fruits are originally green, developing orange or brilliant red as they mature, and containing two dull, yellowish-grey or greenish, teardrop-shaped seeds. They are completely edible; it is used for medicinal purposes.
However, the lack of proper growing conditions may push back blossoms altogether, preventing fruit bearings.
11. Orange Jasmine Repotting
Orange Jasmine is a slow-grower, requiring repotting once in two years.
Frequent or improper repotting can easily stress the plant, so try repotting every two years or when it needs a soil change.
It may take a while before the root system outgrows the container.
You would know it when you start seeing roots coming out of the drainage holes or plant growth slows back even in the active growing season.
Tips to Repot an Orange Jasmine Properly
- Choose a container 2″ larger in diameter than the current.
- Trim off any dead or foliage and empty stems, not more than 1/8th of the total growth.
- Water the soil thoroughly, and gently slide out the plant using your hand.
- Wash the root ball with clean water to check for visible damages, decay, browning, and mushy problems.
- Prune off suspicious-looking feeder roots without damaging the main root bulb.
- Half-fill the new container with the appropriate potting mix and carefully place the plant (root-down) inside.
- Lightly fill the pot with the remaining soil and finish it off with a thorough watering session.
12. Orange Jasmine Propagation
In spring or early summer, Propagate your plant while repotting to encourage rapid new growth.
You can propagate Orange Jasmine through two different ways, seeds and stem cuttings.
However, it is typically quicker to propagate with stem-tip cuttings than seeds.
Propagate Orange Jasmine Via Stem Cuttings
- Start with selecting a cutting that does not have flowers.
- Cut the stems about 6 inches long and cut each directly below the leaf.
- Strip it of all leaves before rooting it.
- Apply some rooting hormone to the cutting ends to promote root growth.
- Bring a small container 2″ wide in diameter and fill it with warm, moist peat and sand.
- Place the cutting about 2-3 inches into the soil and press the soil gently.
- Move them under appropriate grow light or an area with enough indirect sunlight. Keep the planter at 75 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Water daily is only enough to keep the soil moist.
- The cutting will start producing roots after 12-14 days
- Once the cutting begins rooting, transfer it to a large container (4-5″) with an appropriate organic potting mix.
It should grow exponentially once established in the new potting medium.
Propagate Orange Jasmine Via Seeds
Propagating the seeds requires a germinating kit.
- Start with picking berries in the fall and put them in a bowl with room-temperature water. Soak for at least 48 hours.
- Rub the berries to loosen the skin and crack the seed flesh. Then, soak them for another 12 hours.
- Remove them from the bowl and set them on a paper towel.
- Look out for shallow indentation along the seeds to carefully separate two seeds stuck into one.
- Prepare starter potting mix in a germination tray by moistening it.
- Mix four parts sterile potting soil and one part perlite.
- Insert one seed into each compartment to a depth of 1/4 inch and lightly cover it with soil.
- Now, wrap it with clear plastic to boost the humidity and leave it under fluorescent or LED grow lights or in a warm area with indirect sunlight.
- Mist the soil with water to keep it evenly moist for 12-14 days until the seed starts sprouting.
- Finally, transplant each seedling to a 2-3″ pot and place it in a well-lit area.
13. Annual Pruning
Prune your Orange Jasmine throughout the growing season to remove old, damaged, dead leaves and branches.
The yearly pruning of old, dead, and lanky stems will encourage thick foliage and timely blossoms.
They make great hedges and respond very well to pruning.
Orange Jasmine should be pruned 3 to 4 times a year, with the last trimming in late fall.
If they become too huge, prune them severely, and they will re-shoot with new leaves.
Tips for Pruning Orange Jasmine
- Trim the plant annually in the growing season.
- Ensure to prune off damaged leaves and overgrowing branches.
- Sterilize the pruning shear before and after the use.
- Avoid harsh pruning. Remove only about one-eighth of the shrub’s total growth each year.
14. Toxicity of Orange Jasmine
Do not worry because Orange Jasmine is not toxic to humans or pets.
The fresh blossoms and red berries may commonly attract small children and pets.
However, 90% of the fruit body comprises a large seed, and the pulp is rather tasteless.
Although lovely looking, the red berries may leave a foul taste on your mouth, which are not all delicious.
Common Problems with Orange Jasmine
Be prepared to tackle common plant-related problems with your Orange Jasmine from pests and horticultural diseases.
1. Common Pests in Orange Jasmine
Like any other houseplant, Orange Jasmine is not free of deadly pests.
The onset of pest infestation is proportional to soil wetness and moisture. Therefore, the rise in soil wetness and moist conditions may quickly attract pests.
You would likely find soil nematodes, scale, whiteflies, and sooty mold on your plant.
Here are the problems posed by these pests and how to treat them effectively.
|Nematode||The nematode is a deadly soil pathogen that damage roots, stems, foliage, and flower.
Slide the plant out to check for root knots, galls, root lesions, and excessive root branching.
|Whiteflies||Whitefly mainly attacks nitrogen-rich plants.
They reside under the leaves, sucking their juices and leaving them yellow, faded, and drooping.
|Leaf Scales||They are tiny, waxy pests that infest on leaves.
Yellow or rust-colored spots will develop on the leaves, and the sap will begin drying up.
|Sooty mold||A dark threadlike fungal growth indicates an infestation of sucking insects like aphids and mealybugs.|
- Remove the plant and place the soil in full sunlight for a day to kill nematodes. Alternatively, apply Nematicide (chemical pesticide).
- Spray the plant with a mild solution of liquid dish soap and water mixed in a spray bottle to kill Whiteflies.
- Apply insecticidal oil or soap on the infected part to immediately kill leaf scales.
- Spray the sooty mold-infected part with insecticidal soap or neem oil.
- Alternatively, wash the plant with water and a detergent solution to remove mold traces.
- Avoid overwatering your plant to prevent moist conditions that attract different kinds of pests.
- Stop foliar spraying the plant to prevent wet leaves.
- Stop overfertilizing your plant and limit the use of nitrogen-rich plant food.
- When potting or repotting the plant, use treated soil or a better commercial potting mix.
2. Common Diseases in Orange Jasmine
Common houseplant plagues may affect the Orange Jasmine plant when the soil becomes too soggy or wet.
Overwatering the plant or placing them in moist conditions will invite different diseases.
Here is the list of common horticultural diseases found in Orange Jasmine.
|Disease||Causes And Signs|
|Blight||A plant disease caused by fungi such as mildews, rusts, and smuts.
The symptoms include severe yellowing, browning, spotting, and withering of leaves and flowers.
|Rust Fungus||A fungal parasite that spreads by spores from infected plants.
Check for tell-tale signs of small brown spots or rings on the leaf undersides.
|Fusarium Wilt||Fusarium oxysporum infects plants from infected soil or equipment.
Check for pale green to golden yellow leaves, dropping leaves, and dark streaks around the lower stem.
- Use Bonide Liquid Copper Fungicide to treat and remove blights.
- Alternatively, apply baking soda, warm water, and vegetable oil solution to the plant to remove blights organically.
- Prune the rust fungus-affected leaves and then apply fungicide spray containing Flutriafol.
- Dispose of the plant infected with Fusarium wilt immediately upon the symptoms become grave.
- Avoid overwatering your plant and keeping them in moist, damp places.
- Stop placing them close to outdoor plants.
- Stop bringing in fresh cutting and soil from the garden.
- Move the plant at least 6 feet away from other houseplants when it shows unusual signs.
3. Lack of Blossoms
Your Orange Jasmine may fail to blossom for many different factors.
One of the primary reasons for a flower-less plant is drought stress.
- Dehydrated plant
- Too much nitrogen
- Hard pruning
Leaving the plant dry and high in the growing season may setback blossoms.
Water your plant once every week and in a few days if the temperature goes over 90-degrees.
Too much nitrogen in the soil may also prevent healthy blossoms. The chemical deposit can make it harder for the root to absorb nutrients.
Water the plant soil thoroughly a couple of times to wash off nitrogen, and revert to using plant food with less nitrogen content (8-10-10).
At the wrong time of year, fall and winter, hard pruning or pruning may also set back blossoms.
Pruning should be kept for the growing seasons, but strictly avoid hard pruning the plant.
4. Yellowing and Dropping Leaves
Yellowing with dropping leaves is often the primary indication of wet soil and root rot problems.
Overwatering the plant invites constantly soggy soil that deprives the root system of air and nutrients, causing yellowing.
The yellowing may begin at the bottom of the leaf and then spread throughout, triggering leaf loss.
As a solution, cut back on watering and inspect the root for visible damages as an immediate solution.
Prune the infected roots and transplant them to a fresh potting mix.
In some cases, the yellowing of foliage may also occur with poor soil conditions, such as nutrient-deprived soil.
Consider repotting your plant in a fresh, organically rich potting mix.
Read our article on diagnosing and treating yellowing leaves on plants.
5. Excessive Leaf Drops
An unhappy Orange Jasmine, especially a severely dehydrated plant, will exhibit dried leaves later drop.
When your plant is severely winter stressed, such as left in the cold outside, the leaves will start yellowing before dropping off.
On the contrary, the overwatered plant simultaneously exhibits yellowing and dropping.
Start with thoroughly watering your plant if the soil has dried up.
Consider moving your plant in a warm place indoors or under the grow lights when cold outside.
Tips to Keep Orange Jasmine Problem Free
Although the care guide has been shared above, let us share with you a few essential tips to attain a problem-free Orange Jasmine.
- Grow Orange Jasmine in a container if you live in a place that witnesses arid weather or snowfall most of the time in a year so that you can move it inside.
- Jasmine plant flowers need to be pollinated; hence, allow the honey bees, butterflies, and good bugs to roam your plant freely.
- Pruning is best done after it blossoms. It allows the plant to mature and flower early in the next growing season.
- Start removing dead or diseased stems that no longer produce flowers when pruning.
- Always sterilizer pruning shear and other tools before and after use to prevent the risks of fusarium wilt.
- Consider repotting the plant in late summer or early fall to allow it to settle and rest throughout the dormancy.
- Choose a bigger pot at all times to maintain the ratio of more soil to fewer roots. In addition, it assists roots to get more air.
- To deter pests, care to grow Orange Jasmine with companion plants like beans, corns, clematis, and honeysuckle vines.
Orange Jasmine is a lovely plant to have around the house for its aromatic fragrance, beautiful blossoms, and medicinal benefits.
You must maintain a consistent watering schedule to prevent over or underwatering problems as a grower.
Although rare, the sudden change in temperature and lighting may push back the plant growth altogether.
Therefore, always watch for dropping temperature, low-humidity levels, and direct sunlight.
Otherwise, you can always revert to this guide to better care for your plant.