Anthurium Seeds: Harvesting, Buying & Growing Guide

anthurium-berries-grown-in-the-stem
Anthurium fruits will take 6 to 7 months to develop.

Have you ever thought about how anthuriums develop from seeds to reach the plant with glossy spade-like leaves and a spade flower?

If you wish to attempt this old-school propagation method, the first step is to deceive your plant into producing the necessary seed.

Generally, anthurium produces 2-3 mm seeds with red-orange, yellow and brown in color. After harvesting the seeds, you can successfully germinate the seeds in 1-2 weeks.

anthurium-plants-with-seeds
Anthurium produces seeds in red-yellow color.

However, it is a bit difficult from the propagation methods, including leaf and stem cuttings and root division. 

If you are here to learn about how to grow anthurium from seeds, I am here to expose all my experience and expertise to help you!

Overview of Anthurium Seeds 

After pollinating the spadix, the organ will undergo some changes gradually, and fruits will take 6 to 7 months to develop.

The berries are on the spadix, and each sticky berry contains 1-2 seeds that can be easily extracted from the pulp.

However, anthurium seeds can appear red-orange or yellowish in color depending on what variety you are planting.

You can supervise the table below to gather further information about the appearance and other features of the anthurium seeds.

FactorsCharacteristics
ColorRed-orange, yellow and brown
Size2-3 mm
WeightAbout 0.003g
Berry shapeDepressed globose or 5-8 mm apiculate obovate
Number of SeedsTwo seeds per berry (one seed per locule)
HarvestingWhen one-third to two-third of the flowers on the spadix open fully
Germination Time15-17 days

How Do You Get Anthurium Seeds?

Interestingly, anthurium flowers bloom year-round once every 3 months, and each bloom lasts between two and three months, bearing fruit. 

The flowering of Anthurium itself is the sign of the production of seeds that can be placed indoors or in the garden while blooming.

Note: Hand pollination can result in a variety of intriguing hybrids, but the process is time-consuming, as the interval between pollination and the first flowering of the resulting plant can be as long as two years. 

Generally, anthuriums grown from seed will take 2 to 3 years to bloom. Each new plant from seed will be different in some way from each parent.

Once a flower blooms, it lives all year, approximately once every 3 months intervals. Anthurium fruit takes 5-8 months to mature, and the anthurium seeds begin to turn yellowish and soften as they age.

Anthurium-berries-attached-in-the-stem
Anthurium fruits take around half a year to mature.

You can collect the necessary berries after they mature.

To extract seeds from the flower, you must gather certain tools and equipment, and here is a table for your help!

Essential EquipmentsUses
Gardening glovesTo protect the hands
ScisssorsTo cut inflorescence
MaskTo prevent allergy
Ziplock bagTo store seeds

Because some anthurium species are harmful, I strongly advise using gloves when working with this plant.

Steps To Harvest Seeds from Anthurium Plant

After pollination, the seeds first appear as a greenish-yellow, pea-like structure which eventually turns brown after 6 months.

When these brown capsules get teared up, they release the seeds, which are covered in a soft, jelly-like substance that is easily removed. Follow the instructions below to continue!

  • Use gloves and start cutting the mature spathe of the plant with scissors or a knife. 
  • Soak the berry, swirling the liquid to help wash off the pulp, then squeeze the pulp with the support of your thumb and index finger.

According to Cardi, as the anthurium flowers on the spadix mature, a color change can be noticed from thebase to the tip of the spadix over a period of 3-4 weeks. It is best to harvest after 4 p.m.

  • Ensure that there is no pulp in the seed; otherwise, rot may attack the seeds.
  • Once extracted from the plant, place the clean seeds on a white paper or paper towel to dry. Now it’s ready for a sow in your garden. 

You can store the seeds in a zip lock bag and keep them in an airtight container in a cool, dark, or dry place for future use.

Anthurium Seeds for Sale

Growing and harvesting anthurium seeds can be a toilsome and lengthy process and is not everyone’s cup of tea, so you can buy commercial anthurium seeds. 

You can visit the following online sites to buy Anthurium seeds.

SitesDelivery
eBayMore than 12 business days
Green seed garden 2-3 business days
Amazon1-2 business day

Do Anthuriums Grow From Seeds?

Propagating anthuriums through seeds is not a very popular method due to its proclivities. Though it needs some effort and patience, it will reward the plant with glossy leaves and spade flowers.

Generally, these little starts can take up to 4 years to produce the lovely spathe, so just be patient. Each seed has different germinating rates, but generally, it averages 1-2 weeks to germinate.

DEAD SEEDS = DRY SEEDS. Anthurium seeds have a very short shelf life; once the berries have popped, so you need to plant the seeds immediately.

anthurium-seeds-sown-in-the-small-pot
Sowing seeds in separate small pots are good for noticing the germination process more clearly.

Now, proceed with the process below!

Steps to Propagate Anthurium via Seeds

First, you must gather extracted seed, the substrate to grow, the germination tray, and the plastic needed for propagation.

Here is a table of tools you can collect for yourself. 

Materials Required Purpose
Fresh Seeds To sowing and germinate saplings
Potting MixActs as the base for germination while maintaining moisture
Humidity Zone To maintain ideal humidity for germination
Seedling StarterTo better germinate seeds upto seedling stage
Heating Pad To maintain ideal temperature to support germination
Plastic BagTo mix the potting mix without messing the floor.

After collecting, move into a journey through the process in detail below.

Step 1: Get the Seeds Ready

  • Take the required amount of seeds. 
  • Soak the anthurium seeds for a few hours before planting them.
  • If the seeds are fresh, you need not soak them in water.

Step 2: Plant the Seeds in the Germination tray

The perfect growth medium for Anthurium seedlings begins with the right potting mix.

  • First, disinfect the germination tray by using rubbing alcohol.
  • Fill the germination tray with a substrate and place moist vermiculite. You can combine well-aerated potting mixes of 1:1:1 peat, perlite, and bark. 
  • When the germination tray is ready, sprinkle the seeds on the tray and press with a thumb.
  • Lightly press the anthurium seed into the vermiculite an inch apart and try to keep some distance between the seeds.
  • After sowing the seeds, spray the surface with lukewarm water.
  • Now you can place the seed container in a clear plastic bag or mini-greenhouse to maintain the high humidity required for germination.
  • Remove the plastic cover entirely after you notice new growth.

If you need visual help, you can check out this!

Step 3: Care for Anthurium Seeds During Propagation

  • You need to maintain substrate pH should be between 6.0 and 6.5
  • Temperatures need to be ranging from 70 to 90°F. 
  • Cover the container to increase heat and conserve moisture that helps speed up seed germination. 
  • Once the seed germinates successfully, you can remove the cover and move seedlings to individual containers.
  • You can water your newly potted Anthurium every 3 to 4 days in summer and thrice a month in winter.
Anthurium-seedlings-growing
Anthurium seedlings grow best in the potting mix of peat, perlite, and bark.

Water your newly planted Anthurium only when the soil is dry. Also, choose a well-draining potting mix and pots with good drainage holes for your Anthurium.

Considerable Note! Your seeds will sprout in 1 to 2 weeks and will be ready for transplanting in a month. 

 As the roots of seedlings are still relatively weak, avoid drowning them in a heavy soil mix while potting seedlings.

Also, you need to cater to baby anthurium with fertilizer containing a higher ratio of NPK (3: 1: 1). 

Tips to Care for Anthurium Seedlings After Propagation

A new leaf from the Anthurium is the sign to transplant into the new pot or container.  After germination, you can remove the cover and transfer seedlings to individual containers.

While transplanting, lift the plant gently from the tray with your fingers. These little sprouts might take up to 3-4 years to grow the beautiful spathe, so be patient.

If you want to see an adult Anthurium plant, keep trying to care for it. After propagation, you must adhere to the following list of basic care requirements.

Care RequirementSpecification
Sunlight1. Provide 6 to 7 hours of indirect sunlight.
2. You can also use LED lights (about 10-12 hours).
TemperatureMaintain between 65-85 °F.
Watering1. You can mist water for sapling.
2. Water every 3 to 4 days in summer and thrice a month in winter.
HumidityMaintain above 60% of the relative humidity.
Soil 1. Choose porous, well drained aerated soil
2. Maintain soil pH between 5.5 and 6.5
Fertilization1. Mix 7 to 10% of organic fertilizer ( vermiculture, bonemeal, manure, chicken litter) for young anthuriums.
2. Use high amount of phosphorus during blooming period.
Pruning1. Trim wilted or dead blossoms down to the base of the stem.
2. Use a good quality of tools as it prevent from bacterial infection and pests.
RepottingAfter potting the baby anthurium, wait for 2-3 years.

Conclusion

 It’s no wonder now that you can harvest and sow seeds yourself to grow 12-18 inches of anthurium. 

Growing anthurium through seeds can be an adventurous journey, but once you successfully germinate seeds, nothing will stop you from going into a mini jungle of anthuriums.

You can also learn anthurium varieties if you want to house a mini jungle of anthuriams. 

Happy Gardening!

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