Top 10 World’s Hottest Peppers

Peppers
Peppers (Source: Pexels)

There are a lot of peppers in the world, believe it or not. From the hottest peppers in the world to not so hot.

Let me ask you this: what is your favorite pepper? Don’t be confused. One can have a favorite pepper just like me.

Personally, I love eating round chilies. Also, they are one of the hottest chilies in the world, measuring 1,00,000 SHU to 3,50,000 SHU.

Suddenly in the mood for searching about the hottest pepper? Let me guess; you’re a spice lover? Want to grow one of them in your backyard? 

The top 10 hoppest peppers in the world are Carolina Reaper, Trinidad Moruga Scorpion, 7 Pot Douglah, 7 Pot Primo, Trinidad Scorpion “Butch T”, Naga Viper, Ghost Pepper (Bhut Jolokia), 7 Pot Barrackpore, 7 Pot Red (Giant), and Red Savina Habanero.

Chili Pepper
Chili Pepper (Source: Unsplash)

There are a lot of hot peppers out there. However, in this article, I will share with you the details about the top 10 hottest peppers in the world as of now.

Moreover, I will be explaining the origin of the peppers, their taste, the name of their breeders, and their Scoville Heat Unit (SHU).

How is Spiciness Measured?

Every year, peppers are either created or discovered. So the hottest peppers keep on changing.

The hotness of the pepper is ranked by observing the SHU values. It determines the spiciness of the pepper by measuring the concentration of capsaicinoids.

Scoville Heat Unit (SHU) is the measure of spiciness.  It’s a scale that was invented by Wilbur Scoville over 100 years ago.

Capsaicin is the chemical responsible for the burning and spicy sensation we feel as the chemical reacts with our neurons.

Top 10 World’s Hottest Peppers

As I have mentioned above, there are a lot of hot peppers in the world. Continue reading this article to learn more about the top 10 hottest peppers in the world right now.

Here is a summarized look of the peppers along with their SHU unit for your convenience. So if you want to try the spiciest one, go on and pick the first one.

Ranking in 2021Name of PepperSHU Units
1stCarolina Reaper2,200,000
2ndTrinidad Moruga Scorpion2,009,231
3rd7 Pot Douglah1,853,936
4th7 Pot Primo1,469,000
5thTrinidad Scorpion "Butch T"1,463,700
6thNaga Viper1,382,118
7thGhost Pepper (Bhut Jolokia)1,041,427
8th7 Pot Barrackpore1,000,000
9th7 Pot Red (Giant)1,000,000
10thRed Savina Habanero500,000

1. Carolina Reaper

Ed Currie from South Carolina bred Carolina Reaper. The Carolina Reaper is a cultivar of the Capsicum Chinenseplant. 

This pepper is ranked first among the hottest peppers in the world.

Did you know: The name of Carolina Pepper was HP22B previously.

This pepper is a cross between La Soufriere Pepper from the Caribbean Island of St. Vincent and a Naga Viper Pepper from Pakistan.

It is named Reaper after the shape of its tail.

Breeder of Carolina Reaper Ed Curie gained the attention of the pepper industry in November 2011 when an NPR reporter stopped by to eat an HP22B pepper.

After eating a small piece of pepper, the reporter rolled around the floor, hallucinated, and then shared his experiences with the national media.

Taste and Appearance

Carolina Reaper has a fruity taste in the initial bite. And then the taste immediately turns like molten lava.

This pepper is red and gnarled. In addition, it has a bumpy texture with a small pointed tail.

Carolina Reaper (Source: Adobe Stock)

It has a unique tail which is very different from other peppers. You can buy it in powder form, and seeds. Then you can plant it in your backyard and taste it.

The reaper has a 2,200,000 SHU value.

This pepper was initially identified as the world’s hottest pepper in 2013. 

Carolina Reaper was again tested in 2018, which showed an even higher SHU value than in 2013. So, it is renewed as World’s Hottest Pepper.

Cultivation

You can cultivate this pepper at a temperature of at least 64 – 104 degrees Fahrenheit in pots of size 30 – 40cm. 

2. Trinidad Moruga Scorpion

The name of the breeder of Trinidad Moruga Scorpion is Wahid Ogeer. This pepper falls under the species Capsicum Chinense.

The Moruga Scorpion pepper is ranked second among the hottest peppers in the world.

This pepper is native to the land of Moruga in Trinidad and Tobago. It resembles the habanero and scotch bonnet.

Taste and Appearance

This pepper also has a fruit-like flavor that gives a sweet-hot combination.

The first bite of this pepper won’t be so bad, but the hotness keeps on building.

Trinidad Moruga Scorpion (Source:seedsnsuch)

Trinidad Moruga Scorpion has wrinkled reddish-orangish skin with grooves that run from the top to the bottom of the pepper.

This kind of pepper is rare and is recently discovered. It lacks Reaper’s stinger but is as hot as the Carolina Reaper.

The Moruga Scorpion has a tail like of scorpion. That is how the pepper has got its name.

Trinidad Moruga Scorpion pepper has a 2,009,231 SHU value.

Cultivation

Trinidad Moruga Scorpion can grow in almost all parts of the world.

However, freezing weather can kill the plant. Otherwise, they grow all year.

3. 7 Pot Douglah

This pepper is from Trinidad, and it is Capsicum Chinense species. The Douglah is also known as Chocolate 7 Pod and the 7 Pot Brown.

Taste and Appearance 

This pepper has a sweet, fruity taste with hints of nuttiness and earthiness.

It starts off green but matures to a rich brown. 7 Pot Douglah has a habanero-like appearance and is approximately 2 inches long and wrinkled.

7 Pot Douglah (Source: PepperJoe’s)

It offers a quick blast of heat that lingers. You can cook it into soups and stews or can make super hot chilly powder of your own.

7 Pot Douglah comes in the third rank with a 1,853,936 SHU value.

Did you know: The Douglah is popular in the community as one of the hottest pepper with the best flavor.

And this pepper is not in red color. In fact, it is brown in color.

Cultivation

Pepper plants thrive best in warm temperatures.

Ideal temperatures for growing 7 Pot Douglah is 70 – 80 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 60 – 70 degrees Fahrenheit at night.

4. 7 Pot Primo

The 7 Pot Primo pepper was created by horticulturist Troy Primeaux from Louisiana, who had the nickname Primo.

7 Pot Primo is a cross between a Naga Morich and Trinidad 7 Pot pepper. This is a very rare pepper, and Primo seeds can be hard to find.

Some cultivators have tried to replicate the look of Primo for having a long stinger.

Taste and Appearance

It offers quite a fruity taste with hints of floral scent.

The pepper has a long skinny tail like of scorpion. In addition, its skin has the characteristics of being bumpy and pimply.

7 Pot Primo (Source: Reddit)

This pepper looks similar to Carolina Reaper pepper as it has a long stinger.

It usually matures to a vibrant red color, though this pepper also has yellow and orange varieties.

With a SHU value of 1,469,000, this pepper is very distinctive.

Did you know: 7 Pot Primo is 300 times hotter than a Jalapeno.

5. Trinidad Scorpion “Butch T”

This pepper is indigenous to Trinidad and Tobago. Trinidad Scorpion Butch T was named by Neil Smith from The Hippy Seed Company after he got the seeds originally from Butch Taylor.

Butch Taylor is the owner of Zydeco Farms in Woodville/Crossby, Mississippi, and a hot sauce company and is responsible for propagating the pepper’s seeds.

It is called Trinidad Scorpion Butch T as it has a stinger like that of a scorpion in the tip. The name of its creator is Butch Taylor.

Taste and Appearance

Trinidad Scorpion “Butch T” smells and tastes extremely fruity before the spice hits. Eating this pepper burns you like you have swallowed 1,000 suns.

This pepper is like a scorpion giving edgy, a dangerous look with a bulbous and wrinkly appearance.

Trinidad Scorpion “Butch T” (Source: ChilliPepperMadness)

Trinidad Scorpion Butch T has a SHU value of 1,463,700.

Although it is very hot, there are hotter peppers than this. It is a previous Guinness World Record Holder (2011) from Australia.

Cultivation

These peppers grow in mildly warm and super-hot temperatures.

The best temperature for growing this plant is 75 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit.

Are you looking for the best pot for your Aloe Vera plant? Find the 10 best pots for Aloe Vera plants here.

6. Naga Viper

Naga Viper pepper originated in Britain, England. And the name of the breeder of this pepper is Gerald Fowler. Gerald Fowler is a chili farmer of the Chili Pepper Company in Cark, Cumbria. 

In addition, Naga Viper is an unstable three-way hybrid produced from the Naga Morich, the Bhut jolokia, and the Trinidad Scorpion, which are some of the world’s hottest pepper.

Taste and Appearance

It has a sweet, fruity, and almost tangy smell. And it has a very sweet fruity taste.

The Viper is elongated and wrinkly and has a little longer tail than that of scorpion pepper.

Naga Viper (Source: Wikipedia)

This hot pepper was recorded as the world’s hottest chili by Guinness World Records in 2011. It was later surpassed in SHU by current world record holder Carolina Reaper in 2017.

This is extremely rare pepper. It is cultivated in the UK.

 SHU value of  Naga Viper is 1,349,00.

This pepper has been created from a hybrid of different peppers and years of cross-pollination.

The Viper was never fully stabilized before being released. So, pod variation is expected.

Cultivation

Naga viper pepper loves full sunlight. It requires temperatures of 75 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit.

It grows in moist but not soggy soil.

7. Ghost Pepper (Bhut Jolokia)

The Ghost pepper is also known as Bhot Jolokia, means Bhutanese chili in Assamese. It originated in India.

It is an interspecific hybrid chili pepper cultivated in Northeast India.

This pepper is hybrid of Capsicum Chinense and Capsicum Frutescens. It is closely related to the Naga Morich.

Taste and Appearance

The ghost pepper has a smoky, earthy taste with a somewhat fruity aftertaste. They have a bumpy texture.

Ghost Pepper (Bhut Jolokia) (Source: PepperJoe’s)

This pepper is the most famous due to the amount of press it has received in the past.

In addition, it gained lots of popularity on YouTube and social sites where pepper heads ate whole Ghost peppers as a part of a challenge.

SHU value of this pepper is 1,041,427.

One can use this pepper in both fresh and dried forms to make curries and chutneys.

An Interesting Fact:  These peppers are smeared on fences or incorporated in smoke bombs as a safety precaution to keep wild elephants at a distance in Northeast India.

The pepper’s intense heat makes it a fixture in competitive chili-pepper eating.

This was the first pepper to test over 1 million Scoville Scientifically.

Many people still think that ghost pepper is the hottest in the world. But this isn’t true, as Ghost Pepper was surpassed in SHU by Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper in 2011 and Carolina Reaper in 2013.

However, It still has the power to bring a grown man to his knees. 

Cultivation

Like other pepper plants, they need hot and humid conditions to germinate.

So the key is to keep soil warmed between 80 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit.

8. 7 Pot Barrackpore

It originated from the region of Barrackpore on the Caribbean Island of Trinidad. Many of the super hot 7 pot peppers come from this region. 

This pepper is one of the hottest of the 7 Pot peppers.

Taste and Appearance

It has a nice fruity flavor with considerable. It has a slight sweetness and even a little bit of bitterness in the taste. They are not quite as fruity and sweet as the other 7 Pot peppers.

The 7 Pot Barrackpore has a wrinkled surface and a bit of a tail.

7 Pot Barrackpore(Source: PepperJoe’s)

7 Pot Barrackpore has an elongated pod structure, somewhat similar to Ghost Pepper, but can have different appearances, shapes, and sizes.

It has somewhat more prominent and more wrinkled pods compared to the regular 7 Pot.

Some think that this pepper is the missing link between the 7 Pot and Ghost pepper.

It comes in different colors like white, yellow, brown, and red. And this variety is closely linked to the 7 Pot and Trinidad Scorpion varieties. 

SHU value of this pepper is 1,000,000.

Cultivation

For growth, this pepper requires moist soil with temperatures of 75 – 90 degrees Fahrenheit.

9. 7 Pot Red (Giant)

7 pot red (Giant) pepper, also known as 7 Pod Red, can heat seven stew pots.

This pepper originated from Trinidad. There are some variations in appearance, shape, and size due to the genetic stability of many Trinidadian super hots.

Taste and Appearance

Its taste is similar to that of Bhut Jolokia, but it has a more prominent nutty and fruity flavor.

The most distinctive feature of this pepper is its pimpled exterior.

7 Pot Red (Giant) (Source: Pinterest)

SHU value of this pepper is 1,000,000.

And the spice of 7 Pot Red is similar to that of Ghost Pepper and Naga Morich.

Cultivation

A constant temperature of 68 – 90 degrees Fahrenheit is maintained to germinate 7 Pot Red pepper. The seeds can take up to 6-8 weeks for proper germination.

10. Red Savina Habanero

Originated in California, United States, this pepper is a cultivar of the habanero chili (Capsicum Chinense Jacquin), selectively bred to produce spicier, heavier, and larger fruit, ultimately more potent, than its derivative.

Interesting Fact: Red Savina Habanero wore the title of World’s Hottest Pepper for 12 years from 1994 to 2006. This is the longest time any pepper has held the title.

Since 2006 many other peppers have been discovered and are bred to become hotter than Red Savina Habanero.

Taste and Appearance

It has a sweet, almost fruity flavor.

This pepper is a “wrinkled” fruit with a “Chinese lantern” shape as described by cultivators.

Red Savina Habanero (Source: Amazon)

The SHU value of this pepper is 500,000.

This pepper is a legend among pepper growers for its flavor and heat. And it is effortless to grow this pepper among all the hottest pepper. It is a very productive plant.

During the early days, Red Savina Habanero was king. And many peppers have surpassed it in terms of heat.

Unfortunately, the time has dethroned Red Savina. Nevertheless, it has an excellent flavor that comes with extreme heat.

Cultivation

Red Savina Habanero requires a warm temperature of 60 – 95 degrees Fahrenheit for proper growth.

Conclusion

And so, there you have it. The world’s 10 hottest peppers as of now.

I am sure you learned a lot about peppers from this article.

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