A to Z Jade Plant Care Indoor

Well Grown Jade Plants
Well Grown Jade Plants (Source: Unsplash)

I have such a wonderful time every time I’m at my home. I was the sole caretaker for the Jade plant placed in the living room at my house.

My siblings thought it was a tiresome job, but not me; for me, it was so much more fun and interesting than they could have imagined?

As days went by, I took care of the plant with everything I knew and learned several new ways which I didn’t even know before.

As of now, my whole family likes to care for the beautiful Jade plant when I’m not around.

As a general rule, taking care of the Jade plant indoors is quite easy. Always give time for your plant and water it properly, repot every 2-3 years, prune it at least once a year, maintain an ideal temperature of 65 to 75 degrees F, rescue it from pests and insects, etc. 

If you have all of the essential knowledge about watering, lighting, Jade plant repotting, and other factors, you will discover that caring for this gorgeous plant is pretty straightforward.

You need to pay more attention to every detail, whether it’s big or small while caring for your Jade Plant indoors. A minor flaw in your care can even result in a big problem for the plant causing it to be harmed or even die.

Beautiful Indoor Jade Plant ( Source: Unsplash )

It sounds too big of a risk to take. Well, not anymore.

Everything you need to know about caring for your Jade plant is mentioned below; don’t forget to check it out one by one.

Uses of Jade Plant Indoor

Jade plants can be various advantages for your indoor environment. It is widely used as an indoor plant due to the long list of benefits you can get from Jade Plant. Here are some of the benefits and uses of your indoor Jade plant.

  • Whenever you get burns and wounds, extract from Jade leaves can be used to cure such problems.             
  • Apart from these, Jade increases indoor humidity and prevents dry skin, allergies, flu, headache, etc.
  • The plant can improve the air quality of your indoor environment since it helps to purify the air and remove harmful VOCs. Besides, it also helps to reduce Carbon dioxide from the atmosphere during the night.
  • In addition, it can be used as a decorative plant that will increase the beauty of your rooms. As a result, the greenery of your Jade plant will make you feel calm and relaxed.
  • If you are a fan of Bonsai Trees, guess what? Your indoor Jade plant, if you prune it right, you can make a Bonsai out of it.

Do I Need to Care More for my Jade Plant when Grown Indoor?

In theory, yes, you might have to provide a little more care to your Jade plant when grown indoors.

However, everything depends on where you live, e.g., How hot or cold the site gets? Are there relatively more pests or insects at that place? How much is the humidity around there?

It is crucial to be aware of the nature, features, and enemies of the Jade plant to take good care of it indoors.

Jade plant on the Living room ( Source: Unsplash)

All of these create a significant impact on the life cycle of your Jade plant.

Therefore, depending upon the place or zones you live in, you might have to put a little extra effort while caring for your Jade plant indoors.

A-Z Jade Plant Care Indoor

Caring for your Jade plant indoors is an easy task when you are around your home most of the time. However, it will be effortless to keep an eye on your Jade plant and know what’s happening with it?

As a result, this will be helpful a lot since you can take early measures to solve any troubling signs or symptoms on your Jade.

You need to maintain and balance every aspect, such as temperature, soil, humidity, fertilization, watering, etc., for your plant to flourish.

But, if you don’t pay more attention to these aspects, you can face many problems while caring for the plant.

Before going into detail, let’s have a quick summary of jade plant care indoors.

Indoor Caring parameters Short description
Location and Sunlight1. Bright place near the windows
2. West or south Facing
3. Four to five hours of direct sunlight a day
Best containers1. Medium sized with 9" top and 6.5" base
2. Terracotta containers or pots with proper drianage
Soil mix1. Slightly acidic soil
2. Ph value of 6 to 6.5
Watering frequency1. Once every 2 to 3 weeks
2. Use rainwater or distilled water
Ideal temperature1. 65 to 75 degree F during day
2. Upto 55 degrees F during Night
3. Use frost blankets to protect from freezing temperature
Fertilizer Requirement1. NPK fertilizer on ratio of 1:2:1
2. Organic Fertilizer are best
Blooming Environment1. May not bloom for several years under unfavorable condition
2. Need to maintain less humidity
Pests and Insects1. Likely to be attacked by them
2.Need to deal with them as soon as you can
Fungal Disease1. watch closely for infections
2. Use liquid copper fungicide to deal with infection
Vegetative Propagation1. Stem cuttings
2. Leaf Cuttings
Repotting the plant Repot every 2-3 years
Pruning1. Prune at least once a year
2. best to prune during spring and early summer
Toxicity1. Toxic to pets and children when consumed
2. Symptoms like nausea, vomiting, allergies

Here are some of the ways on how you can care for your Jade plant indoors,

1. Location and Sunlight

The best place to place your Jade plant is near the west or south-facing windows, where it can get the maximum light benefit.

Also, it would be better to place your plant in bright rooms instead of the darker rooms where the light does not pass properly.

Jade Plant near windows facing the sun (Source: Unsplash)

Apart from these, you can place them in your living room where you can use them to gain numerous advantages.

In the case of a newly grown or recently potted Jade plant, it would be better to place them where they can get indirect sun rays rather than direct sun rays.

A fully mature Jade needs at least 4-5 hours of direct sunlight a day to grow properly.

However, they will grow with indirect sunlight but will not thrive when placed in direct sunlight.

Therefore, if you place them near windows, they will get direct sunlight during the day and proliferates in a short amount of time.

If you live in a place where there is no proper sunlight, it is better to use fluorescent lighting for your Jade plant.

The suitable option is to select a two-bulb fixture; one bulb labeled tor plant used to provide the full spectrum of light and another one to cool white bulb.

2. Best Containers for Jade

It is vital to select a suitable container with a proper drainage system in the case of the Jade plant.

A medium-sized container ( 9″ top and 6.5″ base) would be the best choice for your Jade plant to grow for an extended period.

However, if the plant is small, it would be better to use small containers with a top of with 4″ diameter at least and a base not less than 2.5″.

In addition, if you need a pot for a top-heavy Jade plant, it would be best to buy a bit larger-sized pot, having its top of 12″ at most.

Containers or pots made out of Terracotta would be the best for growing and repotting your Jade plant indoor since they have a better drainage system.

Terracotta pots with Indoor Jade plants (Source: Amazon)

However, you can also use containers made from ceramics and plastic for your jade plant.

Even if plastic containers are unbreathable, you can use them with proper drainage holes at their bottom.

You can also find varieties of containers to grow your Jade plant on the market.

NameMaterialFeaturesPrice in $
Ceramic Plant Pots Planters IndoorCeramicSoil do not dry out quickly24.99
Large Terra Cotta pots indoorTerracottaHelps to insulate plant from extreme temperature changes37.99
Succulent Plastic potsPlasticLightweight and Flexible19.99

Other than these containers, you can also use self-watering planters with drainage holes for your jade plant.

3. Soil Mix

Jade plant adores slightly acidic soil around pH value of 6 to 6.5, so always check the pH value of the soil.

Loose and well-drained soil are best for growing Jade plant indoors. In addition, organic soil mix will be optimum and highly beneficial for your Jade plant since they have no side effects on the plant.

Organic soil mixes are environment friendly and pet friendly too. However, since you wouldn’t want to disrupt your indoor environment, use an organic potting mix.

You can prepare organic soil mix at home by mixing peat moss, organic matter, and coarse sand at the ratio of 1:1:1.

Besides, you can also buy various potting soil mixes from the market. But always avoid using all-purpose potting mixes; instead, you can buy potting mixes specially formulated for succulents such as

Note: Always check the soil mix, and if it gets too hard, either repot or change at least 50% of soil with new potting mix soil.

4. Watering Frequency

The best way to find out whether your plant needs water or not is to place your hands on the soil mix, and if it feels dry to touch, then it’s time you water your plant.

You need to be very careful while watering your plant. If you overwater it, the roots will rot, and if you underwater it the leaves will turn brown, and the plant may die.

  • However, watering every 2-3 weeks would be very beneficial for the plant.
  • Please wait at least two weeks before watering the newly repotted Jade plant until its roots are fully attached to the soil.
  • It is very beneficial to use rainwater for your Jade plant since they have nitrogen content. Apart from this, you can also use distilled water.
  • Once the plant gets matured enough, it can even tolerate drought conditions.
  • You need to water your indoor Jade plant less often than outdoors. However, the Jade plant kept outdoors tends to dry up more quickly than the indoor Jade plant due to direct sunlight. This is why you need to give more care to outdoor jade plants.

Overwatering

You should be careful not to overwater your Jade plant because it can cause the plant’s roots to rot. As a result, the plant will slowly start to wither and die. Lack of proper drainage of your pots can also cause this problem.

Therefore, make sure that the pots have at least 2-3 drainage holes for proper outflow of excess water.

Underwatering

If your Jade plant’s leaf and stem slowly start to turn brown, then it’s a sign that you are underwatering your Jade plant.

Pests and insects may also increase in your Jade plant since it cannot absorb nutrients from the soil due to lack of water.  In, this case you need to improve your watering frequency.

If you want your Jade plant to bloom as early as possible, then water your plant in a proper watering schedule. Overwatering and underwatering the plant might affect its roots, and the jade plant may not bloom.

Quick Tip: Do not water your plant with saltwater or seawater since the leaves may fall and the plant could die.

5. Ideal Temperature and Humidity

Although Jade prefers dry conditions, it can even tolerate high humidity conditions as well. You don’t need to use a humidifier since it can quickly grow on 30% to 40 % humidity inside the room.

The ideal room temperature for your Jade plant to thrive is between 65 to 75 degrees F during the summer and spring seasons. However, during the winter seasons, the plant goes dormant and can tolerate temperatures up to 55 degrees F.

Try to maintain the temperature during its growing season for maximum growth and development.

Depending upon the place you live in, if the temperature gets too cold during the winter season. So, it is better to cover the plant with Frost Blankets during the nighttime. 

Jade Plant cannot resist cold, so always be careful.

6. Fertilizer requirement

Since the Jade plant prefers slightly acidic soil, Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium(NPK) fertilizers in the ratio of 2-1-1 or 1-2-1 can be used for the Jade plant.

However, if you use organic fertilizers for your indoor plant, it would be best. It is because organic fertilizers do not cause any side effects or harm to your indoor environment.

Besides, they are pet-friendly, and you need not worry about children too. 

If you want to buy fertilizers from the market, you must carefully select fertilizers for your plant. Unfortunately, choosing the wrong fertilizer for your Jade plant can cause more harm than good.

Succulent Plant food fertilizer for Jade plant (Source: Amazon)

So, it’s better to use organic fertilizers which contain macronutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, etc. 

You don’t need to fertilize your Jade plant right after reporting it. Instead, wait at least a month and lightly fertilize your plant for a better outcome.

To know more about fertilizers for your Jade plant, look at 8 Jade plant fertilizers you should use.

7. Blooming Environment

Your jade plant may not bloom for many years because your jade plant needs to be mature enough before it can produce flowers.

The plants need a favorable and suitable environment to blossom. So, if the indoor climate is too humid, the plant may not blossom.

Therefore, it would be suitable for the plant to place it in a dry location where the humidity is relatively low.

In addition, it is better to place the plant at a cooler temperature during the night. As a result, it will be constructive for the plant on its way to blossom shortly after.

Always check the soil if it is dry or not, and try to maintain the cold room temperature for your plant.

The plant may take some time to bloom since it needs adequate energy and nutrition to bear flowers. So, don’t get your hopes high and expect your Jade plant to bloom every year.

8. Pests and Insects

Unlike many other succulents, which are pests and insects repellent, the Jade plant is often attacked by various pests and insects. Therefore, their numbers may indeed get low when the plant is placed indoors rather than outdoors.

But, there are chances that your Jade will be conquered by various insects and pests such as ants, mealy bugs, spiders, aphids, scales, moths, mites, etc.

These pests and insects suck the sap from the plant’s leaves and branches and cause sap loss. As a result, the plant will suffer from nasty infections on sooty mold.

Therefore, you should always keep an eye on your plant for pests and insects. It is elementary to get rid of pests and insects in small numbers, but if the numbers get big, you will have to take extreme measures.

Here are some of the ways you can follow to solve the problems

Common pests and insectsProblems causedSolution
Mealy Bugs1. Crippled leaf growth
2. Yellow leaves
Spray the infected area with liquid Insecticidal soap
Plant scale2. Discoloration of leaves1. Use non toxic insecticides
2. Spray with Neem oil
Aphids1. Spoty Surface
2. Pale leaves
1.wash aphids off with strong jets of water
2. Trim the infected parts

9. Fungal diseases

The Jade plant is vulnerable to fungus, which is likely to cause various diseases in the jade plant. Some of the common illnesses are

  • Black ring
  • Powdery Mildew
  • Yellow leaves
  • Brown rot

These diseases can affect the Jade plant in the long term and hinder its growth and development. Worst case scenario, your Jade plant may die if left untreated.

Common Fungal DiseasesSymptomsSolutions
Powdery Mildew1. Appearance of white spots on the leaves
2. Distorted growth of plant
Spray the plant with liquid copper Fungicide
Brown Rot1. Withering of leaves
2. Brown rot on leaves
1. Trim the infected leaves
2. Repot the plant
3. Use Neem Neem oiloil to spray the leaves
Black Ring1. Black ring on the leaves1. Cut the infected leaves with sterile knife
2. Spray with fungicides such as Liquid copper fungicide

10. Vegetative Propagation

Vegetative propagation is an integral part of the life cycle of the Jade plant. Usually, plants are propagated by cutting their stem or leaves and growing a new young plant. 

Mainly, there are two ways through which you can propagate your jade plant indoors, which are

Stem Cutting

Stem cutting is one of the most common methods of vegetative propagation of Jade plants. This method is straightforward to carry out even by an inexperienced person.

Using this method, you can propagate and grow a young baby jade plant within a few months. Here’s how to multiply your jade plant from stem

  • Take a sharp, clean, disinfected knife with rubbing alcohol.
  • Select a healthy branch that is free from infections and diseases from your old Jade plant.
  • Choose a 3-4 inches long branch and cut the stem below a leag node at a 45-degree angle with the help of the knife.
  • Cut the bottom leaves of the stem up to 1.5 inches and snip off any flowers or buds.
  • Place the cut stem in a dry and warm place for at least a week or two until the cut wound is dry, and dust the open wound with rooting hormone to avoid any further disease and infections.
  • Plant the dry stem in a pot of organic potting mix and water the soil sparingly so that the potting mix is only damp.
  • It will take about a month for the roots to grow in the soil entirely.

Leaf Cutting

Growing a young Jade plant from the leaf-cutting is also as fun as growing from its stem. It is effortless and similar to stem cutting to some extent.

However, you can use this method of vegetative propagation if your jade plant is tiny and you can only harvest few leaves. To propagate your jade plant from leaves, you can follow the steps mentioned below.

  • Select a healthy leaf from an old, matured jade plant.
  • Take a disinfected knife just as above and cut at the bottom of the leaf.
  • Prepare an organic potting mix on a pot.
  • Lay down the leaf on the potting mix soil or push the bottom of the leaf to the potting mix soil until half of the leaf is under the soil.
  • Water the leaves sparingly until the leaf puts out roots. It will take about a week for the roots to grow.
  • Once the leaf is laid out on top of the soil, it will grow plantlets from the leaf’s edges that touch the soil once its roots appear.
  • Plantlets will appear in both cases in about two weeks to two months.
  • Once the newly grown plantlets are about 8 cm tall, you will have a small baby jade plant.

Growing the jade plant from leaf and stem is way more exciting and straightforward. However, how beneficial would it be to develop a whole new plant from just stem and leaves?

To know more about vegetative propagation of Jade from stem and leaf-cutting, watch

11. Repotting your Jade plant

The best time to repot your jade plant is once in every 2-3 years. Therefore, the ideal time to repot your Jade plant is in its growing seasons during the early spring or summer season.

However, everything depends on the situation of the plant. Here are some reasons why you should repot your Jade plant, 

  • When roots are bound or tangled,
  • If the plant stops growing,
  • If your potting mix becomes hard and dry,
  • When it matures and becomes top-heavy,
  • The appearance of various infections and diseases.

In case of the following signs and symptoms, it would be better to repot your Jade plant to continue its growth and development for generations. 

Repotting Plants
Repotting the plants (source: Unsplash.com)

You can follow the following steps to repot your Jade plant.

  • Water your old Jade plant for at least four days to easily pull the plant out of the pot.
  • Remove the plant gently from the pot and clean its roots with water.
  • Prepare an organic potting mix soil and fill the mixture in the right-sized pots or containers depending upon the size of the plant.
  • Make a small pit, place your plant’s root into the soil, and cover up the roots to make the plant steady.
  • Water the soil if the soil mix is too dry to touch.

It will take few weeks for your Jade plant roots to adjust and combine with the soil. Then, you will have a newly reported Jade, which is ready to grow and develop for the next few years.

Also, watch the video on how to repot your Jade plant

12. Pruning Regularly

The Jade plant is a low-maintenance succulent that is effortless to maintain. It doesn’t require any significant experience to prune your Jade once in a while.

However, it would be best to prune your plant occasionally to encourage bushier growth. This way, the plant will be healthy and well developed.

It’s better to use a clean and disinfected scissor and cut the unwanted stem tips of your jade plant.

If your jade plant becomes leggy, remove most of the lower leaves and pinch off the growing tips.

The ideal time to prune your Jade plant is once a year before its growing season during the spring or early summer seasons.

Whereas, during the winter season, the plant will be dormant and rest. So, you should not prune your jade plant during the winter season. To prune your Jade plant, follow the steps given below.

  • Take a scissor and sanitize and disinfect it with antibacterial gel to prevent infections while trimming.
  • With the help of scissors, trim the weaker and thin branches that have grown heavy leaves.
  • Look for branches with abnormal growth or branches that tangle and intersect each other. Then cut those branches.
  • Cut the unwanted stem tips or excess branches of your jade plant.
  • If your jade plant becomes leggy, remove most of the lower leaves and pinch off the growing tips.
  • It’s better to cut off any branches or leaves with dark spots to avoid any further infections in the future.

Quick Tip: Don’t prune your Jade plant if it is young (under 1 yr) since pruning it too soon might stunt its growth permanently.

If you want to know more about pruning, watch

13. Toxicity of Jade plant

The plant is applicable only if used properly, but you might have to visit a nearby hospital if you consume it. In addition, jade plants can be toxic to both humans and pets.

However, it’s not scientifically proved why? If you consume the plant, you will have diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, allergies, etc.

Therefore, you need to be extra cautious while growing the plant indoors and make sure to keep your children and pets away from it.

If your cats and dogs accidentally consume the jade plant, they might develop symptoms of Jade plant poisoning. So, you need to take them to the vet as soon as possible under such circumstances.

Apart from this, you should be very careful and wear gloves while pruning the plant because it might be slightly poisonous in case of wounds and may lead to allergies on skins.

Cat Near Plants
Fluff surrounded with plants (source: pexels.com)

Some Common Problems in Jade Plant 

Your Jade plant might have to face several problems and obstacles during its growth and development phase.

Similar to various indoor succulents, problems faced by your Jade plant are also somehow related to your inefficiency in caring for your Jade plant.

Some of the common issues related to your Jade plant are mentioned below;

  • Withering of leaves ( yellow, brown)
  • Late-blooming
  • Fungal diseases
  • Infested with Pests and Diseases
  • Sunburn on leaves
  • Root rot
  • Root Bound
  • Undergrowth of plant
  • Toxicity on pets and human
  • Jade plant turning purple

Every time you are nearby your Jade plant, keep a close lookout for the problems mentioned above so that you can deal with them as early as possible.

Jade Plant with reddened leaf tips
Jade Plant with reddened leaf tips (Source: Unsplash)

Conclusion

It is essential to pay close attention to your Jade plant to the microscopic level. And if you do so, your plant will continue to grow and develop for generations without any significant complications.

Therefore, keep every detail in mind and care for your jade plant to make your effort worth something.

Caring for your jade plant indoors is way more accessible and convenient than caring for the plant outdoors.

I’m sure all your efforts and time won’t go in vain when you follow all the proper caring ways mentioned above.

If you want to continue reading, also look at An Ultimate Guide to Trailing Jade Plant Care.

0 Shares:
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

You May Also Like