How to Repot a Jade Plant?

Jade Plant
Jade Plant (Source: Pinterest)

We all may have succulents in our homes. Buying them and potting them could be easy. The hardest part is to take good care of them. They may grow older after few years. They may wilt or die.

We also should take care of the pests and insets.  In this article, we will talk about several ways of repotting Jade plants and several ways to take care of them after repotting.

Water, Temperature, Soil, and the pot we choose to repot matter the most while repotting the jade plant. There are few steps involved in repotting a Jade plant, such as choosing a larger pot, making a drainage hole and covering it, removing the snake plant from the old planter, trimming and untangling the roots, placing the plant in a new pot, and watering thoroughly.

So, the jade plant could be your best indoor plant to decorate your home; sweet home. They can easily be found in every corner of the earth.

But everyone should keep in mind that repotting the Jade plant is not an easy task but not an impossible one.

On the contrary, repotting is a necessary process that helps continue its growth and development for generations.

Signs to Re-pot Jade Plant

There could be several reasons that you should look forward to repotting the jade plant.

1. If Jade Plant Stops Growing

If you feel like your plant has stopped growing or somehow growing slower, then it is the right time to repot it. Your plant may stop growing if it lacks the fertilizer. It grows slowly as it did not get enough water. 

2. When Roots are Bound

When roots of your plant tangle together, they cannot absorb nutrients properly. So, you should free the roots, remove the soil and repot your plants separately. 

3. When Plant Becomes Top Heavy

If your plant is growing top-heavy, then your pot may not hold it still. Then think immediately to repot it to heavier and broader pot.

Excessive water and fertilizer promote the rapid growth of the Jade plant. If your plant is of more than two years, its top starts growing heavy and may sometimes fall over. Then repot it immediately.

4. Your Potting Mix Hardens

If your potting mix is hardened, it does not allow water to get to the root, and the plant may die. If you do not water your plant for a long time, the soil may harden itself. 

Also, add an adequate amount of perlite to the soil mix while repotting. It keeps soil porous and maintains moisture in the soil.

5. Yellow leaves

When leaves of your plant start to wither or turn yellow, you must think to repot it. Underwatering the Jade plants may cause the jade plants to turn Yellow.

Also, the imbalances in temperature, humidity, and fertilizer could turn the Jade plants yellow. Infestation of the pests could be another reason. 

6. When Your Plant Matures

To get a better Jade plant, We need to repot once in six months or a year. After a year, it grows top-heavy and may occupy more space.

What Soil Favors Jade Plant?

potting mix
Potting Mix (Source: Unsplash)

The first thing that strikes our mind while repotting a Jade plant is the composition of soil required for its growth. Here are few things we must consider while choosing soil to repot the jade plant.

  • Jade plants love a dry climate. But, wet soils may rot the roots. So, the soil should have good drainage capability.
  • Jade plants thrive easily in rocky, sandy soil.
  • The root of the plant is quite shallower, but its top grows heavy. To avoid tipping over plants, use soil that contains more organic matter. Organic matter helps anchor plants in position.
  • We can use commercially available potting mixes.
  • The best combination of soil is 1part peat, 1 part organic matter, and three parts coarse sand.
  • Adding perlite to the potting mixes increases the drainage of the soil.

Types of potting Mixes

Several types of potting mixes are used to repot the Jade plants. Some of them are listed below.

  • All-purpose potting mixes: good for all kinds of succulents, including the Jade plant.
  • Organic Potting Soil: It comprises worm castings, manure, Bones, remainings decayed plants.
  • Cacti And Citrus Potting Soil: They can be used as they have good drainage capability.
  • Moisture Control  Potting Mix: Maintain moisture to the plant

You can easily find your potting mixes at Amazon

Right-Sized Pot for Repotting

Beautiful Pots for Jade Plants. source: Unsplash)

We must select a good pot with good drainage to support the jade plant. The size of the pot depends on the size of the succulents you are using.

But commonly, a moderate-sized  Pot (9 ” top & 6.5″ base)  is enough for repotting the Jade plant.

For smaller plantlets, we can use smaller pots with a top with 4″ diameter at least and a base not less than  2.5″.

However, if you are repotting it from a top-heavy Jade plant, you may need larger pots to support it. It would be better to choose the pot that has a drainage hole at its bottom. 

It would be best to buy a bit larger pot of size, having its top of 12″ at most. If your plant is too heavy, you better choose a quite heavier pot like a terracotta pot. 

You can buy your required sized pot from Amazon.

Ideal Time to Repot the Jade Plant

 Jade plant generally grows in summer and spring season whereas they remain dormant during fall and winter season. 

The best time to repot jade is at the beginning of the Spring season. However, if the plant is repotted before spring, it grows well and grows roots quickly. 

We should repot young Jade Plants once every 2 to 3 years whereas older jade Plant should be repotted once every 4 to 5 years to result in optimum growth.

Materials Required to Repot Jade Plant

After learning about all nature of the soil and other various factors for repotting the Jade plant, we must keep following things ready before starting to repot.

  • Old Jade Plant
  • Pot with a drainage hole 
  • Potting mix
  • Knife 
  • Water
  • Trowel

Repotting Jade Plant

Here are some practical steps that one should follow while repotting the Jade plant.

Step 1: Prepare the Plant

Water your plant 4-5 days before repotting. After that, it would be easier to pull out the plant from the pot.

Step 2: Remove the Plant

First of all, take out the old jade plant from the pot. You may need to break the old pot. It is the easiest way to remove your plant from an old pot.

Otherwise, Lose the root and soil attached to the wall of the old pot gently.

Do not destroy primary roots while doing so.  This will help to take the whole plant and plantlet out of the pot easily.

Then, grab the plant near to its base and pull gently. If required, lose more soil so that it can be lifted out of the pot easily.

Step 3: Clean the Roots

Remove all the soil-bound to the root. Cleaner the root, faster they grow to the new pot. You may gently shake the plant or wash it using water.

You can also rinse the roots of pesticides to avoid pests that may develop from organic matters present in the potting mix.  

Step 4: Separate the Plant

Separate all the plants. It is better to repot all the plants or plantlets individually. After you wash up the roots with water, the root bounded with each other gets separated.

Then grade plants as per age and size you get from your old pot. 

Step 5: Prepare soil Mix

Prepare the soil mix. If you have bought the potting mix from the market, it would be better. It provides all the nutrients to the plant. 

Step 6: Fill the Soil

Fill all the new Pots with the potting mix. Add some perlite to the mix as it provides more drainage to the plant.

Step 7: Place the Plant

Make a small pit to the potting mix and place Jade plant to it. Gently press the roots and fill the pit to make a plant stand steady.

While repotting the plant, do not let its root touch the floor of the pot. Otherwise, the root will not get enough space to grow. 

Quick Tips: While losing roots of old plants from the pot using a knife, make sure you do not hurt the primary roots. Otherwise, the plant will not grow even though you repot to the new pot.

Also, Watch

 How to Repot Top Heavy Jade Plant?

The general process of repotting top-heavy jade plants is the same as the ordinary plant. But you may sometimes do the following things to plant it properly.

Step 1:  Spread some newspaper on the ground, take out the plant from the old pot, and place it on the newspaper.

Step 2: Add few amounts of potting mix to the new pot and place the plant gently in the new pot. Make sure the pot is 2-3″ larger than the older pot.

Step 3: Now, fill the remaining gap with the potting mix and gently press the soil to adjust the plant. You can add the support of the stone or brick if you think the plant will tipple down. After it is rooted properly, they stand stable themselves.

Quick Tip: You must lift the plant gently. Hold it in the base of the stem so that it does not break.  Also, if the heavily grown top is fallen, throw the fallen part a little and repot the plant.

Taking Care of Jade Plant After Repotting

We must consider the following things after repotting the jade plant.

ParametersFavorable Condition
LightNo direct light for about a month. But Bright environment is most.
Temperature18° to 24°C/65° to 75°F
55°F / 13°C- During night and winter season
WateringLittle more watering during Spring and Summer.
Little Less during Fall and Winter
SoilWell draining soil with perlites
HumidityLoves the humidity of 30%-50%

1. Light Requirement

We should not place the newly repotted plant to the direct sunlight. They must be placed inside the room for at least about a month.

It is better to keep in a bright room but never allow direct sunlight to fall upon it.

2. Temperature Requirement

The Jade plant grows well at room temperature (18° to 24°C/65° to 75°F), but during night and winter season they require lower temperature, i.e., 55°F / 13°C.

The Jade plant cannot tolerate frost. Therefore, you should keep the succulent inside if the temperature falls below 50°F (10°C) in autumn.

3. Watering Frequency

  • Do not water as soon as you repot the jade pant. The root may rot. Wait one or two weeks to water it. Once you water, wait to dry the soil and re-water it.
  •  During the spring and summer seasons, they grow at a higher rate. So, they need more watering. However, during fall and winter, the Jade plant goes dormant and does not require more water.
  • Let the soil dry completely before watering the second time.
  • If brown marks appear in the leaves, the plant starts to shed the leaves, or the leaves start to wilt, water your plant enough.
  • If leaves seem squashy or soaked, you must stop watering them frequently.

Note: Salt in tap water may damage the plant, so use distilled water. Also, never splash water directly to the leaves as the leaves may rot.

4. Soil Optimization

Make sure the soil remains loose. Never let it harden in any way. Add perlite to maintain well drainage.

You should not provide fertilizer right after planting the jade plant for at least one month. Then, after providing it in a very less quantity if necessary.

5. Humidity Requirement

Jade plant loves the humidity of around 30%-50%. Therefore, we do not require a humidifier as it can survive well in room temperature and humidity.

But you should not place them with other plants as they humidify each other through transpiration.

6. Controlling Pests and Insects

Newly repotted jade plants are susceptible to the pests, which may arise from the organic matter used in the potting mixes.

Mealybugs or scales may damage the Jade plant. They hide under the stem. Rubbing stems and leaves with alcohol uproot its offspring and protect the plant.

Is Coffee Good for Jade Plants? 

It’s proven both scientifically and by experts that coffee can play an essential role in the nourishment of a jade plant only if used correctly.

However, it’s not as simple as it seems since you can’t directly spill coffee over jade plants, unlike water. 

Everything depends on how you use it to result in the maximum benefit from the nutrients like Nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium present in coffee.

Coffee grounds are used in the Jade plant as compost, mulch, or liquid fertilizer. So it is because directly adding coffee grounds may result in severe side effects causing high acidity in the soil, fungal growth, pest infestation, and stunted plant growth.  

Acidic soil is favorable for jade plants, and coffee grounds aids in making the soil acidic and providing all the necessary nutrients required for its growth and development.

Tips: Be sure to check the pH value of soil before adding coffee grounds to the soil since it would be a waste of effort to add something that would have more benefits to the soil and, ultimately, to the plant.

Conclusion

So, repotting Jade plants is way more fun and simple but also an important task. We must always be careful while repotting the Jade plant.

Make sure everything is conducted well so that all your efforts give rise to a new Jade plant that adds beauty to your home. 

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