Is Gold Dusted Croton on your bucket list for the next houseplant? We got to say, what a bold choice with their colorful appearance in your life.
Gold Dusted Crotons are gorgeous evergreen shrubs with freckled golden spots across their foliage.
Well, they add an exotic touch to your houseplant collection; however, in the meantime, they are also quite a high-maintenance plant.
Generally, Gold Dusted Croton, won’t survive if the temperature gets below 50°F (10℃) instead thrive in 60-85℉ temperature, bright and indirect light, moderate watering, and 40-50% humidity. Make sure to plant your Croton in well-draining, and slightly acidic (5.0-7.5) soil with thrice a year application of fertilizer.
But as we say, every beautiful thing needs a little extra effort from our side.
We understand that the desire to grow some plants doesn’t limit the fact itself. We will guide you through the best places to buy them and add some cool tricks to care for them.
Table of Contents
- Gold Dusted Croton Overview
- Where to Buy Gold Dusted Croton?
- Gold Dusted Croton: Grow and Care Guide
- Overview on Gold Dusted Croton Care
- Gold Dusted Croton | Grooming and Propagation
- Common Problems with Gold Dusted Croton
- Common Questions on Gold Dusted Croton
Gold Dusted Croton Overview
Originally growing in the native land of Indonesia, southern Asia, and the Eastern Pacific Islands, Gold Dusted Croton or Codiaeum variegatum [koh-dih-EE-u] is popular for its killer foliage.
With its unique foliage pattern, the Gold Dusted plant grows up to 10′ feet in height at a medium pace. Often, they have various sizes according to the nature of their growing environment.
Altogether, get to know Gold Dusted Croton with the overview given below.
|Scientific Name||Codiaeum Variegatum ‘Gold dust’|
|Common Name||Sun-spot Croton,
Croton Gold Dust
Southern Asia, and
Eastern Pacific Islands
|Plant Type||Perennial plant|
|Plant size||Up to 10 feet in height|
|Flower||White, yellow flowers|
|Foilage||Yellowish to orange golden spots|
|Toxicity||Toxic to pets and human|
You might be interested to read about: Why Are The Leaves On My Croton Limp And Drooping?
Where to Buy Gold Dusted Croton?
Several online retailers and nurseries provide several species of Crotons, and Gold Dusted is one of them.
Well, you can order them at a reasonable price with quick deliveries and affordable shipping prices. In the meantime, you also get a complimentary guide tour and tricks about them.
Below are a few web portals from where you can add them to your collection.
|Places to Buy||Delivery Services|
|Walmart||Free shipping with delivery within 10 days
Return policy of 30 days after delivery
|Etsy||Delivery within 10 days after the order placement
|Plant Addicts||One year warranty
Return under three days after delivery
|Cellar Door Plants||Delivery within a week
Free installments for orders between $50 and $3000
|Green Fresh Florals||Delivery within a week|
Gold Dusted Croton: Grow and Care Guide
A Gold Dusted Croton indeed adds an elegant vibe to your household plant collection, but at the same time, they are quite peculiar with the environment they grow up in.
Below, I have discussed some of the basic yet crucial factors regarding the caring tricks of the Gold Dusted Croton.
1. Sunlight Requirement and Location
The Gold Dusted Croton thrives the best up to their most sought structure when exposed to bright but indirect light for four to six hours every day.
Although this subtropical shrub does grow in bright lights, it tends to get dull if the sunlight is too direct.
Hence, keeping it in a partially shaded area is best if you are planting it outdoors. Likewise, if you plan to grow it indoors, it should be kept near the window with bright light.
If you have a well-lit room, lace the Gold Dusted Croton in the east or west-facing window of your house. Use sheer or thin curtains to block out unnecessary direct light.
Additionally, Gold Dusted Croton should not be exposed to the bright midday sunlight for a long time.
All in all, its foliage pattern depends on the exposure to the sunlight it is under. If you do not get ample sunlight, you can also opt for artificial light.
Among the artificial lights, fluorescent lights are always the best option because they reflect most of the electrical energy as heat energy that is perfect for plants.
2. Ideal Temperature
Gold Dusted Crotons are tropical plants that enjoy warm environmental conditions. Likewise, its preferential USDA zones are 10 and 11.
Its ideal temperature range is 60℉ to 85℉ (15℃ to 29℃), and it shouldn’t drop below 50℉ (10℃) as the plant starts dying.
Altogether, it does not thrive well in cold weather, and hence, you should keep it away from cool currents in winter.
Tips to Maintain Ideal Temperature
- Avoid keeping them near any cooling/heating vents, uninsulated windows, entrance doors, or heat registers.
- Keep its soil moist before it dries out to maintain the cool temperature.
- You can also plant it outside near a big body of water.
- Protect your plants from cold and frost. Heating pads and frost covers are helpful options.
3. Watering Schedule
Like most Crotons, Gold Dusted Crotons prefer a moderate watering schedule regularly. Well, it doesn’t like getting either too wet or too dry.
Though it loves constant moisture on the soil, it doesn’t like getting the soil soggy or waterlogged.
Here, indeed it needs regular watering, but instead of following a specific timetable to water, it is best to do as per its needs.
Additionally, the amount of water that a plant needs depends on where the plant is kept.
Follow the details about: Croton Leaves Turning Yellow – Reasons & Solutions.
When and How to Water?
- Before watering, always check the condition of the soil, if it is moist or dry. To check it, stick your finger into the soil and only water if the top two or three inches of soil is dry.
- While watering, you have to make sure to slowly pour it over the plant and wait for it to soak the water.
- As the water gets soaked, you have to ensure that every excess water gets drained out.
- Do not let your Gold Dusted Croton sit in water for long as it will develop root rot.
- Always make sure to use clean distilled or rainwater rather than tap water.
Tap water is usually softened with minerals, fluoride, chlorine, and salts. At times, these chemicals cause your plant to go brown in its tips and edges, which will also turn yellow.
4. Ideal Humidity
These shrubs love a misty environment with about 40% to 50% humidity.
For this, you should mist your plant regularly as they love the moist surrounding around them. However, if misting is not possible, you can use a pebble tray.
Place your plant on top of the tray but not let its feet get wet. As the water evaporates into thin air, your plant will be misted all along.
Apart from the pebble tray, you can also use the greenhouse effect. Simply cover the plant with light plastic and let it sit for a while.
Try placing your plant in the washroom or the kitchen as the moistness is high there. Also, a humidifier is a good investment for your plant.
Also, ensure that our plant has airflow, so the leaves stay dry and infection-free.
5. Well-Drained Soil Mix
Gold Dusted Croton requires a soil type that locks moisture for the plant.
Hence, they flourish in organically rich, well-drained, and slightly acidic soil with a pH level between 5.0 and 7.5.
It is even better to have soil with an addition of materials such as gravel. The gravels assist with the increment in the soil drainage property.
Alternatively, if you are planning to purchase the soil, make sure to get a ready-mixed soil that is rich, slightly acidic, and free-draining.
Some of the recommendations are:
- Croton Planting Soil
- All-Purpose Indoor Houseplant Potting Soil Mix
- House Plant and Tropical Plant Potting Soil
6. Proper Fertilizers
Often Gold Dusted Croton has a fast-growing pace during the start of the spring, and hence, it is the best time to feed them fertilizer.
Including this phase, they should be fed three times a year. First, the start of the spring, second, the beginning of the summer, and lastly, during the mid-summer.
Indeed, you could use an organic fertilizer but must make sure that it is rich in nitrogen. It is often best to use a fertilizer with the combination of Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium in the target ratio of 3-1-2 and 8-2-10.
Altogether, it is only suitable to feed the plants during their growing phase. They won’t need active food during the dormancy phase, and we might easily overfeed them.
Later, your Gold Dusted Croton will start having dull leaves and leaf loss with overfeeding. Additionally, it also starts the potential consequences of irreversible root damage.
Fertilizer Tip: Use a balanced fertilizer with an acidic formula which can also be azaleas.
Some of the recommendations for your Gold Dusted Croton are:
- Indoor Plant Food | All-purpose House Plant Fertilizer
- Indoor Plant Food: All-purpose ready-to-use fertilizer for houseplants
- Espoma PT4 4-Pound Plant-Tone Organic 5-3-3 Plant Food
7. Growth Habits
The growth season for Gold Dusted Croton is from spring through summer. During that time, Gold Dusted Croton saw moderate growth.
These bushes may reach a height of 3 meters (10 feet) in their native environment. The cultivated kind, on the other hand, usually only reaches a height of around two feet (0.61 meters).
Cultivated species grow more slowly and are smaller, reaching a maximum size of roughly 24″ inches.
Meanwhile, greenhouse plants can grow to be between 4 to 10 feet tall.
The Gold Dusted Croton’s vividly colored green and yellow speckled foliage is well-known and well-loved.
Their variegation is at its peak when kept under proper circumstances. It gets its name from the fact that its green leaves appear to be sprinkled with gold.
It blooms, despite the fact that the leaves of croton plants are its main appeal.
Because the blooms occur in long clusters between big leaves, they are inconspicuous and easy to overlook.
Long racemes with small male and female flowers on independent inflorescences range in length from 3″ to 12″ inches.
The male flowers feature five little white petals, whilst the female blooms have no petals and are yellow.
8. Potting and Repotting
When it comes to potting, you should always make sure to pot the Gold Dusted Croton in a container that is ⅓ bigger than the plant’s root ball and has a drainage hole in the bottom.
Additionally, each year at least once a spring, it is best to repot them into a new pot. Well, while doing so, you should only increase your plant’s pot size one size each time.
Furthermore, repotting during spring is the best to avoid shocking it with the transplant. Yet again, it would help if you did not pot them in an oversized pot.
In the meantime, the key feature of selecting pots is the drainage system. Often for a subtropical shrub, drainage holes are the crucial parts.
Well-absorbing pots make a huge deal; however, you can often use terracotta pots.
Tips to Repot Gold Dusted Croton
- Choose a container about 2″ larger than your current pot.
- Pull the plant out by hand and loosen the root ball.
- Clean the root zone with a little water and check for signs of rot or browning.
- Fill a new container only halfway with suitable soil and carefully place the plant.
- Fill the pot with the rest of the soil and plant the plant by tapping it from the base.
- Then let the plant rest in a bright place.
9. Toxicity of Gold Dusted Croton
Gold Dusted Croton is known for its level of toxicity. If one comes into contact with the sap from the leaves, it causes skin eczema for some people.
Well, most of the plant parts are poisonous, and if one ingests it in a large quantity, it causes irritation and burning of the mouth.
This is because of the toxins present, like 5-deoxy ingenol.
Furthermore, this plant also contains oil, suspected of being a carcinogen. In the meantime, Gold Dusted Croton has potentially fatal seeds for children.
Hence, it is always best to handle them with care, and gloves play an important role.
Hurry up!! In case of ingestion, contact the Poison Control Center right once at (800) 222-1222 or your doctor.
Overview on Gold Dusted Croton Care
Below I have highlighted the important factors to consider while caring for your plant babies.
|Basis||Requirements & Comments|
|Sunlight Requirements||Bright but indirect light
Four to six hours every day
|Ideal Temperature||60℉ to 85℉
(15℃ to 29℃)
|Watering Schedule||Only after top two or three inches soil is dry|
|Soil Mix||Organically rich and well-drained
pH level 5.0-7.5
|Fertilizer||Diluted fertilizer thrice a year|
|Potting||⅓ larger than the plant’s root ball with drainage holes|
Air layering, and
|Pruning||As the leaves turn yellowish|
Gold Dusted Croton | Grooming and Propagation
If you see your Gold Dusted Croton get leggy, slight trimming will help a lot. Then, when the growing season starts (spring or summer), you should prune the plant back hard and move it outside, under the sun.
Pruning is necessary only to maintain the desired shape and remove the infected parts. Keeping this in mind just remember to avoid pruning in winter.
Not to mention, Gold Dusted Croton looks the best as a potted patio plant. Here, it would be best if you also were quick to prune and cut out the leaves that start to turn yellowish.
Things to Keep in Mind while Pruning
- Cut dead leaves through their origin.
- Trim the overgrown leaves just above a leaf set or a node
- Do not remove more than ⅓ of the stem height at one time
- Pruning should only be done during spring or summer
Propagation: Gold Dusted Croton
Gold Dusted Croton can be easily propagated with stem cuttings among the several propagation processes. You can also propagate through air rooting; however, you must be patient to try out the petiole rooting.
As we commence talking in detail about the propagation process, below are a few requirements during the process.
- Knife (or a sharp blade)
- Disinfectant (or rubbing alcohol)
- Pot with fresh soil
- Plastic bag
- Optional: cutting powder
1. Stem Cutting
This propagation process will keep your plant bushy and short and is the best method to rejuvenate them.
- Cut about 4- to 6-inch tip cuttings with at least three sets of leaves below a growth nodule.
- Use if you have powdered charcoal to dry the sap or lay the new cutting down on the paper.
- Plant the cutting in a lightweight potting mixture consisting of moist sand or perlite and sphagnum peat moss.
2. Air Layering
This process works for the leggy plants as it gives them a bushy development and new appearance.
- Cut about 1/2- to 1-inch strip around the stem or upward halfway through the stem just below a growth node.
- Hold your diagonal cut wound open by sliding a plain wooden toothpick in sideways.
- As you hold the wound with the toothpicks, apply some rooting hormone.
- Wrap the wound area with a handful of sphagnum moss dampened with either distilled or purified water.
- Now, use plastic wrap to tape the open wound of your Croton.
- After a few weeks, the plant will showcase a new root against the plastic wrap.
3. Petiole Rooting
It is one of the most complex propagation methods, and patience is a must.
- Remove a leaf then, cut and trim up to 11⁄2 inches of the petiole.
- Please place it in the water immediately and wait for about four weeks or more.
- Plant it in perlite and peat or ground coir as soon as the leaves portray the root development.
Common Problems with Gold Dusted Croton
Often Gold Dusted Croton starts limping, and the leaves droop when they come under any environmental changes or stress.
One of the most common problems it faces is root rot. It is often caused due to overwatering.
1. Pests Infestation
Usually, you will also come across several pests problems with the Gold Dusted Croton, among which a few of them can cause immense damage.
Some of which are discussed below.
They are tiny puffs of cotton that create lesions in new growth and drink the sap.
Additionally, they leave honeydew behind and cause additional problems such as sooty mold.
They are often a frustrating pest that plagues the plant with a species of softshell. Furthermore, they are of two types, soft-shelled and hard-shelled, and both of them bring trouble.
Red Spider Mites
Mostly the Gold Dusted Crotons that grow indoors in dry heat attract spider mites. Most of them are whitish spots on the undersides of the leaves.
At the same time, you can also find it in the form of thin webs along the underneath of leaves or attached to the stems.
They are the pest of about 1/50 and 1/25″ inches long, which looks like brownish streaks, silver speckling, or white spots on the leaves.
Well, they mess with the plant’s foliage.
- The easiest way to control the effects of pests is to use insecticidal soap. You need to apply them every few days, with the exact frequency depending on the product you’re using.
- Apart from it, you can also use rubbing alcohol with the help of a cotton swab, while you can use a sprayer to rinse away the corpses, eggs, and newly hatched larvae.
- Red Spider Mites usually attack when the humidity is low. Hence, you should spray water on the plant while keeping it away from the sunlight.
- One of the easiest ways to control plant scale is to use organic neem oil as it acts as an all-natural insecticide that kills scale and other pests.
- If not, you can also coat the undersides of the leaves with diatomaceous earth.
- Regular checking for the early signs of infestation will help you in the long run.
- Isolate the infected plant as soon as noticed.
- Use Neem oil as a preventive coating.
- Sticky traps can be beneficial for flying pests.
Read the details on How to Identify Insect Eggs on Leaves And Treat Pest Infestation?
2. Diseases Infestation
Gold Dusted Crotons are also prone to numerous bacterial and fungal diseases with several pests. Often these diseases get infected and pass on to the other plants nearby.
Hence, before this gets infested to several other plants, you should be able to recognize them.
Oedema is, in fact, a result of poor care for your plant, which often showcases the sign of overwatering.
Well, they occur when plants try to absorb more water than they can store, which comes forward in the form of blisters.
They are the bacterial leaf spot that often discolors your Gold Dusted Croton.
Often caused by some fungal or bacterial activities, Anthracnose is highly contagious with water. In simple terms, it thrives more when the water amount is higher than in the needed portion (i.e., overwatering).
They are one of the nastiest diseases in Gold Dusted Croton caused by Agrobacterium tumefaciens bacteria.
They often target the DNA of the plant nuclei and disrupt the infected plant’s normal growth and cell division.
It is highly dangerous as it can stay dormant for a long time. They are normally the cause of the lack of proper care and management rather than due to a specific fungus or bacteria.
One of the most common infections in plants is caused by Podosphaera xanthii. It creates a thin dust layer on both sides of the leaves.
The powder created stunted growth in the leaf, while mildew gives a simple eyesore.
Often they start to appear when the humidity level is way over the needed limit for the plant. Hence, it would help if you abstained from spraying water on the plant’s leaves.
- Prune and dispose of the infected part.
- Sterilize the tools before and after use.
- Use copper-based fungicide sprays on plants in case of heavy infections.
- Potassium Bicarbonate, neem oil, or horticultural oils are beneficial.
- Sulfur fungicides can work both as treatment and preventive measures.
- Timely quarantine of the diseased plants is the best preventive measure for the rest of the healthy plants.
- Use healthy seeds or cuttings while propagating.
- Use sterilized pruning shears while pruning, repotting, and propagating.
- Sterilized the container before planting your Gold Dusted Croton
- Try to use a new and infection-free potting mix as far as possible.
- Take care of the humidity and water requirement of the plant.
Common Questions on Gold Dusted Croton
Why are the Leaves on my Gold Dusted Croton Plain Green?
A Gold Dusted Croton has an exotic yellow and golden pattern on the green leaves. However, if your plant does not have so, it is caused by improper light exposure.
As subtropical shrubs, they need at least a minimum of four hours of bright sunlight for them to thrive and show their true color.
Why is my Gold Dusted Croton Wilting?
Often root rot is not only the sign of overwatering. Gold Dusted Croton also wilts as a sign of overwatering which might sound different than others.
Altogether, Gold Dusted Croton is a shimmering addition to the houseplant and thrives well with a little extra care.
Hence, if you can understand its requirements, they elaborate your house decor.
All in all, it is a must to remember that patience is the key, and it thrives with time and care.