If you want to plan a vibrant garden, grow 30 Coneflowers varieties that host rare wildlife like goldfinch and songbirds.
So, understand the best time and way to plant Coneflowers from the article.
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Where Do Coneflowers Grow Best?
Coneflowers, also known as Echinacea purpurea, are native to the Central and Southeastern United States prairie, preferring a moist climate for growth.
Meanwhile, Coneflowers attain their most beautiful Lavender to yellow, white and orange bloom when grown in a location receiving full to partial sun for at least 6 hours.
Also, the plants can grow yearly by self-seeding if they receive well-draining, loamy acidic soil (pH 6.5-7.2).
However, look out for the varieties such as dwarf varieties like Kim’s Knee High and Little Annie that do best in containers. In contrast, taller varieties like Purple Coneflowers are not good for pots.
When To Plant Coneflowers?
Although Coneflowers are easy to maintain, timing matters to get the plant to its full bloom.
Choose a cold evening or morning time of early fall if you plan to sow Coneflower seeds outdoors to allow enough time for root development before winter hits your location.
To plant the seed indoors, choose any day between early and mid-spring or early and mid-fall and get the full bloom to display the following year.
But if you missed the time, then summer days can also work for Coneflowers but remember to water the seeds thoroughly.
How to plant Coneflowers? Step-by-step Process
Transplanting and dividing do not benefit the Coneflowers as much as the seeds do due to the plant’s taproot.
However, newly bought potted Coneflowers can be directly transplanted into a pot or the ground.
Otherwise, follow the steps below to plant Coneflowers seed successfully and enjoy the seasonal bloom each year.
- Collect the seeds from the fully dried cone, which has a darker color and is stiff to touch.
- Wear gardening gloves before taking the seeds out, as they are spiny.
- Put the collected seeds over a paper to let them dry and stratify them before sowing to boost germination.
- Choose a sunny or slightly shady location with well-draining, organic-rich soil and plant the seeds half inches deep.
- Keep a distance of at least 1.5 feet between the seeds while planting in the ground to allow enough space for growth.
- Lastly, cover the seeds with light mulch or soil and wait a week or two to see them germinate.
The first leaf mostly appears in mid-spring and gives a single-stemmed bloom in late summer of the following year till mid-fall.
Meanwhile, the Coneflowers grown from seeds complete their lifecycle in about 2-3 years after attaining a mature size of 48 inches in height and 18 inches in width.
From Editorial Team
Expect the Coneflowers to face fewer pest and disease problems than other garden plants.
However, they do come in the attack of Japanese beetle, leaf spots, and weevils, rarely requiring frequent inspection.
Also, deadhead the blooms if you plan to enjoy new flushes but leaving the flowers intact allows the seed formation.