The dramatic patterned stiff leaves of Hoya callistophylla with undulated margins fade away and turn yellow under improper care.
Despite having relatively easy care needs, many fail to keep Hoya callistophylla upbeat and miss sweet-smelling blooms.
Thus, read on till the end, so you know how to keep them happy and thriving for more with regular blossom.
Table of Contents Show
- Overview of Hoya Callistophylla
- Hoya Callistophylla- Ultimate Grow & Care Guide
- Hoya Callistophylla: All About Growth
- Toxicity of Hoya Callistophylla
- Propagation of Hoya Callistophylla
- Where to Buy Hoya Callistophylla?
- FAQs About Hoya Callistophylla
- From Editorial Team
Overview of Hoya Callistophylla
The Hoya callistophylla is a flowering tropical plant with magnificent leaves native to Southeast Asia and can be found in parts of Australia and New Zealand.
|Scientific Name||Hoya callistophylla T.Green|
|Common Name||Waxvine, Waxplant, Waxflower|
|Native||Asia especially Borneo|
|Growth Zone||Zone 11|
|Plant Type||Epiphytic Tropical plant
|Growth Size||Upto 5 meters in length
1 meters in width
|Growth Habit||Slow growth|
|Grown For||Attractive flowers and stunning foliage|
|Container||Terracotta pot with 2-3 drainage holes
Ornamental hanging basket
|Flowering||Radial brown, creamy, yellow flowers
Individual flowers are star shaped
|Flowering Season||Warm spring and summer|
|Toxicity||Sap causes irritation, otherwise the plant is non-toxic to cats and dogs|
Hoya Callistophylla- Ultimate Grow & Care Guide
By emulating the natural habitat-like conditions, you can make Hoya callistophylla thrive and reach its maximum potential.
1. Light & Temperature
Hoya callistophylla is a tropical epiphyte that thrives the most when the surrounding is indirectly bright and warm (65-80°F).
Remember, direct sunlight can scorch the plant due to excess heat and transpiration.
|Signs of Low Light||Signs of Extreme Light|
|Pale white patches on the leaves||Leaves will turn yellow|
|Growth speed will decrease significantly||Foliage will be scorched|
|There will be no blooms||The stems will be thin and etiolate|
Likewise, temperatures below 50°F slow down the growth of the Hoya callistophylla resulting in leggy, droopy foliage.
Also, keep the plants away from drafty windows and air conditioning vents to shield them from sudden temperature changes.
2. Water & Humidity
Being a succulent from the tropical region of Borneo, this Hoya callistophylla prefers a moderate amount of water and high humidity (50-70%).
The Hoya plant is overly sensitive to overwatering and can succumb to death if its roots stand in the water for too long.
|Signs of Underwatering||Signs of Overwatering|
|Plant loses its natural structure||Leaves turn yellow|
|Size of leaves will be smaller||Root rot|
|There will be fewer leaves in the plant||The plant will appear wilting|
|Leaf tips and petioles will turn brown||Flower buds will not form|
To ensure optimal watering, use a moisture meter or let the top two inches of the soil dry out before fetching water.
Remember, a plant loses shape and leaf turgidity alongside slow growth if the humidity is too low.
So, carefully incorporate a pebble tray and keep it on the side of the plant.
3. Soil & Fertilizer
Hoya callistophylla prefers moisture-retaining but well-draining, aerated nutrient-rich soil of pH 6.3 to 7.5.
But cut back fertilization in winter to avoid fertilizer burn and root choking.
|Signs of Lack of Fertilization||Signs of Over Fertilization|
|Slow plant growth||Leaves will turn brown|
|Lack of phosphorus may lead to no bloom||Salt build up on the soil surface|
|Weak stem and pale foliage||Yellowing, wilting of the stem|
To ensure better foliage and timely flowering, use fertilizer rich in nitrogen and phosphorus.
While fertilizing, ensure you don’t fertilize directly at the stem. Spray a few meters away from the stem and ensure the plant gets fertilizer.
4. Potting & Repotting
As Hoya callistophylla has a slow-growing habit, they will not mind staying in the same terracotta pot for about 2-3 years without repotting.
Likewise, when Hoya is troubled by root rot and botrytis blight brought on by improper humidity and watering habit, you must repot them.
In such peril, carefully snip off infected parts and apply proper fungicides rich in copper, followed by repotting in a new pot.
While repotting, choose a pot that is at least two inches larger in diameter than the current pot.
Aim to repot Hoya in the morning hours of the active growing season for ideal growth.
5. Light Pruning
Hoya callistophylla are usually grown as ornamental plants with beautiful flowers.
They do not need regular pruning. However, if you have hung them, you can trim the trailing vines every spring.
Otherwise, let Hoya grow freely by hooking them to the walls or letting them trail.
Meanwhile, pruning could be the only resort when the Hoya plant is infested via mealybugs and aphids.
|Pests||Signs and Symptoms||Effect on Plant|
|Mealybugs||White cottony powder like sightings on leaves and stem.||Plant starts to lose nutrients and the leaves lose color.|
|Aphids||You can see honeydew on the flowers||Flower blooming is affected.
Leaves turn yellow and stem is swollen.
Moreover, regularly apply isopropyl alcohol to prevent future pest invasion in Hoya plants.
Remember, you must not trim the peduncles as that’s where Hoya produces beautiful blossoms. And do not trim over 1/3rd of the plant at once to avoid pruning stress.
Hoya Callistophylla: All About Growth
Hoya callistophylla has a moderate to fast growth rate that depends primarily on its surroundings and the conditions you provide.
They can grow up to 3 to 5 meters in height with a unit-meter spread, but their vines can grow up to 5 meters long.
Callistophylla actively unfurls new leaves in spring and summer but remains dormant in winter.
The oval leaves are bright green and can grow 4 to 7 inches long, while the veins are much darker green.
In addition, Callistophylla produces exotic star-shaped sweet smell fragrant flowers in clusters.
The Hoya flowers are pale yellow or orange and have a red tip.
Hoya callistophylla needs at least five years of maturing to be able to produce such flowers with a floral smell.
However, with ideal care, they can bloom much sooner.
Toxicity of Hoya Callistophylla
Thankfully the Hoya callistophylla is a safe and non-poisonous houseplant for pets and kids.
Also, ASPCA has not listed Hoya on its list of toxic plants on its website.
Thus, you can let your children play around with the plant without any safety concerns.
But that said, minor signs of stomach discomfort may arise from plant consumption.
Meanwhile, despite being non-toxic to cats and dogs, the saps of Hoya Callistophylla can be irritant to extra sensitive skin.
Thus, little precaution to keep plants somewhere safe will not hurt.
Propagation of Hoya Callistophylla
Hoya callistophylla can be propagated using stem or leaf cutting and air layering techniques.
Aim to propagate your Hoya callistophylla in spring and summer for efficient propagation.
Although seed propagation for the Hoya plant is viable, germination is not easy and requires tremendous care and time.
1. Propagation via Stem Cutting
Carefully sterilize and disinfect the tools before propagation to prevent any infections.
- Choose a green, not woody, stem with at least two nodes and three leaves.
- Cut at least 4 inches of a stem and 1 inch below the leaf node.
- Remove the lower leaves and make the nodes visible.
- Leave the cutting for at least a day to form a callous.
- Get a transparent jar of water and submerge the cutting, ensuring leaves are not touching the water.
- Place the plant in a bright indirect place with a subtle warmth.
- Replace the water every seven days and keep the surroundings humid.
- You can see the roots in about 2 to 3 months. Let it fully develop for a month more and transplant it.
Alternatively, you can plant the cutting directly into a potting medium followed by regular Hoya callistophylla indoor care.
Within 2 to 3 months, you will be able to notice new root sprouts in the cutting.
2. Propagation via Leaf Cutting
If your Hoya callistophylla does not have long stems for stem cutting, you can use the leaf-cutting approach to propagate.
But this method takes a relatively long time compared to any other methods.
- Choose a healthy leaf that has a healthy stem as well.
- Cut the leaf off of the main plant at a 45° angle.
- Put the cutting in a fresh, airy porous potting mix.
- Immerse the stem in the soil but ensure the leaf points upwards.
- Bury five to six leaves into the soil, slightly covering the tips so that roots can grow.
- Water the leaf-cutting thoroughly. You can wrap a plastic bag around the leaf to maintain moisture.
- You’ll start to see tiny bits of roots in about 1.5 to 2 months.
3. Propagation via Air Layering
For the air layering technique, find a stem with healthy aerial roots.
- Make a circular cut around the selected stem.
- Lower the stem down to the soil and cover the aerial roots properly.
- Do not cut the stem and separate it from the mother plant.
- Use hooks or pins to hold the stem to the ground properly.
- Be very careful not to snap the stem in the process.
- Proceed with regular Hoya callistophylla care; you can notice new roots within a few weeks.
- Once the roots have grown a few inches long, cut the stem with new roots from the main plant.
Where to Buy Hoya Callistophylla?
Popular for patterned leaves, Hoya callistophylla is a rare Hoya variety that is always in high demand.
Thus, the price of Hoya callistophylla is relatively higher than other regular houseplants.
Here, I have listed some reputed retailers with Hoya callistophylla for sale.
|Places to Buy||Shipping|
|Etsy||3 to 7 business days|
|Tropics At Home||7-14 days|
|Canopy Plant||1-4 business days|
|Aroid Nursery||Within a week|
FAQs About Hoya Callistophylla
What is the difference between Hoya Finlaysonii and Hoya Callistophylla?
The leaf veins are more pinnate but less bold in Hoya callistophylla than in Finlaysonii.
How do you encourage variegation in Hoya?
You can sustain and encourage variegation in Hoya by providing optimal sunlight and prompt fertilization.
From Editorial Team
Huddle Hoya with Other Plants
As Hoya callistophylla is fond of high humidity, group them with other plants like Areca palm to boost natural humidity.
However, beware of consistently high humidity, which brings pests and fungal problems instead of making plants flourish.
Good luck and Happy Gardening!