15+ Beautiful Alocasia Varieties For Your Garden

Alocasia Leaf
Alocasia Leaf (Source: Pixabay)

If you are in search of a plant to brighten up the surroundings and give your space a tropical feel, then Alocasia is the ultimate choice.

Believe me, when I say this. You will be in a dilemma choosing among several Alocasia varieties.

These humungous and beautifully sculptured foliages are increasing in popularity. Alocasia is the centerpiece and the main lead among other indoor plants.

Currently, there are 97 accepted species classified under Alocasia. Some of them are Alocasia Amazonica, Alocasia Green Velvet, Alocasia Zebrina, Dragon Scale, Alocasia Melo, Alocasia Black Velvet, etc.

Alocasia 'Elephant Ears'
Alocasia ‘Elephant Ears’ (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

You can find a wide range of Alocasia plants throughout the world.

From having green, red, black, or purple leaves. From being 3 feet tall to 20 feet tall. Alocasia provides you with many options to choose from.

Here, we will be looking at 19 varieties of Alocasia plants and giving you a helping hand in choosing Alocasia of your preference.

Number of Alocasia Varieties Present

Alocasia plants are native to tropical and subtropical Asia and Eastern Australia. Alocasia grows mainly in the tropical rainforests of South-East Asia.

However, many people worldwide cultivate hybrids and cultivars due to their striking features.

Now and then, we discover new species of Alocasia throughout the world. There are 97 accepted species classified under Alocasia.

People develop and discover various hybrids and cultivars of Alocasia. This action leads to an increase in the number of species of Alocasia once in a while.

15+ Beautiful Alocasia Varieties You Can Grow

Among those 97 species following 19 varieties are conventional, elegant, and handy. Also, they have striking foliage in terms of texture, shape, size, and color.

Any one of these plants would serve the purpose of being a fantastic decor with some extra-terrestrial edge.

1. Alocasia Amazonica

Common Name: Alocasia Polly

One famous Alocasia variety is Alocasia amazonica, a hybrid between Alocasia longiloba x Alocasia sanderiana.

Alocasia Polly
Alocasia Polly (Source: Flickr)

The centerpiece of Alocasia amazonica is its deep green leathery leaf. The leaves are arrow-shaped or heart-shaped with wavy edges and thick white veins running throughout the leaves.

The leaves can get as long as 16 inches. At the same time, the mature plant can grow up to 1 to 2 feet tall and wide.

Alocasia Amazonica flowers are insignificant and rarely grow. However, if it blooms, the flowers have a flowering spadix that looks like a long spike.

Its name comes from Salvadore Mauro, a postman and an owner of a nursery named “Amazon Nursery,” in Miami, Florida, in the 1950’s who named this plant in honor of his nursery.

If your plant starts looking unwell, you can let it stay outside in the shade for its growing season. Unlike its name, this plant is found in southeast Asia and does best in USDA zones 10-12.

2. Alocasia Micholitziana ‘Frydek’

Common Name: Green Velvet

Talking about the features, Micholitziana Frydek somewhat resembles Amazonica. But you can easily distinguish it by the texture of the leaves.

It has striking green colored arrow-shaped leaves with a soft velvety texture.

Micholitziana Frydek is a native of the Philippines. They do their best in USDA zones 9b-11. And possess sharp, white veins that dissect the deep green leaves.

Green Velvet
Alocasia Green Velvet (Source: Wikimedia)

Unlike most other Alocasia plants, this plant does not have stretchy white veins. The veins are narrower and less prominent than the leaves of Amazonica.

The leaves of Alocasia Green Velvet can grow up to 18-inches long, while the whole plant can measure about 2 to 3 feet in height.

They rarely bloom indoors, and they are not famous for their flowers. Blossoms are spadix or spathe types.

3. Alocasia Zebrina

Common Name: Zebra plant

Alocasia Zebrina is native to tropical and temperate parts of Southeast Asia.

Just like the name suggests, this plant has a distinct yellow and black colored zebra-striped pattern on its stems.

Alocasia Zebrina-Cambridge Bee
Alocasia Zebrina (Source: Cambridge Bee)

This unique, long, and thin stem uphold big leaves. The leaves are mostly glossy, dark green in color, and heart-shaped.

A mature Alocasia Zebrina can grow up to 3 feet tall and wide. They flower rarely, and the spadix has small whitey-greenish flowers.

Their USDA growing zone is zones 10-11.

4. Alocasia Reginula

Common Name: Black Velvet

This plant is native to the jungles of Borneo in Southeast Asia.

Alocasia Black Velvet is the common name of Alocasia Reginula. This plant is indeed a dark horse among all the Alocasias featuring its elegant black leaves with white veins.

Alocasia Black Velvet
Alocasia Black Velvet (Source: Etsy)

The veins can be of different colors like pale green or silver. The leaves are heart-shaped, thick, and give you succulent vibes.

The leaves can grow about 6 inches long, and their width can be about 2.5 inches.

This plant rarely blooms a white flower, and it will not please your eyes. Their preferred USDA zone is 9b to 11.

Are you looking for Black Velvet care tips? Read our article “Alocasia Black Velvet Care and Growing Guide

5. Alocasia Rugosa

Scientific Name: Alocasia Melo

Alocasia rugosa hails from the rocky terrain of Southeast Asia. They prefer USDA zones 10-11.

Alocasia Melo
Alocasia Melo (Source: Flickr)

The leaves of this plant are yellowish-green in color and have a wrinkly, rough texture.

Be sharp! You might think this plant is artificial at first glance.

The ‘artificial-looking’ leaves grow on upright light green petioles attached to the stem. The veins are quite visible, although they are just the darker version of the leaf color.

Leaves are shaped like an arrowhead and can grow up to 50cm in length and 25cm in width. The plant itself is not much of a grower and can grow up to 2 feet in height with an equal spread.

Rugosa produces a few off-white color flowers that have no fragrance.

6. Alocasia Baginda

Common Name: Dragon Scale

Dragon Scales belong to the warm tropical forests of Borneo, the third-largest island in the world.

As its name suggests, the leaves resemble dragon scales. The actual dragon scales are tougher, and this plant is a dragon among plants.

The leaves are emerald-green, and the veins are prominent and have dark shade along with them, making them look like dragon scales.

Alocasia Dragon Scale
Alocasia Dragon Scale (Source: Flickr)

Leaves are oval and can grow up to 2 feet in length. The plant can grow up to 3 feet long and 1.5 feet wide.

This plant grows purple spathe flowers that don’t come close to the elegance of the foliage.

Their preferred UDSA zone is 9b – 11 outdoors and 4b – 11 indoors in their growth zone.

7. Alocasia Macrorrhiza ‘Stingray’

Common Name: Elephant Ear Stingray

Alocasia macrorrhiza originated from Southeast Asia and has been cultivated in the Philippines for a long time now.

You must have understood that this plant somehow resembles a stingray by looking at the heading.

Macrorrhiza looks like a stingray as this plant has a decorative tail and wings-like structure. The leaves stretch outward and point upward.

Alocasia Stingray
Alocasia Stingray (Source: Exotenherz)

Leaves are emerald green and look like ribbed leather. The leaves of varieties grown indoors don’t grow as big as other alocasia varieties but are big nonetheless.

The plant can grow up to 6 feet tall and 3 feet wide in its natural habitat. This plant rarely blooms a green-colored flower.

Beware! Macrorrhiza is poisonous to pets and smaller children if ingested.

If you want to keep this plant outside, you should be in hardiness zone 10-11, or you can grow it indoors in all zones.

8. Alocasia cucullata

Common Name: Hooded Dwarf

Like many other Alocasia varieties, Alocasia cucullata, or hooded dwarf, originated from Southeast Asia with main roots in China.

Beautiful Foliage of Alocasia Cucullata
Beautiful Foliage of Alocasia Cucullata (Source: Hortology)

The leaves, roughly 40cm long and 28cm wide, are shaped like a heart. They have four main veins which run from the center to the edge of the leaves.

The petioles can grow up to a maximum of 85cm, and the stem is 3-6cm thick.

The hooded dwarf is also known as “Buddha’s palm” and is greatly significant in Chinese culture. Some Buddhist temples in Laos and Thailand keep this plant as a bringer of good luck.

It can externally be used as a traditional Chinese medicine to treat snakebite, rheumatic disorders, joint disorders, and pus buildups inside the body.

The plant can grow up to the height of 90cm, and the leaves can be up to 2 meters long. It blooms white/cream-colored flowers during summer.

Its hardiness zone is 7b to 10b. This plant flourishes the most when kept indoors.

9. Alocasia Portodora

Common Name: Portodora

Alocasia Portodora belongs to the tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia. They have intimidating, ribbed leaves that resemble giant fans.

Alocasia Portodora
Alocasia Portodora (Source: Floraccess)

The green giant leaves that point upward can grow up to 90cm in length. This plant grows to its full extent, up to 4 meters, in its natural habitat.

That is huge for your living room! Since Portodora can grow up to 160cm tall and go up to 90cm wide.

This plant’s preferred hardiness zone is 8-11.

10. Alocasia Triangularis

Common Name: Triangular Alocasia

Alocasia Triangularis hails from the subtropical and tropical regions of Eastern Australia and Asia.

Alocasia Triangularis
Alocasia Triangularis (Source: Plants live)

True to their name, the leaves of this plant do resemble triangles. Well, diamond, to be precise. The edges of the leaves are wavy and curled.

The leaves have a maximum growth of 30cm, which is less for a plant in the Alocasia family.

However, that is balanced by the size of the stem. The plant, much like other varieties of Alocasia, can grow up to 90cm in length.

The plant flourishes well in USDA zone 11.

11. Alocasia Sanderiana

Common Name: Kris plant

Like almost all Alocasia varieties, the Kris plant also hails from Southeast Asia. It mainly belongs to Northern Mindanao, Philippines.

This plant is rare, and IUCN lists this Alocasia Sanderiana as ‘Critically Endangered.’ Harvesting this plant is illegal in some countries.

Alocasia Sanderiana
Alocasia Sanderiana (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

The leaves of this plant exhibit a shiny dark green to greenish-black color with very prominent yellowish veins. You can usually see a purplish to red color on the back of the leaves.

The beautiful leaves are arrowhead-shaped and represent a double-edged Filipino sword Kalis and are up to 40cm in length and 20cm in width.

Did you know? This plant is named to honor Henry Frederick Conrad Sander, a German nurseryman and orchidologist.

The plant itself can grow up to 60cm in length and produces a cluster of creamy-white flowers covered by a white and green spathe.

Their USDA hardiness zone is 10-11.

12. Alocasia Wentii

Common Name:  Hardy elephant ears

Alocasia wentii belongs to the tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia. This plant is a cross between Alocasia odora and Alocasia gageana.

Alocasia Wentii
Alocasia Wentii (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

Like most of the leaves in the Alocasia genus, the leaves of this plant look like elephant ears. The mesmerizing part of this plant is the color of its leaves.

The topside is glossy green, and the underside of this plant’s leaf displays magnificent purplish color. Its leaves can grow up to 30.5 cm in length.

A mature wentii can grow up to 60cm long and 50cm wide, and this plant produces short-lived pale spathes.

Recommended USDA zone for this plant is zone 8b-10a.

13. Alocasia Morocco

Common Name: Elephant ear ‘Morocco’

We will not talk about Morocco, the country, but the plant. Don’t confuse yourself; this plant hails from the tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia.

Alocasia morocco
Alocasia Morocco (Source: Bamboo land)

The leaves of this plant are deep green which makes the light yellowish leaves glow more. The tip is pointy and lean, representing an arrow.

Alocasia Morocco can grow big in a short time. All of your guests will focus on this plant in your living room.

This plant can grow up to a staggering 180cms tall in its natural habitat. It grows a greenish spadix that is not so pleasant to look at. The foliage takes all the limelight.

Its preferred USDA zone is 10-11.

14. Alocasia Masquerade

Common Name: Mayan Mask

Like most plants in the genus Alocasia, the Mayan Mask is also native to Southeast Asia.

Alocasia Masquerade has elegant and magnificent arrow-shaped, grass-green leaves at the top and chocolatey burgundy color at the base.

Alocasia masquerade
Alocasia Masquerade (Source: Etsy)

The leaves are huge and can grow up to 60cm in length. The veins are prominent and light green, adding to the beauty of the leaves.

A mature Mayan mask can grow up to be 180cm in length and 150cm in width. It produces greenish-yellow flowers during the summer season.

Its preferred USDA zone falls from 7 to 10.

15. Regal Shield

Scientific Name: Alocasia odora x Alocasia reginula

True to its name, this plant looks royal. Alocasia Regal Shield is a cross between Alocasia odora and Alocasia reginula.

Alocasia Regal Shield grown in a pot
Alocasia Regal Shield grown in a pot (Source: White Flower Farm)

The leaves are cordate-sagittate and have a single leaf division. They have thick green leaves with a dark purple tint on the underside.

The veins are visible and light green at the top and yellowish at the bottom.

The leaves can grow up to 23cm in length and 15.2cm in width. The entire plant can grow up to 120cm in height and 91cm in width.

This breed was produced by a controlled breeding program organized by the breeder LariAnn Garner of Aroidia Research at Florida city.

This plant produces white/pale yellow flowers nearly 9cm in length and 2cm in diameter.

They have an acidic smell. Regal shield’s preferred USDA zone is 9-12. Black Magic originates from Southeast Asia and Africa.

Want to read the full care guide for Regal Shield? Read “Alocasia Regal Shield Care and Growing Guide

16. Alocasia Lauterbachiana

Common Name: Purple Sword

Alocasia Purple Sword has a different origin from the rest of the Alocasias and is originally from Papua New Guinea.

This plant’s long lance-like leaves are sure to grab your attention. The leaves are signature green in color and have wavy edges.

The leaves give you a glossy feel when they are young, waxy as the plant grows. This plant is called a Purple Sword because purple veins are visible in the center and under the leaves.

 

The sword-like leaves are up to 50cm long and 10cm wide, while the entire plant can grow up to 150 cm in length.

They produce greenish-white flowers with a spadix and spathe. They prefer USDA hardiness zone 10-11.

Alocasia lauterbachiana is named after a German botanist Carl Adolf Georg Lauterbach.

17. Silver Dragon

Scientific Name: Alocasia baginda

Now, this is where it gets tricky. You have read about Dragon Scale in this article somewhere above. Silver Dragon and Dragon scale both of them have the same scientific name.

Alocasia Silver Dragon
Alocasia Silver Dragon (Source: Etsy)

But you can see the difference in their color. Silver dragon is more on the silver side, while dragon scale falls on the greenish side.

Silver dragon hails from the tropical rainforests in Southeast Asia.

The leaves of the silver dragon are exotic to look at. They look like elongated hearts and have velvety touch.

They can grow as much as 16cm in length and nearly 8 cm in width. As per the plant’s size, it can be called an indoor dwarf plant.

The whole plant can grow up to the height of 50cm, and the bloom is piston shaped and pale greenish-white in color.

Its preferred USDA zone is 10-11.

18. Alocasia Cuprea

Common name: Red Secret

Alocasia cuprea is native to South East Asia’s hot and high humidity areas and lower canopies, especially Indonesia.

Alocasia Red Secret
Alocasia Red Secret (Source: Suhaflowers)

The leaves are oval-shaped and metallic reddish or greenish. The leaves look majestic with the strange veins and shadows along with them.

And there is something strange with the leaves. They seem to change color depending on which angle you see this plant.

They get very little light in their native area. To cope with this, they have developed functionality of reflecting light, which allows them to bounce light between their leaves.

The leaves alone can reach the size of up to 60cm. In comparison, the plant can go to a maximum of 100cm.

Their flower is something you won’t be proud of growing and are pale yellow in appearance.

Alocasia cuprea prefers USDA zone 9b -11.

19. Alocasia Longiloba

Common Name: Tiger Taro

Alocasia longiloba is native to most Southeast Asian countries like China, Malaysia, Singapore, etc.

Alocasia Longiloba
Alocasia Longiloba (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

Their leaves are something of a view. They are huge and shaped like arrows. Their primary color is green, while silver and blue serve as secondary colors.

The leaves are 95cm long and 40cm wide, while the whole plant spans nearly 100cm.

The flowers of this plant are creamy-white and light green. They produce bright orange fruits occasionally.

Place them in a hardiness zone above 12, however, you can place them indoors in zones below that.

Some More Alocasia Varieties

Alocasia VarietiesGrowth SizesFeatures
Alocasia Macrorrhiza Variegata Height: 15 feet
Spread: 6 feet
Heart-shaped, yellowish-green spathe with a spadix with light green and white blotches color.
Alocasia Hilo Beauty Height: 2 feet
Spread: 3 feet
Vase-shaped, green leaves mottled with creamy yellow splotches color.
Alocasia Gaint TaroHeight: 15 feet
Spread: 8 feet
Arrow-shaped, green leaves elephant, thick, prominently-veined, ruffled with solid green color.
Alocasia NebulaHeight: 2.46 feet
Spread: 2.46 feet
Heart-shaped ,ovate leaves with a smooth satin texture with medium grey with darker areas color.
Alocasia ReversaHeight: 2 feet
Spread: 1 feet
Arrow shaped ,stunning foliage with Green, Silver / Grey, Patterned color.
Alocasia ScalprumHeight: 0.98 feet
Spread: 0.98 feet
Lance shape, thick and rubbery leaves with intricate venation with black in color.
Alocasia InfernalisHeight: 1.64 feet
Spread: 1.64 feet
Arrow-shaped, clearly defined veins and beautiful dark with black color.
Alocasia PorteiHeight: 6.5 feet
Spread: 5 feet
Arrow-shaped, Massive, thick - stemmed (pachycaul) herb with Green color.
Alocasia Plumbea 'Nigra'Height: 5 feet
Spread: 3feet
Arrow-shaped, wide leaves and a metallic with dark green black color.

Alocasia Varieties Care

Alocasia varieties are usually famous for their exotic and stunning leaves. These plants will be a great addition to your decoration if given proper care.

Follow the following tips to ensure that your plant has optimum growth.

  • Alocasias are tropical plants. They love a warm and bright environment. So, place the plant somewhere it gets low to bright and indirect light.
  • It would be best to keep the soil moist but not soggy most of the time. Do the finger soil test to check the top 1 inch of the soil before watering and water if it is dry.

According to a research paper by iopscience.iop.org, plants under the blue light spectrum show more chlorophyll content.

  • Alocasia prefers soil that is slightly on the acidic side. Use loose, well-draining soil for better results.
  • If you cannot fulfill your plant’s light needs, you can opt for artificial grow lights.
  • Rotate your plant occasionally to ensure that the plant gets equal sunshine on each and every side of the foliage.
  • Do not let the temperature drop down below 60°F and place the plant in a high humidity area.
Temperature in relation to plant's growth
The temperature in relation to plant’s growth (Source: ResearchGate)
  • Consider fertilizing the plant at least once or twice during its growing month with a 20-20-20 formulation fertilizer.

Conclusion

Alocasia’s leaves are flat and huge, earning themselves the name ‘elephant’s ears.’

As you saw, there are many magnificent Alocasia varieties to choose from. So, you’ll never be out of options.

Good luck in selecting what fits the best for your indoor periphery.

Want to read about varieties of arrowhead plants? Read our article “20+ Stunning Arrowhead Plant Varieties

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