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Monstera Borsigiana: Ultimate Grow & Care Guide

Collecting Monstera varieties and nurturing them in my little jungle has been one of my pasttime for the past few years. 

Last year, I have added Monstera borsigiana (mon-STER-uh bor-sig-ee-AY-nuh) to my collection because of its dark green, heart-shaped, fenestrated leaves and low effort care.

Generally, Monstera Borsigiana needs bright indirect sunlight, temperature between 60 °F and 80 °F, and humidity above 60%. It also thrives in well-draining soil with 7-14 pH, weekly watering, and monthly fertilization, and prefers repotting once every 2-3 years and occasional pruning.

Monstera borsigiana in pot
Monstera borsigiana in pot (Source: Instagram)

Borsigiana is a cultivar of Monstera deliciosa, yet it has its own variegated types including Monstera deliciosa borsigiana Albo with a white variation and the Monstera borsigiana Aurea with a yellow variation. 

I have already served my Borsigiana with plenty of care and if you want to mimic my way, go through this entire article. 

Monstera Borsigiana Plant Overview

Do you know that Monstera plants are known as “Swiss Cheese Plant?”The name is given after the trait of leaves that produces fenestrations that look like a slice of cheese.

Monstera deliciosa and the cultivar ‘Variegata’ have received the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit in the United Kingdom.

Let’s look at the table for a brief overview of Monstera borsigiana.  

Scientific NameMonstera deliciosa var. borsigiana
Common NamesMonstera, Swiss Cheese Plant, Windowleaf
Native Habitat Tropical parts of Mexico, Panama, and the tropical regions of America
Plant TypeEvergreen hemiepiphyte
Growth ZonesUSDA zones 10b-12
Growth RateMedium growth rate 10 feet tall
FoliageDark green leaves with perforations
White and yellow variegation in leaves
FloweringA spathe in a lovely creamy white hue or green in color
FruitingBears an edible fruit covered with hexagon-shaped scales
ToxicityToxic to humans and pets
Common PestsMealybugs, Spider mites, Aphids, Thrips, Whiteflies, Scales
DiseasesMosaic Virus, Rhizoctonia Root Rot, Phytophthora and Pythium Root Rot, Bacterial Blight, Bacterial Wilt, Anacthrose, Bacterial Leaf Spot

Monstera Borsigiana: Plant on Sale

Monstera borsigiana will add glamour and surely give an exotic tropical vibe to your home.

If you want to get one for yourself or your dear ones, you can visit your local plant store or choose to buy from the online stores. 

SupplierDelivery Time
Etsy15-20 days
Northland Botanical 2-3 working days
eBay10-12 days
Amazon15-25 days
Carousell2 working days

Monstera Borsigiana: Ultimate Grow & Care Guide

Unlike flowering plants Calathea, Zebra Plant, and Fiddle Leaf Fig, Monstera borsigiana does not possesses dramatically difference in care requirements from its native plants.

Here is a glance at the optimum requirements of this plant.

Basic Care RequirementsOptimal Conditions
Sunlight6-7 hours of bright indirect sunlight a day
WateringOnce a week in summer and once every 10-12 days in winter
Temperature 60 °F and 80 °F (15 °C to 27 °C)
Humidity 60%-80%
Soil Well drainage and moisture retaining soil
pH level: 5.5 to 6.5
Fertilization All-purpose, balanced, or liquid fertilizer once every month
PruningDuring the growing seasons as required
RepottingOnce every 2-3 years
PropagationVia stem cuttings (soil or water medium), air layering and seeds

1. Bright Indirect Sunlight 

Monstera is a tropical plant that grows in the canopy of rainforest and receives bright indirect sunlight that passes through the leaves of the canopy.

Generally, Monstera borsigiana prefers 6-7 hours of bright indirect sunlight a day. 

Sunlight Passing through the Window
Sunlight Passing through the Window

Planting Monstera borsigiana in too much sunlight scratches and burns the foliage.

In addition, your Monstera will be more prone to overwatering and root rot without proper light and may not develop iconic fenestrations. So make sure it gets plenty of light!

Here is a table showing the sign in light-deprived and light-saturated Monstera borsigiana. 

Light Deprived MonsteraLight Saturated Monstera

Leggy and Stunted growthBurnt leaves
Lack of fenestrations
(only if your plant is 2-3 years old)
Yellow leaves with brown tips
Slow growth of the plant (except in winter)Curled and droopy leaves
Poor development of aerial roots and weaker stems
Bleached leaves or loss in color
Small and Curled leaves
Wilted plant
Discoloration of leaves
Yellowish-brown spot in leaves
Wilted foliage
Crispy leaves
Wet or soggy soil
Soil dries fast

Tips For Maintaining the Ideal Lighting Conditions For Monstera Borsigiana

  • Keep Monstera Borsigiana 2-3 feet away from the window where it gets the bright indirect light. 
  • Use sheer curtains on the window so that your plant receives filtered sunlight. 
  • You can keep the plant close to the east-facing window and provide direct sunlight during the morning.  
  • Place the plant in the corner of the room where the sunlight hits at least once a day.
  • If you are thinking of placing Borsigiana outdoors, keep it in the shade and ensure the harsh sunlight doesn’t torture the beautiful leaves. 
  • Get the help of grow lights if you fail to provide enough light to borsigiana.
  • Rotate the pot every couple of weeks to provide an even amount of sunlight.

If your Monstera suffers more due to improper lighting conditions, you may need to read Monstera Sunlight.

2. Weekly Watering 

As Monstera borsigiana is native to tropical regions, it loves moderate watering but doesn’t prefer to sit in dry or over moist soil. 

Water your Monstera borsigiana once a week during summer and once 10-12 days during the winter season.

Watering the Plant
Watering the Plant

Here is a table showing the symptoms of overwatered and underwatered Monstera borsigiana. 

Symptoms of overwatered MonsteraSymptoms of underwatered Monstera
Yellow leaves Wilting, curly and drooping of leaves
Root rot and fungal infectonsBrown leaf edges
Slow growth Stunted growth
Wilting and curly leavesCrispy leaves

Solutions to Overwatered Monstera Borsigiana 

  • Reduce the watering frequency.
  • You need to empty the saucer if there is water.
  • Use the pot with enough drainage holes containing the well-draining soil mix. 
  • Repot the plant in the next pot if it is infected with root rot. While repotting, you need cut off the damaged parts and synthesize the pot before reusing it. 
  • If the plant is in its last stage with severe root rot problems and fungal infections, discard the whole plant. 

Solutions to Underwatered Monstera Borsigiana

  • Pour the water slowly from the top of the pot until the water runs out from the drainage holes. 
  • Treat my under-watered plants by putting them in a sink filled with water for about an hour. This helps the plant to absorb the water from the drainage holes slowly. 
  • Water the plants more often when a few inches of soil feels dry to the touch. 

Tips For Watering Monstera Borsigiana

  • Water the plant during the morning or day, and avoid watering during the night. 
  • Always keep the soil moist, but avoid soggy soil.
  • Get a moisture meter and know the right time to water your Monstera if sticking your finger into the soil doesn’t work for you. When a moisture meter reads 3-4, water your borsigiana. 

Pro Tip: Insert your fingers 2-3 inches into the soil. If the soil feels slightly dry to the touch, it’s time to give your Monstera a good watering. 

  • Use the rain or distilled water.
  • In case you need to use the tap water, let it sit for a day and water. This helps to settle down chlorine and chemicals. 

3. Warm Temperature 

Monstera plants are already acconstomed to USDA zones 10b-12, so they love a warm environment.

Generally, Monstera borsigiana prefers the temperature between 60 °F and 80 °F (15 °C to 27 °C).

However, remember to bring your plant indoors if the temperatures drop below 50 °F (10 °C). Monstera will struggle under the freezing temperatures.

In addition, it will stop growing and may die if exposed to the freezing environment as Monstera borsigiana is not tolerant to frost.

Similarly, excessively warmer weather (>90°F) results in dry stems and leaves in plants, which will lead to transpiration.

Plant Tolerating High Temperature
Plant Tolerating High Temperature

Tips For Maintaining an Ideal Temperature For Monstera Borsigina 

  • Introduce the heating mat/pad to the plant during the winter seasons to artificially heat the plant and protect it from cold.
  • Alternatively, cover the plant with a frost blanket or plastic bag to protect it from cold drafts.
  • Avoid placing the plant in a room with an air conditioner, radiator, fans, heaters, and fireplace. 
  • Place the plant in a room that you use during the winter to increase the temperature slightly.
  • You can also keep your Monstera in a room that’s not drafty or where the plant’s temperature does not change frequently. 
  • Keep the plant near the window and use a sheer curtain or keep it a few feets away. 

 4. Medium to High Humidity

The gorgeous Monstera grows with waxy shinning foliage if you can provide it with humidity above 40%.

The humidity level of 60%-80% is ideal for the Monstera borsigiana.  

Indoor Plants with Ideal Humidity
Indoor Plants with Ideal Humidity

Here is a table showing Monstera’s symptoms due to too high and too low humidity. 

High Humidity Low Humidity
Presence of Mold and Bacteria in the soil, and plantBrown patches on leaves
Root rot and other fungal infectionsCurly, crispy, wilting and dying leaves
Burned leaf tips, brown edges, withered leavesSmaller leaves and slow stunted growth
Decrease in transpiration processYellow and discoloured leaves

Tips For Maintaining Humidity 

  • Invest in a humidifier. It is the easiest method, and you can set a timer to turn it off. 
  • Don’t put the plant in a room with an air conditioner, radiator, fans, heaters, or fireplace because they keep the moisture away.  
  • Mist the plant regularly during the morning or day with a misting spray but don’t moisten the plant during the night.
  • Put a pebble in an empty tray, keep your plant above it, and pour the water into a tray. 
  • Group the plants to increase humidity naturally. 
  • Place the plant in more humid rooms such as bathrooms and kitchen.
  • Shower Monstera borsigiana with lukewarm water if the plant needs adequate humidity.

5. Well Draining Soil

The mix of good drainage, moisture-retaining, and good air circulating soil rich in organic matter is best for your plant. 

Monstera borsigiana prefers slightly acidic soil with a pH ranging from 5.5 to 6.5. 

DIY Potting Soil: Combine compost potting mix, perlite, sphagnum peat moss and coco coir  in the ratio 2:2:1:1.

You can also use commercial potting mixes if you don’t have enough schedule to prepare DIY soil mixes.

Soil MixImagesSpeciifications
Black Gold All Purpose SoilContains sphagnum peat moss with worm castings, forest humus, and pumice

A multi purpose, nutrient rich soil mix ideal for most of the plants
FoxFarm Ocean Forest Potting Mix The pH adjusted at 6.3 to 6.8 to allow for optimum fertilizer uptake

Has a light, aerated texture that's perfect for indoor and outdoor plants
Burpee Premium Organic Potting Mix
Burpee potting mix
Burpee potting mix
Provides a slow release plant food

Contains sustainable coconut coir that helps to hold the perfect amount of water
Miracle-Gro Indoor Potting MixContains coco coir, which holds and releases water

- Designed to be less prone to gnats (contains no compost or bark)

Tips to Consider for Preparing Soil Mix 

  • If you have the habit of watering your plant more, add a little perlite to the soil. 
  • If you forget to water your pants quite often, use more peat moss, coco coir, or pine bark as they help to retain moisture for the plant. 
Monstera seedling in the soil
Monstera seedling in the soil (Source: Instagram)
  • You can prepare DIY compost at home with dry leaves, fruit and vegetable peelings, peat moss, egg shells, wood chips, tea leaves, straws, etc. 
  • Inspect the soil if they need further treatment to balance pH levels. 

6. Monthly Fertilization 

Monstera plants are not heavy feeders, so you need to plow the soil more often to fertilize them.

The best way to fertilize your Monstera borsigiana is to feed it with an organic, all-purpose, balanced, or liquid fertilizer once every month during the growing season.

Pot filled with soil besides plant
Pot filled with soil besides plant (Source: Instagram)

You don’t have to fertilize Borsigina and other indoor plants during winter as they are dormant during the period. 

Excessively fertilizing causes a lot of salt to build up in the soil, which prevents the roots from absorbing nutrients and water.

Besides, overfertilization makes plant leaves unhealthy, causing yellow leaves, burnt foliage, and stunted development is also a sign of overfertilizing.

Tips For Fertilizing Monstera Borsigiana Effectively

  • Dilute half the recommended strength to stop leaf burn. 
  • You can also dilute the liquid fertilizer to 1/2 strength with water and feed your plant.
  • Feed the plant with liquid plant food with water to make a 1:1 ratio before applying.
  • You can treat the overfertilized Monstera by cutting back fertilization and putting the plant in a sink.
  • A fertilizer with an NKP ratio of 20-20-20 or 10-10-10 is ideal for this plant. 
  • Make sure that the fertilizers have not touched any part of the plant. 
  • Also, you need to keep the spoid fertilizer aside to prevent the children and pets’ access.

Following are some of the commercial fertilizers for the Monstera borsigiana. 

  2. Bonide (BND108) : 10-10-10 Soil Fertilizer
  3. Miracle-Gro Water: Soluble All Purpose Plant Food
  4. Espoma 8 Ounce Concentrated Food: Indoor plant liquid food 
  5. Organic Monstera Plant Food: Liquid Fertilizer for Indoor and Outdoor Monstera Plants

7. Extended Repotting 

If you visit the nursery, you may have noticed the pot sizes ranging from 6 to 8 inches pot for Monstera plants.

Monstera love to be cramped in their pots, so terracotta and concrete pots can be the best choice for these plants. 

Generally, Monstera borsigiana needs repotting once every 2-3 years. 

Monstera can grow in the same sized pot (bigger or medium-sized) for more than five years. 

Young Monstera Plants in Pots
Young Monstera Plants in Pots (Source: Instagram)

However, repotting helps the roots to have enough space to grow. Repot the plant when you see roots creeping out of the drainage holes or growing above the soil.

Your plant will also need repotting when it is root bound and when it gets infested with pests or diseases. 

Materials Specification
Fresh potting mixPrepare a well drainage and moisture retaining soil mix.
Knife and PrunnersSterlize the knife and pruners
Gardening glovesUse gardening gloves as Monstera is toxic and can cause infections.
WaterWater the plant with rain or distilled water.
PotUse a pot that is two inches wider than the old pot and has enough drainage holes.

Repotting Procedure of Monstera Borsigiana

You need to repot your plant in the growing seasons, which can help provide the plant with an optimum environment so that the plant can adopt repotting shock easily. 

Step 1: Moist the soil

Firstly, moist the soil of the pot with the Monstera borsigiana for at least two hours before repotting. This helps to remove the plant from the pot easily. 

Step 2: Remove Monstera Borsigiana from the old pot

Wear gloves if you don’t want to make your hands dirty. Carefully, take the Monstera from the pot. Ensure the roots are safe while removing them from the pot. 

Step3: Inspect the plant

Examine the roots and detangle the rootbound to remove the damaged roots and leaves with the sterilized pruners or knife.

Remove the soil from the roots as it helps the plant to stretch out in the new pot. 

Step 4: Insert the Plant into the New Pot

If you want to provide the plant to climb with support, you can insert Sphagnum moss pole in the center or back of the pot.

Pot with Potting Mix
Pot with Potting Mix (Up) & Plant in Pot (Source: Instagram)

Fill the bottom of the pot (that is 2 inches larger in diameter than the used pot) with the fresh potting mix. 

Gently insert the plant into the pot and make sure the roots are safe. Also, you need to fill the container with more fresh potting mix or fill the pot with soil leaving the top 2-3 inches. 

Step 6: Water the Plant

After transplanting the plant, you need to water the plant with lukewarm water, rain, or distilled water.

The newly repotted Monstera soil needs to settle down after watering and hold the Sphagnum moss pole. 

Things to Consider Before and After Repotting

  • Sterilize the pruning tools with Isopropyl alcohol.
  • Don’t fertilize the plants for six months after repotting as the fresh potting mix consists of the nutrients for the plants. 
  • Repot the plant during the growing seasons, i.e., spring and summer, so you need not repot the plant during winter. 
  • Also, you can need a pot at least 2 inches bigger than the current one and add a fresh potting mix.

If your Monstera plant suffers drooping after repotting, find the exact reasons to solve the problems. 

8. Occasional Pruning 

Monstera is a fast-growing plant, so the avid grower needs regular pruning to keep it healthier and attract and maintain the shape and size you want.  

In addition, pruning the old, damaged leaves will encourage the plant to contribute its energy to the development of new foliage. 

The favorable time to prune your Monstera Borsigina is during the growing season ( spring and summer).

Monstera Separated in Leaves
Monstera Separated in Leaves (Source: Instagram)

However, if your plant dominates the room during winter, you can prune it during winter. But the plant will grow back slowly during winter in comparison to the growing season. 

Things to Consider For Prunning Monstera Borsigiana

  • Use sterilized and sharp scissors, shears, and other tools before pruning.
  • Wear gloves as the sap of Monstera are toxic and may cause skin irritation while handled with bare hands. 
  • Cut the stems below the node if you wish to propagate the stem cuttings.  
  • Start pruning by cutting and removing older and damaged leaves and proceed into the old branches. 
  • Small Monstera needs pruning once a year, whereas a denser and mature Monstera needs frequent trimming throughout the year. 
  • Do not go over the cutting of 1/3 parts of the plant.

Monstera Borsigiana: All About Plant’s Growth

Though the average indoor plant can grow up to 2 meters after maturity, Monstera deliciosa can reach a whooping height of almost 10 feet (3 meters). 

Generally, Monstera borsigiana is a hemiepiphyte, which means they grow both as a ground terrestrial plant or as climbers.

Adult Monstera Plant Indoor
Adult Monstera Plant Indoor (Source: Instagram)

In the juvenile stage, borsigiana grows as a terrestrial creeper, but as it starts growing, it stretches upwards.

Though young Borsigiana doesn’t need support, it may necessarily require climbing upwards after growing older. 

Waxy Leaves

Monstera Borsigiana has large, waxy, dark-green, and heart-shaped leaves with perforations and holes appearing in the leaves during maturity.

 These leaves measure 25–90 cm (10–35.5 in) long by 25–75 cm (10–29.5 in) broad.

Young Monstera plants are smaller and contain no lobes or holes, but soon produce lobed and fenestrate leaves as they grow.

Spadix Flowers

Besides its leaves, Borsigiana also produces small and nonshowy flowers, borne on a spadix during the spring and summer seasons.

Monstrea flower and fruiting
Monstrea flower and fruiting (Source: Wikimedia)

But, these are self-pollinating flowering plants containing both androecium and gynoecium. The blooms mimic a spathe in a lovely creamy white hue or green color, which is 8 to 12 inches long.

Edible Fruits

Monstera borsigiana also bears an edible fruit whose taste reminiscence pineapple, mango, and banana. 

The flowers mature to form cream, tan, green, or white fruit covered with hexagon-shaped scales.

The fruit of Monstera deliciosa grows up to 25 cm (10 in) long and 3–5 cm (1.2–2.0 in) in diameter, and it resembles a green ear of maize covered with hexagonal scales.

When the fruit ripens, these scales or platelets fall off the fruit and release a strong and sweet scent.

Toxicity of Monstera Borsigiana 

The plants that fall under the Araceae family, including Monstera, contains Calcium Oxylate crystals that are mildly toxic to human and toxic to pets. 

All the 45 species of Monstera with parts, i.e., leaves, fruits, stems, roots, or flowers, are toxic or poisonous.

According to the University of California, Monstera deliciosa is labeled as 3 or 4 out of 4 in terms of plant toxicity levels.

ASPCA also confirms the same, revealing the symptoms like oral irritation, irritation of the mouth, tongue, and lips, intense burning, excessive drooling, vomiting, and difficulty swallowing in cats and dogs. 

If you have any sort of emergency due to Monstera borsigiana, you can get help from the following contacts.

Propagation Methods for Monstera Borsigiana 

Like all aroid plants, Monstera borsigiana is beginner-friendly, so it won’t cost much effort to populate. And the best time to propagate is during the growing season (early spring to early fall). 

There are multiple ways to propagate this Monstera species, but the easiest can be through stem cuttings and soil medium. 

However, you can also try the following method to turn the one Monstera into a mini jungle. 

Propagation Via Stem Cutting

To continue this propagation method, you may need stem cuttings with one or two nodes. 

A Monstera will not propagate in the absence of a node, and each petiole (the long green stalk that holds the leaf) grows out of the node.

Step 1: Locate the Node and Cut the Stem

  • Firstly, inspect the plant properly, locate the healthy nodes, and ensure the nodes have at least one healthy leaf on top.
  • Carefully cut the steam with a sterilized knife or a pair of shears. 
  • Also, prune the stem 1/4 inch below the node but make sure to keep the node where the root will sprout from.
  • Cut the stem precisely at an angle of 45 degrees to ensure the maximum rooting area.
  • Remove the leaves at the bottom part of the cutting.

Step 2: Rooting or Propagating the cuttings

Monstera is equally able to shoot roots in the soil and water, so you can easily keep the stem cuttings in both mediums. 

But make sure that the soil does not have fertilizer, and the water has not contained any kind of chemicals. 

Propagation in Water Medium
  • Fill the glass jar or container with rain or distilled water and use tap water only after letting it sit for a day. It helps to settle down chlorine and chemicals.
  • Place the cutting into the jar and make sure the nodes are dipped in the water whereas the leaf is above the water; otherwise, the leaves will rot.
Monstera stems in Glass of Water
Monstera Stems in Glass of Water (Source: Instagram)
  • Place the jar with cutting in the bright indirect light and other optimal conditions.
  • Do remember to change the water when it gets mucky.
  • Within 6-7 weeks, you will see roots growing.
  •  When the roots grow an inch or two, you can plant them in soil.
  • Once the roots grow two to three inches long, you can plant the rooted Monstera in soil.
Propagation in Soil Medium
  • Prepare the suitable potting mixture, put it in a pot, and moisten the soil by watering it.
  • Apply the rooting hormone at the cut stem end to stimulate plant growth.
  • Plant the cuttings into the soil and make sure the leaf is above the soil and the node inside the soil. 
Stem Cutting in the Pot Filled with Soil
Stem Cutting in the Pot Filled with Soil (Source: Instagram)
  • Place the pot in an optimal humid environment, warm temperature, bright indirect light, and moist soil. 

Pro Tip: Mix a rooting hormone into the water or apply rooting hormone to the cut area while propagating in soil. It helps protect the cuttings from pathogens and gives the roots nutrients to help them grow healthy. 

  • Cover the plant with a sealable plastic bag to ensure a humid environment and encourage growth. You can also poke a few holes to facilitate respiration.
  • The roots will develop within 5-6 weeks. 
  • Transplant the new Monstera borsigiana in the new pot. 

You can watch the following youtube video to propagate Monstera stem cutting in water and soil medium. 

Propagation Via Air Layering 

Air layering includes a process that enables the plant to grow aerial roots before you prune to have a cutting. Let’s see how you can do this!

Step 1: Locate the Node and Make a Small Cut

Sterilize the sharp knife or cutting tools with rubbing alcohol.

Inspect the plant and locate the aerial root or a node below the leaf you want to propagate. Take your time and carefully make a small diagonal cut in the stem near the node.

The cut or little wound near the node will allow roots to grow. 

Step 2: Apply the Rooting Hormone

Place a toothpick horizontally between the cut in the stem to hold the open area. You can dab a cotton ball with liquid rooting hormone in the stem to boost and promote growth.

Step 3: Wrap the Cut in the Node with Sphagnum Moss and Seal with Plastic

Grab a sphagnum moss and moisten it with water and wrap the sphagnum moss around the node or the cut in stem.

Propagation via air layering
Propagation via air layering (Source: University of Florida)

Carefully seal the plastic wrap around the sphagnum moss and make sure there is a place for free airflow.

Also, use strong string or ties to tie the plastic around the cuttings as the plastic helps to retain moisture, and Sphagnum moss acts as a medium to help roots grow.

Step 4: Keep the Plant under Favorable Conditions

Take good care of the Swiss Cheese plant, keep it under bright indirect light, and pray the Sphagnum moss with water every 2-3 days by loosening the plastic wrap. 

Step 5: Cut the Stem below the Node and Baby Roots 

The baby roots will develop from the cut section of the node after a few months. When you notice the roots growing to one to two inches long, you can cut the section with roots.

Cut carefully below the node and the new roots, and you will have a new plant ready for planting! 

Step 6: Plant the Monstera Borsigiana in the Next pot

Plant the borsigiana in a pot with a suitable soil mixture. Care and love your plant; you will see the new plant turn into a gorgeous one in a few weeks. 

Propagation Via Seeds

Although stem cutting is the easy and popular method for Monstera propagation, you can also grow Monstera borsigiana from seeds. 

However, you cannot grow variegated Albo and Aurea borsigiana from seeds. If you find local or online plant stores selling seeds for variegated Monstera, know that they are scammers. 

Growing Monstera from seeds is not difficult but finding the right seeds is challenging. Here is how you can propagate Monstera from seeds.

  • Soak the seeds in lukewarm water for 10-12 hours, which will help the seeds germinate faster. However, you can germinate seeds without soaking them as well. 
  • Prepare a potting mix with perlite, peat moss, and regular potting soil in a pot or germination tray. 
  • Moist the soil by spraying water. 
Monstera Seedling in the container
Monstera Seedling in the container (Source: Instagram)
  • Plant the seeds in the soil; you need not cover the seeds with soil. 
  • Cover the pot with a clear plastic bag to provide humidity and poke a few holes in the plastic bag. 
  • Put the plant in indirect light, warm temperature, and humid locations, and spray water every 2-3 days to keep the soil moist.
  • You can also take the help of a heating pad to keep the seeds warm.
  • When the seeds sprout to 2-3 inches, you can plant them in the next pot. 

Common Problems in Monstera Borsigiana 

The unfavorable conditions like high humidity, excess moist conditions, overfertilization, lack of nutrients, and inappropriate sunlight cause pests and diseases in Monstera borsigiana. 

Here are problems you need to consider to grow Monstera borsigiana healthily.

1. Pests Infestation

Pests like Mealybugs, Spider mites, Aphids, Thrips, Whiteflies, Scales, and others like feeding on the Monstera. They suck the juices out of the Monstera, making it weak and unhealthy.

Pests Attacking Plant
Pests Attacking Plant

The table below lists the pests that Monstera may be home to, along with their symptoms and warning signals.

Common PestsSigns and Symptoms
Spider MitesDiscoloration of leaves, yellow leaves
Whispy white webs or stippling on the foliage.
AphidsPresence of honeydew that leads to sooty mold infestations
Curling and falling off leaves, stunted growth
MealybugsCurling, wilting, yellowing and falling of leaves
Presence of honeydew and sooty mold
ScalesWilting or drooping of leaves
Stunted growth
WhitefliesLittle gnat-sized flies that are white in color
Produces honeydew that put plant at risk of mold and fungal infections
ThripsSmall winged, light brown color pests found around veins of leaves
Discolaration in leaves

Treatment Measures for Pest Infested Monstera Borsigiana 

  • You can wash off mites and aphids using water or insecticidal soap formulated for indoor plants.
  •  Dab a cotton ball with rubbing alcohol on the infected parts.
  • Introduce natural predators like ladybugs into your plants that eat aphids and other pests. It is an eco-friendly method without any risk to your plant. 
  • Use sticky traps to remove whiteflies, thrips, aphids, and leaf miners.
  • Spray horticulture oil or neem oil on the plant to kill pests. 
  • You cal also pick the pests with your hands or scrape them pests off with a blunt knife. 
  • Use pest repellant solutions like Malathion spray and Pyrethrin spray.

Preventive Measures for Pest Infested Monstera Borsigiana

  • Wipe the plant leaves with clean water once every few weeks.
  • Do not overwater and avoid overfeeding your plant.
  • Keep monitoring if your plant host pests regularly.
  • Mist the plant frequently so that the plant gets ideal humidity.
  • Apply pesticides every few weeks based on the instruction provided on the bottles.
  • Buy or take only healthy Monstera plants.
  • Sterilize the tools before and after pruning the plant.

2. Fungal and Bacterial Diseases

The tropical beauty, Monstera varieties are susceptible to both fungal and bacterial diseases, which are available in overwatered plants and other unfavorable conditions. 

leaf of monstera dilacerata
Green Split Foliage of Monstera Dilacerata

Let’s take a look at the table below to learn more about the typical ailments that affect Monstera borsigiana, along with their underlying causes and symptoms.

DiseasesCausative AgentsSymptoms
Mosaic VirusAphids, WhitefliesDistorted leaves
Curling leaves
Rhizoctonia Root RotRhizoctonia solaniWater soaked lesions
Wilting, soft stems, mushy smell from roots
Phytophthora and Pythium Root RotPhytophthora nicotianae var. parasitica and Pythium splendensWilting plants
Foliage exhibit black to brown leaf lesions
Bacterial BlightXanthomonas axonopodis pv. dieffenbachiaeYellow water-soaked lesions in the leaf edges
Bacterial WiltRalstonia solancearumLeaves veins and stems turn brown and bronze color
AnacthroseColletotrichumDark, water soaked lesions on stems
Yellowing along the edges of leaves
Bacterial Leaf SpotXanthomonas sappYellow-rimmed, dark-brown spots on leaves that usually ooze a sticky substance

Treatment Measures For Diseases in Monstera Borsigiana

  • Use Fungicide and bactericide to treat fungal infections.
  • Quarantine the infected plant until it is disease-free.
  • Lower humidity and increase airflow, refraining from misting the leaves prevent bacteria from spreading throughout the plant.

DIY Solution: Take four teaspoons of baking soda, one gallon of water, and an ounce of vegetable oil and mix them well and spray over the infected parts for bacterial and fungal infections.

  • Apply neem oil to avoid antifungal and antibacterial agents for plants naturally. 
  • Avoid overwatering Monsteras as it leads to stem and root rot and other fungal infections. The bacteria may also spread through excess water and moisture.
  • Use sterilized pruning shears to remove infected leaves and other parts from the plant.
  •  In case of root rot, remove the diseased roots, wash them, and then repot the Monstera in a container with enough drainage holes. 

If your Monstera suffers root rot, you may also need to know its Signs, Causes, and Treatment. 

Preventive Measures Against Pests and Diseases

  • The best way to prevent pests and diseases in Monstera and other plants is to keep them under optimal conditions- the right temperature, humidity, soil, light, and water conditions.
  • Thoroughly examine plants for potential infections before introducing them to your collection. Isolate the plant right away if you notice infestations.
  • Make sure your tools are sharp and sterilized before, during, and after pruning.
  • Spray neem oil or horticulture oil from time to time. It is the one-stop killer and preventer of pests and diseases.
  • Be careful not to damage the leaves and other parts of your plants; otherwise, it will be easier for pests and diseases to get in through the wounds.
  • Regularly dust off your plants by wiping them with wet tissue or a cloth. Also, keep the plant in a clean area. 
  • Don’t overwater the plant.
  • Use a pot with good drainage and use a proper soil mix.

Monstera Borsigiana vs. Deliciosa

Both Monstera borsigiana and deliciosa have dark green heart-shaped leaves with fenestrations and numerous aerial roots.

Besides, the growth requirements for deliciosa and borsigiana are also the same.

So, it is difficult to differentiate these two until we scrutinize the plant or unless you take the variegated Monstera borsigiana plants.

Variegated Monstera Borsiginia (Left) & Monstera Deliciosa (Right)
Variegated Monstera Borsiginia (Left) & Monstera Deliciosa (Right)(Source: Wikimedia Commons & Instagram)

But it will be easier for you to show up the differences through the table below.

Basic of DifferenceMonstera borsigianaMonstera deliciosa
(Stem joint that connects stem to the leaf )
Has smooth, plain and straight edges on the leaf baseContains wavy, wrinkled edges
Leaf size and appearenceSmaller leaves with less fenestrations or splitsLarger leaves with more fenestrations
Growing rate and habitsGrows faster

Vine that prefers to climb
Grows slower

Spreads like a ground cover
Stems Thinner stems with longer internode spacesThicker stems with shorter internode spaces
PriceCheap than Monstera deliciosa.
Until variegated species
More expensive than average Monstera borsigiana

If you want to know about more similarities and differences, you may need to read Monstera Deliciosa vs. Borsigiana.


With the complete care guide for Monstera borsigiana, I hope you are now ready to make your borsigiana plant its best version. 

 Take good care of the plant, and you will witness a thriving Monstera in your home that makes your living space aesthetically appealing and healthy by purifying indoor air!

Happy Plant Parenting! 

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