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How Long Do Peonies Bloom? [Flower Guide 2024]

The layered Peony flowers in the garden symbolize wealth, respect, and abundance, with the bloom lasting moderately long.

Generally, Peonies are flowering perennials that produce flowers yearly from Late spring to early summer. Each flower lasts for about 8 to 10 days and gradually fades away. But as a cut flower, the shelf-life is a little less.

The blooming period of Peonies has more to do with the variety, care provided, and environmental conditions.

How Often Does Peony Bloom?

Peony flowers are versatile garden plants prized for their large, showy flowers in various colors like white, pink, and red. 

These perennial plants are incredibly long-living and continue blooming year after year with weekly watering, well-draining soil, and moderate temperature.

Generally, Peonies bloom once a year from late spring to early summer with full sunlight to partial shade of at least 6 hours. However, the blooming period can fluctuate depending on the variety and growing conditions. 

Regardless, each plant gives multiple blooms during its blooming period, beginning after a few years of planting. 

Five different varieties of Peony in a collage.
The shape and size of the Peonies may differ depending on the cultivar selected.

Initially, as you plant the Peonies in the fall, the plant does not produce blooms in the first growing seasons. 

Even if it does, the first-year blooms are less in number and do not attain a total size of 5 to 8 inches.

When Peonies are grown from bare roots or root divisions, the plant typically moves towards a robust root system and foliage during the initial years.

So, Peonies growing from such roots often require 2-3 long years before blooming consistently.

How Long Do Peonies Bloom Last For?

The lifespan of the Peony flower majorly depends on climatic conditions and the cultivar you choose.

Usually, the individual Peony bloom lasts 7 to 10 days, with a proficient blooming period of roughly six weeks.

When cut and placed Peonies in a vase, the flower can remain fresh for about 5 to 7 years. To maximize their vase life, you must cut them when the buds start opening.

Out of all the varieties, Itoh Peonies’ bloom typically lasts 2 to 3 weeks, while herbaceous and tree types have normal bloom life.

Moreover, the blooming period will last longer in a cooler area (temperature 35-45°F), i.e., from zone 8 to zone 3.

Compared to the warmer regions like zone 9 and above, where flowers will be profuse but relatively brief.

The leaves are more likely to curl and turn yellow in summer, so bring them indoors.

But when the temperature is highly freezing below -30°F, cover the plant with burlap to save the plant from frost injuries.

Should You Cut Back Peonies After They Bloom?

Pruning or cutting back the plant is not necessarily mandatory when caring for the Peonies.

But you may need to worry when the plant starts to yellow or brown in the fall and has disease and pests.

For instance, Herbaceous Peonies lose their vegetation on the ground after the frost. And for the new growth to develop from the root in the following spring, you may have to cut back the plant.

Similarly, the dead and damaged parts of the woody and Herbaceous Peonies should be removed.

But prune the branches using sharp shears just above the outward-facing buds in the late spring to boost the sturdy growth.

Nevertheless, you need to deadhead the spent Peonies to reroute the energy for the flowers and foliage for the next season.

From Editorial Team 

Feed Bloom Boster!

Despite being low-maintenance, a little fertilizer before the blooming season would help your plant get healthier blooms.

Use a balanced fertilizer or a bloom booster specially created for Peonies in limited amounts to avoid chemical burns.