Propagating Monstera Albo is slightly challenging because it is slow to grow and mostly fails to achieve signature variegation.
However, it is not an impossible plant to reproduce.
Propagate Monstera Albo by cutting a healthy stem with at least one node in a potting medium (water or soil), placed in indirect sunlight for 2-3 weeks.
Voila! Within a few weeks, your plant is ready to grow out large, cheese-like leaves. However, be mindful that not every propagated plant produces rich variegations.
Read more to find out how to best propagate Monstera Albo to get signature-looking leaves.
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Can You Propagate Monstera Albo Without Node?
Growing Monstera Albo is unlike other houseplants because it is slow to grow and requires a lot of upkeep.
Moreover, you cannot propagate the plant from seeds, leaf cuttings, or NODULE LESS stems.
You heard it right! A Node-less stem will fail to propagate because it is unlikely to produce the roots required for vertical growth.
Although the stem and leaves will look green for a while, they will fail to become a complete plant. Therefore, a clone of the mother plant is not achievable.
What is a Node?
Node or nodes are visible pointy parts on the plant stem from which new branches or leaves originate.
Also known as buds, the stem node is a site of cellular activity that exhibits new growth.
When pruning a plant, be wary about cutting the stem just below the node, but not too close, to prevent damaging it.
However, a mature Albo will very well hold the variegation, making it easy to propagate multiple plants with similar variegation.
How to Propagate Monstera Albo With a Node?
Wait until your plant is mature enough to grow multiple nodes on stems so that you can cut a few samples. Another way to know when to take the cutting is to wait until the next repotting or early spring season.
Once it is the right time, get your tools and potting materials ready to start with the process.
Materials Required for Propagation
Here is the list of tools and materials required for propagating Monstera Albo.
|Pruning shear/ Propagation knife||To cut through stems, leaves, and roots|
|Ethanol or 98% Alcohol||To sterilize the equipment before and after use|
|Clean, room temperature water||For water propagation|
|300-500 ml transparent glass vase||For water propagation|
|Aroid Potting Mix||A homemade or packaged potting mix appropriate for aroid plants.|
|Rooting hormone (optional)||To boost the rooting process when potted in a mix|
Choosing a Stem Cutting
Taking a proper cutting from Monstera Albo is crucial because you need to ensure the cutting has a nodule. Therefore, ensure the stem is healthy-looking with at least one node present before you start.
1. Locate the Node
This should be easy. Locate a section at the stem where the petiole connects with the branch.
A petiole would usually produce leaves, so they are easy to identify. You need to cut just below the petiole to get a healthy stem cutting.
If the stem has aerial roots, vines like anchors, then propagation of the plant significantly increases. Avoid any discolored leaves that look unhealthy.
A Monstera node’s node commonly has a brown, dry-looking ring around it. This section of the stem may be thicker or have knobby growth than the internodes.
2. Take the Cutting
Take a pruning shear or scissor and sanitize it with rubbing alcohol to kill and prevent spreading diseases.
Ensure the stem has at least one pair of leaves. About ¼ to ½ of an inch beneath the node is perfect for cutting.
Now, make a sharp cut about an inch below the node, vertical or horizontal, to prevent damaging the stem. Roots will sprout from the bottom node and the cut end of the stem.
3. Prepare the Cutting
The stem cutting should have at least one leaf intact; hence, you can remove the bottom leaves if there are any.
Ensure that the stem cutting is 3-6 inches long and is healthy-looking.
However, do not immediately plant it in a potting mix. Let the stem sit for 5-10 minutes until the end is dry to touch.
Rooting the Cutting
The next step is to plant the stem cutting in a potting medium to produce new roots or feeder roots for further growth.
There are multiple ways to root a stem cutting, but for Monstera Albo, you should stick to two popular potting mediums.
1. Water Propagation
Propagating in water is relatively more accessible than any other method to witness quick root growth.
Also known as Hydroponics, this process involves planting the stem cutting without potting mix.
Tips to Successfully Propagate Stem Cutting in Water
- Arrange a clear jar or glass. Ensure you can see the inside.
- Now fill the glass with clean water, probably rainwater or filtered water kept at room temperature overnight (tepid water).
- Place the stem cutting with end-cut and bottom node immersed into the water. Ensure the leaf and top of the stem remains outside the glass.
- Place the glass or jar in a location with bright enough indirect sunlight.
- Change the water every 3-5 days or start turning murky.
- The stem cutting shall start producing feeder roots within 1-2 weeks.
However, ensure to let them sit a few more weeks until you get new roots that are 1-2 inches long.
2. Soil Propagation
Soil propagation is another way to go with propagating Monstera Albo. Ensure to use a potting mix intended for aroid to prevent slowed rooting process.
Tips to Propagate Monstera Albo in Soil
- Although entirely optional, you can still apply some rooting hormones to the stem end to quicken the rooting process.
- Take a tiny pot (3-5″ in diameter), fill the potting mix in half, and moisten it thoroughly with water.
- Gently slide the stem cutting with the end and bottom node into the potting mix.
- Place the pot in a slightly moist location that receives bright, indirect sunlight.
- Alternatively, you can use LED grow lights to root the stem cutting indoors.
- It may take over two weeks to see the early sign of roots. Let it sit a few more weeks to get a healthy set of 1-2 inches long roots.
Transplanting the Rooted Cutting
You can technically avoid transplanting recently rooted Monstera Albo if you have propagated it in the potting mix.
- When moving a rooted stem cutting from water to potting mix, wait until the roots have fully begun to grow.
- Let the cutting sit in water for at least 1-2 months until it produces significant, thick, white roots.
- Transplant the stem cutting to potting mix using the same method for soil propagation.
- Ensure to get high-quality aroid soil and a correctly sized pot to start with.
- Once potted, ensure to keep them in a warm location with indirect sunlight and significant humidity.
They are best transplanted in early spring when the plant grows actively. Avoid transplanting them in fall or winter, which may invite transplant stress.
Tips to Care for Propagated Monstera Albo
A freshly potted Monstera Albo is easy to take care of. All it requires is a conducive tropical setting at home.
Here is a table describing the optimal care needed for Monstera Albo.
|Light||Bright, indirect light|
|Humidity||50-65% relative humidity|
|Soil||Peat-based, fertile soil mixed with perlite, pine bark, or coco chips|
|Fertilizer||6-8 weeks in the growing season.|
|Watering||0.8 cup (800ml) of water every nine days in the growing season|
|Repotting||Repotting is best done in early spring. Use a pot 2” wider than the root system|
- Monstera Albo needs bright, indirect sunlight. Place them in a location that receives filtered sunlight throughout the day.
- A tropical species, it thrives in the warm surrounding. Anything below 55-degrees can push back the growth.
- Maintain a slightly high relative humidity level around the plant by regularly misting the leaves, using a room humidifier, or a humidifying tray.
- Choose a potting mix with 3 part potting soil, 2 part peat/sphagnum moss, 4 part bark, and 1 part perlite.
- Choose slow-release liquid plant food, or Osmocote 14-14-14 and Nutricote 13-11-11.
- Allow the soil to slightly dry about an inch between watering or 8-10 days; however, cut back on watering in winter until the top 2 inches dry out.
- Repot the plant once in two years when the growth slows down or the roots poke out of the container.
- Prune off dead or discolored leaves and leggy portions to prevent the variegation from reverting.
Read more about Why your Monstera is drooping after repotting?
Propagating Monstera Albo will ensure to get you multiple beautiful plants that you can decorate your home with or gift your loved ones.
Ensure to get healthy stem cutting with nodes to witness a successful propagation. The more stems you get, the better.
However, be mindful about providing excellent care afterward.
You would have a mature Monstera Albo with signature variegated leaves when everything goes as planned.
Related Article: How to Propagate Mini Monstera?