Do you wish to grow an easy-going houseplant that boasts multi-colored, attractive leaves and purifies indoor air?
Peperomia Ginni is your answer!
Peperomia Ginny [Pep-er-ROH-mee-uh, Gin-EE] is a newer Peperomia variety that adapts well to the indoor environment.
Moreover, this radiator plant is perfect for newbies as it easily adapts to typical home environments.
Peperomia Ginny prefers a warmer tropical-like climate: 60°F-80°F temperature, bright indirect sunlight, fast-draining potting mix, a high humidity (up to 80%), weekly watering, and seldom repotting.
In fact, it is a moderately slow-growing Peperomia that thrives in the same pot for years and does well with minimal plant food.
Read on if you wish to know how best to grow this low-maintenance yet beautiful plant in your home.
Table of Contents
- Overview of Peperomia Ginny
- Where to Buy Peperomia Ginny?
- Peperomia Ginny: Ultimate Grow & Care Guide
- Propagation Methods for Peperomia Ginny
- Toxicity of Peperomia Ginny
- Common Problems with Peperomia Ginny
- Peperomia Ginny vs. Peperomia Albo
- FAQs About Peperomia Ginny
Overview of Peperomia Ginny
Did you know Peperomia is a radiator plant because it loves warm drafts coming from the radiator?
Most growers kept it near a vent or a radiator to provide optimal warm-humid conditions required by the plant.
Talking about Peperomia Ginny, it is one of the Peperomia Clusiifolia cultivars that come from the tropical forest beds of Caribbean islands, South America, and Africa.
However, please do not confuse it with other Clussifolia cultivars like Peperomia clusiifolia Isabella and Peperomia Clusiifolia Red Margin, which look quite different.
Peperomia Ginny is considered a pantropical plant that grows on both sides of the hemisphere, where it has obtained various names.
- Rainbow Peperomia Ginny
- Red Edge Peperomia
- Tricolor Peperomia
It is primarily known for attractive tricolor foliage and boasts succulent green, cream-white, and pink variegated colors.
Here is a brief guide about Peperomia Ginny;
|Scientific Name||Peperomia clusiifolia Ginny|
|Other name||Peperomia Ginny, Peperomia clusiifolia cv. Jellie or Peperomia clusiifolia Jelly, Peperomia clusiifolia var tricolor|
|Native||Caribbean islands, South America, and Africa|
|Family||Piperaceae (pepper family)|
|Growth Zone||USDA zone 10-12|
|Plant Type||Evergreen epiphyte|
|Growth Size||6-12 inches tall and 6-10 inches wide|
|Foliage||Elliptical, medium to large, green, cream-white, and pink variegated leaves|
|Blooming Period||Throughout after maturity|
|Flowering||Any time of the year|
|Toxicity||Non-toxic to Humans or Pets|
|Common Pests||Fungus Gnats, Mealybugs, scales, and Spider Mites|
|Horticultural Diseases||Cercospora leaf spot, Sclerotium stem rot, and Phytophthora and Pythium root rot|
One of the highlights is that Peperomia Ginny effectively cleanses indoor air of cancer-causing toxins like toluene, carbon monoxide, and formaldehyde.
Despite immensely varying features, it does manage well in a typical home environment.
Interestingly, the Peperomia consist of more than 1500 species found in various parts of tropical and sub-tropical regions.
Where to Buy Peperomia Ginny?
You can easily buy young or matured Peperomia Ginny plans from the local nurseries, specialist growers, and online retailers.
Here is a list of a few dedicated online sellers.
|Places to Buy||Delivery Service||Price|
|Etsy||1. Delivery within 5 to 7 days|
2. Product doesn't ship to California
|Planterina||1. Shipped within 4-5 days|
2. Free shipping for orders over $99
3. Flat $9.5 shipping fee for orders under $99
|Groovy Plant Ranch||1. National and International Shipping|
2. Shipping within 2-7 business days
3. International orders must be $200 or more.
|Garden Goods Direct||1. Free shipping over $130|
2. $5 order inspection, handling, and certificate charge
2. Shipped within 1-5 business days
Peperomia Ginny: Ultimate Grow & Care Guide
Peperomia Ginny makes a great houseplant and attains a great size with signature tri-color leaves under the right conditions.
A pantropical plant, you should try mimicking closest to the tropical environment at home to grow healthy Peperomia Ginny.
Here is a brief care guide for Peperomia Ginny.
of bright filtered sunlight
Once in 7-10 days in the summer
and once a month in winter
Well-draining, nutrient-rich potting mix
pH level: 6.0-7.0
Diluted balanced fertilizer
Once in spring and summer
(15.5°C to 26.6°C)
75% of humidity or above
Once every three years
Propagate via stem cutting,
leaf-cutting, and division
1. Bright Indirect Sunlight and Proper Location
Like any other Peperomia, Ginny enjoys sitting in a brightly lit location in the house, but it needs more shade than light.
However, it ideally survives in low light conditions; the prolonged shade will push back the foliage and flower growth.
Provide your Peperomia Ginny anywhere between 7-10 hours of indirect sunlight each day to witness healthy growth.
Place them anywhere from windows, door, patio, to the greenhouse but ensure to provide shade as direct sunlight will quickly scorch the leaves.
West-facing or east-facing windows are considered perfect for Peperomia plants.
When placed in the south-facing window, consider moving it 4-5 feet away; otherwise, add a blind or curtain.
A Peperomia exposed to either intense or insufficient sunlight will begin exhibiting problems. Look for these signs.
- Leggy, dull, and stunted growth
- The plant bends towards the light source.
- The chlorophyll amount decreases, causing loss of green pigments.
- It affects photosynthesis which affects other physiological functioning.
- Leaves begin dropping and limping.
- Dry and crispy leaves
- Loss of color and variegation from the leaves
- Brown patches along the leaf edges
- Curling Leaves
Note: Brown patches occurs due to excess transpiration, where direct sunlight promotes faster water loss from the leaves.
Tips to Ensure Optimal Light Intake for Peperomia Ginny
- Place them in an east or west-facing window for perfect lighting conditions. A few hours of early or late sunlight will boost chlorophyll production.
- Introduce the plant to appropriate grow lights during winter as the light intensity is low.
- Alternatively, you can grow them under appropriate grow light for at least 12 hours, especially in fall or winter.
- Rotate the plant twice every month in the growing season to obtain balanced growth.
- Choose GE Lighting LED Grow Light with the red and blue spectrum that mimics full-spectrum lighting.
Pro Tip: Peperomia Ginny requires 70-80% of the total indoor light intensity and 30-40% of sunlight while growing outdoors (Use 40% shade cloth to offset direct sunlight).
2. Regular Watering
Unlike most houseplants, Peperomia Ginny has a low water requirement and can survive slight droughts, thanks to its ability to store water.
The succulent-like thick stems and leaves tend to hold water for a prolonged duration.
Water your Peperomia Ginny when the top 2-3 inches of soil dries out or about 50-75% of the potting mix dries.
It would need about 0.8 cups of water (600-800ml) every 9-days and is potted in a 5.0″ pot.
Typically, you should schedule watering them every two weeks in the growing season (spring and summer) once a month in fall and winter.
Remember, overwatered Peperomia will suffer because its stems and leaves will store only the required amount of water. The excess will sit around the roots.
Overwatered or Underwatered Peperomia Ginny
Overwatering is more familiar with Peperomia. Underwatering is rare and only seen in neglected plants.
The visible signs of an overwatered Peperomia Ginny include:
- Brown patches on Leaves
- Mold growth on the soil
- Shriveled and mushy appearance
- Yellowing leaves with limp and droopy appearance.
- Curling leaves
For immediate treatment, cut back on watering and inspect for root rot by sliding out the plant to check for dark, mushy, or smelly roots.
The visible signs of an under-watered Peperomia Ginny include:
- Light greyish soil
- Yellowing spots
- Curling leaves turning grey to light brown
- Crispy appearance
Run the container under the water until the excess sips out of the drainage holes. Otherwise, submerge the plant in a tub or a container filled with water.
Tips to Ensure Adequate Watering for Peperomia Ginny
- Avoid overwatering by making a watering schedule. Water once in two weeks or every 9-day in spring and summer.
- Use a soil moisture meter to assess whether the soil has optimally dried before continuing watering.
- Sprinkle freshwater lightly and slowly from above, without touching the leaves.
- Allow water to soak through to the roots and throw out excess water collected on the saucer.
- Ensure to use fresh, chlorine-free water. Leave the water overnight at room temperature to get rid of harmful chlorine.
3. Warm Temperature and High Humidity
Peperomia Ginny demands a relatively warmer temperature and equally high humid conditions to thrive.
Provide your Peperomia Ginny anywhere from 60°F (15.5°C) to 80°F (26.6°C) in temperature and up to 80% humidity in the growing season to boost foliage production.
A typical tropical plant, Peperomia, will thrive in a warm climate such as USDA Hardiness Zone 10b (35°F), USDA Zone 11 (40°F), and USDA Zone 12 (50°F).
However, attaining high humidity in such a warm temperature can become an issue you can address by artificially increasing the humidity level.
Prolonged exposure to a temperature below 50°-55°F can severely damage the tricolor leaves. Low temperature can even push back the plant’s growth.
The low humid condition is associated with excess transpiration (loss of water from the leaves).
On the other hand, humidity above 70% significantly increases the risk of fungal and bacterial infection.
Remember to check for the tell-tale signs of over or under humidity problems.
|Too Low Humidity||Too High Humidity|
|Wilting and shriveled Leaf||Stems and leaves rot|
|Yellowing of leaves edges||Patches of grey mould on the leaves|
|Brown leaf tips||Fungal growth|
|Leaves may fall in severe conditions||Mold presence in the soil and flower as well.|
Tips to Maintain Ideal Temperature and Humidity
- Start with finding an ideal spot around the house that receives 10-12 hours of indirect sunlight, such as a window, door, or patio.
- Use appropriate grow light in fall and winter to compensate for the lack of optimum sunlight.
- Cover the plant with a frost blanket or clear plastic bag in winter to avoid the risk of cold stress.
- Avoid placing them near the air conditioner or heater that will suck the humidity from the plant.
- Huddle all the plants together to boost the local humidity level. Otherwise, install an artificial room humidifier.
- Mist the leaves a couple of times throughout the summer using the plant mister to keep the humidity level thriving.
- Consider placing it on a pebble tray filled with water for a plant lacking humidity.
Pro Tip: Use a hygrometer to check the humidity level from dropping or rising above a dangerous level.
5. Fast-Draining, Nutrient-Rich Soil
Peperomia is an epiphyte that grows on other plants and derives its nutrition from dead leaves, barks, and soil organisms.
Similarly, it thrives in a potting medium that does not hold excess moisture but dries out relatively quickly.
Provide your Peperomia Ginny an organic, aerated substrate rich in nutrients and microorganisms. For example, 80% peat moss and 20% perlite.
Remember to avoid potting mix that contains soil because the latter absorbs excess water and moisture.
Moreover, the soil pH level should stay slightly acidic between 6.0 and 6.6 pH to help roots obtain nutrients more efficiently.
Other options include sandy or loamy soil made using the combination of organic manure, sterile garden mulch, and cacti mix.
Prepare an Ideal Peperomia Potting Mix
Ensure to make a mix of 7:2:1 of the following items
- Hoffman Spahgnum peat moss
- Miracle-Gro Perlite
- Orchid bark and clay balls (LECA) to improve drainage
Pro Tip: Clay balls help absorb excess water and release moisture over a prolonged duration.
6. Occasional Fertilization
The great thing about Peperomia Ginny is that they do not need excess fertilization to obtain healthy foliage and blossoms.
The potting soil comes with ample nutrients that the plant would break and use for a prolonged duration.
However, applying some mild fertilizer will help the plant obtain some missing nutrients.
Fertilize your Peperomia Ginny once every three months in the growing season with a mild liquid formula rich in nitrogen, potassium, and iron.
Overfertilization is the enemy of Peperomia, indicated by stunted growth, brown roots, brown leaf patches, yellowing leaves, and light crumbled soil.
Here are a few recommendations for commercial liquid food and pellets.
- Southern Ag Balanced Food
- Miracle-Gro Indoor Plant Food
- Bonide Liquid Plant Food
- Joyful Dirt Organic Based Concentrated Food
Tips to Apply Fertilizer
- Use a balanced plant food with an NPK ratio of 20-20-20 or 10-10-10 diluted to half or ¼ strength by mixing with water.
- Apply fertilizer while you water the plant to allow the roots to absorb as many macronutrients as possible.
- Keep the solution 6-inches away from the plant’s base to prevent root burns.
- Cut back on fertilizing in dormancy season (fall and winter) to prevent damage from fertilizer salts.
Save an Overfertilized Peperomia Ginny
- Run the plant under the tap to flush out excess salts from the soil. Repeat the process 2-3 times.
- Cut back on fertilization and let your plant recover naturally.
- Transplant it to a fresh potting mix if the damage seems untreatable.
7. Growth Rate and Pruning
Peperomia Ginny is a slow-growing epiphyte that will grow about 6-12 inches (15-30 cm) in height and spread about 6-10 inches (15-24 cm) in its lifetime!
They are not known for growing significantly tall like other tropical plants, but what they fail to provide in height will compensate with lush, tricolor foliage.
Talking about foliage, the tricolor plant leaves take up most of the plant’s size.
It boasts variegated elliptical, concave leaves 2-6 inches long with green edges and a yellowish or cream-white color with a blushed pink margin. Hence, the name “Tricolor Peperomia.”
Similarly, the stems and petiole will exhibit a red-pinkish texture with short nodes.
A mature Peperomia Ginny will begin flocking with the flower that looks relatively small with an inconspicuous pale green texture.
Its blossoms boast thick and spiky stalks, which usually grow from a leaf joint of stem tips. You would witness blossoms around the year, especially in the growing season.
Remember, Peperomia Ginny does not require regular pruning. In fact, it will enjoy a robust, thick leaf growth.
Therefore, keep pruning to control its shape or remove damaged and dull parts like dead and decayed leaves.
Peperomia Tricolor can be grown outdoors in USDA Hardiness Zones 10a-12a but ensure to introduce proper shade to prevent leaf burn.
8. Repotting Overgrown Peperomia
Peperomia Ginny will live happily in the same pot for years as the roots take a while to grow bigger.
A slow grower Peperomia would only require repotting once in three or more years or when the roots have substantially outgrown the pot.
A rootbound Peperomia will begin exhibiting tell-tale signs such as light-colored, crumbled potting mix, slowed plant growth, and roots poking out of the drainage holes.
Steps to Repot Peperomia Ginny
Follow this step-by-step guide to repot your Peperomia Ginny.
Step 1: Choose an Ideal Time and Tools
- Repot your plant in spring or summer when the risk of cold stress is at least.
- Assemble necessary tools like a planter, fresh potting mix, a small trowel, and a watering can.
- Choose a container at least 2” bigger than the previous container, with multiple drainage holes.
Here are a few recommendations.
|Classic Planter, 8" (Plastic)||They are durable and lightweight. The drainage holes lie at the bottom|
|LE TAUCI Ceramic Plant Pots (Ceramic)||4+5+6 inch, Set of 3, Planters with holes in the bottom|
|Plastic Planter, HOMENOTE (Plastic)||Comes in five different sizes 7/6/5.5/4.8/4.5 Inch|
Step 2: Remove the Plant
- Turn the pot sideways, holding it gently by the stems.
- Tap the bottom until the plant slides out.
- Massage the roots to loosen up the compact soil.
- Inspect the rootball for visible signs of root rot and then trim the affected parts using a sterilized pruning shear.
- Apply some fungicides to prevent fungal growth.
Step 3: Transplant
- Pour a layer of potting mix into the pot.
- Slide the plant inside the mix with roots facing down.
- Fill the rest of the pot and water it thoroughly.
Propagation Methods for Peperomia Ginny
The great news is that Peperomia Ginny is easy to propagate, and the best time to do so is in late spring or early summer.
The great news is that you can propagate through multiple mediums.
1. Propagating via Stem and Leaf Cuttings
Propagating through herbaceous stem cutting is the easiest way to multiply Peperomia Ginny because it guarantees significant success.
On the other hand, rooting the leaf-cutting would work well, but it will take longer to obtain new roots from the petioles.
Here is the step-by-step propagation guide.
Step 1: Obtain the Cuttings
- Begin identifying healthy stem and leaf cuttings appropriate for propagation, indicated by full-sized leaves or red-pulpy stem.
For Stem Cutting
- Take a 2-3 inches long stem with a couple of leaves by making a 45-degree cut using a sterilized pruning shear.
- Remove all but two leaves from the stem.
- Cut right below the petiole that joins the leaf to the stem for leaf-cutting.
- Leave the cutting as it is for a day to callus it and minimize bacterial infection.
Step 2: Rooting the Cuttings
The next step is to root the cutting in either water or soil medium.
1. Rooting in Water
- Fill a clear glass with clean, chlorine-free water.
- Add some liquid rooting hormone into the water and submerge the leaf or stem cutting.
- Place it in a warm location with bright, indirect sunlight and replace the water every 4-5 days.
- The stem cutting will begin growing roots within a few weeks, but the leaf-cutting will take a month.
- Keep the cutting in the water for a few more weeks before transplanting it to an appropriate potting medium.
2. Rooting in Potting Medium
- Take a small container 2-3” big and fill it with the peat moss, vermiculite, or coco coir mixed potting mix.
- Thoroughly moisten the mix with water before inserting the cuttings.
- Mix some fungicide and rooting hormone to make a paste. Apply the paste to the trimmed end to prevent fungal infection and boost the growth rate.
- Place the cutting into the mix so that it stands upright. Water the mixture well and cover the pot with a self-sealing plastic bag to reduce water loss.
- Move it o a location with bright, indirect sunlight and a temperature up to 75 °F.
- The cutting will begin producing roots in about six weeks, after which you can start the regular plant care.
Pro Tip: Water a little more often when the cutting begins to root as it will take up a lot of moisture for optimal root growth.
2. Propagation via Root Division
Although rare, root division is one way to propagate Peperomia Ginny.
In fact, it is one of the best propagation methods. Simply divide the roots and grow them in a fresh potting mix.
Here is a step-by-step guide.
- Wait until you are about to repot the plant to obtain root cuttings.
- Gently slide the plant from the pot and brush off excess soil.
- Divide the root ball into multiple batches or sections. Each section should contain at least 2-3 stems.
- Using a sterilized pruning shear, cut the side roots with a healthy set of stems, but ensure not to cut through the main root bulb.
- Get a pot with the previously mentioned potting mix and insert the roots into the soil mix.
- Water the mix thoroughly and place it in a warm location with bright indirect sunlight.
Voila! The root cutting will begin producing new feeder roots within a week.
Toxicity of Peperomia Ginny
Luckily, Peperomia Ginny has been deemed a non-toxic plant for humans and pets.
In fact, all of the Peperomia species are considered non-toxic and non-fatal to pets.
Therefore, you need not worry about your children or pets accidentally consuming the plant leaves.
As per the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), it is non-toxic to cats and dogs.
However, you may want to keep the plant away from their reach as biting, nipping, or tearing the leaves will make it look unappealing.
Moreover, consuming a significant amount of leaves can make pets sick, especially cats.
Common Problems with Peperomia Ginny
Like any houseplant, peperomia Ginny is prone to various plant pests and horticultural diseases, including fungal or bacterial infection.
The high humidity level is one of the precursors to an infected plant. Other reasons include the poor state of the plants.
1. Houseplant Pests
Peperomia Ginny is prone to mainly sap-sucking insects that infest the juicy leaves.
Common Peperomia pests include Mealybugs, Spider mites, Fungus gnats, Scales, etc.
|Fungus Gants||1. Small Black flies around the plant
2. The larvae suck on roots thus injure roots
3. Sudden wilting and discoloration of foliages
|Mealy bugs||1. Responsible for sooty molds
2. White cotton like substance on underside of leaves
3. Stunted growth
|Spider Mites||1. Webbings develop underside of leaves or at leaf axils
2. Feast on plant's fluid resulting in drooping and wilting of leaves
- Begin with trimming the affected parts of the plants.
- Using a water hose, dislodge the visible pests, eggs, and larvae.
- Using a blunt knife, scrape off pests like scales from the plant.
- As an organic solution, spray the plant with horticultural oil or Neem oil.
- Otherwise, apply commercial pest killers like Malathion solution or Pyrethrin spray.
- Avoid bringing suspicious-looking plants indicated by yellowed leaves and decayed stems.
- Prevent overhead watering to prevent wetting the leaves.
- Wipe the plant leaves with clean or soapy water solution a couple of times in spring and summer.
- Otherwise, rub a few drops of 98% isopropyl alcohol on plant leaves to repel the pests.
- Keep basil, mint, sage, or rosemary plants around your Peperomia to naturally repel the pests.
2. Horticultural Diseases
Peperomia Ginny does not easily give into horticultural diseases, but a bad growing condition may change that.
The main precursors to fungal and bacterial disease are high humid conditions (usually over 70%), damp locations, and overwatered plants.
The root rot caused by Pythium and Phytophthora pathogens is one of the most common problems with Peperomia.
|Cercospora leaf spot||Tan and black raised spots found under the leaves.
Chlorosis develops and leads to premature defoliation.
|Rhizoctonia leaf spot||Mushy, dark-brown spots on leaves.
Roots become brown, mushy and disintegrated.
|Clerotium stem rot||Brown and black rot of stem near the soil area.
Leaves will wilt and turn gray-green before turning brown, curling and dying.
|Cucumber mosaic Virus||Ring spots appear
Stunted growth and malformed leaves.
On the other hand, Pythium and Phytophthora root rot is indicated by drooping and limping foliage, stunted growth, discoloration of leaves, and foul-smelling soil.
- Pruning the infected root with sterilized pruning shear and applying fungicide before transplanting it to a new pot may help with mild root rot.
- Apply Dimethomorph and phosphorus acid to treat Phytophthora and Pythium diseases before they increase.
- Inspect the plant for damage and dispose of the plant with a severe level of root rot damage.
- Apply commercial fungicide containing chlorothalonil and myclobutanil to treat leaf spot disease.
- Fungicides like Medallion (fludioxonil) and Prostar (flutolanil) effectively treat fungal infections.
- Install an electric humidifier to correct humidity before it reaches an alarming level.
- Quarantine the suspicious-looking plant with brown leaf patches and decayed lower stems.
- Avoid keeping them in overly damp locations.
- When growing outdoors, keep them away from other outdoor plants.
Peperomia Ginny vs. Peperomia Albo
Another Peperomia subspecies, Peperomia Albo belongs to the Piperaceae family and is quite close to Peperomia Ginny.
In fact, they both share the exact native location and have strikingly similar leaves and décor.
Both plants boast elliptic, oval-shaped leaves that cover the entire plant when they mature and require a warm, humid condition to thrive.
However, they share a few striking differences listed in the table below.
|Peperomia Ginny||Peperomia Albo|
|It boasts longer leaves with a pointed tip.||The leaves lack a pointed tip or sharp edge.|
|It boasts tricolor foliage.||It lacks tricolor foliage.|
|The leaves have green edges, a yellowish or cream-white color, and a blushed pink margin.||The leaves are green in between with yellow edges.|
|The plant stays short and grows only up to 6-10 inches.||The plant grows taller than Peperomia Ginny, up to 20 inches (50cm).|
FAQs About Peperomia Ginny
Is Peperomia Ginny a Succulent?
Many newbie growers mistake Peperomia Ginny for a succulent.
While it shares some features with a succulent plant, such as fleshy leaves and water-retaining ability, it is quite different from a succulent.
Unlike a succulent, it prefers relatively high humidity and warm temperature year-round.
Why is Peperomia Ginny Yellowing?
Yellowing of Peperomia Ginny leaves is quite common than you can imagine.
The premature yellowing will mainly occur in the growing season. The main culprits are over-fertilization, cold stress, low humidity, and bad lighting.
Follow the above-given care guide to remediate premature yellowing of leaves.
Why is Peperomia Ginny Dropping Leaves?
Peperomia Ginny will begin dropping leaves due to overwatering, underwatering, and excessive sunlight.
Examine each of the possible causes to find the problem and apply the appropriate treatment.
Does Peperomia Ginny have any Benefits?
Peperomia Ginny is known for its elegance and magnificent appearance.
You can grow them as a decorative plant for home and office and place them in a hanging basket to enhance the indoor decor.
Moreover, the tricolor leaves effectively remove toxins from the indoor air.
Peperomia Ginny makes a stunning houseplant that will add a dash of colors to your collection around the year.
Besides, it is easy to care for, propagate, and prune, and it also cleanses indoor air.
However, remember to provide ample regular care and avoid overwatering at all costs to witness a healthy plant.
Follow this guide to learn more about caring for your Peperomia Ginny.