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Mustard Tree Vs Mustard Plant: Telltale Differences To Know

It’s vital to know about the Mustard tree vs. Mustard plant as confusion between both varieties leads to totally different harvests.

Generally, the Mustard tree and Mustard plant sound similar in name and share similar families but differ in growth habits, size, flower, fruit, lifespan, cultivation, use, and many more.

The Mustard plant matures within a year, whereas the Mustard tree takes about 5-10 years to mature.

So, go through this complete article to know the potential difference between the Mustard tree and the Mustard plant.

Mustard Tree & Mustard Plant [Common Similarities]

As their similar names, both the Mustard plant and Mustard tree belong to a similar family, Brassicaceae or Cruciferae, that includes vegetables like Cauliflower, Cabbage, etc.

Mustard tree on the left vs Mustard plant on the right
Mustard tree bears fruits, but Mustard plants directly produce seed pods.

Moreover, both produce edible seeds and share similar appearance, uses, and nutritional values.

  • Seeds of both varieties are useful to prepare spice, oil, and other dishes.
  • Moreover, the flavor of the seed is pungent in both varieties.
  • People widely grow both varieties for their edible parts in different regions.
  • Also, both varieties produce yellow flowers with four petals.
  • Leaves in both the Mustard plant and Mustard tree are dark green with a toothed margin.
  • Moreover, both varieties are traditionally valued as useful medicinal plants.
  • Seeds from both the Mustard plant and the Mustard tree are rich in vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and calcium.

Both Mustard trees and Mustard plants are susceptible to mealybugs, mites, and other pests that may invite harmful pathogens. 

So, it’s better to use suitable pesticides or fungicides to deal with those dangers. You can also use neem oil if you want a chemical-free option.

Mustard Tree Vs. Mustard Plant [Striking Differences]

Although both the Mustard tree and the Mustard plant are from the same family, the Mustard Tree belongs to the genus Salvadora. Meanwhile, the Mustard plant is from the Brassica genus.

Moreover, the Mustard tree is way larger than the Mustard plant as one is a tree, and the other is not.

Features Mustard PlantMustard Tree
Common NameIndian MustardToothbrush Tree
Growth HabitHerbaceous PlantWoody shrub or tree
Plant Size1-2 feet tallAbout 20 feet
FlowerYellowYellow or White
FruitNo fruitsSmall red, purple or white berries
Native RegionMediterranean regions of Europe, Asia, and North AmericaTropical and subtropical regions of India and Africa
CultivationFertile land for agricultural purposesHarsh condition of arid and semi-arid regions
Grown ForGreen leaves and seedsSeed harvest, fuel, and toothbrushes

From Editorial Team

Mustard Tree Vs. Mustard Plant In Harvesting

In terms of harvest, both Mustard trees and Mustard plants are different. You can harvest bark, fruits, and seeds of Mustard trees at different times of the year.

Meanwhile, it’s good to harvest Mustard plant leaves in late spring or summer and the seeds in the fall when the seed pods mature.