Monstera Deliciosa vs Borsigiana : Differences and Similarities

Monstera Deliciosa vs Monstera Borsiginia
Monstera Deliciosa vs Variegated Monstera Borsiginia (Source: Wikimedia Commons & Etsy)

Monstera Deliciosa vs. Monstera Borsigiana, there have been several debates and confusion surrounding these species of plants over the years.

Both of them are similar in appearance, and many people tend to confuse them with each other because they cannot identify the differences.

In general, the distinguishing factor between these two plants is their geniculum. Geniculum is the plant’s stem that joins the stem to its petiole, and unlike Borsigiana, Monstera Deliciosa leaves consist of a wrinkly geniculum. Besides this, you can also separate them by the size of their leaves, taxonomy, their growing habits, etc. 

Monstera Deliciosa
Monstera Deliciosa (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

You can identify them with their leaves, but there are various other ways to identify a Monstera Deliciosa or a Borsigiana.

Today in this article, I will be providing you with detailed information on how you can differentiate a Monstera Deliciosa from a Borsigiana.

Differences Between Monstera Deliciosa and Borsigiana

The most notable differences between a Monstera deliciosa and a Monstera borsigiana are below.

DifferencesMonstera DeliciosaMonstera Borsigiana
GeniciulumWrinkly GeniculumNormal Geniculum
Size of LeavesLarge LeavesSmall Leaves
Growing HabitsCreep in a downward directionGrow upwards along with the stack.
Growth RateGrows slowerGrows Faster
Stem StructureHas lessspace between its nodesHas more space between its nodes

1. Geniculum

The main difference between a Monstera Deliciosa and a Borsigiana is Geniculum. Geniculum is the joint of the stem that joins it to a leaf.

Due to the wrinkly Geniculum, Monstera Deliciosa’s wavy structured leaves make them look like ruffles.

Many people even refer to Monstera Deliciosa as ruffles for that same reason. However, due to the wrinkly geniculum, Monstera Deliciosa is very flexible.

As for the geniculum in the Monstera, Borsigiana has a similar geniculum to any other normal plant without any distinct features.

Borsigiana has a straight plain geniculum that connects it to the base of the leaves with the stem.

There is one downside while differentiating them with their Geniculum. They cannot be differentiated with their geniculum at their early stages.

They must be mature for you to differentiate it from their geniculum.

Monstera Deliciosa Geniculum
Monstera Deliciosa Geniculum (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

2. Size of Leaves

Another distinct feature that will help you differentiate them quite easily is their size of leaves.

The size of their leaves is very distinct, and one is rather small compared to the other.

Monstera Deliciosa has large leaves that grow up to 3 feet in length and width or even bigger in their natural habitat.

The leaves of Deliciosa are also leathery in texture and aesthetically pleasing.

Compared to that, Borsigiana has rather small leaves. Its leaves only grow up to 1.6 feet, approximately half the size of Monstera Deliciosa.

But depending on the conditions they are grown in, the size of their leaves can vary.

3. Growing Habits

Monstera Deliciosa can be a mess while growing up compared to Borsigiana due to its slow-growing characteristics.

Deliciosas often tend to grow in a horizontal and sprawling manner.

However, during its early period of growth, Deliciosas mostly creep in a downward direction as they are considered slow climbers in the plant kingdom.

Despite being slow climbers, they eventually turn into vines and start sprawling upwards as they turn old and mature.

Borsigianas are neater and have a better growth process in comparison to Deliciosas.

As they have vining growth habits, they tend to have longer stems that grow on the ground.

They can also be placed in a stack where they will grow upwards along with the stack.

Unlike Deliciosa, they tend to climb and grow upwards since their early stages.

Monstera Deliciosa is known to grow up to a height of up to 30 feet in its natural habitat.

Despite both plants having different growth rates, they mature around three years.

Monstera Borsiginia vs Monstera Deliciosa
Monstera Borsiginia vs Monstera Deliciosa (Source: Etsy)

4. Taxonomy

Taxonomy is the scientific term for identifying and naming a plant. It helps to classify a plant in its different aspects.

Many people consider Monstera Deliciosa and Borsigiana the same plant, but that’s not the case.

Here is a taxonomy table that shows the hierarchy of Monstera Deliciosa and Monstera Borsigiana.

KingdomPlantae
PhylumTracheophyta
ClassLiliopsida
OrderAlismatales
FamilyAraceae
GenusMonstera Adnas
SpeciesMonstera deliciosa Liebm with the other name of Monstera borsigiana Engl.

Found no difference? Well, that is because they have a taxonomic synonym.

According to the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, Monstera Deliciosa and Borsigiana fall under the same taxon but different plants.

5. Stem structure

One of the deciding factors that separate the Monstera plants is the gaps between their nodes.

Nodes of a plant refer to the round-like parts or spots that exist between the stem of a plant.

If you look closely at the Monstera plants, you will notice that the Monstera Borsigiana has more space between its nodes than Monstera Deliciosa.

This is one of the reasons why Monstera Borsigiana tends to grow faster and neater than Monstera Deliciosa.

Monstera Borsiginia vs Monstera Deilioca Stem
Monstera Borsiginia vs Monstera Deilioca Stem

Monstera Deliciosa VS Borsigiana: Similarities

Here we will be discussing various similarities that make people confuse a Monstera Deliciosa with a Monstera Borsigiana.

SimilaritiesMonstera Deliciosa and Monstera Borsigiana
Leaf Structure-Dark green leaves
-Defining quality of the holly leaves.
Leaf Shape-Cordated heart shaped leaves
Roots-Adventitious roots.

1. Leaf Structure

One common mistake that makes people confuse a Monstera Deliciosa with a Monstera Borsigiana is their leaf structure.

They are very similar in looks and nature, so it is extremely difficult for a beginner to tell the difference just with a look.

Both the plants have dark green leaves and look like they have been cut with a scissor on each end of the plant.

As for the cuts, they can be different from plant to plant, and it also mostly depends on the size of the plant, but almost all of the leaves appear to be semi-round or oblong.

Both the plants tend to have perforated leaves that adapt to changes in the environment, and mostly they tend to have the defining quality of the holly leaves.

Stake your monstera plant to make it grow faster and be less susceptible for pests.

2. Leaf Shape

Even though the Monstera Deliciosa has larger leaves than a Monstera Borsigiana, they tend to have leaves with a similar shape.

You can tell the difference in the size of the leaves, but the shape of the leave is quite hard to differentiate due to their alikeness.

Both the monstera plants form cordate leaves, which refer to heart-shaped leaves.

Even though the holes in the leaves of the plant stretch to the end of the leaves, it still is maintains the heart shape.

Monstera Deliciosa Leaf
Monstera Deliciosa Leaf (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

3. Root Structure

Both the Monstera Deliciosa and Monster Borsigiana have the same root system. Coming from the same plant species, they tend to have adventitious roots.

Ariel roots refer to the roots that grow below the stem or above the primary roots above the growing medium.

There are various advantages of having an ariel root which immensely benefits both the Monstera plants.

Due to the ariel roots, the Monstera plants have better moisture absorption, nutrient uptake, air exchange, and propagation.

As mentioned earlier, they both tend to grow in a vine-like way, and their ariel roots make it quite easier for them to form and grow on trees or walls.

Common Tips to Take Care of Monstera Deliciosa and Monstera Borsigiana

Here are a few tips for taking care of your Monstera Plants.

  • Water the plant more often if kept in brighter lights, but water it less if kept in dim light. So water your Monstera plant every 1-2 weeks.
  • Keep your Monstera near the window under indirect sunlight. Place them either near an east-facing window or near a south-facing window.
  • They need the soil ph to be around 5.5–7, usually referred to as humus-rich but well-drained soil.
  • Your Monstera will thrive in the temperature range of  65°F-85°F. Do not grow it below the temperature of  60°F.
  • Monstera plants will thrive in humidity above 40%.  Use a water-filled pebble tray below your Monstera to increase the humidity.
  • Spray the leaves of your Monstera regularly.
  • You can eradicate pest infestation on your Monstera by watering your plant with a mixture of water and 3% hydrogen peroxide.
  • Provide your Monstera with a 3-1-2 N-P-K ratio, which refers to three parts nitrogen to one part phosphorus to two parts potassium.
  • Monstera plant prefers a glazed terracotta pot.

You might want to read about: Why is my Monstera Drooping After Repotting?

Conclusion

With this, I am sure you are quite knowledgeable about both types of Monstera Plants.

Next time you see a Monstera plant, you will be able to identify whether it is a Monstera Deliciosa or a Monstera Borsigiana.

Both the plants are exotic in their way of existence and are some of the best plants to grow in your home.

Be it Monstera Deliciosa or Monstera Borsigiana, you can now identify and grow both of them properly.

Related Article: How to propagate Mini Monstera?

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