Are you looking for a plant that would trail around your house with thick tendrils while also giving out a floral scent?
Look no further; the plant you’re looking for is Hoya polyneura.
Hoya is a hardy evergreen climber that looks great in a conservatory. Although the somewhat stiff branches can grow long before bending down, Hoya polyneura is best suited for hanging.
The waxy star-shaped creamy yellow and red blossoms seem like they’re made of wax! Not only that, but these small critters have a delightful and robust scent.
Many people, however, claim that Hoya polyneura does not thrive and does not keep well. It’s because we haven’t mastered its growth principle, in truth.
The following article addresses how you can keep your Hoya Polyneura free from trouble and what you should do to get the most out of your plant.
Don’t worry if you think you’re going to destroy the plant; I’ve got your back. Follow the instructions in this article and have fun with your plant.
Table of Contents Show
- Hoya Polyneura Overview
- Holy Polyneura Grow and Care
- Propagation Methods for Hoya Polyneura
- Common Problems in Hoya Polyneura
- Tips to Keep Hoya Polyneura Problem-Free
- Frequently Asked Questions about Hoya Polyneura
- To Conclude
Hoya Polyneura Overview
Hoya polyneura grows in a suspended, epiphytic manner. It indicates it tends to wrap its roots around trees and rocks in the area.
Hoya polyneura is a unique plant with gorgeous blooms and foliage with a high color value.
The plant is native to Southeast Asia, thriving at relatively high altitudes (500 to 1000 meters).
It will ultimately grow around 1.5 feet long, despite its sluggish growth.
|Common Name||Fishtail Hoya|
|Scientific Name||Hoya Polyneura|
|Origin||China and Himalayas|
|Color||Green with white/pale yellow with purplish center|
|USDA Zones||Outdoors: 11 and above
Indoors: 4 and above
Holy Polyneura Grow and Care
This plant has a delicate venation of short, thin leaves that mimic a fish’s tail. As a result, it’s known as Fish-tail Hoya.
But it isn’t just the leaves that they generate. They also make stunning star-shaped blooms that will take your breath away.
Hoya polyneura is a beautiful addition to any house. The best thing is that, despite its delicate appearance, this plant is simple to maintain.
|Light||Bright, indirect light
Can tolerate medium/low light
|Watering||Once every week|
Avoid the temperature below 45 and above 80°F
|Soil Mix||Well draining
pH level 6.5-7
|Fertilizer||Spring to fall every 2-4 weeks|
|Repotting||In every 2 years
In the month of May or June
|Container||Terre Cota pots with proper drainage holes|
Summer and Spring are the best season
There are so many varities of Hoya, among them the 10 Best Small Leaf Hoya Plants is given in this article.
1. Sunlight and Location
You may want to give Hoya polyneura a moderately lighted environment with bright but indirect light if you want it to thrive.
It has slender, fragile leaves. As a result, keep them out of direct sunlight to avoid burning the leaves. Hoya polyneura can endure low light, but don’t expect it to blossom in that environment.
Hoya polyneura will require bright but indirect minimally for 3 hours.
Problems due to Improper Lighting and Location
- Wilting, yellowing, and curling leaves are common due to scarce lighting.
- Your Hoya polyneura may grow slowly in damp conditions where light is insufficient.
- Too much bright light can cause your plant’s leaf to burn since it is very delicate.
The answer to any Hoya plant issues caused by poor illumination is far easier than you would think.
Tips to Maintain Proper Lighting for Hoya Polyneura
- Simply rotate the plant now and then to ensure that each side receives enough sunlight.
- Keep your Hoya polyneura in indirect lighting for about 6 hours for optimal growth.
- There’s no problem if a tree outside the window provides some shade. Otherwise, I recommend keeping the plant at least 3 feet away from the window and filtering the light with draperies.
- As much as feasible, select the light before 10 am or after 4 pm.
- Avoid exposing it to bright sunlight or cold air. Keep it indoors throughout the winter.
Note: You may use artificial light. Just ensure that the sensitive plant is at least a few inches away from the source of light.
2. Watering Requirements
These denizens of the tropics like damp soil. However, like with most Hoyas, wet and muddy soil is unsuitable for your Hoya polyneura.
Water the soil until it is hydrated, then let it dry before watering again. It doesn’t have to be completely dry, nor should it be very wet.
To develop a watering plan, you must first analyze the soil’s drying trend. Use your finger or a stick and check the soil’s moisture level.
Extra water prevents oxygen from reaching the roots, resulting in root rot.
Hence, ensure you don’t overwater your plant; it also results in yellow leaves.
Underwatered signs are Wrinkling, dry-looking leaves, on the other hand.
Tips to Properly Water Hoya Polyneura
- Watering just when the soil is almost dry and flooding it with water until it is fully saturated is an efficient watering schedule that guarantees that the plant receives the proper quantity of water.
- Keep your Hoya out of the water. Don’t let the plant get wet. Instead, pour water straight onto the soil.
- Hoya polyneura’s foliage is relatively thin; hence it does not hold moisture. As a result, don’t let it dry for too long.
- Allow the liquid to saturate the root ball by pouring until it drips from the bottom of the container. Allow it to drain entirely after that.
Tip: The water requirements of Hoya plants vary according to the season, temperature, and humidity. As a result, it’s important to water Hoya plants only when the soil is nearly dry to minimize water stress.
3. Ideal Temperature
Temperatures ranging from 50-77°F are ideal for Hoya polyneura (10-25°C). It can, however, withstand temperatures as low as 45°F.
This is because the indigenous Hoya polyneura grows in Tibet and India’s Himalayan regions, where it may get rather cold.
This magnificence, however, should never be exposed to temperatures that are further cold. Because the leaves are so thin and sensitive, they will practically be burned by the frost.
It can develop more quickly if the temperature is too high. As a result, it grows more rapidly in the summer.
But keep in mind Hoya polyneura will start to struggle once the climate goes to 40°F or lower as well as 80°F or higher.
Consequently, plants’ water and nutrient uptake can be impeded, causing damage to plant components. Your plant’s vine may wilt as a result.
Problems due to Improper Temperature
- Heat stress can diminish plant photosynthesis and transpiration efficiency and inhibit root development.
- The Hoya polyneura vines start to wilt if subjected to a temperature higher than 80°F.
- If exposed to lower temperatures (below 40°F), the plant’s growth may be impaired.
- Similarly, the yield and quality of the vines decrease if you’re not providing the temperature that your green companion is asking.
Tips to Provide Optimum Temperature
- The most crucial thing is to maintain a stable room temperature. Hoya polyneura, like any other plant, doesn’t like temperature fluctuation.
- Buying a radiator is the best thing for indoor planting since you can change the temperature based on your plant’s requirements.
- During high-light and high-temperature months, use shade drapes.
4. High Humidity
Nonetheless, these folks can thrive in a wide range of humidity levels, and it does best above 60%. Creating high humidity in your house doesn’t have to be complicated.
Problems due to Low Humidity
- The soil dries much quicker in low humidity, and you need to water your plant more often.
- The growth of your plant is compromised.
- The vines may droop, and leaves may become yellow and fall off if the humidity need is unmet.
Tips to Maintain Humidity
- Although it can be expensive, purchasing a humidifier is the simplest method. It allows you to manage the amount of moisture in the air.
- Using a pebble-water tray or grouping plants (risk of Pest and disease infestation is there) will help increase the quantity of moisture in the space. The plant may demand extra attention on dry days.
- Spritz the pants moderately once in a while to minimize moisture loss.
- As long as there is enough indirect light, your bathroom is the best humid place indoors.
Warning: When misting your plant, be sure the water doesn’t sink into the leaves and cause harm.
5. Well-Draining Soil
Hoya polyneura demands well-draining soil. This soil will allow more water to escape, preventing root damage and overwatering.
You may use a nice houseplant mix for this. In addition, one-part worm castings and two parts orchid bark, perlite, and pumice can be combined.
Perlite is the greatest element in your soil to guarantee that the soil can drain well.
You may also use a cactus mix, orchid mix, and perlite, which appear to perform nicely. It prefers slightly acidic soil but can also bloom in neutral soil (pH 6.5-7).
Commercial versions either hold too much water or become too hydrophobic, so you should prioritize producing your own pot mix. Make sure to select soil that drains quickly and is properly aerated.
For the tips on soil selection, here is an article: How to Choose the Suitable Hoya Plant Soil?
6. Proper Fertilization
For the fragile vine’s healthy growth, regularly applying fertilizer is critical.
You’ll need to make sure your Hoya polyneura gets adequate food because they’re large feeders. You’ll notice that its leaves get dimmer than they should be if you don’t.
A spoonful of fish fertilizer diluted in one gallon of water can address the nitrogen deficit. The solution may then be sprayed over the Hoya’s stems and leaves to hydrate it.
Chlorosis is a disease in which a plant’s leaves become yellow. It can be caused by nutritional deficiencies, notably nitrogen and potassium, which are macronutrients in plants.
Calcium, iron, manganese, and sulfur, in addition to potassium and nitrogen, are needed to synthesize green pigment (chlorophyll); hence their deficit can induce yellowing and restricted development of new leaves.
Use a calibrated liquid fertilizer from spring through fall. Because it will rest from its development throughout the winter, it will not require feeding.
Common Mistakes while Fertilizing
- Giving too much fertilizer is a significant problem. While giving your plants a fair dosage of organic fertilizer is beneficial, feeding them too much of a good thing might have unanticipated repercussions.
- Using low-quality fertilizers that contain many filler chemicals or those that come from less-than-ideal sources is another mistake plant owners make.
- Not fertilizing at the right time is another one. Making fertilization scheduled shouldn’t be overlooked.
Problems due to Improper Fertilization
- Over-fertilization can result in rapid plant growth and an inadequate root system to feed the plant with enough water and nutrients.
- Reduction in the number of vines and foliage production.
- The disruption in the nutritional balance of your plant results in hindered growth.
- Hoya polyneura cannot avoid deficiencies by water alone, so feeding too little plant food can result in impaired growth and a dull showcase of the vines.
- Using too many harsh fertilizers can cause the depletion of minerals in the soil.
Tips to Properly Fertilize Hoya Polyneura
- Make sure you’re applying a low-concentration or diluted product to your Hoya polyneura. I’d highly recommend using organic fertilizers since they’re not that harsh on the plant.
- Fertilize your plant once every two weeks throughout the warmer months of the year.
- We can add on multi-element fertilizer based on phosphorus and potassium during its growing season to ensure that it develops and blooms.
- Too much fertilizer might burn the foliage; use fertilizer sparingly.
Some of the available fertilizers that can be added to your Hoya polyneura are:
7. Growth Habits
Even in USDA Zones 11 and above, the plant is hardy outdoors. You may also grow them indoors in zones 4 and higher.
When fully mature, the thin, delicate vines can reach a length of 2 to 4 meters. Outdoor vines can reach a height of around 6 meters.
In comparison to the majority of Hoyas, the leaves are thinner.
Each full leaf is around 4 to 6 inches long. The leaves also reach roughly two inches and are bright to dark green in color.
New vines should be seen at least every couple of months if properly cared for during the growing season.
Yet the growth of vines is relatively slower in the colder time of the year.
As already mentioned in the article, Hoya polyneura is not only lusted for rich vines for also for their mesmerizing star-shaped waxy blooms.
Giving your plant proper attention will repay you by yielding flowers that bloom almost as rapidly as the vines.
They have purple pigment in the middle and have a strong scented pleasant smell. They bloom mainly in the period from late spring to late summer.
8. Potting and Repotting
Hoyas appreciate a tight-fitting container to protect their roots from being too damp.
If you plant a Hoya in a container with too much space, the additional potting mix might absorb water, keeping the roots moist for lengthy periods, and causing root rot.
If the container has bottom drainage holes, you may effectively grow your Hoya polyneura in terra cotta, plastic, or glazed ceramics.
Pots with no drainage create wet soil, which causes the Hoya polyneura to rot.
After you’ve repotted your plant, keep in mind that it may cease growing. As soon as the beauty has adjusted to its new surroundings, it will begin to thrive again.
Tips to Ensure Proper Repotting
- Examine the drainage holes in the planter. If the roots can be seen poking out, it’s time to repot your eco-friendly companion.
- Don’t hasten to replace the pot of your new Hoya polyneura potted plant.
- We may keep it aired and shaded first and then gradually expose it to light after upkeep a week or two. It will be possible to have an adaption period in this manner.
- Begin Hoya polyneura repotting when it has adapted to the interior habitat.
- Choose a clean pot or hanging basket that is 1 to 2 inches bigger than the one you’re using now. The plant’s roots will ‘stress out’ if you give it too much space all at once.
- Check for drainage holes in your new pot. Otherwise, your Hoya polyneura may decay if it is immersed in water.
- Use a porous material, such as a coffee filter to cover the drainage holes. This keeps the soil in place while still allowing water to pass through.
- If you’re using a terra cotta pot, soak it beforehand. Terra cotta absorbs moisture, and you don’t want the plant to get drier.
Steps for Repotting Hoya Polyneura
- Take a new container to add a foundation layer of dirt before placing the Hoya polyneura inside to give the roots more room to develop. Allow enough space for your plant to grow without spilling over the edge.
- Your Hoya polyneura will need to be watered. Water it carefully before repotting it. This will keep the rootball together and keep the plant healthy.
- Take your Hoya polyneura out of its old container.
- Turn the plant upside down and place your palm over the top of the container instead of pulling it out.
- Loosen it up and let it fall out; rotate it a few inches in both directions. Use a knife to extract the plant from the pot.
- Put the Hoya plant in its new container.
- Ensure the plant is aligned and erect before firmly pressing it into its new home and filling it with dirt.
- Water it once you’ve patted it down to let the soil settle.
9. Pruning of Hoya Polyneura
Because the Hoya polyneura has many tiny leaves growing on a single vine, it appears appealing when you let it grow out and become fully grown because its delicate leaves will not be as untidy as other vining plants.
Most individuals, however, prefer to keep these plants cut shorter since it appears neater. It’s entirely up to you how you want it to appear in your house.
Both are fantastic methods to exhibit the plant since it looks stunning, whether pruned or not.
Spring and summer are the optimum times to trim your Hoya polyneura if you’re a tidy freak.
Yet to improve the health and appearance of your Hoya, don’t forget to remove any discolored or damaged leaves.
Things to do while Pruning Hoya Polyneura
- Remove any stems or leaves that are dead, damaged, diseased, or unproductive.
- Cut off any twisted or wayward stems, particularly those growing away from the support.
- Direct and limit its growth.
- Cut the vine to a bud or stem pointing in the direction you want it to grow.
- Make a clean-cut, and don’t leave a stub, which invites pests and pathogens in.
10. Toxicity of Hoya Polyneura
Your Hoya polyneura is suitable for children and pets.
Although the plant is not edible, it is not harmful; therefore, playful chewing or inadvertent swallowing by small children, dogs, or cats is not a hazard.
Are you curious about Hoya Krimson Queen as well? We have hot your back with: Hoya Krimson Queen: Ultimate Care Guide, Tips and FAQs
Propagation Methods for Hoya Polyneura
Hoya polyneura is one of the easiest plants to grow. You don’t need to be a professional to do so!
The optimal time to start propagating is in the middle of the summer.
Propagation from Stem Cuttings
Stem cutting is a simple way to proliferate them. You can propagate in water, soil, perlite, or sphagnum, which I’ve explained throughout the text.
Follow these simple steps to propagate Hoya polyneura from stem cuttings.
1. Take a Cutting
The first and most crucial step in decent cutting is choosing a vine. If feasible, choose a vine that isn’t actively growing and has immature leaves.
Choose vines already covered with root hairs so that a robust root system may be formed quickly.
The next step, locate a node. The leaves of a Hoya sprout from the nodes. You’ll want to start cutting from the last node with leaves below the section.
Now make the cut. Scissors or cutters that have been sterilized should be used. Make a swift, clean-cut, being careful not to damage the vine or leaves you’re leaving behind.
2. Select of Medium for the Propagation
As I’ve mentioned, there are a few mediums through which you can propagate your Hoya polyneura stems.
The most straightforward technique of propagating Hoya is by water; however, you must replace the water every few days.
Water stagnates as it rests, and while it sits, bacterial activity grows, starving the cuttings of oxygen and causing them to perish.
Put your cutting in a jar with water.
Place it on a baseboard heater or somewhere warm and sunny if possible. Every few days, check and cycle the water. You should see roots emerge in a few weeks.
One of the better techniques for spreading Hoya polyneura is perlite propagation.
Perlite is relatively sterile, enables a lot of air to pass over the cutting, preventing decay, and can be left alone for extended periods without rotting.
Use the following steps:
- Make use of a container that is appropriate. You may use a disposable or plastic container, both of which work nicely.
- Add about an inch of perlite and soak for a few minutes in water.
- Place the cutting on the perlite; you can bury the plant’s stem in the moist perlite, but try to keep the leaves exposed if feasible.
- To keep the humidity in the container, place it in a plastic bag.
- Place the container in a bright, warm location out of direct sunlight.
Fill a small container with sphagnum moss and place it appropriately. Place the cutting into the sphagnum and hydrate the moss with a spray bottle.
It provides good air circulation and prevents rot, but it needs to be watered regularly.
3. Pot your Hoya Polyneura
The cutting can be placed in a suitable growth medium once it has formed at least one 2cm long root.
Within the first few weeks of potting, use a very well-draining Hoya soil and water the plant more regularly, but just wet the substrate around where the roots are growing.
Propagation From Seeds
Although stem cutting is the most viable method of propagating Hoya polyneura, you can; however, it can be propagated from seeds as well.
If seeds are put in semi-dry soil, Hoyas will develop from them.
After the mature seed pods of a Hoya plant that has been cultivated from seed, stem cuttings, or leaf clippings have burst, you can harvest the seeds.
Here’s how you can propagate Hoya polyneura from its seeds:
- Find a high-quality potting mix. Potting mix optimal for Hoya polyneura has been mentioned beforehand in this article.
- Fill a container with potting soil and a drainage hole. With your index finger, poke little 1-inch deep holes in the potting soil.
- Fill the holes in the soil with your seeds.
- Cover the container with a layer of dry potting mix and, if necessary, add water gently.
- Wait until your seedlings have developed proper leaves. Once they’ve done that, dig up each new plant and place it in its own container.
- You can cultivate new Hoyas from their stem cuttings once your plants have grown strong roots and matured after going through a full blooming cycle.
Propagation from Leaf
Leaf cuttings is a procedure that takes patience and perseverance since it is one of the most difficult ones.
You must wait at least five weeks for a root to grow from the leaves in the soil.
Use the following steps to propagate from leaves:
- Place at least five to six leaves in the dirt, slightly covering the tips to allow roots to grow.
- Allow enough space between the leaves in the container for the roots to spread out as they occur.
- Also, make sure they’re seated at a 45-degree angle to allow for growth.
- It’s okay to be excited when you observe the roots growing from the leaves. However, don’t get too happy since your cuttings may not transform into the plants you want to cultivate and propagate even with these roots.
- Consider using a rooting hormone that assists in the roots process if you wish to help this tough technique of proliferation.
Out of the mentioned way of propagation, stem cutting is the easiest and fastest way of propagating Hoya polyneura. Not only that, but it also is the surest method.
Common Problems in Hoya Polyneura
1. Hoya Leaves Turning Yellow
The leaves of your Hoya plant may turn yellow from time to time, and this might be due to a variety of circumstances, such as:
- Incorrect watering
- Inadequate Sunlight
- Nutritional Deficiency
- Natural Aging
Yellow leaves are sometimes the product of aging rather than any underlying issues. The lowest leaves on the plant are the oldest, and they will turn yellow and fall off over time.
2. Wilting Leaves
Wilting is a phenomenon in which a plant’s leaves become limp and hang lifelessly from the stems as a result of low water levels in the plant.
There are two possible causes for wilting of your Hoya polyneura leaves; watering stress and pests.
Watering Stress underlies under and overwatering, which I’ve described in the section on yellowing of leaves. The pests, I’ll describe further along the way.
9 Hoya Plant Problems and Their Solutions is here explaining about the common problems a Hoya might go through
3. Pests Infestation
|Scales||Small, soft insects that are concealed underneath domed scales|
Extruding quantities of wax for protection
|Honeydew on foliage
Leaf yellowing and premature leaf shed
Stunting of growth
|Mites||Small, light-colored bugs that like hot, dry conditions.||Yellowing and drooping of the leaves
Thin webs on the foliage
|Aphids||Small-sap sucking insects|
They can vary widely in color and usually forms colony.
|Twisted and curled leaves
Stunted or dead shoots
Poor plant growth
- Prune any infested branches and destroy them.
- Dab the infested area with alcohol
- Use insecticidal soaps and oils.
- Plant-derived oils like neem or canola oil can be used.
- Petroleum-based horticulture oils may be used.
- Predator bottle phytoseiulus persimilis
- Insecticide spray like professional lance sprayer
- Fumigating with vaporized sulfur also helps.
- Be attentive to the symptoms.
- Spray down the plant thoroughly with oil sprays.
- Inspect often, use insect traps and sterilize.
- Use preventive predators such as Amblyseius californicus.
- Spray dormant horticultural oil to kill aphid eggs.
- Use ladybugs, lacewings, and parasitic wasps as they feed on aphids.
4. Diseases Infestation
The diseases that affect Hoya polyneura plants are generally fungal in nature, and they are commonly brought on by excessive moisture.
Botrytis Blight, a grey patch, emerges in the center and borders of Hoya polyneura leaves, indicating the presence of this disease.
Because the leaves in the center of the plant receive the most moisture, they are generally the ones that are impacted. In the winter, the sickness is most prevalent.
Reducing the humidity surrounding the plant is one way to control it. Fungicides containing copper will also help to treat the condition.
5. Stem and Root Rot
Overwatering increases fungal growth, which leads to root rot. As a result, the control will be to turn off the water for a while.
However, if the entire root system is blackened and mushy upon inspection, there is no cure, and the plant should be discarded.
Tip: Repotting Hoya plants are effective with leaf issues caused by root rot, insect infestations in the soil, and compacted soils.
Tips to Keep Hoya Polyneura Problem-Free
It’s all about achieving a balance between too much and too little when it comes to growing Hoya polyneura.
Here are a few pointers to keep the plant in good shape:
- Only mist your plant with rainwater once in a while in the mornings. Epiphytes feed rainfall through their leaves in their natural habitat.
- A sunny place with plenty of indirect sunshine is the best diet for your Hoya polyneura flowers.
- The flower peduncles should not be pruned. They’ll bloom the following year again.
- During the growth season, feed it orchid fertilizer.
- Because the roots prefer being constricted, use a compact planter.
- If you wish to repot your plants, do it during May and June growing months.
- Check for bugs and mites beneath the leaves and nodes regularly, and don’t allow it to become a full-blown infestation.
- If growing under glass, use a loam-based compost with equal parts additional bark, charcoal, leaf mold, and sharp sand.
- If the stem refuses to stand erect during propagation, insert a straw in the soil and bind the stem cutting to the straw.
Frequently Asked Questions about Hoya Polyneura
1. Can Yellow Leaves turn Green Again?
Yellow leaves are unlikely to return to their normal hues. After taking the necessary remedial action, snip off the afflicted leaves.
2. How Fast does Hoya Polyneura Grow?
Roots will emerge from your stem incision in three or four weeks after propagation. Hoya plants must be matured entirely before flowering.
It takes around 5 to 7 years for the first bloom to occur. However, the plant’s choice to bloom might take years, depending on the type.
3. Why does my Hoya have Weird-Shaped Leaves?
If the leaves no longer resemble fishtails, the temperature might be the problem. The plant will suffer if the temperature is 40°F or below as well as 80°F or over, and its leaves will change appearance.
4. What makes the Leaves Wrinkled?
There appears to be an issue with the watering schedule.
Either the plant is thirsty, or it has been over-watered. With your finger, feel the earth. Carefully decide when to water it and change the timetable if it is scorched.
If the soil is waterlogged, you will need to replace it.
As we’ve seen, taking care of these beautiful plants isn’t too tricky. Even novices who are just getting started will enjoy this companion.
We hope that this article was helpful and that we could address any of your questions regarding caring for the lovely Hoya polyneura.
What are you waiting for, GO and add this beauty to your in-house DECOR!
Are you looking for care and a guide for similar vining Hoya? Here’s a one: Hoya Serpens: Where to Buy, Growing Guide and Care Tips