Philodendron Dark Lord Care – How not to kill it

Philodendron Dark Lord
Philodendron Dark Lord (Source: Etsy)

Possessing a rare beauty is a fortune in itself.

But, beauty does not come without a price. To enjoy the aesthetic beauty of Philodendron Dark lord, you need to maintain a conducive environment for them.

Philodendron Dark Lord enjoys bright-indirect sunlight, above 60% humidity, rich and well-draining soil, and a warm temperature of 65°-80°F to thrive. Monthly application of balanced plant fertilizer in the growing season is beneficial.

Philodendron Dark Lord
Philodendron Dark Lord (Source: Etsy)

If you want to know more about its caring guides and places to buy, continue reading the article.

The article provides detailed information to help you provide a thriving environment for your plant without killing them.

Philodendron Dark Lord Overview

Philodendron Dark Lord allures everyone with its dark, unusual, and peculiar beauty. Its leaves are its main feature that throws out bright orange to pink cast while young.

Afterward, they turn blood red which finally fades with shining maroon undersides.

Interestingly, this gigantic Philodendron variety is a hybrid version of Imperial red Philodendron erubescens.

For a better understanding, the general plant overview of Philodendron Dark Lord is given below:

Scientific Name Philodendron erubescens 'Dark Lord'
Common NamePhilodendron Dark Lord,
Dark Lord Plant,
Dark Knight Philodendron, and
Pink Dark Lord Philodendron.
Family Araceae
Origin Native to Colombia and Panama
Also found in North America, Philippines and the Seychelles
Plant Type Tropical Evergreen Perennial Epiphyte
Growth Zone 9b-11
SizeHeight: About 6 feet
Width: About 3-4 feet
Grown For Foliage
Foliage Type Long narrow striking green hue with maroon undersides
Toxicity Toxic to both humans and pets

Where to Buy Philodendron Dark Lord?

Philodendron Dark Lord is a plant of recent discovery. It has been unknown among plant growers for a long period and has gained popularity in the past 15 years.

As it is usually stunning and attractive, its demand is increasing every day. But, the supplies are not at the same rate as demand.

Thus, this cycle of higher demand and lower supply makes it slightly expensive compared to other houseplants. Although the plant is slightly costly, it is worth it.

If you want to have it in your home stand as a center decore item. Here are some of the few online portals and local vendors where you can get them.

Places to Buy Delivery
Etsy Between 7-10 days
Aroid MarketArrive within 4-7 days of shipping
Plnts.comFor the Netherlands and Belgium, arrive within 2 working days
For others it will take about 1-2 weeks depending upon the location
Seattle plant daddy.comShipping resumes in the late summer

Philodendron Dark Lord Grow and Care Tips

With its large, vibrant foliage, Philodendron Dark Lord illuminates your space. Although the plant is generally hard to keep in a manageable size, it is not that hard to care for.

Its leaves are large and broad; thus, it is a filler that can easily take up your living space. But, before heading to buy Philodendron Dark Lord, I would advise you to learn about its caring tips.

You might surely not want to kill such an expensive, vibrant, and rare plant.

Parameters Favorable conditions
Sunlight 8-10 hours of bright indirect sunlight
Watering Once a week in summer and twice or thrice a month in winter
Temperature 65°F- 80°F
Humidityabove 60% of the relative humidity
Soil Type Well-draining, consistently moist and rich in organic matter
FertilizerMonthly application of diluted Balanced Fertilizer in Growing Season
PruningOnce in 1-2 years
Repotting 1-2 years after it doubles in size
Pot Size 10 inches deep and about 20 inches in diameter
Propagationvia Stem cuttings and
Air layering
Pest InfestationMealy bugs,
Scales,
Spider Mites and
Thrips
Disease InfestationBacterial Leaf and Rust Spots,
Root Rot

1. Sunlight and Location

Philodendron Dark Lork adores showering on sufficient light. It demands 70-80-% of the total indoors light intensity.

To be precise, it requires about 200-foot candles of light for survival. However, you need to provide it with 400-800 foot light candles for their proper growth.

Sunlight Requirement for Plant
Sunlight Requirement for Plant (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

High fluctuation in the intensity of light stresses the plant. Thus, I advise you not to shift your plant location frequently.

Additional Insight- Blue spectrum light is associated with the vegetative growth of the plant. Thus, ensure that your Philodendron Dark Lord receives the optimal level of blue spectrum.

It is best to provide them with 8-10 hours of bright indirect light.

Grow them in zones 9b-11 outdoors. It can survive in summers of the colder zone but find difficulty during winter. Therefore, you might want to introduce them indoors.

Symptoms of Insufficient Light

  • Stunted growth
  • The plant becomes slender and less busy
  • Drooping, curling, and wilting of foliage
  • Production of less energy due to decreased photosynthesis rate affects overall physiological functioning.
  • Loss in dark red pigmentation due to increased chlorophyll production to cope with low light.

Symptoms of Harsh Sunlight

  • Browning of the edges
  • Yellowing of the foliage
  • Bleached foliage and loss in variegation
  • Dry and crispy leaves
  • Excessive rate of transportation (Loss of water for leaf surface) resulting in leaves curling.

Tips to Provide Sufficient light and Best location

  • The best spot for Philodendron Dark Lord is an eastern-facing window that reflects the morning sunlight.
  • Next, you can place them about a foot apart from the southern or western-facing window.
  • Avoid placing them near the window as the afternoon sunlight might scorch its leaves.
  • Growing outdoors, a spot underneath a  tree or any shaded patio is perfect.
  • You can use a drape or curtain to block direct sun rays at your windows.
  • Introduce the plant to artificial grow light if the light intensity is low. Provide your Philodendron with 7-10 hours of full-spectrum LED light.
  • Also, use grows lights during winter as light intensity is low.
  • Rotate the plant once in 1-2 weeks to obtain balanced growth.

2. Watering Requirements

A characteristic feature of tropical plants is that they love consistently moist soil. However, do not confuse moist soil with soggy soil.

Additional Insight- Moist soil is soft, and you can feel only slight moisture in them. In contrast, you might see water lying on the surface in soggy soil.

Soggy soil is a culprit to your plant as it invites bacterial and fungal growth leading to root rot.

The best frequency to water your Philodendron Dark Lord is once a week in summer and twice or thrice a month in winter. 

Watering the plant. (Source: Pixabay)

Signs of Watering Problems

Generally, both overwatered and underwatered Philodendron shows similar symptoms. The common symptoms include;

  • Yellowing of leaves
  • Drooping, curling, wilting and falling off of leaves
  • Bleached or discolored foliage

However, if you pay proper attention, you can note their differences. An overwatered Philodendron has soft and limp leaves. Its soil appears soggy and foul order might come off the soil.

In contrast, an underwatered Philodendron appears dry and crispy. Its edges appear brown and drained.

Save an Underwatered Philodendron Dark Lord

It is generally easy to revive an underwatered Philodendron Dark Lord than an overwatered plant. However, if the plant has experienced prolonged drought, it might be difficult to revive it.

Browning of leaves
Browning of leaves due to underwatering (Source: Unsplash)

Here are the steps to follow to save an underwatered Philodendron dark Lord.

  • Take a shallow container and fill it with tepid water.
  • Now, take the pot of your Philodendron and place it in the container with water.
  • Drench the soil for about 15-20 minutes until the soil does not fully saturate.
  • Furthermore, if the soil is pulled away from the pot, gently push it to the perimeter. It prevents water from running through the perimeter without being absorbed by the soil.

Continue the process for a month until your plant fully revives. However, ensure that you repeat the process only when 25% of the soil tip is dry.

Note- The plant might exhibit a sudden shock because of complete water saturation for a couple of days. If the plant is not severely underwater, it might revive within 24-48 hours.

Save an Overwatered Philodendron Dark Lord

Reviving an overwatered Philodendron depends on the level of severity.

If the plant has undergone severe root rot, you might not be able to save it. However, you would still be fortunate as you can propagate them from stem cuttings.

Here are the steps to follow to save an overwatered Philodendron Dark Lord.

  • Remove the top 25% of the soil and take the plant out of the container.
  • Gently loosen the soil around the roots.
  • Once the soil is removed, inspect the roots of the plant.
  • If you feel the roots limp and mushy, it has gone root rot. Else the plant is not largely affected.
  • You can repot the plant in a new pot with drainage holes substituting the potting mix with a  new one. Water it thoroughly and leave until the soil dries out.
  • However, if the root has started to rot, cut off the mushy parts with sterilized pruning shears.
  • Leave the roots in the air to dry for a couple of hours. Then, apply some antifungal powder or soak the roots in a fungicide. Let the roots dry.
  • Afterward, follow the process stated above.

Tips to Water Philodendron Dark Lord Properly

  • Check for soil moisture before you water your plant. Insert your finger 2-3 inches deep in the soil. Water only if the soil feels dry.
  • Use salt-free water as high salts in soil damage the plant’s roots.
  • You can use a moisture meter to inspect soil moisture and water the plant accordingly.
  • Consider watering the plant only after the top 1/3rd portion of the dry soil.
  • Avoid using excessive cold or hot water. Always use tepid water or water at room temperatures to water your Philodendron.
  • Constantly water the plant thoroughly until it does not run out of the drainage holes.
  • Empty the saucer immediately after water gets collected. It is vulnerable for roots to sit in water for a longer time.
  • You can opt for self-watering pots if you are a busy person.
  • Water the plant according to its need rather than following a tight schedule. The time water takes to dry depends on pressure, temperature, places your growth your plant.

Note- Moisture Meters do not always give an accurate reading as it is affected by the salts content in soil mixes like pumice, perlite, barks, charcoal.

3. Warm Temperature

Philodendron Dark Lord comes from a tropical environment. The tropical climatic condition is characterized by high humidity and warm temperature year-round.

Thus, you need to reciprocate the same environment to grow without stressing or killing them.

The ideal temperatures to grow Philodendron Dark Lord is between 65°-80°F (21°C-29°C). However, any temperature above 60°F (15°C) is satisfactory.

Light Temperature Scale
Light Temperature Scale (Source: Wikimedia)

However, ensure that the temperature does not drop below 55°F (12.5°C). A low temperature hinders cellular activities, and the cells might rupture in severe cases. Thus you need to bring them indoors.

In contrast, extremely high temperature (above 85°F) causes excessive water loss from the leaf’s surface. To reciprocate the water loss, the plant reduces the surface area. As a result, its leaves curl and fall off.

Similarly, temperature extremities cause stunted growth, bleached foliage, hindrance in water and nutrients intake.

Tips to Provide Ideal Temperature

  • Avoid sunny locations as it doubles the impact of high temperatures on your plant.
  • You can increase the humidity around the plant to reciprocate high water loss due to high temperature.
  • Provide insulation to the plant during winters to maintain ideal soil temperature. Add mulch, such as straw, dry grass, etc., on top of the soil.
  • Use frost blankets and heating pads to protect plants from cold.
  • Avoid draft areas, heating and cooling vents like radiators, and heaters for your Philodendron.
  • You can place the plant in a mini greenhouse in low temperatures.
  • Avoid placing plants by the window as the temperature fluctuation is high on frosty nights.

4. High Humidity

All varieties of Philodendrons crave a higher humidity.

The ideal humidity for your Philodendron Dark Lord is about 60-70% of the relative humidity.

Humidity water drops on leaves
Humidity water drops on leaves (Source: Unsplash)

Humidity below 40% of the relative humidity is vulnerable to your Philodendron. If the moisture level could not increase further, it might even kill your plant.

Here are some of the effects of Low humidity in your Philodendron Dark Lord.

  • Hight transportation rate (loss of water from leaf’s surface) and thus curling of leaves
  • Fading, withering, or falling off the foliage
  • Slender, dull, and stunted growth.
  • Small-sized foliage
  • Quick-drying of the soil
  • Brown edges in foliages

Tips to Increase Humidity

  • The most effective method to increase humidity around the plant is using an electric humidifier.
  • Next is grouping the plants as it increases the humidity through natural perspiration. However, this method equally increases the chances of diseases and pest infestation.
  • Mist the plant’s leaves with distilled water 2-3 times a week.
  • Using a wet pebble tray is another method to increase humidity.
  • Alternatively, you can place them in a high humid zone like a bathroom and kitchen.

Important Tip- Avoid misting of the water during afternoon or at night as the water takes longer to evaporate. The longer the water stays in the foliage surface the higher is the chances of diseases and pests infestation.

5. Well-Draining Soil Mix

Philodendron Dark Lord requires consistently moist soil.

Its soil must be well-draining, light, porous, nutrient-rich, and capable of retaining essential moisture. 

Soil Mix
Soil Mix (Source: Pexels)

Additionally, you should avoid using garden soil as it increases soil compaction and reduces air circulation in the roots.

The best soil mix for your Philodendron Dark Lord is orchid or African Violet potting mix.

Here are a few commercial soil mixes you can use for Philodendron Dark Lord.

Make Your Potting Mix

Alternatively, you can make your potting mix. Here is the recipe I use for my Philodendron Dark Lord.

  • 1 part of all-purpose soil
  • 1 part of coconut coir, peat moss, or sphagnum moss
  • 1/2 part of pumice or perlite
  • 1/3 part of orchid bark
  • 1/3 part of worm casting or any other organic fertilizer
  • 1/4 part of activated charcoal

Besides, the soil for Philodendron needs to be slightly acidic with a pH range between 5-6.

If you are looking to maintain acidic soil pH, here are a few tips to follow.

  • You can use coffee grounds to the soil.
  • Pine barks, needles, and cottonseed act as excellent agents for maintaining acidic pH.
  • Organic compost also helps to maintain soil pH.
  • Drench the pot in a pool of tepid water once a month to wash off accumulated slats.

6. Adequate Fertilization

Philodendrons require proper supplements and feeding for healthier and faster growth. Lack of nutrients causes stunted growth, discolored and bleached foliage, and leaves curling.

Thus, ensure to feed them once a month in the growing season. As the plant goes under dormancy during winter, you need not fertilize them.

Here are the types of nutrients that your Philodendron Dark Lord requires.

  • Macronutrients –  Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and Potassium
  • Micronutrients – Iron, Boron, Chlorine, Copper, Zinc, etc.
  • Secondary nutrients- Calcium, Magnesium, Sulphur, etc.

You can use a complete liquid fertilizer or any other sort of synthetic fertilizer in the ratio of 5-5-5 for your Philodendron Dark Lord.

These synthetic fertilizers contain the essential nutrients and minerals to boost your plant. Here are a few recommendations:

Why Using Organic Fertilizer is Beneficial?

I am the one who tries the level best to use organic fertilizers. These fertilizers are slow-releasing in nature. Thus, you need not fertilize your plant often.

Besides, organic fertilizers are rich in organic matter.

Organic matter helps to retain the moisture required for your Philodendron. Similarly, organic fertilizer increases healthy microbial activities in the soil.

Vermin Compost Manure
Vermin Compost Manure (Source: Pexels)

Most importantly, synthetic fertilizers degrade the soil quality over time. In contrast, organic fertilizers help to enhance soil quality by improving the soil texture and density.

You can use organic fertilizers like worm casting, chicken litter, animal manure, compost, etc.

7. Growth Habits

The Philodendron Dark Lord is a large-leafed variety of Philodendrons, so you can expect it to occupy your space.

It is a vigorously growing plant that can reach a height of about 6 feet and spread of about 3-4 feet.

Moreover, its stem spreads to about 1-2 inches. Besides, its leaves dangling from the stem provides it with a stunning look.

As its leave gets pretty big, its stem and upshoot might find it difficult to uphold the plant.

Thus, I advise you to use a moss pole to provide stability to the plant. Besides, moss moles poles help in the development of healthier aerial roots.

Foliage Type

It has a striking long arrow-shaped foliage with cherry red, maroon or pink undersides.

The most prominent feature of Philodendron Dark Lord is its shiny leaves that cast soothing sight to the eyes.

Philodendron Dark Lord
Philodendron Dark Lord beautiful foliage (Source: Javacrop.com)

Besides, its leaves show a changing pattern of colors. First, they are slightly orangish initially, then get converted red.

Ultimately, your Philodendorn’s leaves turn completely green when they are fully dark mature.

Interestingly, its leaves can reach a size of about 18-22 inches when provided with proper care.

8. Potting and Repotting

You can opt for both enclosed or open spaces to grow your Philodendron. However, you need to pay special attention if you grow it in an enclosed medium.

Indeed, you do not want to choke your plant’s root. Thus, choose a container about 2 inches larger in diameter than the root ball.

The ideal pot size to grow Philodendron Dark Lord for staters is about 10 inches deep and 20 inches wide pot.

Terracotta pots for indoor plants (Source: Amazon)

You want your Philodendron to provide a larger growing space as the plant gets heavy.

Also, use a breathable pot that has a good drainage system. Generally, I opt for clay pot or terracotta pot as they are pleasing roots and soil.

Before heading on to repot Philodendron, learn more about How to Repot a Philodendron? 

Repotting Philodendron Dark Lord

When is the perfect time to repot Philodendron Dark Lord? Well, it largely depends on the pot size you are using and the condition of root-bound.

If your Philoendron’s roots are entangled, remember it lacks space to grow. The persistence of the problem might choke and injure the roots mechanically.

Hence, it is best to transplant the plant to a newer pot is when the roots are bound. Inspect for root-bound through the drainage holes; the roots entangled and poking out are root-bound.

Besides, rood bound in Philodendron causes stunted growth, yellowing, and foliage drooping.

The ideal frequency to repot Philodendron Dark Lord is about 1-2 years or after the plant doubles in its size. Also, it is best to repot them in spring and summer when the plant shows active growth.

Repotting the Cactus
Repotting the plants (Source: Unsplash)

Steps to Repot Philodendron Dark Lord

  • Water your Philodendron thoroughly a day before repotting it. It helps to strengthen the root system.
  • Put on safety measures like goggles, gloves, etc.
  • Afterward, remove the top 25% of the soil. Then, gently take the plant out of the pot gripping it from the base while simultaneously tapping the sides of the pot.
  • You can prune the dead and damaged part of the plant at this point.
  • Then, fetch a clean pot about 2 inches larger than the earlier pot.
  • Layer a few pebbles and fill 1/3rd part with a new potting mix.
  • Place the plant at the center. Then, fill the pot with soil for the sides.
  • Ensure that you leave a certain space on top to add fertilizer in the coming days.
  • Finally, water the plant thoroughly and leave it in a bright corner.

9. Rare Pruning

It pains to cut back your growing Philodendron. But, if you want to maintain a convenient size and want a healthy plant, pruning is essential.

Pruning enhances side growth, thus making the plant bushier. Learn other hacks on How to Make a Philodendron Bushy? here.

Pruning enhances new growth and plant vitality. However, your Philodendron Dark Lord does not require regular pruning on the brighter side.

Consider pruning them every 1-2 years. Prune only dead, damaged foliage and stems, pests, or disease-infested parts.

Pruning equipments
Arrangements for pruning (Source: Unsplash)

If you are pruning for maintaining its shape, ensure that you do not prune more than 25% of the plant. Excessive pruning stresses the plant severely.

Things to consider before Pruning Philodendron Dark Lord

  • Always put on safety measures like gloves, masks, and goggles to protect you from harmful toxins.
  • Use sharp pruning shears. A blunt stresses the plant as you cannot take sharp cuttings.
  • Always sterilize your pruning instruments before and in between.
  • Consider cutting below the nodes to propagate the stem cutting if you are shaping your plant.
  • You can apply cinnamon powder to the cut surface to prevent antifungal growth.

10. Toxicity of Dark Lord

Consider keeping your Philodendron Dark Lord away from children and pets as it is toxic.

It contains small crystals of calcium oxalates as a toxic element.

It exhibits symptoms like difficulty breathing, stomach irritability, eye and skin irritation, and nausea in humans. Similarly, in pets, you can see signs like drooling, vomiting, irritability, pawing at the mouth, etc.

If you doubt that your pets or children have nibbed some of their part, take assistance from medical and veterinarians immediately.

You can benefit from these emergency helplines if your pets ingest the plant.

Did you know that The University of California has categorized Philodendron into third and fourth class in the level of toxicity?

Propagation Method for Philodendron Dark Lord

Generally, propagating Philodendron is easy and quite straightforward. As the plant produces healthy aerial rots, propagation becomes easier.

If you are looking for propagating Philodendron Dark lord, consider using the asexual propagation method. The asexual method of propagation involves some vegetative parts for the propagation process.

Here is a complete guide on Philodendron Selloum and Pink Princess Philodendron Propagation.

As the method yields genetically identical colones, you can obtain a new Philodendron bearing the same characteristics.

Here are two different methods to Propagate Philodendron Dark Lord.

  • Propagation via Stem cuttings
  • Propagation via Air layering

1. Propagating Philodendron Dark Lord via Stem Cuttings

It is the easiest method of propagating epiphytic Philodendron. I use the same method while propagating my Philodnedorn Dark Lord, as the method is quite simple and easy.

Propagating Alocasia in Water
Propagating Philodendron in water (Source: Pexels)

Here are the steps to propagate Philodneron Dark Lord via Stem cuttings.

Step 1

Inspect for a healthier matured stem with aerial roots. Check if the part is infested with pests or diseases.

If you cannot find aerial roots, look for nodes. A cutting with the node is capable of generating a whole new plant.

You can take multiple cuttings if you like but ensure that each stem possesses a node and 1 or 2 leaves.

Step 2

Then, make an incision just below the node.

Most importantly, ensure that your pruning shears are sterilized and sharp.

Step 3

Now, leave the cuttings in the air for a couple of hours for callous formation.

At this point, you can apply some of the rooting hormones to the cuttings. It prevents antifungal growth and acts as a catalyst for rooting.

Step 4

Now, your cutting is ready to be propagated.

Take a clean container and layer it with pebbles on the bottom. Then, fill the pot halfway with the potting mix.

Insert your cutting into the pot such that the nodes could be buried at 2-3 inches deep into the mix. Afterward, fill the remaining space with the potting mix.

Rinse the plant and leave it in a brightly lit space.

Patience required!! As your cutting will start to produce roots within 3-6 weeks.

Interestingly, you can also propagate the cutting in water. Take a clear jar filled with tap water.

Leave the cutting in the water, and it will start to produce roots within a couple of weeks. However, ensure that you change the water every 3-4 days.

2. Propagating Philodendron Dark Lord via Air Layering

It is a slightly lengthy and more complicated process compared to Stem cuttings. But, hey, the method is highly successful though you might need extra effort.

Here are the steps to propagate Philodendron Dark Lord via Air Layering

Step 1

Choose a healthier stem with nodes. You can consider taking any of the nodes with or without the aerial roots.

Step 2

Fetch a transparent plant bag about 6-7 inches large. Also, ensure to take a string or a firm thread.

Step 3

Now, poke a couple of small holes at the bottom of the bag. Then, supply it with a handful of wet sphagnum moss.

Afterward, tear the plastic bag into two flaps from the top. Grab the two flaps of the plastic bag firmly holding the sphagnum moss.

Now, tie the two flaps around the node of the plant. Ensure that the sphagnum moss well surrounds the nodes.

Tie the plastic bag with the string and leave for roots to develop.

Air Layering Methods
Air Layerings Steps (Source: University of Florida)

Step 4

You need to keep the sphagnum moss consistently moist. Thus, moisten it by spraying waters from the holes premade.

After a couple of weeks, you can see roots poking out of the plastic bag. Then, it is time to separate the stem from the plant.

Cut the stem just below the nodes with sterilized pruning shears. Leave the cuttings in the air to form callus.

Then, plant the new cuttings in the soil as directed above.

Also Watch,

Common Problems in Philodendron Dark Lord

1. Pests Infestation

Generally, Philodendron Dark Lord is resilient against pests. However, in poor environmental conditions, they might get infected.

Scales Insect (Source: Unsplash)
Scales Insect (Source: Unsplash)

Here are common pests in Philodendron and their symptoms.

Common Pests Symptoms
Mealy bugs 1. White cotton like round sap sucking bugs on leaf's undersides
2. Drooping and curling of leaves
Scales 1. Brown or black bumpy structure on leaves
2. Sap sucking insects that drains plant energy and causes stunted growth
3. Discoloration especially blacking and browning of leaves
Spider Mites 1. Tiny yellowish insects that sucks sap.
2. Forms intricate webbing like structure on leaves
Thrips 1. Yellow patches appear on leaves.
2. On incidence, the patches turns to slivery color

How to Treat Pests in Philodendron?

Preventive Measures

  • Regularly wipe off the plant’s leaf with soap water once every 1-2 weeks.
  • Avoid grouping with other infected plants.
  • Shower your plant every 1-2 weeks to knock off pests and eggs.
  • Avoid overwatering and overhead watering.

2. Diseases Infestation

Philodendron Dark Lord is not generally affected by diseases. But, sometimes, there can be fungal and bacterial diseases.

Generally, excessive humidity, soggy soil, and overhead watering invite diseases like root rot and leaf spots in Philodendron.

Here are lists of common diseases, their causative agent, and symptoms in Philodendron Dark Lord.

Common DiseasesCausative Agents Common Problems
Root Rot Fusarium, Pythium, Phytophthora, and Aphanomyces.1. Sudden discoloration and drooping of leaves
2. Brown or mushy roots
3. Brown stem base
4. Foul order from the soil
Bacterial Leaf SpotsErwinia spp.1. Water-soaked marks on leaves
2. Drooping and wilting of leaves
3. On severe incidence, dark black or brown lesions develops on foliage
Rust Spots Puccinia triticina Eriks, Puccinia striiformis, Puccinia graminis1. Tiny round shaped patches develops on the leaves.
2. The color ranges from orange to rusty-brown, brownish-yellow, purple and red.

How to Treat Diseases in Philodendron?

  • Deadhead all of the infected parts with sterilized pruning instruments.
  • Remove all of the mushy parts before repotting the plant in a new potting mix.
  • You can also apply antifungal powder on the roots before repotting.
  • Fungicides containing copper, Benomyl, or Mancozeb effectively treat fungal infections.
  • Apply  Agrimycin to treat bacterial infection.

Preventive Measures

  • Use a well-draining substrate suitable for aroids.
  • Avoid overhead watering and overwatering.
  • Loosen the topmost layer of the soil to allow aeration to prevent bacterial and fungal growth.
  • Avoid excessive humidity and damp place for the dark lord.
  • Only mist the plant in the early morning. Avoid misting of the leaves during the evening and at night.

FAQs about Philodendron Dark Lord

How to Maintain the Philodendron Dark Lord’s Coloring?

Generally, factors like low humidity, harsh sunlight, low light, nutrition deficiencies, pests, and diseases infestation are responsible for the hideous color in Philodendron.

In excessive low temperature, Philodendron generates low chlorophyll (a condition known as chlorosis), which causes loss of dark green shade.

Similarly, low-temperature sources plant to form excessive chlorophyll, thus causing loss of variegated colors.

The problem can be solved by maintaining a conducive environment.

Is it Normal for Philodendron Dark Lord’s Leaves to Turn into Different Colors?

Philodendron Dark Lord is popular for its striking color that changes with the leaf’s maturity.

Its leaves change from bright orange or pink to blood-red, turning to dark green foliage with maroon undersides. It is thus natural for Philodendron Dark Lord to change color.

However, if the leaves turn yellow, brown, or patches are developing, the plant is in trouble.

Sneek peek at the environmental conditions around your plant to fix it.

Conclusion

Philodendron Dark Lord is a rare variety that needs proper care to thrive. The ideal growing environment for it is an environment that mimics tropical climatic conditions.

High humidity, warm temperature, consistently moist substrate, and bright indirect light are keys to maintaining its health and color.

Bring the variety home and enjoy the tropical vibe with coloring effects.

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